About animals

Samoyed - Northern Sled Dog


This dog appears as a snow-white Cinderella, then a pink flamingo (but this is if you wash it incorrectly). But in general it is not just white, but very white, and loves snow very much. That's why it is called snow white. And he loves winter open spaces, he loves to carry sledges. And further Samoyed likes are smiling.

Their color is often white, white-light yellow, cream colors are allowed. Wool with thick undercoat. Ost is straight without curls. The neck, chest, paws are covered with the longest and thickest awn, impermeable to wind and snow. Eyes are dark brown (light or blue eyes are not allowed), eyelashes are short, white. The shape of the eyes is almond-shaped. They are deeply set on a wedge-shaped head with a beautiful flat forehead.

The nose, lips and eyelids are black, slight under-pigmentation in the form of separate spots is allowed (pigmentation sometimes changes with age and time of year). The ears are wide apart and covered with hair. The border of the dense coat passes at the level of the eyes, bordering the face. The case has a slightly elongated top line - the middle of the gold between the square shape and the elongated one, since a short or long back makes the dog unusable in harness. Paws are strong and muscular, with good coat on slightly flat feet. The front ones are straight, which is associated with a wide and deep chest. This allows you to freely throw your front paws forward and proudly throw your head back. The tail, fluffy and long, lies on the back, and its tip hangs slightly.

Now about grooming. The “suit” of a Samoyed husky is primarily an indicator of the owner’s love and care, except for periods of love for the “lady”, who turns into a snow-white Cinderella by this moment and after the last stroke of the clock becomes the Cinderella that needs to be washed (by the way, this determines frequency of washing), and comb out seriously.

Keep in mind that you will try to wet Samoyed for a very long time due to strong grease. This is her defense against colds and dirt.

About the history of Samoyed

Country of origin - Russia.
Presumably, this is one of the oldest known Spitz-shaped breeds. The Nenets-Samoyed tribe on the shores of the northern seas led a nomadic life, moving with their reindeer herds and dogs. Dogs helped in the house. They claim (though there is no evidence) that there is no admixture of wolf blood in the veins of Samoyeds and that this breed embodies one of the types of the oldest domestic dogs in purity.

Over the millennia of communication with a person in the breed, a subtle understanding of the person has developed, the need for contact with him, delicacy, and hard work has made Samoyeds hardy and unpretentious workers. Samoyeds participated in the great Arctic and Antarctic expeditions. 19 males and 9 females, included in the team of Fridtjof Nansen, in extremely difficult conditions of the North, day after day they pulled sledges with a load exceeding their own weight by one and a half times. Dogs of this breed participated as draft dogs in almost all major expeditions, and with their help they reached the South Pole of the Roald Amundsen in 1911.

Samoyeds, as already mentioned, came to England about a hundred years ago and immediately attracted attention. Queen Alexandra was especially fond of them, and the descendants of her Samoyeds are now found in almost all pedigree pedigree dogs from England and the USA. There is evidence that in England, Samoyeds were imported through Australia, and there were already after the "development" of Antarctica. As it turned out, representatives of this breed adapt well to the hot climate, feel great both in the city and in the countryside.

I will give a few statements by connoisseurs and admirers of Samoyeds:

"A dog that has passed through centuries, whose history and features are as bewitching as the breed itself," "a character unique in the canine world," "in every Samoyed you can feel that happy, childishly naive perception of the world that is characteristic of the people that formed the breed "," a delightful amazement, eye-catching large white dog with a "smiling" face and dark, wise eyes, with a strong, strong body, confidently standing on frisky legs, Samoyed is perhaps the most beautiful breed of all that exist .

This is a great watchman (PS not to be confused with a security guard! This is not a guard dog!), But gentle, delicate and companionable, he will never start a fight, but he will be able to fend for himself, independent thanks to an extraordinary mind, he wins hearts with his loyalty to beloved master. The noble properties of Samoyed are already found in puppies - “little white cubs”. "Delicate, kind, hardy, Samoyed always carries in his heart and in the expression of his face the spirit of the winter Christmas holiday."

Nowadays, few people use these dogs as true workers, rather, as partners in mutual hobbies (participation in sledding competitions: summer and winter), magnificent companions, with extraordinary responsiveness responding to any desire of the owner: “Skiing - please! ”,“ On a sled — please ”!,“ On a sled - please ”!,“ On a bicycle - please, just manage to turn the wheel ”!,“ “On fishing - please! (just hide the fish away, otherwise you won’t be able to catch it) ”,“ For mushrooms in the forest - please ”,“ Bathe on the river –URAAAA ”!

