'' Virtual breed database ''
Copyright ©, 2004-2019 Y.Semenov
All rights reserved.
The number of Tibetans is growing every year. It is becoming more difficult to track new dogs, their development and show success. Matching pairs also becomes a daunting task. For this, a catalog has been created where everyone can enter their dog’s data: a photo, her success at exhibitions, a description, health tests, and distinguishing features. You can also find a dog of interest and look at its pedigree, titles and litters. The catalog will be a good help not only for breed lovers and breeders, but also for those who decide to get a dog for this amazing breed - tibetan terrier.
The electronic catalog includes the following sections:
Base - is an electronic database of representatives of the Tibetan Terrier breed open to all comers.
Exhibitions - section for quick input and presentation of the results of the exhibitions held in combination with the database data.
Nurseries - information is provided on existing nurseries and breeders not only in our country, but also abroad.
Link to various resources devoted to the breed, as well as to other breed databases.
The forum is a place of communication between Tibetan terrier lovers.
The site is the first in Russia, here you will find a lot of interesting and useful information about the breed.
We invite to participate in the project all people who are not indifferent to the breed, new owners and owners of nurseries.
The site administration is not responsible for the data and photos entered by users.
We express our gratitude to everyone who took or will take part in filling out this catalog! Your support and interest in the project is very important to us.
Many thanks to you dear friends who believed in its necessity and benefit for the breed.
And I would like to address individual words of gratitude to the following people:
- Alexander Goldobin, Moscow
- Natalia Khristolyubova, Vladivostok
- Olga Semenovyh, Perm
- Marina Prokhorova, Moscow
- Angelina Gorbunova, Moscow
I would like to express special gratitude to Yuri Semenov for the implementation of this project.
We also thank Tatyana Kuzina and Irina Simineeva (St. Petersburg), they brought to Russia thoroughbred Tibetan terriers of western breeding - Cags-Pa Bruno and A’Sebai Kipu Khyim. And at the end of 2007, after an almost fifteen-year hiatus, the first litter of Tibetan terriers was received in Russia, but now from imported dogs.
Photo of the wonderful male Cags-Pa Bruno decorated our catalog.
# 1 NoiseFey
Chairman of the Board of the Regional Branch of the Rostov Region
Tibetan Terrier (Tibetan Terrier, Dhokhi Apso)
DESCRIPTION. Compact and strong, with a strong body, medium size, square format dog. The outer hair is plentiful and thin, but not silky and not like a sheep’s, the undercoat is soft and fluffy, the skull is not wide and not coarse, not kupoobrazny, but not absolutely flat between the ears. The head is decorated with long hair that falls beautifully over the eyes, and a beard. Ears hanging, V - shaped, not too tight to the head, always well-dressed with wool. The forelimbs are slender, hock joints are well defined. The abdomen is tightened, the lower back is slightly domed. Height at the withers 35.5-40.5 cm, weight 8-12 kg.
HISTORY. The Tibetan Terrier, bred as amulets or talismans, is one of two small breeds of Tibet. In the Lost Valley, a truly inaccessible area, they used these babies bred in monasteries as a reward of St. Christopher, bestowing brave travelers on these talismans for happiness. Among the alleged relatives of the breed are the North Kunlun Mountain Dog and the poodle-like dog of Central Mongolia. Many dogs grazed sheep in the mountains of Tibet, together with a massive Tibetan mastiff on guard. Small dogs are too small for a difficult shepherd’s service, passed on to Tibetan lamas. Some Tibetan terriers are still used as guard dogs, as well as to search for lost objects. The American Kennel Club relatively recently recognized the Tibetan Terrier, including it in the pedigree book in 1973. Any colors are found in the breed, and all of them are officially recognized. Tibetans did not attach importance to color, paying more attention to the physical qualities of the dog.
CHARACTERISTIC. These small shaggy dogs, highly valued in Tibet as shepherds and companions, are distinguished by their insight and hard work. Although these are not terriers, they display the fearlessness and assertiveness inherent in this group of breeds. Long hair requires periodic grooming, in the summer Tibetans often shear their dogs (like the sheep they graze), and they mix fine hair with yak hair to make a fine weather-proof fabric.
"All the angels were busy. They sent me."said the Afghan Greyhound.
