If you got a dog for yourself, you should be fully aware of all the responsibility that you have before your four-legged friend. You should be prepared to devote most of your free time to walking with the dog, its training, grooming and feeding. Also, if necessary, bear material costs for its veterinary support. Caring for a Doberman includes such basic tasks as caring for the hair, ears, eyes and paws of an animal.
Doberman Hair Care
As a rule, if the Doberman is in good physical shape and is not sick, he does not need special care for his coat. To clean the dog’s hair you will need a brush made of natural hair and a suede rag. Dobermans are weekly cleaned in a circular motion with a brush, both in the direction of growth of the coat and against it. After cleaning, wipe the dog with a slightly damp suede cloth to remove any hair and dandruff. Doberman does not need frequent washing.
Doberman Paw Care
Doberman paws require special care. Paw pads are one of the weakest and most vulnerable places. Therefore, they are subject to a daily inspection to detect cuts, cracks and spikes and spikes stuck in them, thereby preventing the formation of blisters and inflammations. In addition, traces of tar, fuel oil, or similar substances may remain on the paws, which will lead to poisoning if the dog licks them.
Contrary to the belief of many dog breeders that a dog erases its claws on its own - this is not so! Cut nails necessary.
Doberman needs a nail clipper about once a month. Not only can excessively long claws spoil the structure of the paw itself, making it excessively loose and flat, but it can also lead to inflammation of the nail shaft! To trim the claws, you must use a special clipper with a limiter.
It must be remembered that the claw consists of two parts - this is the "living part" in which there are blood vessels with nerve endings and the cornea.
The main thing is to correctly set the clipper limiter and remove only keratinized tissue. In case you accidentally hook a vessel - sprinkle it on paper or a dry cloth of potassium permanganate and attach to the nail. The blood will stop. Having calmed the dog, continue the haircut - the dog should not have associations between clipping claws and pain.
Doberman Ear Care
Examination of the Dobermans ears should be done once or twice a week. Use a dry, clean cotton cloth or cotton buds to remove dirt and ear wax. In case of severe contamination, it is necessary to use special oil-based cleaners or therapeutic and prophylactic drops (Otoferanol, Bars, etc.). The inner surface of the ear must be wiped with a dry rag (bandage), and then carefully remove the accumulation of dirt and sulfur with a cotton swab from the ear canal, introducing the stick only within "visibility" to avoid damage to the eardrum.
Doberman Eye Care
Dobermans require a short but daily eye care. To do this, every morning, wipe a piece of gauze with mucus accumulated overnight in the corners of the eyes. In case the discharge is yellow or greenish in color, it is necessary to instill the dog's eyes with ordinary chloramphenicol eye drops. Do not forget that conjunctivitis can be the first sign of a serious illness - the plague!
The right breed choice
Perhaps this is an extremely crucial moment. To become the owner of a dog, especially a service breed, it is not enough just to love animals. It is necessary to clearly understand that together with the puppy additional chores are acquired.
Unfortunately, many people made a big mistake by having a dog because they liked the cute Doberman puppies seen in the television program. Spontaneous purchases often lead to owners being unprepared for serious responsibilities, not just playing with a puppy.
Buying a dog is not a fad. Often people cannot imagine life without a dog.
But when buying a puppy, think about whether you are ready to spend time on long walks, engage in serious training or participate in exhibitions. Perhaps a simple pet is needed for the soul. If the desire to have a dog of service breed is strong, we advise you to think about a Doberman. Especially when living in a city apartment.
Where and how to choose a Doberman puppy
After determining the appropriate breed go to the choice of litter. Doberman is a large breed, it is not difficult to find a nursery selling Doberman puppies. Do not rush with the purchase, purchase a puppy on the first notice that came to your eyes.
Visit the exhibitions to see the best representatives of the wonderful breed “alive”, not limited to pictures on the Internet. Then go pick the puppy directly to the breeders. According to the pedigree regulations of cynological organizations, any thoroughbred puppies, including Doberman, are certainly sold with a set of documents. The buyer is issued a completed puppy card and a veterinary passport, where vaccinations made to the puppy are marked.
Docked or “natural”
Speaking about the Doberman breed, one can not help touching on the painful issue for lovers of the breed: stopping the tail and ears. On the one hand, it is possible to understand the opponents of stopping, who consider the action to be a painful and meaningless cosmetic operation. On the other hand, the Doberman is extremely difficult to perceive in a “natural” form - with ears and tail. In Russia, most breeders continue to breed stopped Dobermans. Recently, even in traditional kennels, there are cropped and uncropped Doberman puppies. In many European countries, docked dogs are outlawed, losing their right to participate in exhibitions held in the territories of states.
