Ferrets have a fairly strong immunity, and with good care, proper nutrition and the absence of stressful situations, they rarely get sick. But, even despite this, it is necessary to vaccinate such an animal annually and monitor its health.
In order for your pet to be healthy, it is necessary not only to monitor its condition and behavior, but also to take simple preventive measures:
- It is important to properly and balanced feed the ferret. Many diseases in these animals arise precisely because of the lack of certain components (vitamins, minerals, etc.) in the diet.
- You must regularly show your pet to veterinarians, even if there are no external signs of malaise.
- Ferrets should be vaccinated annually against dangerous diseases.
Finally, you should periodically examine the ferret yourself for various signs of the disease!
Ferrets often have respiratory system diseases. And most importantly, these animals are perhaps the only susceptible animals to which it is transmitted. human flu virus. So if you are overtaken by this unpleasant disease, it’s worth worrying not only for family members, but also for a furry companion. This is especially dangerous for puppies who are still not strong, who are most susceptible to respiratory infections when they are weaned from their mother.
Also, if the pet participates in exhibitions, joint walks of Horemans, then it is at risk because of the possible transmission of the infection from the ferret to the ferret.
Ferrets with colds (flu) have difficulty breathing, they eat poorly, because they cannot sniff food and they have difficulty swallowing with a stuffy nose. The ferret needs to be cleaned so that the animal can breathe normally.
TIP: Add water to the dry food, put the food in the microwave for 10-15 seconds, then mix well and serve the sick animal warm. Heating enhances the flavor of the feed, while softer feed is better eaten by sick ferrets. Instead of water, you can add chicken stock to the feed (no spices! And salt!).
Flu - A common viral respiratory disease of ferrets, which is characterized by sneezing, rhinitis, fever, conjunctivitis, and can sometimes lead to pneumonia. Most often, ferrets get sick in the fall, during human flu epidemics.
Symptoms Runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing or coughing, fever, sometimes diarrhea. For several days the animal is apathetic, lethargic, sleeps a lot. In puppies, the disease is more severe.
Treatment: If the flu is not complicated by pneumonia, the treatment is mainly symptomatic, and, if necessary, maintenance therapy is carried out. It is necessary to clean the ferret's eyes and nose from secretions, provide high-calorie nutrition and plenty of drink. When refusing food, infusion therapy is indicated (intravenous or subcutaneous administration of saline and nutrient solutions and vitamins). If there is a complete loss of appetite, greenish or yellowish diarrhea, treatment with antihistamines and antibiotics is performed. Drug treatment includes antiviral drugs and immunostimulants, antihistamines and nasal drops for children to combat rhinitis, eye drops with an antibiotic for conjunctivitis. In secondary bacterial infections, broad-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed.
Recovery usually occurs less than 7 days after the onset of the disease. The prognosis is positive if the disease is not complicated by pneumonia or a severe secondary bacterial infection.
Coughing and sneezing
Ferrets often cough when they choke. But if the cough lasts for a long time, and even accompanied by a runny nose and tearfulness, this can be a symptom of colds.
Prolonged dry cough may indicate cardiovascular disease.
Drops "Pinosol" for children, "Miramistin", "Nnazol baby", one drop four times a day in each nostril. It is necessary to drip alternating nostrils, that is, you cannot drip into both nostrils at once, they can suffocate.
In general, one should be very careful with a runny nose. with respiratory diseases in ferrets, pulmonary, tracheal edema, etc. may occur. therefore, it is necessary to see a doctor, perhaps a course of antibiotics will be prescribed.
The normal temperature of the ferret ranges from 37.8 - 39.4 ° C (an average of 38.8 ° C). A dry, warm or hot nose may indicate an increase in temperature. As soon as you notice such a sign, measure the rectal temperature of the pet, if it rises, be sure to bring the animal to a doctor.
If your ferment has a fever and you don’t have an opportunity to urgently see a veterinarian, then to lower the temperature it is better to use baby syrups for the smallest, such as Panadol or Kalpola, 1 drop at most 3 times a day, while the temperature will not go back to normal.