Brief History of Origin
The name of this breed in Tibet sounds like “Tsang Apso” (English Tsang Apso) and means “shaggy dog from Tsang province”.
The biggest mystery of these smartest lohmachi is their origin. There is absolutely no exact information about this to this day, but there is an assumption that among the ancestors of the breed were North Kunlun mountain dogs. Even Tibetan monks do not have more detailed information.
Interesting! It was not by chance that we talked about monks. Tibetan terriers are the property of Tibetan temples. Here they were considered good luck dogs, guarding against evil spirits, and treated them with the same reverence as people. They were always companions of the monks, for which they often called them "little people."
Like any other value that has sacred meaning, Tibetan terriers were kept away from prying eyes and, moreover, they did not spread people among strangers to the monks. It was possible to get such a dog only as a gift for any valuable services to the temple and its servants. But if someone became the happy owner of the sacred dog, then luck and protection against universal evil was “guaranteed” to him - the owner of the Tibetan terrier was known only as the favorite of the gods.
In Europe, the first Tibetan terriers appeared only in the late 1920s. It was here that the name "terrier" stuck to them. Before that, they were just the sacred temple dogs of Tibet. In 1957, FCI recognized Tibetan terriers as an independent breed and defined its standard.
# 2 NoiseFey
Chairman of the Board of the Regional Branch of the Rostov Region
Standard: FCI No. 209
GENERAL FORM : Firmly built dog of medium size, with long hair, square format.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: Active, good-natured. A faithful companion with many attractive features. Sociable, watchful, smart and playful, not aggressive, not pugnacious. Incredulity to strangers.
HEAD: The head is covered with thick long hair that falls over the eyes. On the lower jaw a small, not too plentiful beard.
Skull: Medium in length, not wide, not coarse, slightly tapering from ear to eye, not domed, but not completely flat between the ears.
Transition to the muzzle: expressed without exaggeration.
Nose: Nose black.
Muzzle: Direct. The distance from the eyes to the tip of the nose is equal to the distance from the eyes to the back of the head.
Jaws / Teeth: The lower jaw is well developed. The front teeth are located along a small arc, evenly, perpendicular to the jaw. Scissor or reverse scissor bite.
Cheeks: Slightly rounded, not protruding.
Eyes: Large, round, not convex, not sunken, rather widely spaced, dark brown. Black piping.
Ears: Hanging, not tight to the head, V - shaped, not too large, richly covered with long hair.
BODY: Muscular, compact, powerful. The distance from the end of the shoulder to the base of the tail is equal to the height at the withers.
BACK: Straight above the ribs.
LOIN: Short, slightly convex.
CHEST: Well ribbed.
TAIL: Medium length, set rather high, funnily thrown to the back, covered with thick long hair. A hook is often found at the end of the tail, which is permissible.
Forelegs: Straight, parallel, densely covered with hair.
Shoulders: Tight to the body.
Metacarpus: Slightly slanted.
HINDQUARTERS: Thickly coated with hair.
Joint angles: Well defined.
Feet: Large, round, densely covered with hair between fingers and pads. The pads are firmly and flat, without any bending, to the ground.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: The movements are smooth, powerful, wide with a good swing. When walking or trotting, the hind limbs are located strictly in line with the corresponding forelimbs.
Coat: Double. The undercoat is thin, fluffy. The integumentary hair is plentiful, thin, but not silky, not downy. The coat is long, straight or wavy, but not curly.
COLOR: White, golden, cream, gray or smoky, black, two-tone or three-color, in fact, any color other than chocolate or liver is acceptable.
THE SIZE :
Height at withers: Males 35.6 - 40.6 cm (14-16 inches). Bitches are slightly smaller.
FAULTS: Any deviation from the foregoing should be considered as a defect affecting the assessment depending on its severity and impact on the dog’s health and well-being.
A dog with obvious physical or behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified.
N.B. : Males should have two normally developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Original fci.be/uploaded_files/209gb98_en.doc standard from the FCI official website - fci.be
Russified breed standard RKF - no.
"All the angels were busy. They sent me."said the Afghan Greyhound.
Any breed of dog has its own “zest”. The Tibetan Terrier is no exception.
Below are a few facts that definitely give the breed an extraordinary character:
- The Tibetan temple dogs received the terrier posts from tourists. In fact, they have nothing to do with the pedigree group of terriers.
