- Other possible names: Rothbury Terrier, Rothbury Terrier, Rodbery Terrier, gypsy dog, gypsy dog.
- Adult Growth: according to the standard 40-41 cm, but also 41 cm is considered the norm.
- Weight: from 8 to 10 kg.
- Characteristic color: sand, light brown (liver), blue, blue with fawn.
- Wool Length: medium long, dense, soft, wavy.
- Life span: an average of 15 years.
- Advantages of the breed: smart, neat, faithful, gets along with children, a good companion.
- The complexity of the breed: stubborn, irritable and even aggressive; hair care is required.
- Average Bedlington Terrier price: from $ 500 to $ 1000 and more.
History of breed origin
Bedlington terriers appeared in the second half of the 18th century on the border of England and Scotland on the outskirts of Rothbury Forest, which is in the county of Northumberland. Initially, the breed was called the Rotbury Terrier.
Gypsy by birth James Piper Allen, who was an avid hunter and lover of terriers, brought her out. It is not known which breeds he crossed with each other, but in the end, two types of terriers were obtained: short-legged dandy-dinmont terriers and long-legged rotbury terriers.
Looking at the arched back of the dog, we can assume that it was not without the intervention of a greyhound. He bred the breed for himself, trying to make an ideal hunter for a burrowing beast.
Dogs turned out so smart, smart and dexterousthat the gypsies got used to using them as petty thieves, and also dragged small domestic animals from their neighbors.
In the further development of the breed, another hunter-dog breeder Joseph (James) Ainsley from the neighboring village of Bedlington, who in the 20s of the 19th century acquired a female Rotbury terrier named Coates Phoebe for further breeding, takes part in the further development of the breed. These wonderful dogs began to confidently gain popularity and became known as Bedlington Terriers.
In 1867, the breed standard was adopted, the latest additions to which were made in 2010. And in 1877, the National Club of Bedlington Terrier Lovers was founded. In 1934-35, the pedigree book was published, which was reprinted in 1990. The breed is recognized by all international organizations, including FCI.
The purpose of the breed
Originally Bedlington Terriers bred and used as hunters on a badger, a hare and other burrowing animals. Rumor has it that once a pack of such dogs was able to drive and keep an adult bear before the hunters arrived. Dogs were also intended for catching rats.
In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, even organized competitions on their persecution, in which the Bedlington sometimes managed to kill a hundred rodents in 10 minutes. This feature was often used by miners who took these dogs with them to the mine to fight hordes of rats.
Over time, the breed gained recognition among noble people and gradually lost some of its working qualities, becoming more calm decorative dogs. And instead of hunting trophies, the Bedlington began to bring their owners rewards from exhibitions.
Description of the nature of the breed
If you want to see what a lion looks like in sheep's clothing, then look at Bedlington Terriers. Similar in appearance to a sheep, they are actually not so harmless. Behind cute curls lies a real self-sufficient lion temperament.
Since the name of the breed has the prefix "terrier", the Bedlington stubborn and wayward. They all try to do their own way. Along with this, such qualities as obedience and a desire to please the owner perfectly coexist in them, but only if they see this as their interest.
They have a very trusting relationship with the owners, and they can be faithful and faithful friends and companions. These dogs treat children with affection and play with them with pleasure.
How to choose a puppy
Often, unscrupulous owners, because of the big difference in price, try to slip an ordinary poodle instead of a Bedlington terrier. therefore it is recommended to buy a dog in kennels or from well-established breeders.
Despite some similarities, there are significant differences between the puppies of these breeds. Bedlington has a more rectangular skull shape and slightly curved back.
When choosing a puppy, take a look at the behavior of parents whose habits are likely to be inherited by your future pet. Dogs should not be irritable, but give the impression of self-confident and friendly animals.
All puppies at the time of sale must be issued and vaccinated.
For amusing Bedlington terriers, the following names may suit:
- for boys - Anzor, Archie, Brutus, Walter, Garzik, Jaker, German, Ilver, Karay, Kutas, Lorik, Roger and so on.
- for girls - Agasha, Berta, Bassey, Virginie, Gressy, Desi, Zara, Krista, Susie and the like.
Care and maintenance
In order for your pet to look decent, behind it need regular care. In the case of Bedlington, this is especially true for wool. According to the standard, it requires grooming two to three times a year, while at the tips of the ears funny brushes remain. You need to brush the dog with a stiff brush weekly.
