Cairn Terrier - one of the oldest breeds of Scottish Terriers, since ancient times specialized in catching foxes and rodents. This is an energetic, positive companion dog with tough, bristling hair and sharp, erect ears.
- Like all terriers, cores are quick-tempered and stubborn, but the causeless aggression of the breed is not inherent.
- For all its love of nature and freedom of movement, the core terrier is able to become a city dweller. The main thing is not to limit the dog to walking and to choose a suitable set of sports exercises for it.
- In everyday life, core-terriers communicate in a moderate voice. If the dog is too talkative and responds by barking for any reason, most likely, she was often left alone for a long time.
- The breed is friendly towards children. Caring and warning nannies from core terriers, as a rule, do not work out, but the animators from them are not bad.
- The characteristic shaggyness of the core coat is not only a natural gift, but also the result of the painstaking work of the owner, so learn the basics of grooming and proper trimming in advance.
- In cinema, the breed has its own “niche” since 1939. Films and series in which you can meet core terriers: “The Wizard of Oz” (1939), “Doubler” (2013), “Kingsman” (2015), “Mr. Robot” (2015 )
- The second friend of the core terrier after the owner is food. Even a completely fed pet will never give up the supplement, and on a walk it will actively dig up the ground in search of “tasty” insects.
Cairn terrier - In the past, a professional hunter, and in the present, a compact, shaggy jolly and tireless athlete who loves outdoor games. Like all representatives of the terrier group, the core is excessively curious and fantastically excited when it comes to searching for anything, but it is incredibly friendly and sociable. If you want to truly make friends with the breed, make its representative your permanent companion. It is difficult to find a happier and more contented creature than a core terrier, on equal terms accompanying the owner on bike rides, hiking for mushrooms or during a leisurely promenade along city streets.
Cairn Terrier History
Cores are often called the great-grandfathers of all Scottish terriers, since there are references to fox hunting and badgers with these groovy shoemakers from the 16th century. At first, all the representatives of the breed were called sharp-eyed sky terriers - after the name of the Isle of Skye, whose inhabitants preferred small dogs, expertly catching rodents and small animals. They decided to replace the root “skye” with “core” only at the beginning of the 20th century, when the question arose of standardizing animals - the name “core-terrier” indicated that the breed copes well with the capture of predators in mountainous and rocky areas.
Despite the fact that the Scot is considered to be the first professional breeder of captains, captain McLeod, who introduced the breed’s most viable and working line, dog breeding continued spontaneously for a long time. In particular, every British farmer considered it his duty to put out a series of breeding experiments, which, in his opinion, could make skytrier more lucid and prey assistants.
Official recognition for the breed, as well as a new name, came in 1910, after the English Kennel Club registered individuals belonging to breeder Alistair Campbell. Since then, core-terriers have become full-fledged participants in dog shows, although until 1923 they were still crossed with West Highland White Terriers to get animals with a glamorous snow-white color.
Cairn Terrier Standard
Cairn terrier is a combination of amusing appearance and lively temperament. The fervent, shaggy-clad mustaches look as if they had just jumped from the shelf of a toy store. Add to this a modest weight (only 6–9 kg), a typical low terry stance typical of terriers, and an overall compact physique — and here is an exemplary representative of the breed, assertive, restless and terribly curious.
Small, proportional to the body of the animal, with a pronounced hollow between the eyes and a powerful muzzle. Stop relief, clearly visible.
Teeth and jaw
Cairn terriers have large teeth and strong, but not heavy jaws with a reference scissor bite.
Black, with a moderately developed lobe.
The eyes of the thoroughbred core-terrier are widely set and hide under shaggy eyebrows, which gives the appearance of the dog a comical and slightly angry look.
Pointed, triangular-shaped ears are always in a wary position (stand upright).
The neck of the core-terrier is moderately long, classic set.
A purebred representative of the breed should have a flat, medium-length back and a flexible lower back. The core of the core terrier is massive, with well-rounded ribs.