- These dogs practically do not fade and have no specific smell of “dog”. This makes them especially attractive for people allergic to dogs.
- Modern Chinese and Tibetans are still convinced that the shaggy national treasure of Tibet brings good luck in business and happiness in life.
- Indians are more pragmatic about temple dogs. Here they are working dogs, the calling of which is to guard the home and graze cattle.
Description of the breed, standards and appearance
Information on the description of the Tibetan Terrier breed, its standard is best sought from professional dog handlers. More often, for similar information on any breed, they turn to the sources of FCI and RKF - this is the international and Russian (respectively) Federation of dog handlers.
The following information is indicated in their sources:
In the FCI / RKF classification, the breed takes place in group 9 (companion dogs), section 5 (Tibetan breeds).
# 3 NoiseFey
Chairman of the Board of the Regional Branch of the Rostov Region
Tibetan Terrier. Explanations and notes to the standard.
The description in the standard of the Tibetan Terrier, like dogs of any other breed, can give only a brief sum of the individual characteristics of the ideal representative of the breed, and is only a guideline to a comprehensive description. Because of this, a number of problems arise when evaluating the Tibetan terrier at exhibitions. Despite the fact that before it was used primarily as a working dog, because of its elegant appearance, it is often kept as a dog for luxury, or at least as a beautiful apartment dog for decoration at home.
Long and thick wool offers various fashionable variations, while aesthetic features are placed above functional characteristics. The Tibetan Terrier, being exposed to harsh climatic conditions for a long time, was used as a service dog, which led to its modern optimal functional form, therefore the Tibetan Terrier should be evaluated without lowering the rating for the state of care (this statement is outdated - approx. T.K.) . Dogs of this breed need freedom of movement. With a thoughtful and effective process of movement, qualities achieved evolutionarily are fixed.
Therefore, the total amount of distinguishing features is more important than the individual features listed in the standard without indicating flaws and defects.
Therefore, it is advisable to clarify certain points of the standard.
CHARACTER: this dog is attentive, watchful, understanding, has earned a reputation as a good guard dog for centuries of keeping in monasteries, palaces and nomads, for its distrust of strangers. She will not bark senselessly, indiscriminately attack and show her strength, recklessly spending her anger, as is usually the case with real terriers. This quality makes the Tibetan Terrier a comfortable domestic dog, which, when an outsider appears, immediately informs the owner about it. She can turn away, but she does not for a moment let anyone else out of her sight until he leaves her territory. In relation to all people, except for those close to her, she is neutral or cautious, but she never shows obvious unfriendliness. Unlike terriers, this is a calm dog who never barks or digs any holes for no reason. At the same time, if someone unfriendly or aggressively approaches the Tibetan terrier, he takes an active defensive position and does not calm down until the situation is clarified.
APPEARANCE: resemblance to a bobtail is seen only with a cursory glance full-face, especially in a sitting position. The bobtail has a docked tail and, in comparison with the Tibetan terrier, the relatively small paws on which it moves rather hard. The square Tibetan terrier moves much easier and more deftly.
HEAD, MAST, EYES and EARS: the skull of the Tibetan Terrier looks similar to the skulls of other breeds of small Tibetan dogs. The lengths of the upper part of the head and muzzle are approximately equal. This is a hallmark of the Tibetan Terrier. Between the ears, the skull is slightly convex, not as flat as the Pekingese, but not as convex as the Tibetan spaniel. A distinct kink is visible in the profile, which, however, should not be too pronounced. If the bridge of the nose is too long, and the narrow front of the skull forms the appearance of a too pointed muzzle, this is considered a serious defect. The preferred natural shape of the muzzle of the Tibetan Terrier is provided by the position of the tip of the nose with respect to the line of the eyes described above. The eyes should be located strictly in the middle of the muzzle and wide apart. The distance from the tip of the nose to the line of the eyes should be equal to the distance from this line to the highest point of the skull. To the above, a review mention should be made of one Indian: “The character of the Tibetan Terrier is clearly revealed by the expression of its eyes and muzzle, the way it carries its tail and ears, and its pose.”
The head of the Tibetan Terrier should be neither too big nor too small.Its size should correspond to the overall size of the dog so that this small dog has proportions like a large one.