Also, once a week, you should inspect and, if necessary, clean your ears. Often the dogs do not have time to grind their claws, and this causes inconvenience. In this case, the tips of the claws are carefully trimmed with special scissors. Regularly treat your pet against fleas and ticks, and also give anthelmintic drugs.
Bedlington terriers practically do not fade and do not smell. They are considered dogs that do not cause allergies and are suitable for keeping in a private house and apartment. Like all dogs, they require daily two-time walks.
Possible health problems
A serious health problem for Bedlingtons is a hereditary liver disease. In England, all dogs undergo a biopsy. Without this analysis or when a disease is detected, dogs are not allowed for further breeding. Infectious diseases, the prevention of which are vaccines, are also dangerous for dogs.
Puppy and adult dog food
For proper nutrition of the dog, proteins and carbohydrates should be included in the diet in a ratio of at least 30/70. Proteins are found in meat, offal and fish, and carbohydrates are cereals and vegetables.
Any kind of food is suitable for feeding bedlington terriers: natural, dry or canned.
The main thing is that it is properly balanced, and the diet is regular. An adult dog is fed twice a day, and a puppy four to five times, reducing this amount with age.
Training in brief
Bedlington Terriers, despite their stubbornness, are quite well trained. The main thing is to start practicing with a pet from the moment it appears in the house, as well as to show restraint and exactingness, but without the use of cruel methods of education.
In order for Bedlington not to lose interest in classes, they should be held in a relaxed atmosphere and not be too long in time.
Advantages and disadvantages
Funny and cheerful bedlington terriers require early socialization and great patience on the part of the owners. In early and adolescence, they quite clearly show independence and self-will, which go a little with growing up and with the right education.
They are loyal to their owners and can easily cope with the role of a companion. Such dogs will present all their love and tenderness to children and become a real living toy for them.
Pets and other dogs are calm and restrained. True, sometimes hunters appear in them, especially cats, hamsters and other small domestic animals.
Despite their apparent good nature, the Bedlingtons are often prone to be aggressive and irritable. These qualities can be eradicated by giving the dog love and care.
A wonderful breed that is suitable for apartments. They really don't stink or shed. By nature they are soft, obedient and very tender. The truth has its drawbacks: sometimes it bites its legs and likes to beg. And about stubbornness, I also agree. Sometimes it feels like it's really a ram, not a dog. Although they are very smart and attentive.
I really like this breed. They are friendly, loyal, affectionate and very smart. And appearance just delights. All our friends and neighbors call our miracle a sheep. Although by the way she tries to protect me from strangers, I would not call her that. Of course, he doesn’t throw himself at the passers-by, but he surely barks for intimidation.
A wonderful dog for keeping in the apartment. But if you do not want her to sit on your head, then from the first days, engage in her education.
Bedlington Terrier Characteristic
|For an apartment:||fits|
|Fits:||for experienced owners|
|FCI (IFF):||Group 3, Section 1|
|Lives:||12-16 years old|
Bedlington Terrier - A breed of dog named after the mining town of Bedlington, Northumberland, in northeast England. The Bedlington Terrier was originally bred for rodent hunting, but since then much has changed, it has been increasingly used in dog races, many sports, and a presentable appearance makes it a frequent visitor to various exhibitions. Today it is a great companion dog and a family favorite.
The first mention of the breed appeared at the end of the XVIII century. During this period, dogs lived on the county of Northumberland, located between England and Scotland, outwardly similar to the Bedlington Terrier and called the Rotbury Terrier. They coped well with catching rats, they were used to hunt rabbits, badgers and otters. Later they tried to cross the Rotbury Terrier with other breeds: Whippet, Greyhound and Dandy-Dinmont Terrier. Representatives of the aristocracy liked the noble appearance of the new breed, and the dog with unusual appearance gained great popularity.
In the 19th century, not only hunters became interested in dog shows because of the Bedlington Terrier. As a result of the “exhibition” breeding, the appearance of the Bedlington Terrier became whiter refined, and the character more complaisant. But not all breed lovers liked this change. In the second half of the 1970s, in Great Britain, the Club of Working Bedlington Terriers was founded, to this day trying to preserve all the hunting qualities of the breed. The Bedlington Terrier is very popular in the aristocratic circles of the most developed countries, remaining among the most expensive and rare dog breeds.
In the middle of the XIX century began an active improvement of the breed. In 1867, the first standard was approved, and in 1875 the Bedlington Terrier Club was established. The parameters have changed several times, the final version of the standard was adopted in 1981 and is valid until today.
Bedlington Terrier breed description and FCI standard
- Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
- Application: terrier.