The core terrier has very strong and strong legs with sloping shoulders, impressive hips and lowered hock joints. The front paws are much larger than the hind legs, the paw pads are elastic and convex. The dog moves smoothly, with a strong push of the hind legs and an even extension of the forelimbs.
In a familiar setting, the core terrier carries its short ponytail energetically and energetically, without lowering it down and throwing it on its back.
Dog hair is almost a defining breed characteristic. Double, with an ultra-hard integumentary hair and a short, attached undercoat, it performs a protective function - it prevents the animal from getting wet in inclement weather and reduces the risk of mechanical injuries.
A purebred individual should have a cream, red, wheat, ash-black or gray coat. Cairn terriers with pronounced tigers are also not a pembrake and are allowed to participate in exhibitions.
Cores are the most typical representatives of the terrier clan, so when bringing them into the house, get ready for endless curiosity, easy courage, instant reaction and pranks. In addition, this is an extremely contact breed, adoring to demonstrate its intellectual and athletic achievements to a person. No matter what tricks and tricks the core sets, his ultimate goal is the same - to arouse the owner’s interest in the results of his “labors”. Yes, the often shaggy "super dog" goes too far in striving to impress the owner with his own ingenuity and restlessness, but there is no point in blaming him.
The Cairn Terrier is an owner and a terrible miser who does not recognize the concept of "common property". He will happily play catch-up with the children, willingly chase the ball and bring it, but he will respond with any convincing “Woof!” Or a warning grunt to any encroachment on personal things (a toy, a bone). At the same time, in other domestic situations, the breed demonstrates quite peaceful behavior. An exception is the threat to the owner’s life from another dog. In such a case, holding the core is incredibly difficult, but it is vital to do it - in the heat of excitement, the shaggy "Scot" crosses all boundaries and ceases to soberly evaluate his own strengths.
Almost all modern core terriers are “tied up” with hunting qualifications and live happily in city apartments, but do not hope that they forever say goodbye to haunting instincts. Plowing a newly planted flowerbed in search of a mole who once visited her and bringing a stray cat to a heart attack for a core terrier is a holy thing. It is not very easy to reconcile the dog with other pets. This comrade in any four-legged creature sees a direct competitor, which must be neutralized as soon as possible. No, the core is not bloodthirsty at all, so the rival will “survive” from its territory using other methods - voiced barking, light nibbles and stalking.
Parenting and training
Cairn Terrier is a smart and curious breed, but only until you shout at the pet. Impulsive "Scots" perceive any pressure as an infringement of personal rights, to which they react violently. Moreover, the offended core shows real miracles of obstinacy and disobedience, and it becomes impossible to interpret elementary truths to him.
Another characteristic feature of the breed is the duality of behavior. Each individual has this quality expressed in different ways. Someone, in the absence of the owners, is lying on sofas and ottomans, but when he hears the sound of a key turning in the doorway, he immediately transforms into an exemplary pet, dozing peacefully at the threshold. Someone slowly harasses the cat, and then, when the owner appears, pretends to see a mewing creature for the first time.
Dog handlers assure that turning a core terrier into a well-educated “city dweller” is not very easy, but real. The main thing is to look for individual approaches and not focus on one technique. Assert your own leadership persistently, but without rudeness, restrain emotions and do not shout at the ward - so it will be easier for the dog to adapt to your requirements. By the way, during the initial training of the breed, experts recommend not using the “Do not!” Command, replacing it with the word “You can!”. It is easier for a young Kern Terrier to accept approval of his own actions than gross prohibitions. In addition, this makes the animal more likely to look to the owner with a look in order to obtain permission for a specific act.
You can control the behavior of the dog not only with voice commands, but also with gestures. Cairn terriers understand them perfectly and instantly react. Moreover, they themselves skillfully express intentions with postures and tail movements. It’s easy to guess that the core is ready to play and is about to take off - the animal takes a “low start”, tries to establish eye contact with the owner and energetically wags its tail.
