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A brief overview of the main diseases of the Yorkshire Terrier


Yorkshire Terrier may have health problems since childhood. They note a developmental delay, poor weight gain, a fall on the legs. In addition to its small size and fragile body, the breed is notable for its low intellect and inability to train, clumsiness. Often, due to the owner’s oversight, the pet may fall off a chair or sofa and get a head injury.

Characteristic diseases of Yorkshire terriers:

  • dislocation of the patella
  • allergy,
  • low sugar
  • liver and gastrointestinal diseases,
  • gum disease
  • tracheal collapse,
  • retinal dysplasia.

They are also prone to colds, are often stressed or scared. In the cold season, they definitely need special warm clothing. To maintain good coat, Yorkshire terriers are bathed regularly.

Why did urolithiasis appear in York

ICD is usually considered a cat affliction, but it also develops in dogs. Small breeds are predisposed to it: dwarf poodles, spaniels, Pekingese. Salt crystals form in the bladder, making it difficult to drain urine and cause pain. Symptoms

  • discomfort when urinating,
  • the pet is pissing on a sofa or bedding (which he did not do before),
  • Do not go to the toilet for more than a day.

If untreated, the bladder ruptures, causing intoxication and death. Veterinarians note in York precisely genetic predisposition. In the early stages, the disease is detected only through a urine test.

Treatment involves the dissolution of minerals and the removal of residues; sometimes a temporary catheter is inserted to remove urine. Prescribe antibiotics against infections, herbal preparations, it is recommended to drink enough fluid and prevent stagnation of urine in the body.

Symptoms and treatment of extrahepatic shunt

  • liver failure,
  • slow growth
  • vomiting
  • cramps
  • apathy.

In studies, blood samples are taken. The treatment consists in installing a special constrictor, it directs blood through the liver, it clears and the symptoms go away.

Major York disease

Some diseases of the retina are inherited. These include:

  • dysplasia (abnormal development of the retina),
  • degeneration (death of her cells),
  • its spontaneous exfoliation.

These are dangerous diseases leading to blindness. At the initial stage, the pet sees worse in the dark and during the day, the fundus becomes blurred, a white veil is visible, the pupils do not respond to light.
Terriers often show a “dry eye" - a lack of hydration of the cornea, inflammation of the lacrimal glands, as a result of conjunctivitis. But cataracts or glaucoma are provoked by injuries. Effective treatment can only be prescribed by an ophthalmologist.

Symptoms of Allergy in York

  • urticaria (red rash on the skin),
  • discharge from the eyes and / or nose,
  • sneezing
  • itching
  • swelling of the mucous membranes.

With prolonged contact with an allergen or a large dose, anaphylactic shock can occur. The pet beats in convulsions, loses consciousness, sharply swells, vomits. In this case, they inject an antihistamine and go immediately to the doctor.

All allergy symptoms stop, complete relief is not possible. Special vaccines are being developed today to achieve long-term remission. The main thing: isolate York from an allergen, stop symptoms in season.

The temperature norm in a dog

Normal temperatures are between 37.7 - 39 ° C. It depends on the age, gender, breed and physiological condition of the pet. The temperature norm of Yorkshire terriers is 38 - 39 ° C, for puppies who have not reached six months, it can be 39.5 ° C.


PuppiesAdults Large38.2 - 39 ° C

How to measure at home?

You can find out the temperature of the animal using a conventional mercury thermometer. It is necessary to reassure the pet and lay it on its side, after which grease the tip of the thermometer and the dog’s anus with plenty of petroleum jelly or oil and, putting on medical gloves and fixing the York in a prone position, insert the thermometer into the anus so that the tip completely hides in the rectum, and wait 3 to 5 minutes.

Temperature should be measured 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening.

What if fever and chills?

In case of fever and chills, it is necessary to moisten the ears, stomach and pads of York's paws with cool water, place the dog in a cool room and put a cold compress on her head. There should always be fresh, cool water in the pet's bowl - it is important that the pet drinks regularly.

If non-drug methods of lowering the temperature do not help, you should inject 50 ml of saline into the withers or a mixture of “No-shpa”, “Analgin” and “Diphenhydramine” intramuscularly.

How to raise the temperature?

If the temperature is below the permissible value, The dog must be warmed up before the veterinarian provides qualified assistance. For this, you need to wrap your pet in a warm blanket, and put heating pads or hot water bottles under the stomach and spine.

Video about the weaknesses of the breed.

Retinal Dysplasia

An anomaly in the development of the retina of the eye or dysplasia is a hereditary process that leads to a decrease in visual acuity or its complete loss. Indirect signs of the disease, noticeable at an early stage of its development:

  • constantly dilated pupils,
  • decreased vision during twilight,
  • gray glow of the fundus.

Only a doctor - an ophthalmologist can diagnose a pathology accurately on the basis of an ophthalmoscopy.

Legg Disease - Calve - Perthes

Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head or Legg disease - Calvet - Perthes - -pathology affecting dogs aged 5 to 10 months. Symptoms in the form of pain during abduction of the thigh to the side, muscle atrophy and lameness begin to appear in 3-5 months. Despite the existing heredity of this disease, the causes of its development are not precisely defined.