- Classification FCI: Group 3 Terriers. Section 1 Large and medium sized terriers. No performance testing.
- General view: graceful, muscular dog without signs of weakness or rudeness.
Full length photo of Bedlington Terrier
Note: males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Bedlington Terrier color
Photo bedlington terrier on a background of red flowers
All current breed standards (UK, USA and Canada, FCI countries) require the following colors:
All colors with or without tan. Darker pigment is encouraged. In dogs with a double color, the tan pattern is located on the limbs, chest, under the tail, between the forelimbs and around the eyes. The “hat” for all adults should be lighter than the coat color on the body. Areas of hyperpigmentation due to an injury to the skin are temporary and should not cause complaints. More pronounced pigmentation in all colors is preferred.
Color according to the standard of the national club of Great Britain (NBTC):
- Blue with a black nose, lips, eyelids, pads, dark brown eyes.
- Blue and tan with lighter eyes with amber sparks, with a black nose, lips, eyelids, pads.
- Liver with hazel eyes, with a brown nose, lips, eyelids, pads
- Liver with a tan with hazel eyes, with a brown nose, lips, eyelids, pads.
- Sandy with hazel eyes, with a brown nose, lips, eyelids, pads.
- Sand with a tan with hazel eyes, with a brown nose, lips, eyelids, pads.
Bedlington Terrier Character
By nature, the Bedlington Terrier is an active, savvy, friendly, funny and smart breed. He is infinitely loyal to the owner, incredibly responsive, he will always respond with deep affection and sincere love to your attention and care. It will be an ideal companion for active people thanks to its cheerful and cheerful temperament, because it loves energetic, outdoor games, outings, active sports for dogs.
The owner of a bedlington terrier should be a person with a persistent and strong character, able to show dominance over the pet. Otherwise, the Bedlington Terrier may be stubborn and try to dominate the owner. A dog of this breed does not tolerate brute force, screaming and bad attitude to itself. If the owner allows himself to scold and beat the puppy of the Bedlington Terrier, he will get a closed and cowardly pet that can show aggression in order to protect himself. This breed must be respected and understood, to which it will respond with love and devotion. All trained teams must be consistent, told out of place and, if performed correctly, must be fixed by your favorite treat. Always praise your Bedlington Terrier puppy for good behavior. And to punish for bad behavior can only be a strict voice and no physical abuse. Remember, you cannot beat a dog.
Photo Bedlington Terriers in the forest
A well-trained Bedlington Terrier rarely shows aggression, anger, or timidity. He is bold and sometimes even desperate, in case of danger, without hesitation, will rush into battle to defend the owner, despite the size of the opponent. Bedlington terriers in the house behave calmly and calmly. They adore the company of people, they are always happy to welcome guests, because they love the attention to their person. Sometimes they are wary of strangers, and like a real guard dog, they will always make a fuss, smelling the smell of a stranger.
Puppies of the Bedlington Terrier need early socialization, are well trained, although they tend to be stubborn and cunning. In this case, the owner will have to show patience, perseverance and endurance. The active disposition and the tireless energy of the Bedlington Terrier must be directed in the right direction. Timely training, classes in obedience courses, agility, and other sports for dogs will be perfectly reflected in the psyche of the pet. After such exercises, the dog will be peaceful, in demand, happy and even tired. Because such active breeds as the Bedlington Terrier need active physical activity throughout the day.
Dog breed Bedlington Terrier gets along well with the owner's children. For small children are patient, usually do not pay attention to their pranks. For teens will become a faithful and reliable friend. The Bedlington Terrier loves to be in the spotlight, and the owner's children provide this attention.
Attitude to other dogs is most often indifferent, but will not allow dominating oneself. It gets along badly with cats, except that it grows with them. It is better to keep hamsters, guinea pigs, rabbits and birds away from an adult dog that is not used to the society of another beast. Bedlington Terrier puppies should be introduced to cats and other small pets as early as possible in order to avoid future conflicts. The puppy must understand, this is not prey, but a companion for games.
For walks in the city, be sure to use a collar with the address or phone number of the owner and a leash. The hunting instincts of the Bedlington Terrier are so great that without hesitation they will chase after an extraneous cat or bird flying nearby, will be interested in a bunch of leaves driven by the wind, or, smelling a mouse, will run after it.
Dogs of this breed, until old age, retain a healthy curiosity and interest in life, which makes them excellent companions for modern active people.
The Bedlington Terrier is suitable for keeping in an apartment, a private house or in a village. When kept in a city apartment, the dog needs regular walks, at least 2 times a day, and sufficient physical exertion. He loves to run, frolic, swim, active games and will be happy to keep you company during cycling or hiking.