Maintenance and care
The core-terrier should have an isolated corner in the apartment (bed, house), where he could rest and store his own "treasures". Be sure to buy some toys for the animal: cores quickly grow up, they need developing fun with objects. And during the absence of the owners, the pet will have something to occupy itself with. However, you should not flood the dog with gifts either. Representatives of this breed are very selective and often remain faithful to one ball, gently ignoring other things. Speaking of balls: they should be soft and relatively large so that the core terrier could not swallow them.
Owners living in a private house with a garden or a personal plot will have to be extremely prudent, releasing a dog "breathe". It is not a problem for a core terrier to dig under the fence and rush off in an unknown direction. As for the toilet, tiny cores quickly get used to using the newspaper for “wet affairs”, and then it is relatively easy to retrain to do the same on the street.
Cairn terriers only look unpretentious astronauts. In reality, pet hair requires systematic care. Firstly, because the cores do not fade, which means that the dog needs to be trimmed, removing dead hair and stimulating new growth. Usually individuals who do not take part in exhibitions are trimmed 3-4 times a year. The owners “pinch” show cores every two weeks, once a month taking them to a professional salon, where the work begun by the owner is “polished” to perfection.
Secondly, the undercoat of the breed is prone to the formation of warlocks, so if you do not plan to grow a “valenok” from a four-legged friend, you need to brush it once or twice a week, paying special attention to the armpit area. An important moment is a haircut. In fact, it is contraindicated for core terriers, since it changes the structure of the coat, softens and thins it. However, sometimes, to make the silhouette of the dog more embossed, you have to use scissors. Usually, the cores are trimmed with hairs in the lower abdomen and form the contour of the paws, simultaneously removing the hair between the fingers and under the tail. Tidy up the rest of the body, including the ears, which are usually plentifully overgrown, will have to be tweaked.
Do not abuse water procedures. Western breeders are of the opinion that frequent bathing of the breed is harmful, and they recommend washing core-terriers only in the most emergency situations. For example, when an animal fell out in the mud or fell. In other cases, “bathing days” are superfluous, since the coat of the core does not give a specific smell, provided that the dog is systematically trimmed. Show pets will have to be washed more often - once every 2-3 months and exclusively with professional shampoo for wire-haired breeds.
Be sure to observe genital hygiene. This is especially true for bitches, which, during estrus, are advised by breeders to wash the loop and the area around it with warm water, as well as treat with neutralizing sprays to help remove the characteristic smell of secretions. In addition, the soft hair around the genitals rolls more often than on the rest of the body, so learn to carefully cut the mittens with scissors.
Brushing teeth is a necessary procedure in the life of core terriers. Ideally, it is supposed to treat the pet's oral cavity three times a week, but with an acute lack of time, the number of cleanings can be reduced to two. Choose the right sized fingertip brush and paste that the core will like. An excellent prevention of tartar in dogs is the use of natural juices, such as lemon or tomato. They can soak a napkin and clean the animal's oral cavity, carefully rubbing the juice into tooth enamel. And do not forget, from 4 to 6 months, core teeth are replaced by milk teeth, so for this period four-legged minxes should buy a toy-rattle, which will help to distract and massage the gums.
Check the eyes of the core terrier daily, removing wet clumps and dirt from them. To do this, use a clean cloth dampened with boiled water or phyto-lotions from a zoo pharmacy. The ears of the cores are cleaned once a week with a damp cloth or rags. It is strongly not recommended to use hydrogen peroxide for hygienic treatment of the auricle, which causes skin irritation. It is more correct to replace it with chlorhexidine.
Walk and exercise
An adult core terrier is a good runner, but usually a two-time walk is enough for him to emotionally and physically discharge. At the same time, he loves outdoor games and sports. So, taking your pet out to the street, give him the opportunity to stretch to the maximum - make him run after the ball, engage in catch-up games and search for objects, learn to understand the basics of agility.
It is allowed to lower the core on a walk on a leash if the shaggy rogue has perfectly mastered the commands from the UGS course and responds correctly to the call. Otherwise, get ready to run after the pet to fasten the strap again. Well, a little about the favorite pastime of all terriers - digging. In no case do not allow the dog to ruin other people's beds and garden beds, but do not yank it if it is "undermining" in the wasteland in order to obtain edible roots and insects - giving an instinct to the animal is vital.