The only thing that Samoyeds cannot stand is LONELINESS.

Alone, they yearn and feel uncomfortable. Loneliness abhors their whole essence. But for this there is an alternative, the second Samoyed. So, in a nutshell, you met the cutest funny white Arctic dog with the scary name “SAMOED”!

If you have questions, they can always answer
the owner of the Samoyed’s Nursery of the Northern Valley,
President of the NWFD NKP SES, Olga Viktorovna Kostrikina

History of the origin of Samoyed dogs

The history of the origin of Samoyed dogs is reliably unknown. Even with regards to their name, there are disagreements. According to the first version, the name of the dogs came from a similar name of the people, which became the progenitor of modern Nenets. Samoyed, in this case, comes from the word "samoyad", that is, "samoyedny", fixated on itself. This can be justified by the territorial isolation of the Nenets people.

Another name is literal, that is, literally "he rides". Samoyeds, indeed, were used as draft dogs, which independently rolled a sled and obediently obeyed the owner. There is a version that snow-white dogs were not visible in the snow, so it seemed that the team drawn by Samoyeds was riding on its own.

There is another option about the origin of the name Samoyeds - "saam-jedna", which literally means "the land of the Sami people." Samoyeds are dogs bred by the Nenets people for their needs. Clever dogs were supposed to carry sledges, cargo, warm in cold weather, guard herds of deer and follow the man.

According to one version, Samoyeds were imported into Europe by the Englishman Joseph Wiggens, who was engaged in trade relations with Siberia, although this fact has not been confirmed by experts. The history of the Samoyed breed goes far back centuries, so it is very difficult to reliably establish the origin of the breed, and there is almost no evidence of its existence over time.

Another version says that dogs came to England in 1889 thanks to Ernest Scott, who organized a kennel for the strange breed. Owing to their qualities, Samoyeds began to gain popularity in Europe. Even King Edward of Seventh had Samoyed huskies, which occupied a privileged position.

In 1920, the first Samoyed Association in England was organized, which set the breed standards. Much later, dogs came to the USSR - only in 1989 they were exported from Denmark. Today, Samoyeds are one of the most popular dog breeds that have spread around the world.

Samoyed dog - breed description

The Samoyed husky has two varieties of the breed: bear and wolf. They differ in insignificant constitutional parameters. The wolf samoyed is more elongated and light, with a narrow head and a long body. A bearish subtype with a shorter powerful body, a shorter and flatter head.

Interesting fact: The breed standard was described back in 1988 by the English Kennel Club. Adult samoyed males should weigh from 25 to 30 kg., While adult females weigh less - from 17 to 23 kg. The height at the withers is 53-55 cm. The length of the body should not exceed the height of the dog by more than 5 percent, that is, the dog is almost "square".

The skull of a Samoyed husky has a wedge-shaped shape, quite powerful and dense. Between the ears is a long distance with smooth, short hair. The muzzle is short, tapering to the nose. Samoyeds have clearly defined black lips that form a smile. The eyes are almond-shaped, set wide, have a black rim, a little sharpen in the corners. The nose of the Samoyed husky is black, the lobe is developed. Sometimes the nose can be pink-red or brown, but a black outline is required.

The ears of a Samoyed are of medium length, slightly rounded at the end, covered with thick wool inside and out, always standing. A scissor bite is required for this breed. The neck is strong, short, has a slight bend.

The Samoyed husky has a strong, straight back, which is slightly longer in bitches than in males. The loin is pronounced, muscular, the pelvis is strong and slightly inclined. Wide and deep chest. The forepaws are of medium length, set along the edges of the chest, fingers pressed tightly against each other. The hind legs are slightly laid back, very strong and muscular, set parallel to each other. The tail is long and very fluffy, with a good mood the dog bends a little on the back or sideways.

Popular colors of Samoyed dogs

The wool of Samoyed huskies is unique in its kind. It is arctic, thick and fluffy fur, designed for very low temperatures. The Samoyed's undercoat is thick, more like goose down. The axial coat is long, straight, but soft. Around the neck on the shoulders is a wide fluffy collar that forms a ring.