The question of the correct bite of the Tibetan terrier remains unclear. The current standard (meaning the standard from 01/18/80 - approx. T.K.) leaves the bite issue open. The standard allows for light bites, but in most countries a scissor bite is considered ideal. Initially, a snack was observed in all small breeds of Tibetan dogs, as well as until the 30s in almost all Tibetan terriers of Ms. Greig. Initially, a snack was observed in this breed and in its homeland in Tibet. Under natural conditions, when repelling the attacks of predatory animals, such a snack is useful for better grabbing other animals, as well as when attacking several dogs.
A jaw structure is considered to be a light snack, when the six lower incisors protrude in front of the upper, without a tight touch. Many researchers of the breed consider such a snack acceptable if it does not lose the strength of the lower jaw and the muzzle does not become too narrow and pointed. With a scissor bite, too long a skull is often observed, which is a vice. In any case, a malformation of the bite is a strong overshot and a lack of focus in which there is a gap between the upper and lower incisors. A number of incisors between the fangs should be evenly rounded, the incisors should be large or medium in size and should stand tight and even. In the Tibetan Terrier, tooth change begins quite late, usually after five months of age.
By standard, the eyes should be set wide enough. They are very expressive, large, dark, with a dark rim of the eyelids and long eyelashes, not convex, giving the breed, as a characteristic feature, the desired expressiveness of the muzzle.
The ears should not be too long and pointed to the ends, and should be proportional to the size of the head.
The nose should be dark, preferably black. Brown and flesh-colored noses are not acceptable; they are usually associated with chocolate color, and do not meet the standard. In light animals (cream, light golden, white), a dark nose can sometimes change its color and become somewhat lighter.
NECK: it seems a little short on the eye. This feature is caused by an abundance of wool that hangs from the back of the head and front of the neck to the middle of the chest. The neck is muscular and rather strongly inclined forward. These harmonious proportions allow you to perform full forces unlimited movements when throwing.
BODY: compact, strong, square format, with a convex muscular chest. This is a brief description of a rather small but strong torso of a working dog, which, however, should not be rude. The structure of the body is the result of adaptation to difficult conditions with limited nutrition and the need for significant mobility and endurance. These appropriate body proportions in combination with long thick hair are the basis of the special beauty and elegance of this dog, which is of great importance today. The square structure of the body is significantly different from the long body with respect to the height of the Lhasa apso. Therefore, the opinion about relative similarity to the bobtail, which is also square and has a similar structure of the coat, is rather acceptable. Unlike the bobtail, the Tibetan Terrier has an almost straight back. In well-trained animals, the back may be convex, and with a weak spine, sagging of the back is observed. The straight line of the back is of great importance for the characteristic uniform and rectilinear movement when walking. An essential feature is a well-ribbed, convex chest, which ensures the necessary expansion of the lungs, which allows you to run even in high mountains without slowing down. Flat chest for this breed is unacceptable. The loin should be short and strong, but flexible enough to allow sudden twists and turns.
The height of the Tibetan Terrier for males is from 35.5 to 40.5 cm. Until 1950, 43 cm was allowed. It is not uncommon, especially for males, to grow more than 42 cm, which is not considered a big drawback, but despite this, standard growth must be respected. Bitches can be less than 35.5 cm. The smallest height for a female is 33 cm. The standard does not limit the weight of animals. For a dog aged 2-4 years, with a height at the withers of 40 cm, 11.5 - 13.5 kg can be recommended, and with a height at the withers of 36 cm - from 8 to 9.5 kg.