If you decide to purchase a "classic" Doberman - with cropped ears and tail, get ready for worries about proper ear placement. The breeder will help. Instructions with photos are easily found on request - “Doberman puppies. Photos of the correct setting of the ears. "
Friedrich Dobermann, Otto Geller and Doberman Pincher
Doberman is a young breed that has appeared recently. The breeder who laid the foundation for the breed whose surname these elegant dogs still bear is precisely known. True, Friedrich Louis Dobermann, rightfully considered the creator of the Dobermann breed, did not leave any entries. The dog breeds used to create the Doberman are not exactly known. The breed received the usual name by the name of the creator. The founder of the breed is Thuringian Friedrich Luis Dobremann (born in 1884) - a resident of the city of Apold, who began work around the 19th century.
Friedrich Dobermann was a tax collector, at heart a passionate dog devotee who wanted to set a new standard. His offspring are dogs with short hair and a finely carved body, having deep intelligence and hidden power. He began breeding Dobermans in 1860, building a base on a number of dogs. Crossed mestizos until he received his own ideal guard and service dog.
Dobermans first appeared on the territory of our country only in the 20th century. Initially, the breed was called the Thuringian Pinscher, but later renamed the Doberman Pinscher. Subsequently, the name was desecrated, only a Doberman remained from the pincher.
Friedrich Dobermann carried away the secret of the creation of the breed with him, leaving no breeding records. Frederick was a tax collector, the ideal dog seemed to the man primarily a formidable guard. Tax collector Dobermann relied on unpretentiousness, vigilance and fearlessness. It has been suggested that Doberman combines:
- Short-haired shepherd.
- Black and tan terrier.
- Smooth Pinscher.
- Great dane.
Some breeds from the listed ancestors of the Doberman are involved in the process of creating the breed more, others less. The Doberman has much more from the pinscher and the hound, the features of the Rottweiler are guessed, but the greyhound is invisible. Otto Geller continued the work of Friedrich Dobermann, who did not have time to complete the work begun on breeding the breed. Doberman owes its final appearance to the dog breed to Heller, who managed to mitigate the dog’s evil burrows.
Now Dobermans are sanguine choleric, peaceful and friendly. Dogs are attached to the family or owner, they love children.
The first years of the breed were used exclusively for official purposes, being under the auspices of DOSAAF. Gradually, the animals moved from the service class to the decorative group. The transition served as a kind of impetus for the serious development of the "amateur" version of dog breeding. An abundance of breed nurseries has appeared on the territory of the Russian Federation and in the world. Dogs won the love of breeders quickly. In 1995, the National Doberman Club was created, bringing together lovers of graceful breed.
Initially, the breed (the first pedigree book opened in 1987) was called the Doberman Pinscher. Dogs were distinguished by intelligence, courage, succumbed to training, Doberman Pinscher puppies became very popular. Quite quickly, the Doberman, thanks to hard work, intuition and fearlessness, managed to gain recognition from judges of the working qualities of dogs.
These are truly specious animals. Owners are sure that the primary characteristics of an ideal dog sample are embodied in the breed. Indeed, Doberman always delivers himself with particular greatness. It is often dynamic and elegant. Character is characterized by constant tension and simultaneous peacefulness. Due to its natural features, Dobermans are very trained, it is permissible even to entrust small children.
Description and breed standards
Summary table of characteristics:
|Other name||Thuringian Pinscher, Doberman Pinscher|
|Life span||under 16 years old|
|Height||male: 66–72 cm, female: 61–68 cm|
|Weight||male: 40–45 kg, female: 32–35 kg|
|Wool||short, stiff, shiny, tight fitting|
|Color||black, dark brown, with rusty red tints (light or dark), white marks|
|Character||fearless, smart, energetic, faithful, obedient, alert, confident|
|Using||cattle, service, guard, domestic dog|
Strong temperament and a relatively strict appearance distinguish the pet among relatives. Therefore, not everyone has the right to become a dog breeder. Doberman is devoted to the owner, possessing exclusively similar qualities.
Strong hips, perfectly tucked up belly, wedge-shaped muzzle, clear appearance, sharp erect ears are the selected characteristics that rank the dog as aristocratic pets.