Bedlington Terrier Care
Bedlington Terrier photo on the grass
Caring for the Bedlington Terrier is a little painstaking and mandatory. The structure of the Bedlington Terrier's hair resembles that of a poodle, but does not grow too long. It is very soft, curly, and in the absence of good care, it easily falls off with the formation of tangles.
The wool of the Bedlington Terrier without undercoat does not fade, does not smell and does not cause allergies.
Bathing. Wash puppies up to a year with special shampoos for puppies. These products reduce the static of the coat, as the puppy coat is quite porous. The final transition to the "adult" state occurs only by 2 years. The coat becomes stiffer. Bathe an adult once every two to three weeks. After washing, spray with air conditioning. Thanks to him, the hair is not knocked off by lumps, has an attractive appearance, hairs do not split, combing is facilitated.
To comb with a napper and a comb with long sparse teeth, combing and pulling the hair every day. Since the breed does not fade, dead hair does not fall out, but gets stuck in the hair. Regular care will prevent the formation of tangles and shorten the care time. The areas between the fingers are freed from excess hair as they grow with scissors with rounded ends.
Before combing, six moisturize by spraying with conditioner.
A haircut will help facilitate daily care. It is much easier to care for a Bedlinggon Terrier, a hair that looks neat and does not collect dirt.
Haircut: the first haircut is done by the Bedlington Terrier in 2-3 months, and repeated every 1.5 - 2 months throughout life. Sure, you can cut less often, but in this case the dog will lose its pedigree elegant look. A Bedlington Terrier haircut must emphasize the natural lines of the body with very smooth transitions.
- With the help of the machine, the hair on the ears is shortly cut from two sides, except for the ends where the “tassels” are formed, and the bases where it cannot be sharply separated from the hair on the head, otherwise the dog will get a “poodle look”.
- The coat on the lower jaw is removed, on the neck below to the protrusion of the sternum, below the tail, on the stomach from the navel to the inner sides of the thighs and groin. It is cut short below on the paws - between the pads and between the fingers, but so that the paw on top is covered with wool (only the claws open). The area under the tail cuts short.
- The rest of the body is sheared with scissors, each movement with scissors is accompanied by combing with a brush-slicker.
- On the bottom of the ears from the remaining long hair, a “tassel” is formed in the form of triangles with a vertex directed towards the upper part of the ears. At the base of the ears, cut with scissors tangentially to the ear canvas so as not to make a notch and form an imperceptible transition to the “cap”.
- It is cut short from the upper edge of the ear to the outer corner of the eye, then a smooth transition is formed from the flat cheekbones to the base of the “cap” on the sides of the head. The line should be vertical. The “cap” on the sides does not expand at the base, does not sink to the middle of the forehead.
- On the upper jaw, the “cap” is cut to about the width of the head so that the head from above looks like an elongated egg, rather than a pear with a narrow part in the muzzle.
It is important not to “fail” the hair under the eyes.
- In the region of the occipital protuberance, the end of the “cap” is formed by an elongated wedge. The line of the back of the “cap” should, as it were, continue the almost vertically located line of the scruff. The top of the “cap” cannot be mowed, otherwise the head will look rustic and short. In profile, the “cap” has a smoothly outlined contour from the nose to the back of the head, as if repeating a smooth arc on the back.
- Comb all the hair on the head and trim so that it has a neat shape, commensurate with the growth of the dog.
- On the sides it is left short enough, it should lie flat and even, but not expose the skin. Constantly comb and align with scissors.
- The neck and withers are left short enough. Behind the withers, they begin to form a smooth rise with the highest point in the vertical place where the highest point of the selected abdomen is located. This "knoll" on the back and lower back, ending on the croup at the base of the tail, must be smoothly smoothed with scissors in accordance with the short hair on the sides.
The main point, the "hill" should not be too sharp in the form of a hump, or too gentle, which deprives the Bedlington Terrier of its main pedigree feature.
- On the tail, the top is left longer than the bottom, and gradually narrowed towards the end. The tail is lowered and continues the top line.
- On the belly, they cut it short, closer to the chest they leave it longer (the profile repeats the line from the withers to the highest part of the hair on the back).
- On the extremities of the Bedlington Terrier, the hair is longer than on the hull. On the front legs, it is combed and trimmed on all sides to form monolithic columns, the scissors are held parallel to the limbs so as not to snatch the coat. On the hind legs trimmed, following the natural contours. Insufficiently pronounced angles of the hock joints emphasize, leaving a longer cover on the legs and on the back of the metatarsus.