FEET, GAIT, TAIL: forelegs straight, muscular. They are very beautiful already in the period of puppy growth and then do not lose their perfection. Avoid falling puppies on their front legs, spinning on one leg, as well as jumping down. The hind legs are parallel to each other, the angles of the joints are well defined. The joints are in good shape, strong. The angles of the joints are optimal for the endurance of the Tibetan terrier when running, climbing and jumping. These pronounced breed angles significantly reduce fatigue. In a straightened state, the hind legs are quite long, which provides a special jumping ability. Deep hock joints are a hallmark of this breed. Another distinguishing feature is the characteristic flat, relatively large paws that touch the ground with the soles and fingertips at the same time. Deep hock joints correspond to flat soles. The large round soles of the paws are covered with thick hair between the fingers. Due to this structure of the paws, the dog does not fail, running along the snowy highlands, as well as on the sand. The anatomical features mentioned provide the dogs with exceptional climbing ability. The animal can climb trees and steep elephants, clinging tightly to the fingers. All features comply with the requirements for a mountain dog, therefore, they often indicate a similarity in the structure of the legs of the Tibetan terrier with Afghan hounds. As already mentioned, all dog movements, including its perfectly coordinated energetic gait, are very economical. When running, the traces of the front and rear legs are located in one line, the paws are not scattered to the sides. With an ordinary lynx, the dog runs very easily, swaying a little, giving the impression of a flight. It is also easy, at a fast pace, to perform her jumping in the game. It is amazing how easily this dog can run and jump on pebble talus and off-road.
The general impression of running is also reinforced by a slightly curved tail lying on the back, the end of which hangs on the side along the thigh. The rich coat of the tail also apparently contributes to the effective participation of the tail in movement.
COAT: Two-layer coat - thin undercoat and long thick coat. The coat is similar to human hair and may be straight or slightly wavy. Silky and curly hair is undesirable. Unwanted is also too long coat, falling almost to the ground. Too long hair visually shortens the legs and distorts the square structure of the body. The hair on the head covers the entire face and eyes. Long eyelashes prevent falling hair from falling into the eyes, which ensures vision through the long bangs.
Any color is acceptable except chocolate and from medium to dark brown. Two and three-color dogs are very beautiful. There is a dark color with gray hair or light with dark tips of the coat. Animals with a solid dark brown coat have black pigment in their skin, so their nose can be light brown and even flesh-colored, which is considered a defect.
FAULTS: All defects listed in the standard were considered significant for the Tibetan Terrier in their original habitat, where these defects were actively eradicated. Therefore, they are factors excluded in breeding, however, they are not disadvantages for the owner. It is only aesthetic flaws, but not functional ones.
The main translation from German is G.M. Rubinchik, revised by T. Kuzina.
Note T.K. - These explanations relate to the standard of 01/18/1980. Later, a new edition of the standard dated 08/25/1988 appeared. The explanations to the standard in the book "Tibetan breeds" are general in nature and fully correspond to the current edition of the standard.
"All the angels were busy. They sent me."said the Afghan Greyhound.
Temple dogs have a strong constitution, medium size, a square body, long, dense coat. A strong constitution and square proportions provide them with a well-developed sense of balance.
An adult Tibetan terrier looks like a miniature old English shepherd.
- The shape of the head is harmonious - the skull has an interesting shape, occupying an intermediate place between round and square.
- The eyes are large, dark in color, widely spaced.
- The ears are in the form of the Latin letter "V".
- The ligamentous apparatus is strong, the muscles are well developed.
- Height at the withers ranges from 32 to 41 cm, weight - from 8 to 13 kg.
Color and type of coat
The coat of Tibetan dogs is a special expense item. Long and dense, long growing, it requires expense and time for care. But the efforts are worth it. A Tibetan terrier with well-groomed coat is just a work of art.
Important! Colors FCI and RKF allow any, with the exception of chocolate. Therefore, a variety of different shades make this breed unique.
Nature and behavior
Nature awarded these dogs a balanced temperament. They are friendly and affectionate towards people, but they will become noticeably jealous if any other pretender comes to the household attention.
Tibetan terriers are distinguished by remarkable intelligence. Smart, emotional “owners” strongly resemble spoiled children of 3-5 years old. Therefore, from the very puppy's age, they need a firm hand and a kind heart of the owner.
With sufficient attention on the part of a person, with the help of an experienced dog handler or breeder, they are very amenable to training.
Despite the fact that the friendly Tibetan shirts are very mobile, need physical activity and long walks, they are great for keeping in a comfortable apartment or house. The nature of these animals has a powerful protective instinct. Therefore, excellent watchmen and shepherds come out of them.
Breed and children
With children, the relations of Tibetan terriers are not entirely ambiguous. On the one hand, they are tolerant to them, they allow you to play with yourself, even tug on your hair and ears. On the other hand, children for them are rivals in the struggle for household attention.