The average core terrier gives the impression of an eternally hungry creature, which is in a permanent search for food. So if you succumb to the pet's constant asking eyes, you run the risk of growing a fat bump, which then will have to be treated by a nutritionist. At four months, the core terrier puppy is fully prepared to switch to three meals a day, and at six, the number of feeds can be reduced to two.Do not worry, the dog will not die of hunger. In any case, if the baby has run up a brutal appetite, he can be encouraged with a small snack.
If things are exactly the opposite and the core terrier does not eat up a portion or does not touch dinner because it does not meet his expectations, it is useful for him to arrange an “unloading” and skip one feeding. As for harmful products, for kernels it is pork, fatty mutton, sweets, any smoked meats, bones and veins. Sometimes a dog can be treated with an ordinary sandwich with butter or cheese or cottage cheese - such a “human” food will not bring harm. In addition, from an early age, the core-terrier needs to be taught to eat fruits, berries and vegetables - they are more useful than vitamin supplements from a veterinary pharmacy.
An approximate diet of an adult: 40% - meat and its waste, 30% - cereal, 20% - sour-milk products, 10% - fruit and vegetable purees and salads. If the owner is limited in time and does not have time to prepare individual dishes for the pet, industrial feeds and canned food can be considered as an alternative, provided that the owner is ready for spending on brands not lower than super-premium, but better holistic-class.
Health and Diseases of Cairn Terriers
The ancestors of the Cairn Terriers, despite the more than modest build, could boast of iron health and amazing stamina. Their descendants are also not frail creatures, but the susceptibility to hereditary ailments in the breed is higher. In particular, as with all representatives of the terrier clan, core samples are often diagnosed with Perthes disease, the course of which is accompanied by lameness and is due to genetics.
Poor blood coagulation (von Willebrand disease) is also a genetic ailment that is inherited from producers to offspring. In addition, like any dogs of small breeds, core terriers suffer from a dislocation of the patella. An unpleasant phenomenon is directly related to the dimensions of the animal and does not depend on the quality of care for the pet. Of the specific diseases inherent in core samples, veterinarians most often note allergies, obesity and cataracts.
How to choose a puppy
- Get a puppy of a cairn terrier in a special breed kennel - there are more chances that you will come across a knowledgeable breeder for whom raising animals is not a commercial goal, but a matter of life.
- Visit the kennel several times to see how puppies behave in everyday life: whether they are playful, how they react to the presence of a stranger, whether they eat with appetite.
- The hanging ears of a puppy is not an indication that they want to deceive you. In thoroughbred core-terriers, the earloop rises at the 5th week of life, but more often this process stretches for months.
- The coat color of the newborn core-terriers is different from that which the animal will acquire when it grows up. So if you are afraid to make a mistake, wait until the kids turn 12 weeks old - by this time their true “color” will appear. By the way, with age, the shade of the dog’s fur coat may lighten (typical of wheat cores) or darken - this is normal.
- It is problematic to get a promising puppy with which to conquer exhibitions and dog shows, because the interested breeders keep the best cairn terriers from the litter. If the seller decided to give up the future "show star", carefully study the exhibition diplomas and pedigrees of her parents to make sure that they are selling you an animal with genetic potential.
- Ask the breeder if the puppies were tested for hereditary pathologies - patella, heart disease, cataracts. If so, ask for the results of the examination.
Cairn Terrier Price
In Russia, core-terriers are not exotic, but not the most popular breed, so there are very few serious nurseries involved in its breeding. The cost of puppies is far from the budget, unless it is the offspring of an unplanned mating or mestizo. As an example: the average price tag for a core-class pet-class terrier with a pedigree and from eminent parents is 40,000 rubles. Kids of the top show of the category are another plus 20,000 - 30,000 rubles to the average cost, and the exhibition "girls" are much more expensive than the "boys".