The head and legs of the dog are covered with even, slightly shorter hair. It is very soft and smooth, unlike the rougher cover of the body. The hind legs, in particular the hips, are covered with a fluffy layer that resembles pants. Even between fingers that are firmly pressed against each other, there is a dense coat.

The color of the Samoyeds, at first glance, is very uniform - white. In fact, cynologists recognize several colors of Samoyeds, which are almost impossible to distinguish from each other with the naked eye.

Namely, these colors:

  1. Matt white. It’s a white structural wool without ebbs,
  2. Glossy white. The hairs are more hollow, because of which the wool shimmers in the sun,
  3. White with a blue tint. Colder shade
  4. White with a red tint. In the light, a dog resembles a small light,
  5. Light yellow color - a barely noticeable red shade of Samoyed.

Many dog ​​hairs have a silver tint, which makes the dogs seem to sparkle a little. This color is due to the living conditions of Samoyed dogs - harsh Arctic regions where they merged with snow and let sunlight through them.

The nature and habits of Samoyed dogs

Samoyed huskies are very friendly and affectionate dogs that have a friendly, flexible character. They are good as emotional companions, easily fit into families and quickly gain popularity. They are ready to communicate, quickly find a common language with people and behave very delicately. However, they do not impose their attention, although they may become depressed if it is not enough to communicate with them.

Samoyeds are kind not only to family members, but also to everyone around. They are ready to get to know other people and animals, never show unreasonable aggression, are open to communication and friendly. If her master is constantly busy, then the Samoyed will seek friends on his own - a strong flocking instinct prompts him to this.

Samoyeds are easy to train, because they are smart enough and do not have the stubbornness inherent in some dog breeds. It is extremely rare that dogs show their own will - in this case, a qualified trainer will find an approach to them.

Interesting fact: Samoyeds are very active, because they instilled a hunter instinct. This makes Samoyed huskies playful animals that are ready to run a lot and “hunt” for improvised prey. Owing to these character traits, Samoyeds get along well with children - they will never bite or hurt a child, and if they do not like something, they will simply try to get away from the irritant.

Samoyeds can be watchmen, but you should not start it for this purpose. First of all, these are companion dogs that are aimed at communicating with people and accompanying a person emotionally, and not at some practical exercises.

Interesting facts about Samoyed dogs

Samoyed dog breed used for a variety of purposes. The transportation of goods and sleds is only one of the many tasks of Samoyeds in front of a person. For example, Samoyeds were used to hunt both small game and large animals. They hunted walruses and even polar bears.

Samoyeds do not just get along well with children. For centuries, these dogs warmed their children with their warm fur and fumbled with them until their parents had time for this. In fact, Samoyed huskies served as "nannies."

Due to the fact that people often slept with Samoyed huskies, they have a number of features if a person takes them to sleep in their bed. For example, dogs lie still and are afraid to wake a person, and if they are going to leave or turn over, they do this very carefully.

Warm clothes can be made from Samoyed wool - mittens, hats, scarves and socks. This wool perfectly warms in the winter. In this case, the hair does not need to be sheared - it is easily combed from the dog. Thanks to the features of the structure of the muzzle, Samoyed dogs seem to always smile. This makes the breed even more popular among breeders.

Samoyed dogs love to bark about and without it. Especially often they bark, howl and scream when they lack attention - this makes Samoyed huskies one of the noisiest breeds. This behavior is justified by the fact that in the conditions of the far north, dogs regularly talk to each other with the help of a voice - sound reductions have a warming effect on them.

It may seem that Samoyed wool requires tremendous care, daily washing and combing several times a day. Indeed, you need to take care of it carefully, but the structure of the Samoyed's hair allows the wool to self-clean, and it repels most of the dirt.

Pros and Cons of Samoyed Dogs

Like any other dog, Samoyeds have their own pros and cons, which are worth considering before getting a puppy of this breed.

The advantages of Samoyed huskies include:

  • Patience. Dogs calmly relate to children's games, even if the child drags them by the tail and ears. Similarly patiently Samoyeds relate to other animals who want to play with them. And if a small dog treats the Samoyed with aggression, the Samoyed husky will prefer to gently ignore the badass,
  • Sociability. Samoyed huskies easily get along with other animals, make contact with people, are always ready to be with a person and enjoy communicating,
  • Calm nature.Despite sociability, Samoyeds are not hyperactive, but calm and measured,
  • Samoyeds do not need special food - they are quite unpretentious in food,
  • Samoyeds have strong immunity. Particularly well they tolerate low temperatures and can even live on the street, and not in a house or apartment.