The thing is that dogs are pack animals. For most domestic dogs, a family is a pack with a clear hierarchy. There is a leader of the pack, there are his "deputies" and the rest of the pack, who need the care of older, stronger ones.
So the children in the family are the very “rest” members of the flock who need guardianship and protection. It is necessary to remember this constantly, you must not allow the dog to "rule" in this matter.
How to choose a puppy?
The basic rule is to buy puppies only in trusted kennels, from trusted breeders. This approach ensures that the puppy will be from a planned litter, from purebred parents.
Conscientious nurseries and breeders sell puppies for more than little-known sellers. This is because trusted sellers pay serious attention to breeding issues.
All dogs, like people, are different. Each dog is born with a certain temperament, on the basis of which a character is further formed.
How to choose a puppy that would suit its owner, and even to be surely healthy? This is a very important question, as having made a mistake at this stage, in the future everything may turn out to be more difficult than it seemed.
Of course, when choosing a puppy, it is best to use the help of an experienced dog handler, but not everyone has this opportunity and not always. Here are some tips for this case:
- Before going to the breeder, decide who you would like to take - a boy or a girl? It is usually easier for women to “negotiate” with a male dog, and for men - a female, but this is not a statement, but rather an observation.
- First look at all puppies of the litter together. Pay attention to how they behave towards each other. Throw something heavy and loud on the floor, such as a bunch of keys. The most promising thing is the puppy who does not get scared, but runs up and sniffs the keys.
- After viewing the entire litter, the puppy you like should be separated from the rest and watch how he will behave without his brothers and sisters, whether he will show interest or be afraid, how quickly he will cope with fear, how quickly and willingly he will contact a stranger ... This is important for education and training in the future. Such simple “experiments” will give an idea of how strong and strong the nervous system of the puppy is, how balanced it is the processes of excitation and inhibition in the central nervous system.
- Next, you need to check the physical condition of the puppy. In the case of the Tibetan Terrier breed, special attention should be paid to the cleanliness of the eyes, ears and skin. Pay attention to how the puppy moves, whether there are any awkward, limited movements, shortness of breath. Ask the breeder how the puppy goes to the toilet and what his appetite is for - deviations from the norm are unacceptable.
- Try to find out from the breeders about the genetic defects and diseases of the parents and progenitors of the puppy. The fewer they are, the better and more expensive a dog can be.
- Do not forget to check the documents for the puppy. This is a puppy card with the signature and seal of the breeder and a veterinary passport indicating the preventive measures taken - deworming (treatment against internal parasites), pest control (treatment against fleas), vaccination.
Everything is standard here. Puppies of the Tibetan Terrier in care are not very different from another breed or even not purebred. You must immediately tune in to the fact that the first 6 months you will have to run around with a floor rag, hide all the shoes and bags as high as possible.
In general, you need to be prepared for the fact that the house can undergo unpleasant changes in the form of a spoiled interior. Until the dog reaches the age of 10-12 months, all these “joys” are inevitable, however, an adult dog can bite everything in a row.
After the necessary vaccinations are completed and the veterinarian allows you to walk, the kid begins to accustom to walks. Accustoming to a toilet on the street is different for everyone, but usually by the age of 6-8 months the puppy is already getting used to doing “his own thing” while walking.
By about 11-12 months, the puppies reach puberty, but it happens that by the age of 8 months. This does not mean that you need to urgently knit your dog (the first mating is best done in 1.5 years, not earlier). This means that now other dogs are interesting to your pet, not only as partners in the game, but also as representatives of the opposite sex.
At about 1.5-2 years, the dog becomes fully adult. By this age, the skeleton and all body systems are fully formed, and function in a coordinated and well-functioning manner, the dog ceases to grow “in length and height”, and grows “in breadth”, in other words, it matures.
Important! Before growing up, the puppy goes through the most energy-intensive period - the period of growth and development. Right now, he needs to provide adequate nutrition and veterinary services. Investing in a dog at this stage will pay off in the future. This will result in good physical health and a healthy psyche of the dog.
Proper nutrition is the basis of health. The puppy's diet needs to be adjusted according to the growing needs of the body. It is important that all substances are balanced and together give the optimal amount of kcal.
As a rule, these are high-calorie diets saturated with protein, carbohydrates and vitamin-mineral complexes.