- In conclusion, once again walk with a brush, inspect the correctness of the haircut, whether there are uncut shreds and too noticeable transitions.
Before the exhibition, it is necessary to correct the hair on the ears, lower jaw and on the throat.
Anglo-American haircut for Bedlington Terrier
- On ears completely cut, exposing cartilage.
- The “cap” is made very narrow, in profile almost straight with a slight rise from the nose to the back of the head, type “track”.
- On the tail from below, on the cheeks and on the throat, they shave, exposing pink skin at the Bedlington Terrier of fawn color, and gray skin at the blue one. The whole dog looks as if transparent.
- The "hat" on the head is combed up. Wool on the legs — up and then shake it to lie more naturally and evenly, on the back — from the tail to the withers and up, on the sides evenly raise it with a brush so that the whole coat looks monolithic.
With such a haircut, the Bedlington Terrier looks slender, strong, but not rough dog, light, without signs of weakness, elegant and neat. Since the appearance of the bedlinggon terrier is very specific, any excessiveness must be avoided when cutting.
The coat of the Bedlington Terrier changes color several times during the year, this feature should be taken into account when cutting. The hair itself along the entire length of the uneven color, because of which the dog after shearing can become darker or lighter.
Claw Care. I cut the claws 1 time per month with a claw-guillotine or scissors. Smooth the sharp ends with a nail file. Long claws cause discomfort and pain when moving. When examining the claw in the light, you can see the living part, it is necessary to trim just below this line in order to prevent bleeding. If you injure a pet, hold the wound with a cotton swab dipped in hydrogen peroxide and hold for several minutes. After that, be sure to praise the pet and treat it with a treat, and transfer the clipping of the claws the next day, so that the dog calms down.
Teeth cleaning. You need to teach your Bedlington Terrier to brushing your teeth from puppyhood. First, the puppy is taught to show teeth, after changing the milk regularly examine the oral cavity. Brush your teeth with special toothpaste for dogs, 3-4 times a week with a brush or brush on your finger. To remove hard plaque, you should contact a veterinary clinic for mechanical removal of tartar.
Ear Care Bedlington Terrier. Once a week, the ears are inspected, excess hair and dirt are removed. Excess earwax with wool forms ear plugs, which are much more difficult to remove. The hanging ears of the Bedlington Terrier are poorly ventilated. With improper care, a fungus may form. The wool inside the auricles must be plucked to provide air access. They are plucked with fingers or gently cut, after the auricle is lightly sprinkled with talcum powder.
Talcum powder or baby powder can be used periodically so that the coat does not get a brownish tint - most often under the eyes, around the lips on the face, on the stomach and under the tail, between the fingers.
Check your eyes regularly. A healthy eye is clean, shiny without tear paths and secretions. Small gray lumps in the corners of the eyes are acceptable in the morning. The breed is active, and the eye is thus cleared of dust. Wipe eyes with a soft cloth dampened in warm water without lint. If you notice redness of the eyelids, swelling, souring of the eyes or excessive tearing, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Walk in the city only on a leash, at least 2 times a day, morning-evening. The Bedlington Terrier is an active, curious and energetic breed that needs active walks with little physical activity and training elements. This dog loves to walk in any weather, because it needs a splash of energy.
Ticks and fleas at Bedlington Terrier
Photo Bedlington Terriers in the forest
Regularly treat the Bedlington Terrier with ectoparasites, as they pose a threat to health and life.
- Fleas are carriers of various diseases, roaming from one dog to another, cause itching and anxiety. May cause baldness and even the appearance of worms if the dog swallows a flea while biting.
- Ticks (in particular, ticks) are carriers of a deadly disease - pyroplasmosis (babesiosis). The disease is seasonal, ticks are especially active from early spring to the first autumn frosts. Biting an animal, a tick releases into its blood, along with its saliva, a pyroplasm (Piroplasma canis) which actively multiplies in red blood cells and destroys them. In addition, the waste products of pyroplasm are toxic to the body. If an infected dog does not receive proper medical care on time, it will die within 4-5 days.
Signs of pyroplasmosis in the bedlington terrier:
- Refusal of food, drink
- Lethargy, apathy
- High body temperature (39 - 42 degrees)
- Urine reddish brown
- Whites of the eyes turn yellow
- Muscle weakness is observed, the dog does not rise on its hind legs
- Disruption of the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, diarrhea)
If you notice any of these symptoms, immediately contact your veterinarian for help.