About Cairn Terrier
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The beauty of a dog is a source of joy and pleasure for all true animal lovers.
Video of Kennel Elivs channel - YouTube about puppies of the breed of core breed terrier of the kennel Elives is collected on this page of the site.
Our kids have grown up. As expected, the litters turned out to be even and high-breed. Correct and beautiful heads with small ears. All puppies are body-sized and with a good skeleton. The kids move energetically and carry tall plump little tails. They are active in games and eat great food.
Cairn Terrier - English breed. Originally used for hunting foxes, badgers and other medium-sized animals. At home, she caught rats and other rodent pests. It was an exclusively applied dog with certain functions. It cannot be said that it was popular: it was useful to those who were engaged in hunting, as well as poisoning rodents. They started to breed them in Scotland. The history of the breed begins in the 16th century: then every self-respecting mountaineer kept a small shaggy dog on the farm, hardy, unpretentious and brave.
Scottish Cairn Terrier is the oldest terrier breed in British history. But the discrepancies in the definition continued until the beginning of the 20th century, since sky, west highland and other varieties of terriers lived there. Officially, the cores were separated from the rest in 1912 in England, in 1913 - in America. But the peculiarity of breed breeding is that only in 1924 they stopped breeding highlands, cores and scotch terriers as dogs of the same breed. Prior to this, all puppies whose color was not pure white or black were considered to be cores. In 1928, the Cairn Terrier conquered mainland Europe, starting with France.
The name of the core comes from Celtic - stones. They called the dog so because he deftly climbed the hills and made his way between rocks and stones. Since the appearance of the core-terrier is quite simple, they preferred other dogs for a long time in high society: with a noble appearance, luxurious hair and other signs of belonging to a dog aristocracy. But since the mid-80s, dog breeders have developed an interest in core terriers, they began to breed as active indoor companion dogs, as well as other small terriers. Because of this, sometimes confusion arose.
Very similar to the core Norwich Terrier. Cairn and Norwich Terrier - differences: Norwich is smaller in weight and size, this is a mini terrier. The core is lighter and higher, and the norwich is squat, short-legged, dense and downed. The latter has shorter pointed ears and a tail. There is a difference in color: Norwich never has a tiger color. He also has a more relaxed disposition.
Security and guard qualities
A small dog with a sly, fox-like expression of its muzzle is a core terrier. These animals look hooligan, all because of forever disheveled hair.
This fact is not in reproach to the owners of cores, just such a coat is a hallmark of the breed, as well as their "fox" muzzle.
The Cairn Terrier is a small dog with muscular legs, a small tail that is held perpendicularly. Because of his stiff, ruffled coat, he always looks as if he had just had a fight with someone. But such a structure of wool allows him not to freeze in the cold and not get wet in the rain. The hair of the remaining hair is long and stiff, the undercoat is dense and short. The core has a characteristic fox face, with the hair lying clearly on the parting, and long bristles puffing on the cheeks. The nose is black, the eyes are dark. Ears are set high and covered with short hair. The dog has powerful jaws with a scissor bite.
Cairn Terrier is not considered hypoallergenic. If the owner is allergic, then the reaction will be in any case, regardless of whether the dog molts or not. The reason is that when combing the dog, skin flakes will still detach, which then remain in the air.
This is a living working dog that needs movement, physical activity. Nicknames for males: Jim, Fred, Gordon (Gordy), Chris, etc. For bitches: Malta, Sarah, Glenn, Judy, etc.
Color can be monophonic or brindle. Solid white and black - a disqualification sign, as well as black and tan. With the tiger type, the color of the coat can be:
- silver (all shades, including gray),
- dark to black.
Solid colors - wheat, cream, red, gray, with a preferred dark mask and darkened tips of the ears. A feature of core terriers is the ability to change color: a puppy can be born with one color, and an adult dog will turn out with another.
Size and weight
Breed standard - for core terriers, growth at the withers ranges from 28 to 33 cm. Weight - up to 11 kg (in bitches up to 10 kg). Larger adult dog weight may indicate inadequate physical activity, improper feeding or overeating. Less weight is determined already in the early stages, this is the reason for culling puppies. But this is not a reason for them not to be acquired by a loving owner who needs not a show dog, but a cheerful home companion.