It is very important to adhere to the feeding regimen and not to overeat.
For an adult dog, the diet is balanced in protein, fat and carbohydrate. Vitamins and minerals should also be included. The older the dog, the less fat in his diet. Mature dogs (7 years +) in the diet focus on protein and mineral-vitamin complexes, because metabolism in adult animals is no longer so active, and minerals and vitamins are absorbed worse than in puppies.
Among the "dog lovers" there are two types. Some cherish the natural type of feeding, others - for dry full-feed. Both types have their “+” and “-”, and each owner chooses the best type for his dog.
- Natural feeding involves the use of natural products: lean meat, eggs, fish, cereals, sometimes offal (but not all!), Unsweetened dairy products. Most often this is the preparation of cereals with meat and vegetables, with the addition of eggs, fish. Of the cereals, oatmeal, millet, barley, rice are preferable. In addition to all these products, puppies must include cottage cheese in the diet.
- Dry type of feeding involves feeding ready-made full-ration dry feeds that differ in type of animal, size and age.
If it is difficult for the owner to decide how best to feed the dog, then the surest way to make the right decision is to consult a veterinarian or an experienced breeder.
Important! In no case should you allow the dog to be fed with food from the owner's table! What is delicious to the owner is bad for his dog.
Walking and exercise
The Tibetan Terrier is a mobile dog with well-developed muscles. This means that walking for her is no less important than proper nutrition. Ideally, walking with an adult Tibetan requires at least 3 hours a day - twice for 1.5 hours.
Moreover, it is advisable not just to walk slowly, holding the dog next to him on a leash, but to allow the dog to run into it without a leash, to play tug of war with it, with an apport or something else.
Lack of walking (especially in conjunction with overeating) will lead to inactivity, and therefore to obesity and all its consequences. Most often, this is not only overweight, but also problems with the cardiovascular system, breathing, and musculoskeletal system.
With a lack of movement by the age of 5, the dog will have a number of chronic diseases.
Training and education
It is necessary to start raising a puppy from the moment when contact is established with him.
The first steps in raising a puppy is to teach him his nickname and basic commands:
- "Place!" - the requirement for the dog to go to its place,
- “Fu!” - command-prohibition of any unwanted actions,
- “Come to me!” - the requirement for the dog to approach the owner,
- “Near!” - the requirement for the dog to move next to the owner at his left foot.
Also, from a puppy's age, you should accustom your pet to combing (for the Tibetan terrier this is extremely important), examining a veterinarian (eyes, teeth, body, thermometry).
Important! From the first days you need to show the puppy who is the leader in your “pack”. Only after your leadership is accepted can obedience and obedience be achieved, which in the future will be of great importance in the relationship between the dog and your family members.
If problems arise at any stage of education, it is better not to experiment, but to contact a professional dog handler.
Care and hygiene
Hygienic care for Tibetan terriers consists of several points:
The hair of these dogs is simply unique. It is long and silky, in addition there is also a thick undercoat.
Tibetan terriers practically do not fade. Perhaps their shedding goes unnoticed due to the fact that combing such a coat is recommended at least 1 time per week, otherwise mats will form.
If the coat is excessively dry and difficult to comb, it should be slightly moistened with a spray bottle of water or a special lotion.
Tibetan Terriers are washed and sheared once every six months. The skin of these dogs is highly sensitive, so shampoo is applied directly to the coat, being careful not to touch the skin. Also come with a special conditioner for wool.
If washing for the owner is a troublesome and unpleasant business, then it would be optimal to visit the groomer.
The eyes of the Tibetan terriers are hidden under the bangs. This does not affect vision, but eye care is required daily. With the help of special lotions and cotton pads, normal daily discharge from the eyes is easily removed.
Instead of the lotion, you can use saline or boiled water, but the lotion is still preferable.
Pet ears also require hygiene. Auricles should be checked regularly for contamination and inflammation. Since the ears of Tibetan terriers are hanging, their predisposition to otitis is high.
You can clean your ears with cotton pads and sticks. As a cleanser, special lotions are used, but in addition to them, a 1% chlorhexidine solution or a miramistin solution is suitable.
Attention! The dog will feel more comfortable while cleaning his ears if the cleaning product is slightly warmed up in a water bath!