The basic theory is a violation of the blood supply to the bone tissue, which leads to its necrosis and resorption. This means that the inflammatory process during bone destruction is absent. The diagnosis is made on the basis of a number of x-rays of the hip joints, after which the doctor determines the treatment regimen.


A decrease in blood sugar or hypoglycemia entails an inadequate supply of nutrients to the brain and organs.

As a result, malfunctions in the endocrine system and the liver occur.

Most often, the development of the disease is caused by a violation of the feeding regimen and malnutrition.

But infections, viruses, bacteria and helminths can also provoke it.

Symptoms of the early stage of the disease:

  • blanching of the mucous membranes,
  • decreased activity and fatigue,
  • cramps, tremors, cramps,
  • complete rejection of food,
  • decrease in body temperature.

The acute form is characterized by sudden fainting, muscle cramps, paralysis of the limbs. If any of these symptoms occurs, you should immediately contact a veterinarian, and before the examination, give your pet first aid by stopping the attack: give york sweet tea, inject 5% glucose solution and cover with a blanket.

Lack of timely treatment in the acute form of the disease can lead to death.

Tracheal collapse

A pathology characterized by difficulty breathing the dog due to narrowing of the trachea due to softening of the cartilage rings. Additional stimulants for the development of the disease:

  • overweight,
  • cardiac pathologies, in which the size of the organ increases,
  • respiratory tract infections
  • injuries of the cervical spine, excessive collar pressure,
  • congenital tendency to respiratory disease.

To diagnose the disease, the veterinarian performs palpation of the trachea, prescribes radiography, ultrasound and tracheoscopy. The goal of subsequent therapy is to reduce organ inflammation. In the case when the collapse of the trachea is caused by another pathology, antibiotics, antiviral and anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. In severe form, surgery is required, during which a tubular implant is inserted into the dog’s body as a scaffold for the trachea or a stent is inserted.

The disease is incurable, taking medications helps to delay or prevent the transition of the disease to an acute stage.

Portosystemic Shunt

Portosystemic (portocaval) shunts - congenital pathology, arising from intrauterine development. It is an incorrect connection of blood vessels between a blood vessel connecting the digestive tract and the liver and systemic circulation. With such an anomaly, blood movement bypasses the liver, limiting its vital functions (metabolism, detoxification, protection against intestinal microorganisms) and exposing the body to toxic digestion products.


  • liver failure,
  • toxicosis,
  • weight loss,
  • cramps
  • vomiting
  • stunting.

For diagnostics, a study of 2 samples (on an empty stomach and after eating) of blood serum is carried out for biochemical parameters, including total bile acids and ammonia. To eliminate the pathology, surgical intervention is necessary, in which an ameroid constrictor pinching it is installed on the vessel.

Helminths are dangerous for all dogs that do not undergo regular deworming. Signs of helminthiasis:

  • diarrhea with blood, mucus, and sometimes the worms themselves or their eggs,
  • vomiting
  • weight loss,
  • the appearance of a rash, hair loss,
  • blanching of the mucous membranes,
  • attempts to scratch the anus,
  • swollen belly.

In the presence of parasites, it is necessary to undergo anthelmintic treatment, choosing a drug based on the age and weight of the pet. In case of detection of worms in feces or vomiting, self-deworming is prohibited due to the risk of blood poisoning with the products of the breakdown of parasites.

Dislocation of the patella

Hereditary pathology, in which the position of the patella is displaced outward or inward relative to the normal position. Depending on the stage of the disease, the lameness inherent in it may be constant or periodic. Only an orthopedic doctor can diagnose the disease by examining the dog, assessment of the nature of lameness and staging of the limb, palpation and radiographs. Medication gives a temporary effect, the main treatment is surgery.


With this pathology, an excess of cerebrospinal fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) is formed in the ventricles of the brain or the area of ​​the meninges, because of which the nervous tissue is subjected to pressure and the dog's vision decreases, the shape of the skull changes, convulsions begin. The disease can occur suddenly or as a result of stress. Symptoms occur in puppies about 2 months old and in older dogs. You must show York to a veterinarian who, after the examination, will prescribe anti-inflammatory, diuretic and anti-shock drugs.


Meningoencephalitis (inflammation in the brain)DescriptionSymptomsTreatment
NecrotizingA pathology characterized by multiple necrosis in the brain. Most often affects the cerebral cortex, less often - the trunk. The disease is characterized by an acute onset and a rapid course.Signs of the disease manifest in many ways and depend on the size and location of the affected area. Most likely symptoms:

  • weakness, apathy,
  • staggering, loss of balance when walking,
  • restless behavior
  • decreased or lack of appetite,
  • disorientation,
  • cramps

vomiting, diarrhea with blood.Therapy depends on the cause of the disease. As a rule, a complex intake of corticosteroids, antibiotics, immunomodulators, anticonvulsants and vitamins is prescribed. GranulomatousThe causes of the occurrence are not established, it can have 1 or several foci, as well as affect the optic nerve and the structure of the eyeball.