After walking in nature, in the forest, in the park, carefully examine the skin of the Bedlington Terrier for parasites. Having found the tick, do not panic, inspect the bite, put on gloves and gently unscrew the tick from the skin with tweezers or a “tick twister” in circular motions. Treat the place of the bite with an antiseptic, the next few days, observe its state of health.
To date, the market has provided a lot of funds from ectoparasites from different manufacturers and in different forms:
- Drops on the withers, valid for 3 weeks
- Spray - applied before a walk.
- Tablets - give only after consultation with a veterinarian.
- The collar acts with constant wear.
Each of them has a different line of action, a different price, and which one is right for your dog to choose for you, but before buying, be sure to consult a specialist.
Photo Bedlington Terriers in the forest
The diet for the Bedlington Terrier is selected correct and balanced. Which diet is best for your pet is up to you. The main thing is that Bedlington Terrier puppies should receive the necessary vitamins and minerals during the growth period. Bedlington terriers are genetically predisposed to a liver disease such as copper toxicosis, so they need diet food. Copper toxicosis is a hereditary disease with an autosomal recessive type of inheritance, which manifests itself mainly at a young age and is characterized by excessive accumulation of copper in the liver, which in large quantities becomes toxic to the animal's body. Copper toxicosis is caused by a single recessive gene and its distribution is fully subject to the laws of Mendel.
The easiest way to find out the rules of feeding from the breeder who sells the dog. If he managed to grow a healthy individual giving offspring, you will succeed. In addition, a responsible person is always interested in the good care of his pets.
If you choose to feed with natural food, consult with a specialist in advance about the optimal selection of products.
When choosing finished products, it is necessary to ensure that the dog receives only high-quality premium or super premium food.
Bedlington Terrier puppy feeding amount:
- In 1-2 months - 6 feedings
- 2-4 months - 4-5 feedings per day
- 4 - 6 months - 3 - 4 feedings
- 6 - 8 months - 3 feedings per day
- From 9 months and an adult dog is fed 2 times a day.
- The food is always fresh, at room temperature.
- Provide constant access to clean water.
- A portion is eaten for 20 minutes. after serving, in case of failure, we hide food until the next feeding.
- Feed the bedlington terrier in small portions 3-4 times a day, only after a walk.
Exclude any foods with a high copper content from the diet of the Bedlington Terrier.
Useful products for Bedlington Terrier:
- Low-fat meat (beef, rabbit, turkey) if you give raw meat and are afraid of being infected by worms, it must be scalded with boiling water or frozen in a freezer.
- Sour-milk products (low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt without additives, kefir 1%)
- 1 tsp vegetable oil per day (can be added to food)
- Boneless sea fish
Prohibited Products for Bedlington Terrier:
- Liver, heart
- Cabbage, raw carrots, leafy greens, sweet fruits.
- Fatty Meat (Pork)
- River fish
- Smoked meats
- fried food
- Tubular bones of birds (sharp fragments injure the intestines)
- Butter baking
Bedlington Terrier Disease
- Glaucoma (eye disease)
- Distichiasis (pathology of eyelash growth)
- Retinal atrophy
- Inversion of the eyelids
- Protrusion (one of the complications of osteochondrosis) and prolapse of the third century
- Hip Dysplasia
- Ectopia of the ureters (pathological placement of the canals)
- Copper toxicosis is the most dangerous disease for the Bedlington Terrier. It is characterized by an excess of copper in the liver and is accompanied by apathy, vomiting and anorexia. This is a genetic abnormality. Copper in the liver accumulates from birth, and clinical signs appear after 2 years. Vaccination will help maintain health. The first vaccine is given in 1.5–2 months, the second - after 2 weeks, the third - in 7 months. Further vaccination is carried out with an interval of 1 year.
If untreated, a dog suffering from copper toxicosis dies of intoxication.
Despite the innocuous appearance, the representatives of the breed possess the heart of a lion, simply speaking courage and determination Bedlington Terrier can be envied.
Being a worthy member of the Terrier family, this dog is a talented rat-catcher and small game hunter. Modern bedlingtons are rarely used for these purposes. Now they delight the owners as companions and pets.
The birthplace of the Bedlington Terrier is Great Britain. The name of the breed comes from the name of the northern English city of Bedlington. It was here that serious breeding work was carried out to improve curly dogs.
They were very popular not only in Bedlington, but throughout the Northumberland County.