Claws need to be trimmed in a timely manner, otherwise they are stratified, break off and injured. In the worst case, such an injury can develop to osteomyelitis of the finger.
Teeth should ideally be brushed with a special toothpaste for animals and a toothbrush - either specialized or children's (for children under 3 years old). If you do not pay attention to teeth, then tartar is formed on them, which must be removed already in the veterinary clinic with ultrasound, and sometimes even under general anesthesia.
If this is not done, then periodontitis develops due to tartar, and the dog may lose its teeth.
Vaccinations and a tendency to disease
Vaccinations for Tibetan terriers are done according to the standard scheme - a comprehensive vaccine and a vaccine against rabies once a year. Puppies are first vaccinated in a different way.
If necessary, the veterinarian will offer other vaccines.
Tibetan terriers are genetically predisposed to diseases:
- eye (cataract, lens disease),
- heart (for obesity),
- joints (hip dysplasia, dislocation of the knee cup).
Pros and cons of the breed
To determine if the Tibetan Terrier is suitable for you, a table will help, which takes into account the main features inherent in all dogs of this.
|If the Chinese and Tibetans are not mistaken, then Tibetan terriers are living talismans for good luck and happiness.||Puppies require special attention. These are endless puddles on the floor, gnawed furniture and shoes.|
|Very calm, reasonable and friendly, not jealous of other pets and children.||Wool requires painstaking care. But if you do not start, then leaving is no longer a problem.|
|Almost do not fade, despite the rich coat.|
|They are mobile, love walking. This means that they are able to make great company on a run or on a hike.|
Tibetan terriers are great companions and true friends. These are dogs shrouded in the mystery of times ... They have a strange origin, live in temples, they are revered by Tibetan monks, they know how to bring happiness and good luck.
- The head is average. The skull is not square in shape and not rounded. Lush hair grows on the head, which falls perfectly onto the dog’s eyes. There is a thick beard.
- The eyes are quite large and are located far from each other. Dark.
- Compact, strong and muscular body.
- The loin is slightly domed, and the belly is sportily taut.
- The ears hang freely and are in the shape of the letter V.
- The tail is set high. Thrown beautifully on the back. Medium in length.
- Wool falls beautifully from the tail. Quite often with a kink at the very tip.
- The front legs are strong, slender. The rear hocks are well defined. The paws are large and well overgrown, especially for the winter.
- Six across the entire body flow thin, thick and silky. It is noticeable that the undercoat is warm fluffy.
- Colors are: golden, fawn, smoky, black, cream, white, gray.
- Males above bitches. Usually, Tibetan terriers at the withers are from 30 to 40 cm. Dogs weigh from 8.2 to 13.6 kg.
The dog eats a lot and is completely unpretentious to food.
Dogs live from 14 to 16 years old. Among them are many centenarians who have crossed the line of 17 years.
Recognize the breed in organizations:
The characteristic of this breed is as follows: calm, smart, and insightful, loyal, and friendly, affectionate, and hardworking. They bark a little. Strangers are wary.
They can easily be trained in various teams.
If you are walking on city streets, you should not let the representative of this breed leave the leash. They are too mobile and can get lost. The dog will be happy for long walks in a fenced garden.
Tibetan terriers have an energetic and lively disposition. The dog will be happy to keep you company for a walk, play something.
In fact, this breed was termed terrier. This is a shepherd dog, not a hunting one. She does not chase game in holes. This is a spiritual companion. It barks loudly, its voice is low - an excellent watchman in the private sector and city apartment.
After every breakfast, lunch or dinner, comb the beard of your pet.
Wipe your eyes and ears regularly and brush your pet every day.
Thanks to the thick coat, the dog will adapt to sultry summers and cold winters.
Like other dogs, pets can catch respiratory viruses. Therefore, annually give your pet a comprehensive vaccination. It is from: parvovirus enteritis, viral hepatitis, carnivore plague, leptospirosis and rabies.
It happens that diseases are inherited: dysplasia in the hip joints, dislocation of the lens of the eye and retinal atrophy (progressive).
There is a neurological disease Canin Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (CCL) or Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL).
The cost of puppies of this breed ranges from 20 to 30 thousand rubles. It all depends on the class. For bitches this is: pet, brid, show. For males: pet and show. If you need a companion dog, get an inexpensive puppy.