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Portuguese shepherd breed description

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Portuguese shepherd dog - a dog of rough, but rational build. For her average height, she looks tall enough on her legs. Her paws are well adapted to hard ground.

Extremities strong, chest deep. The following colors are possible: various shades of fawn, gray, wolf, black, brown or yellow. Multi-colored and white colors are undesirable. The coat is long, slightly wavy. The longer hair on the head in the form of a bang gives the dog a charmingly tousled look. Height at the withers 40.5-56 cm. Weight 12-18 kg. Ears sometimes stop.

The homeland of the Portuguese Shepherd is the plains in the south of Portugal, where for many generations it has been used as a shepherd. According to the owners, as far as they remember themselves, the little monkey dogs always lived on farms and were not only workers there, but also family members. Although this dog is similar to the Pyrenees and Catalan Shepherds, there is no direct evidence of their kinship.

The breed is recognized by FCI.

The Portuguese Shepherd is one of the most faithful and intelligent breeds of dogs. She is arbitrary, so she needs training, after which she becomes more reliable than one would wish.

E. de Pisco, J. B. Johnson. "Small Atlas of Dog Breeds"

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    Portuguese Shepherd (Cao da Serra de Aires)
    (Cao da Serra de Aires, Portuguese Sheepdog)

    DESCRIPTION. The dog is rude but rational. For her average height, she looks tall enough on her legs. Her legs are well adapted to hard ground. Extremities strong, chest deep. The following colors are possible: various shades of fawn, gray, wolf, black, brown or yellow. Multi-colored and white colors are undesirable. The coat is long, slightly wavy. The longer hair on the head in the form of a bang gives the dog a charmingly tousled look. Height at the withers 40.5-56 cm. Weight 12-18 kg. Ears sometimes stop.

    HISTORY. Since the beginning of the 19th century, these shaggy small dogs lived in the south of Portugal. They were used as shepherds, they helped on farms and were considered not only workers, but also family members. The Portuguese Shepherd is very similar to the Pyrenean and Catalan Shepherd, but there is no evidence of their common origin.

    CHARACTERISTIC. One of the most faithful and intelligent breeds of shepherd dogs. She is arbitrary, so she needs training, after which she becomes more reliable than one would wish.

    F.C.I. Standart: No. 93 / 27.02.1996 / GB

    Title F.C.I .: Portuguese Sheepdog
    Country of Origin: Portugal (Portugal)

    Date of official publication of the previous standard: 02.27.1996

    Portuguese Shepherd Dog (Sao da Serra de Aires, Mountain Ersky Shepherd, "Monkey Dog")
    Portuguese Sheepdog
    (C? O da Serra de Aires)

    Destination
    Shepherd, guard, farm dog.

    Classification F.C.I.
    Group 1. Watchdogs and racing dogs (with the exception of Swiss cattle dogs).
    Section 1. Shepherd dogs.

    Without working trials.

    Brief historical background
    This breed was bred in the Portuguese region of Serra de Aires. It is assumed that the ancestors of the modern representatives of the Portuguese Shepherd breed were the briars exported from the county of Castro Guimares in the early 20th century. Modern representatives of this breed are widespread and have properties that make them look like a Pyrenean shepherd.
    This suggests that the emergence of the breed of Portuguese Shepherd was dictated by the desire to improve the Pyrenees Shepherd by crossing it with a Briard. Otherwise, it is difficult to understand why, as a working shepherd dog, it was necessary to choose a sample from Alenteyo, which would probably be difficult to adapt to the climate of this region.

    General view and purpose
    The Portuguese Shepherd is a medium-sized dog with a fairly long body. Exceptionally smart, lively, naturally endowed with great courage, caution and prudence, she is very devoted to her master and the herd that she guards, suspicious of strangers, a good night watchman. It resembles a monkey in appearance; sometimes it is called the “Monkey Dog” in its homeland.
    It is used as a guard and racing dog (for driving sheep, goats, cows, horses, pigs), in particular, in Alenteyo. The greatest talent of the Portuguese Shepherd is to find animals that have fallen off the herd, which makes it better than many other shepherds.

    Head
    The head of Sao da Serra de Aires is powerful, wide, not long, not spherical.

    Nose nose
    The Portuguese Shepherd has a well-defined, slightly raised nose lobe with large nostrils, cylindrical in shape, truncated almost vertically, black or a darker shade is preferred than the tone of the coat.

    Muzzle
    The muzzle of a Portuguese shepherd is almost cylindrical, straight or slightly concave in profile, short, about two-thirds of the length of the skull, the width of the muzzle is proportional to its length and shape.

    Lips
    Sao da Serra de Aires is characterized by tightly pressed lips, the upper lip does not cover the lower, thin, hard, almost straight.

    Jaws
    The "Monkey Dog" has normally developed jaws, with white, strong, healthy teeth.

    Going from forehead to face
    Pronounced, with diverging upper longitudinal axes of the craniofacial region.

    Skull
    The skull of the Mountain Ersk Shepherd Dog is slightly longer than wide, rounded both when viewed from the front and from the side, with a more pronounced lateral slope, the superciliary arches do not protrude, the frontal groove is pronounced, it crosses the forehead clearly in the middle, the skull between the ears is almost flat, occipital protuberance visible.

    Eyes
    With a lively, smart, calm expression, with straight eyes, the Portuguese Shepherd prefers dark eyes, round, medium size, eyelids have black pigmentation or are painted in a color that is always darker than the coat color.