The first mention of these terriers appeared more than 200 years ago, then they were called "Rotbury". They were indispensable assistants during the hunt for small game for poachers, as they performed their work silently, in rare cases, giving voice.
The miners also took them to work, and the duties of the Bedlingtons included catching rats and mice in mines. They also entertained their masters by participating in dogfights and races.
During the breeding work, Bedlington was crossed with other types of terriers. Closest to him are blood boarders and dandy dinmonts.
The genes of poodles, greyhounds and hounds were also used. Each of the listed breeds left its mark in the modern appearance and character:
• Terriers - courage, Pied Piper talent, excellent hunting abilities for small game.
• Greyhounds, hounds - the shape of the head, muzzle, as well as some similarities are seen in the physique. Ability to develop high speed.
• Poodle - curly hair.
Modern graceful Bedlington in appearance are very different from their working ancestors. Hunting and mining terriers differed from the present ones by a grosser physique, they were heavier and taller.
This is not to say that the Bedlington Terrier population is top notch. These dogs are on the list of the rarest and most expensive species. This breed is intended for a narrow circle of its true connoisseurs, enthusiasts.
It is known that the English Bedlington and the American have some differences among themselves, although officially there is no division into types within the breed.
Bedlingtons from England have a stronger, athletic physique. American dogs of this species have a graceful body, their back line is noticeably smoother. There are also differences in the style of haircuts.
The standard is set uniform for all representatives of the breed "Bedlington Terrier." According to him, the Bedlingtons are not large dogs, flexible, with well-developed muscles.
Adult growth about 40 cm, weight 8-10 kg.
A pear-shaped head rests on a long neck. The skull box is narrow, richly covered with wool forming a hat. The ears are quite long, thin, elongated with tassels characteristic of Bedlington.
Small eyes deep set, have a triangular shape. Color is allowed amber, brown dark and light nut. The nose is big. The jaws are long. Lips are not saggy, adjacent.
The physique is sports, the body is sturdy. The chest is wide, deep. Belly tightened. The tail is not too long, set low, curved. Bedlington does not raise him above the line of his back.
Legs are straight with well-developed muscles. The rear is slightly longer than the front. Paws are long, paw pads are thick.
Bedlington's coat is a mixture of hard, thick hair and soft wool fluff. The larger the undercoat, the softer the coat and the lighter the color.
The difference between the breed is curly hair, like sheep. Especially the hair is curled (curled) on the head, forming a "hat". The hue of the cap is much lighter than the main color.
Standard beddington colors: sand, liver and blue. The listed colors with tan are also allowed.
Maintenance and care
If the distant ancestors of the Bedlington were kept mostly in sheds and other utility rooms, now the representatives of the breed live in houses and apartments. They are more tender and spoiled, they need comfort.
Although, thanks to the dense undercoat, such dogs can withstand low temperatures, heat is worse for them than cold.
Bedlington does not need much space in the house. It is important to equip a place for him from the first day. We arrange a lounger so that the pet has the opportunity to observe households.
Lay toys near the bed, among which there is always a ball (a favorite entertainment of terriers).
The necessary physical activity for the representatives of this breed is average. If the weather is bad on the street or there is a catastrophic lack of time, you can limit your walk to the nearest place where the pet is usually used to cope with its natural needs.
This does not mean that Bedlington does not need long walks at all. It is mandatory to at least three times a week fully walk the terrier. Arrange active games for him. Give the opportunity to run and jump in plenty, mental stress is also important.
If you live in a private house and want to let Bedlington run independently in the yard, consider the ability of these dogs to jump high, climb different heights and make digs. Take care that the site is securely enclosed by a high fence.
In public places it is not recommended to lower the terrier off the leash. He runs very fast, and because of the hunting instinct he often arranges chases for cats or other animals.
In winter, walking is not necessary to wear bedlington. He is not afraid of frost, but he digs in snowdrifts, as in warm sand or in piles of fallen leaves.
But in the fall, in wet, rainy weather, a raincoat will be required to protect the animal’s coat from dirt and raindrops.
To bedlington terrier looked beautiful and healthy, you must carry out the following procedures:
- Brushing every day.
- Professional haircut 1 time in 1.5-2 months. Having learned a little, the owner can cut his pet on his own. But if Bedlington participates in exhibitions, it is worth contacting a grooming specialist who deals with haircuts characteristic of this breed.
- Once in 30-40 days we pluck out the extra hairs from the ears.
- After each walk, my stomach, paws and groin are cleansed of dust and dirt. Feet are recommended to be washed using special means to prevent the appearance of cracks on the pads.