Viral infections

Parvovirus enteritis
  • general depression
  • lack of appetite,
  • bloody vomiting and diarrhea,
  • lowering the temperature
  • dehydration,

toxicosis.The disease is characterized by a rapid course, death can occur 3-4 days after the first symptoms. Sometimes dogs manage to survive and develop immunity to this disease.Rotavirus

  • a sharp jump in temperature up to 40 ° C and above, chills and fever,
  • weakness and lethargy,
  • weight loss,
  • lacrimation
  • pale or blue mucous membranes,

profuse diarrhea, vomiting with mucus.The disease lasts no more than 1.5 weeks. Immunity is not possible due to the variety of viruses of the Reoviridae group. With timely treatment and the absence of secondary infections, the prognosis is favorable.Adenovirus: infectious hepatitis or adenovirus

  • inflammation of the cornea and choroid,
  • fever, tonsillitis, diarrhea, vomiting, enlarged liver,
  • skin hemorrhages,
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • obsessive cough

Damage to the central nervous system.Pathology develops in a few hours and most often leads to death. In case of recovery, the dog develops immunity for a long time.

Yorkshire Terriers - dogs with a sensitive digestive system , which often reacts with diarrhea in response to any stimuli.

Diarrhea in York can be caused by:

  • helminthic invasion,
  • malnutrition
  • regular overeating
  • dysbiosis,
  • allergies
  • a sharp change in the brand of feed or type of food.

It can also be foreign bodies accidentally swallowed by a pet, or an overdose of medications.


Common symptoms of diarrhea, regardless of the cause:

  • frequent bowel movements
  • dehydration,
  • rapid weight loss
  • lack of appetite,
  • decreased activity, apathy,
  • loose stools, the presence of mucus in it,
  • vomiting only bile and water,
  • chills and trembling, the dog’s desire to be closer to the source of heat.

If these symptoms are accompanied by purulent discharge from the eyes and nose, this is a sign of plague.

No fever or vomiting

If the pet has loose and frequent stools, but the temperature is normal and there is no vomiting, the cause of the disorder is probably:

  • overeating
  • mild intoxication after consuming low-quality foods,
  • a sharp change in diet
  • allergies
  • side effects of drugs.

In such a situation, you should review the dog’s menu or consult a veterinarian to adjust treatment if the dog is taking any medications.

Diarrhea and vomiting

Most often, the occurrence of diarrhea and vomiting is the body's reaction to improper nutrition and an emergency cleansing tool, so in some situations they are necessary. If vomiting and diarrhea are single or last for a maximum of 1 to 2 days, further treatment is not required. In the case when the symptoms appear longer than 2 days and no improvement is observed, the dog should be shown to the doctor to avoid dehydration and not to miss the onset of the development of a serious pathology.

Bloody or mucous admixture

The presence in the feces of blood or mucus indicates the course of the inflammatory process. Diarrhea with such impurities may occur due to:

  • bowel damage
  • dysbiosis,
  • pancreatitis
  • stomach ulcers
  • helminthic invasion,
  • rabies or plague infection,
  • poisoning
  • intestinal infection
  • neoplasms in the intestines.

Only a veterinarian can make an accurate diagnosis, based on the results of the examination: an x-ray of the abdominal cavity and fecal analysis.

The cause of diarrhea can be determined by the color of feces:

  • black - bleeding in the stomach or duodenum,
  • white - a shortage of bile in the digestive system caused by a blockage of the bile ducts or disturbances in the production of bile,
  • yellow - an excess of bilirubin in the dog’s blood, an inflammatory process in the colon, a reaction to deworming,
  • green with a sharp rotten odor - most often occurs in puppies as a result of eating inappropriate food.

Fecal color information can help the veterinarian make a correct diagnosis.

First aid

Before the veterinarian examines the pet, he can be given sorbents to lower the level of intoxication. If York is in pain, intramuscular administration of “No-shp” is acceptable, 1 ml is enough for a small dog.

It is better if the dosage is calculated by the veterinarian, for this you can consult with him by phone.

Treatment methods

After the onset of diarrhea, York needs a 24-hour fasting diet. The main therapy depends on the causes of the disease, and may include taking antibiotics, sorbents, antiviral or anthelminthic drugs. For severe spasms that occur against the background of diarrhea, it is recommended to use “No-shp” or “Drotaverin”. With mild diarrhea, treatment at home is possible with folk remedies: a decoction of rice, oak bark, rose hips or blueberries or activated charcoal.


It is impossible to completely eliminate the risk of diarrhea in York because of the many factors that cause this reaction of the body. However, it can be minimized by observing the rules of prevention:

  • nutrition must be of good quality and balanced, selected in accordance with the specifics of the breed,
  • vaccination should be carried out in a timely manner, according to the schedule established by the veterinarian,
  • regularly conduct deworming.

In addition, you should visit the veterinary clinic twice a year for a scheduled examination. - This will help to detect the disease at an early stage of development and begin immediate treatment.