    The ears
    The ears of the Mountain Ersky Shepherd Dog are high-set, in the natural state, hanging, without folds, triangular in shape, of medium length, thin and smooth, cropped - upright.

    Neck
    The neck of the Portuguese Shepherd is harmoniously adjacent to the head and body, a straight, slightly rising upward, standard size, without suspension.

    Forelimbs
    The Portuguese Shepherd is characterized by strong, parallel forelegs, when viewed from the front and side - vertical.

    Shoulder blades and shoulders
    Powerful, medium length, very muscular, scapular angle - straight.

    Forearm
    The Portuguese Shepherd's forearms are upright, very muscular.

    Carpal joints
    In the Portuguese Shepherd, the metacarpal joints are dry, not convex.

    Metacarpus
    The same size, medium length, with a slight slope.

    Paws
    The paws of a Portuguese shepherd are round, not flat, with long, tightly pressed fingers and strong interdigital joints, claws are long, strong, black, for claws a darker color is allowed than coat color, pads are thick and elastic.

    Body
    The top line of the body of the Portuguese Shepherd is not too curved, the bottom line is selected.

    Front chest
    Wide, deep, protrudes beyond the shoulder line.

    Chest
    The Portuguese Shepherd has an oval-shaped chest, noticeably lowered, of medium width and depth.

    Ribs
    Oval, with a slope back.

    Back
    The Portuguese Shepherd Dog is characterized by a straight or slightly rising towards the lower back, long back.

    Loin
    The back of the Portuguese Shepherd Dog is short, wide and moderately convex, very muscular, firmly articulated with its back and croup.

    Abdomen (abdominal cavity) and sides
    Moderately tightened, the sides of the Portuguese Shepherd are proportionally massive.

    Croup
    The Portuguese Shepherd Dog has a medium-length and wide groats, slightly sloping.

    Hind limbs
    The hind limbs of the Portuguese Shepherd are strong, parallel, when viewed from the back and in profile - vertical.

    Hips
    Medium length and width, very muscular.

    Drumsticks
    The Portuguese Shepherd Dog is characterized by shanks with a slight slope, long, very muscular.

    Hocks
    The hocks of the Portuguese Shepherd are planted rather low than high, of normal width, strong, dry, with well-opened corners.

    Metatarsus
    Thick, strong, medium length, set almost vertically, single or double dewclaws are allowed in the Portuguese Shepherd.

    Paws
    The hind legs of a Portuguese shepherd are round, not flat, with long, tightly pressed fingers and strong interdigital joints, claws are long, strong, black, for claws a darker color is allowed than coat color, pads are thick and elastic.

    Tail
    Highly planted, pointed, tapering to the base, reaches the hock of the Portuguese Shepherd, at rest hangs between the paws with a more or less noticeable bend at the end, stretches out in motion, slightly bent, and unfolds as a fan, or curls.

    Coat
    The hair is of medium thickness, the texture resembles goat hair, thick, evenly distributed over the entire surface of the body, without undercoat or down. The hair of the Portuguese Shepherd is very long, smooth or slightly wavy, on the head, body and legs, including the interdigital space, on the head forms a long beard, mustache and eyebrows that do not cover the eyes.

    Color
    The color of the Portuguese Shepherd Dog can be yellow, chestnut, gray, fawn and wolf gray, of varying intensity, and also black, with more or less noticeable tan marks, the presence of white hairs, but not spots (except for small white spots on the chest).

    Leather
    The skin of a Portuguese shepherd does not fit snugly, fully pigmented mucous membranes are preferred.

    Height
    Dogs of the Portuguese Shepherd - from 45 to 55 cm, females - from 42 to 52 cm.

    Weight
    From 12 to 18 kg.

    Movements
    The Portuguese Shepherd is characterized by light, smooth movements, mostly trotting, a gallop (in case of working need) energetic.

    disadvantages
    Any deviation from the above points is considered a defect, the degree of which is determined by how much it differs from the standard:
    Pointed nose of a Portuguese Shepherd.
    Overlapping or sagging lips.
    A mild transition from the forehead to the face of the Portuguese Shepherd.
    The eyes are light, small, not round, set obliquely.
    The ears of the Portuguese Shepherd with an inflection.
    Case of the Portuguese Shepherd Dog: the back is concave or overly sloping, the bottom line is too much retracted.
    Horizontal or too slanted croup.
    Low-set tail of the Portuguese Shepherd, short or thrown to the back at rest.
    White claws.
    Soft Coat of the Portuguese Shepherd.
    White spotting on chest.

    Grounds for Disqualification
    Narrow and long head.
    The convex face of the Portuguese Shepherd.
    Overshot, undershot, distorted jaws.
    Flat, spherical or narrow skull of a Portuguese shepherd.
    Low ears
    Docked tail of a Portuguese Shepherd.
    Lack of tail from nature.
    The hairline is not long enough, curly, spiral-shaped for the Portuguese Shepherd, white or motley color of the limbs.
    Dwarf growth.

    Grade Scale
    General view - 20
    Head - 15
    Eyes - 10
    Ears - 5
    Case - 10
    Limbs - 10
    Tail - 10
    Coat - 15
    Movement - 5
    Total - 100

    Dogs of the Portuguese Shepherd must have two normally developed testes fully descended into the scrotum.

    "All the angels were busy. They sent me."said the Afghan Greyhound.

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