- active cheerful dog, not aggressive, but wary of strangers,
- needs affection and praise of the owner,
- without a sense of moral support and approval, she becomes depressed,
- easy to train.
It should be borne in mind that the nature of the core terrier will change in certain phases of adulthood. The point at the core terrier occurs 2-3 times a year, the bitch at this time may be prone to shoots. Males can escape the smell of a flowing female from the yard, undermining the fence. Therefore, girls in this period must be walked carefully, on a leash, preferably in an isolated area.
On the street, the core terrier may rush to protect the owners even when they see a danger in too loud greeting friends or patting on the shoulder. Therefore, the dog must be dealt with from an early age. Otherwise, the owner will be in complete possession of a hot-tempered dog who does not know how to balance its size with the scale of the situation.
Care and maintenance
The content of the core terrier is simple and complex at the same time. The main problem is proper hair care. Cairn terrier needs grooming, because it has a special coat structure. A haircut is categorically contraindicated for him: from shortening the hair with scissors or another tool, the structure of the coat changes, the undercoat gets knitted, the dog becomes vulnerable to inclement weather and dermatitis.
Care consists in combing the pet weekly with a frequent brush; a special mitten will not work. Hikes to the groomer are necessary for those who have not mastered trimming: you need to trim the core terriers manually, pulling out the faded shreds in the direction of hair growth. On the legs and ears, this is mandatory. Trimming maintains the correct rigid structure of the outer hair. Lack of proper wool care is fraught with the appearance of tangles and smell, dullness of the cover.
This breed is allergic just as much as other dogs cause allergies. Regular thorough cleaning can reduce the reaction in order to remove exfoliating particles of the epidermis - they cause the immune system to respond. You should also not allow licking an allergic owner. Dog saliva is a pure allergen, like other body fluids.
The core terrier should be walked at least twice, although preferably three times. A calm walk is not for him: jogging, jumping, tug of war, etc. he is vitally necessary.
The rest of the care includes vaccinations on the calendar, brushing your ears and teeth. The claws of these hyperactive dogs are not necessary to cut. The training of this breed should take place at a brisk pace - the core begins to get bored in a monotonous setting. He loves agility and other active types of education.
What to feed
The most troublesome food is super premium dry. It is enough to eat core in the morning and in the evening. Naturalness is more troublesome. 80% of the core-terrier diet is protein, of this volume ¾ is meat, ¼ is sour-milk products. The rest in equal parts cereal rice and buckwheat, vegetables. You can give seasonal fruits - if the dog asks for an apple, do not refuse. Nutrition should include vitamin supplements and complexes. Conditions requiring a special diet - early childhood, pregnancy and lactation of a female, old age of the dog. Given the deterioration of teeth and digestion, wet food can be given, and puppies and puppy bitches need enhanced feeding.
After eating, the bowl is washed and stands clean and empty until the next feeding. Be sure to have clean water.
If after the meal remains food, you need to carefully examine the dog - lack of appetite can be a sign of illness. The pet requires special attention in the season of vital activity of ticks carrying babesias: pyroplasmosis is an extremely dangerous infectious disease.
Health and Life Expectancy
Cairn Terrier is a healthy breed, but they also have their own diseases. Some sources claim that the life expectancy of core terriers is no more than 15 years, but others are convinced that 16 years is not the limit for him with proper care and nutrition. Be sure to check the dogs for a liver shunt and pay attention to the condition of their eyes (conjunctivitis and glaucoma) and joints.
Pros and cons of the breed
|It tolerates cold and rain.||Wool needs special care|
|Inquisitive and friendly character||May show aggression to other dogs, while not paying attention to their size|
|Calm towards children||Needs active work and walking|
|Funny look||Reserves the right to take the initiative|
|Does not fade|
Cons of the breed for true lovers of terriers do not become an obstacle - these are just features of the cores.