At the same time, “Interferon” can be used in the nose for treatment, in case of illness near an ampoule per day (if you get sick, so that the ferret can not be infected can be dripped for prevention, but less).
Pneumonia - inflammation of the lung tissue, as a rule, of infectious origin with a predominant lesion of the alveoli (the development of inflammatory exudation in them) and interstitial lung tissue.
The classification of pneumonia is caused by the cause of the disease:
Infectious pneumonia more often associated with bacteria, viruses, and diseases such as:
Bacterial pneumonia strikes puppies and old ferrets. Ferrets are especially prone to bacterial pneumonia with chronic respiratory tract infection, as well as immunocompromised and chronic diseases.
Fungal pneumonia occurs in ferrets weakened by immunosuppressive drugs and steroids, which have been taken for a long time.
Aspiration pneumonia may be due to improper oral administration of drugs or vomiting.
By the nature of the clinical course, acute and chronic pneumonia are distinguished.
The most common cause of pneumonia inferrets- Infectious diseases (canine plague or flu).
What bacteria cause pneumonia in ferrets?
- Streptococcus (Streptococcus zooepidemicus),
- Pneumococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae),
- Amoebas of the Endamoebidae Coli family,
- Klebsiella pneumonia (Klebsiella pneumoniae),
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pseudomonas aeruginosa),
- Bordetella (Bordetella bronchiseptica),
- Listeria (Listeria monocytogenes).
Infectious pneumonia can also occur as a concomitant infection to diseases such as Aleutian mink disease (viral plasmacytosis), cardiomyopathy (heart disease), and lymphoma (tumor).
Signs of the disease: The animal’s condition is depressed, body temperature is increased, appetite is absent, coughing, shortness of breath, rapid and shallow breathing. When listening - weakening or intensification of respiratory sounds, wheezing, outflow from the nose, sometimes with an unpleasant odor. With croupous pneumonia, the disease occurs suddenly, the animal is depressed, there is no appetite, thirst, an increase in body temperature by 1-2 C, rapid breathing, the mucous membrane of the eyes is hyperemic, cyanosis of the mucous membranes, and the pulse is frequent. Dry cough, outflow from the nose, when listening - light rales, often wet. In the first 6-7 days, the patient's condition worsens, and then the resolution of the process occurs or, in the absence of treatment, on the contrary, the disease is complicated.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical signs, analysis of factors contributing to the onset of the disease, and is confirmed by x-ray studies.
First aid: It is necessary to create good conditions for the animal, to wrap the chest, give easily digestible feed. An animal needs a warm litter. If the first signs of the disease are detected, immediately call a veterinarian.
Drug treatment is prescribed by a veterinarian.
When such signs appear, you should not rely on the fact that "everything will pass by itself." Some ferret diseases are very fleeting and can be fatal in a short time. Therefore, at the slightest suspicion of a disease, consult a doctor immediately.
And always remember that there are situations when it’s not about the days, but about hours and even minutes.
Material prepared using Internet resources.
Causes of Coughing and Sneezing
There may be several reasons why the ferret coughs, as if choking. The most common are:
- Cold. Ferrets are sensitive animals, so they can easily catch a cold. When ARVI is usually observed temperature rise.
The kid is passive, his appetite has decreased - certain signs of the disease. It is important to consult a veterinarian to get proper treatment.
- Allergy. Often, animals have a food allergy, after which the ferret coughs and sneezes. If the pet eats poorly and is playful enough between meals, it is recommended that you review your baby’s diet.
Allergies can occur when dogs and cats are present nearby.
- A lot of dust. The third reason a ferret coughs is house dust. In addition to coughing, sneezing may occur.
But when coughing and sneezing during washing, do not worry. It is necessary to monitor the behavior and appetite of the pet. If the animal began to cough and sneeze in long cycles (more than 7 times in a row), it is worth worrying.
The lethargy of the animal is an important indicator of the state of health.
Another common ailment in ferrets is swelling loop.