The disadvantages of Samoyed huskies include:

  • These dogs need more grooming than any other. Samoyeds need to be washed and combed out with special brushes, as well as regularly cut,
  • Samoyed dogs are very noisy. They like to bark, howl, screech and make other sounds. Even in normal communication with a person, they can speak in a voice, and not with gestural signals, as many other dogs do,
  • Samoyed huskies are bad guards - because of friendliness they can let strangers very close. Similarly, they will not protect the owner, rushing at the offenders,
  • Puppies of Samoyed huskies are quite expensive.

Breeding Samoyed Dogs

Samoyed husky female bite begins at 6-12 months. It occurs twice a year, but it is difficult to predict the duration: from 7 to 28 days. Samoyed husky can become pregnant all this time. The first three estrus should be skipped, and after the third estrus, you can start mating.

The heat of the Samoyed husky has three stages. In the first few days, she does not perceive males, although they show interest in her. At the second stage, she is ready for mating - it is about 5-7 days after the start of estrus. In a week she will again have a negative attitude towards attention from males, mating will be impossible.

Breeders allow mating of a Samoyed female only when she is at least 18 months old and a male from 15 months old. At this age, dogs can produce the most productive and healthy offspring. Since pregnancy is a huge stress for the body and a burden on the immune system and internal organs, only healthy and strong dogs should give birth.

Pregnancy Samoyed huskies lasts about 63 days. During this time, the dog is gaining weight, becoming lazy and inactive. It is necessary to walk her more often so that she does not earn heart problems, but in this case, you can not load the dog so that she does not get overwork and stress.

If the bitch refuses to eat or her body temperature rises, you should contact your veterinarian. In the second half of pregnancy, slight discharge of green or yellow color is possible - this suggests that childbirth is close. The day before birth, the dog begins to fuss, whine and bark. Breathing quickens, she often goes to the toilet, constantly thirsty.

Sometimes Samoyeds, like other dogs, experience a false pregnancy. This is a situation where the dog has not been fertilized, but acts as if it were pregnant. She may even begin labor, but she will not produce puppies. In the event of a false pregnancy, consult your veterinarian. It is also advisable to entrust the birth to a veterinarian, although Samoyed huskies have good health and may well give birth themselves.

Samoyed Dog Care

Samoyeds are not very whimsical to the conditions of detention, especially if you buy a dog in a private house. They are able to live outside in an aviary even in winter - and this option is more comfortable for dogs than living in an apartment. They are perfectly adapted to cold weather, but the heat is poorly tolerated. In addition, dogs require a large space.

If your Samoyed husky lives in an apartment, follow these guidelines:

  • From an early age, the puppy must know its place. Organize a comfortable soft bed that will serve the dog as a bed,
  • Combing the Samoyed should be at least three times a week, and preferably every day. For combing, hard brushes with rare teeth are used that can comb out a thick undercoat. If you want the top coat of a dog’s coat to look beautiful, then you should also use a brush with a natural pile,
  • After walking, you need to not only wash your feet, but also treat them with a soft cream - Samoyeds do not tolerate asphalt and hard surfaces very well,
  • Ears and teeth need to be cleaned, and claws should be trimmed as soon as they begin to clatter on the floor,
  • Bathing a Samoyed is too often not worth it. As a rule, once every two weeks is enough, especially if the dog hasn’t intentionally gotten dirty,
  • Samoyeds should not be left alone for long, as they can become depressed,
  • Walking the Samoyed should be done twice a day every day, the walk should last at least one hour - the dogs need to move a lot, play and run.

Although Samoyeds and very fluffy dogs, they do not require as much grooming as, for example, Afghan hounds. Just comb them and wash with special shampoos and conditioners.

Samoyed dogs

As in the case of other dog breeds, Samoyeds can be fed with homemade foods or buy ready-made dry food for them - this is the choice of the owner of the dog. In any case, the nutrition should be balanced and healthy, otherwise the pet risks getting sick.

Only premium feeds are suitable for Samoyeds. It must be specially designed for this breed, otherwise you again run the risk of choosing an unbalanced feed. If there is no way to choose food for the breed, then give preference to food for large and active dogs.