Where to buy and price
The most famous nurseries are From Alice's House and From the Moon Garden. Puppies with a pedigree are sold here, whose parents are winners of international exhibitions, champions and inter-champions. There are also other kennels; many breeders breed Russian terriers in Russia. The price of dogs is considerable, because the breed is quite rare. In addition, the price includes care, nutrition and more: you need to take the puppy from the breeders in 3 months.
Cores cost from 25,000 to 35,000 rubles. The puppy's price is lower than indicated - an occasion to doubt the authenticity of the pedigree. The kennel is the only place where the buyer can be sure of the thoroughbredness of the dog.
Even core terriers are characterized by indefatigable energy, cheerfulness and a highly developed hunting instinct. Such dogs are excellent companions, ready to follow the owner at least for hunting, at least for a run.
With a core you can safely go even on a long journey. The main thing is to ensure that the terrier does not disappear from sight, rushing after prey in the form of a bird, mouse or a regular sheet of newspaper, driven by the wind.
According to official data, the breed Cairn Terrier was registered in 1912. But the history of this species began long before this date.
Dogs, ideally hunting in stones, penetrating the narrowest crevices in search of prey, were known and popular in the sixteenth century.
Cairn terriers are believed to be descendants of old Scottish hunting terriers. The birthplace of cores is Scotland.The development and formation of the breed took place on the island of Skye, in the western highlands of Britain.
In the eighteenth century, representatives of the breed were called "Sky Terriers." Only at the beginning of the twentieth century the breed acquired the name “core terrier”. All because of the unique ability to mine among stones and rocks, because "core" means "a pile of stones."
The purpose of these dogs was to hunt foxes, badgers and other burrowing animals. Cores were highly valued by brokers, hunters, who kept whole packs of terriers on their kennels.
Brokers during breeding did not pay attention to the beauty of the exterior. The main thing for them was to get hardy, dexterous puppies, with a color that allowed them to remain invisible against the background of rocks, stones.
If the puppy did not live up to the hunter's hopes, it was simply destroyed, only the best remained.
It is worth noting that hunting abilities were appreciated not only by brokers, but also by farmers. Owners of livestock, poultry, barns, crops used cores as guards and rat-catchers.
Small but bold, dexterous terriers guarded the host animals from foxes, the host buildings from rats and other rodents, and the crops were protected from badgers.
Not surprisingly, the popularity of Cairn Terriers has grown so much that it was difficult to get a purebred puppy of this breed.
Now cores are popular not only in their homeland. These dogs are appreciated and loved in European countries, especially in France. Representatives of the breed came to the territory of the former Soviet Union at the end of the twentieth century, immediately gaining the recognition of terrier lovers.
Training and education
Cairn terriers are famous for their intelligence, sharp mind and lightning fast reaction. It’s easy to train them, they grab teams on the fly, but in order to really train successfully, you need to find an approach to the dog.
Raising a terrier begins at the age of two months. The owner should take into account the dominant nature of the pupil and his dislike for monotony. The dog must learn that the owner’s word is law. It is also important to build the lessons so that the terrier does not get bored.
Core study fun, with pleasure. They like playing classes. Rudeness towards the terrier is unacceptable. It is better to use verbal and taste incentives for correctly executed commands.
It is important for a core terrier to take an obedience course. Hunting dogs require special training. For terriers not participating in the hunt, various sports such as agility are recommended.
- The name of the breed "core" means "pile of stones."
- In ancient times, every Scottish nobleman kept a pack of terriers on his kennel. It was considered prestigious. The more dogs in the pack, the richer their owner.
- The famous dog Totosha from the country of Oz is a representative of the breed of core terrier.
- During the life of the core samples can change the color of the coat. For example, a brindle turns into silver.
1. Suitable for aviary and apartment maintenance.
2. Not picky about food.
3. No complicated care.
4. Friendliness, devotion.
5. Good attitude to children.
6. Funny look.
7. The mind and quick wits.
8. Easy to train.
9. Long-liver, possessor of good health.
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