- We bathe our pets once every six months or when absolutely necessary. Show beddington bathe before the show. It is important to know that because of the frequent bathing at Bedlington, curls can disappear.
- We brush our teeth 2-3 times a week using a special toothpaste and brush.
- Once a month we cut the claws.
- We wipe our eyes as necessary, examining the presence of inflammation and injuries.
- Bedlington’s ears are hanging, so ear discharge often accumulates in them and there is increased humidity. If you do not clean your ears regularly, infections and inflammations may appear.
Feeding the Bedlington Terrier requires a serious approach and some knowledge. The fact is that representatives of the breed need diet food. All due to a predisposition to liver disease (copper toxicosis).
Even adults are fed more than twice a day (3-4 times). The daily rate should be divided into small portions.
With natural feeding, it is recommended to include rice, fish and meat broth in the diet. Types of meat and fish should not be fat. At the same time, we cook porridge in plain water, and add broth before feeding.
Wipe raw vegetables on a grater. Eggs, pieces of rabbit and turkey meat, slices of boiled pumpkin are suitable as a treat to the terrier.
Prohibited foods: pickled, smoked, sweet, chocolate. Also, bedlington cannot be fed potatoes, legumes, or tubular bones.
It is important to provide the dog with vitamin, mineral supplements and fresh, clean, cool water.
If you feed the terrier with ready-made feeds, buy only the premium class.
The average life expectancy of the Bedlington Terrier is 12-14 years. Although among the representatives of the breed there are long-livers (16 years or more). Interestingly, with proper care and maintenance, terriers remain playful and active until they are very old.
Bedlington Terriers are prone to the following diseases:
- Copper toxicosis - due to excessive accumulation of copper in the liver, intoxication of the whole organism occurs. It is important to timely detect the disease and begin treatment.
- Renal hypoplasia - abnormal development of one or both kidneys. As a result, renal failure occurs.
- Dislocation of the patella - accompanied by severe pain and lameness.
- Distichiasis - an additional row of eyelashes.
- Retinal Dysplasia - the transparency of the eye is violated.
Many health problems can be avoided if vaccination and treatment against external and internal parasites is carried out in a timely manner. It is also important to conduct preventive examinations in a veterinary clinic annually.
Bedlington Terrier is a dedicated, friendly, playful dog. She needs to be close to people, participating in everything that they do.
Despite its small size, Bedlington vigilantly guards the household property, if strangers appear on the threshold, the dog will immediately notify the owner about them. Having noticed the danger, the terrier fearlessly rushes into battle, even if the enemy is superior in strength and size.
Bedlington cannot be left alone with young children. The fact is that representatives of the breed do not tolerate rudeness and pranks (pokes in the eyes, tugging at the tail or ears ...). School children can already be told how to behave with such a pet.
If the child treats the terrier properly, the dog will become his faithful friend and tireless companion for games.
Bedlington is not very friendly with strangers. It does not show open aggression, but only on condition of peaceful behavior on their part. It takes time to gain the trust of a terrier.
With pets gets along well. Just does not tolerate dominance in his direction. Small animals, especially rodents and birds, are not recommended to be kept in the same room with the Bedlington. A born rat-catcher and small-game hunter can perceive them as their prey.
Training and education
It is important to socialize Bedlington as early as possible. It is known that terrier fear manifests itself in the form of aggression.
In order for such a pet to behave adequately in public places, it is necessary to accustom him to transport on busy streets, to passers-by and to strangers.
The character of the terrier is not at all the same as that of sofa, decorative dogs. Therefore, Bedlington's training should be consistent, firm, but without rudeness and physical punishment.
Promotions in the form of small pieces of dried offal and slices of not salted cheese work perfectly.
It is also preferable to use game tactics during lessons, without a monotonous, boring drill.
It is recommended that you pass intermediate or advanced obedience courses with the Bedlington Terrier. Many owners of terriers are with their pets in clubs of burrows.
- Bedlington terrier puppies are born with brown or black coat color. As you grow older, the coat becomes lighter. The final color can be observed at the age of two.
- After childbirth, after a stressful situation, and for other reasons, the color of Bedlington's coat can change.
- Bedlington Terrier was especially popular with gypsies. Thanks to the intelligence and quick wits of these dogs, it was easy to teach them how to steal wallets from passive passers-by.
Pros and cons of the breed
Balanced, with a sense of humor, an active person is the perfect host for the Bedlington Terrier. If you are willing to devote a lot of time to your dog, head to the kennel for a purebred puppy. But first, check out the main pros and cons of this breed.