To make a menu for Samoyed yourself, you must consult with a specialist. Homemade food can be both beneficial and harmful to your four-legged friend. It is necessary to strictly observe the ratio of all products so as not to harm the dog. If the food is not picked up correctly, the dog becomes less active, his coat dims, he reluctantly walks and rarely goes to the toilet.

Products that are allowed for a Samoyed dog:

  • Beef, chicken and turkey,
  • Both marine and oceanic fish, but boneless, raw or frozen,
  • From dairy products, low-fat kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese, yogurt and fermented baked milk are suitable,
  • Samoyeds really like vegetables, both raw and boiled,
  • You can give simple fruits - apples and pears. Samoyeds should not give exotic fruits. Fruits should not be a daily diet, but a reward for behavior or training.

Products that can not be given to Samoyed dogs:

  • They digest carrots poorly, so in large quantities by Samoyeds it is contraindicated,
  • Whole milk is also prohibited for Samoyeds,
  • Bakery products,
  • Sweet,
  • Pasta,
  • Fatty pork, lamb, fresh and steam veal, boiled bones,
  • Beets, potatoes,
  • Sugar and salt, various spices,
  • Sweet and chocolate.

Diseases and Health Problems

Samoyed dogs have strong immunity and good health, so diseases can appear only for a number of objective reasons: age, improper care, rare congenital pathologies.

Interesting fact: Most often, dogs suffer from diseases of the endocrine system, namely, hypothyroidism, in which the thyroid gland functions. Because of this, the metabolism slows down, the animal gains weight, its health gradually worsens, hair falls out, and sensitivity to cold appears. Sometimes hypothyroidism affects bitches from four years old.

Diabetes mellitus is also a common disease that is associated with a lack of insulin. Samoyeds start to drink a lot of water, lose weight, constantly go to the toilet and want to eat. In the later stages, vomiting begins, weakness, cataracts develop. Most often, older animals suffer from diabetes.

Portosystemic shunt is found in many large dogs. Blood circulation in the liver is disturbed and harmful substances accumulate in the blood, adversely affecting the internal organs of the dog. In severe cases, the dog gains weight and falls into a coma. It is treated only under the supervision of a veterinarian.

Samoyeds also have hip dysplasia, which is inherited and has a varying degree of manifestation. In the worst case, the disease can lead to arthritis. This disease affects many northern breeds of dogs.

Congenital deafness is sometimes found among Samoyed huskies. Also, dogs often have abdominal distention, sometimes developing into an inversion of the intestines. In general, Samoyeds are not difficult to treat, diseases are easily diagnosed and, as a rule, do not flow into severe forms.

Samoyed dog - price and how to buy

To choose a Samoyed puppy, you need to pay attention to the features characteristic of this particular breed. First of all, it is worth evaluating how costly the content of the Samoyed will be, as well as assessing financial opportunities in general. In addition to feeding, you often have to use the services of a groomer.

It’s always worth paying attention to the puppy’s parents, but especially if you plan to raise a sports dog. For example, a “bearish” type of Samoyeds is not suitable for a sled dog - they have short legs and a massive body. It is necessary to select lighter, longer-legged parents.

Important fact: If you want to perform at the shows with your Samoyed, you need to look for puppies only from champion breeders. It is desirable that the puppy's pedigree be international - this means that the dogs have passed a single examination and received the approval of specialists for mating.

If you want to raise a puppy as an athlete or a champion, then there are a number of signs that you should pay attention to.

Do not get a puppy if:

  • He is too shy or aggressive
  • His eyes are blue or multi-colored - in Samoyeds they are only black,
  • He has the wrong bite of his jaw
  • The puppy has hanging ears - this sign is worth looking at adult dogs,
  • The color is not white.

The paws of a two-month-old puppy are strictly parallel to each other - they are not crooked and do not look in different directions. There are no extra fingers, the puppy moves quietly. A furry friend will cost, depending on the prestige of the breeder, from 17 to 50 thousand rubles.

Ask the breeder for a certificate of testing for diseases and viruses so that puppies are guaranteed to have no hereditary diseases. Experienced breeders can tell you which puppy you should take for one purpose or another. As a rule, two-month-old puppies are already strong enough to get a new home. Samoyed dog with proper upbringing and care, it can become a wonderful friend and partner in your family.