The modern Doberman dog breed means:
- Strong and "lean" physique.
- It grows to approximately 72 cm. The norm for males is 68-72 cm, the norm for females is 63-68 cm,
- Weight ranges from 32 to 45 kg. The norm for females is 32-40 kg, for males - 40-45 kg.
- The head has graceful features, it is quite carved, forming a blunt wedge from above.
- The back of the nose is long and even, distinctly passes into the forehead. The superciliary arches are well developed, the furrow between them is clearly visible.
- Doberman's cheekbones are sharp, harmoniously combined with the rest of the length of the head.
- The nose is round, with wide nostrils. Depending on the color, it can be black or brown.
- The cheeks are flattened, outlined by muscles, the lips fit tightly to each other. Pigmentation of the cheeks and superciliary arches is manifested.
- The jaws are tightly closed, 42 teeth with a regular scissor bite are located inside.
- Brown eyes with stretched eyelids.
- The ears are vertical. Docked show a pointed shape, uncropped - hanging, with an upper edge adjacent to the cheek.
- The neck is elongated, has a dry and muscular constitution.
- Withers protruding, passing into a strong back.
- The croup tapers slightly in the tail.
- The tail is extended to the hocks, often docked.
- The coat is short, adherent, shiny, without undercoat.
- The color of the coat is allowed black or dark brown in color with pronounced rusty tan.
- The locations of the tan spots are the muzzle, cheekbones, and superciliary arches, under the tail, on the legs, inside the hips, on the throat, and chest. Two spots on the ischial tubercles are possible.
Doberman is a fast and smart dog. The dog has an excellent sense of flair, which makes it possible to successfully use talents as a sniffer dog. Doberman’s movements are light and elastic, the dog walks swiftly and freely.
Contrary to rumors
There are a lot of scary stories about the Doberman, possessing the greatness of an aristocrat. Rumor has it that the dog is aggressive and stupid. Doberman dog is a killer - this is what evil tongues say, attributing to dogs imbalance and uncontrollability.
Indeed, a Doberman is a dog that is not easy to maintain, given that the dog does not suit life in the fresh air, the animal is deprived of undercoat. Sizes larger than average make the dog an unwanted guest in the apartment. However, the daredevils who opted for the Doberman, ignoring the terrifying rumors and difficulties of keeping, never regretted that the Doberman pet was a companion service dog, far from bloodthirsty thoughts and deeds.
Photo and price of puppies
Doberman puppies cost about 30-60 thousand rubles. Pets with a lower cost will have deviations from the standard, or sold without documents, unclean genes.
Doberman - guide, bloodhound and friend
Dobermans - guide dogs, bloodhound dogs, family dogs, protectors and friends. These creatures are perpetual motion machines. Extremely active, in need of movement and exercise. Thanks to the innate ability to assess the situation, Dobermans are reserved with strangers and instantly determine whether family members are in danger.
Dobermans have a living mind. The dog is easy to train, needs constant attention and care. Otherwise, high efficiency and quick wits work against a dog that starts to behave ugly, although it is not aggressive, obedient and compliant by nature. New skills are seized instantly.
Representatives of the breed are sensitive, not without reason they are similar to a stretched string. The dog feels the mood of others and responds to it, the owner’s nervousness and imbalance leads to the dog’s mental instability. It is possible to educate a Doberman, armed with love and patience, possessing stamina. Doberman breathing unevenly to the ball, during training should use the elements of the game. Great job for the dog obstacle course. The dog adores when the owner accompanies the pet in games, during jogging and walking.
For a puppy to grow up into a beautiful, healthy, and, most importantly, controlled dog, you will need to take care of the puppy's proper nutrition and its socialization. The aristocratic doberman does not mean capriciousness and effeminacy. On the contrary, caring for a Doberman is not difficult. It consists in points:
- Activities for the care of the dog’s coat and legs.Doberman is shown to comb and wipe with a damp towel.
- Claws on paws are recommended to be cut.
As a rule, the breed is characterized by excellent physical health, does not cause difficulties to the breeder. Of course, there are genetic predispositions to diseases, but the percentage of diagnosis is small. Let's talk how to care for Doberman.
Due to the short coat, dogs do not cause difficulties in daily care. You will need to gently comb out the animal once a week with a special brush. Once every 2-3 months, Doberman is supposed to be washed using shampoo designed specifically for the breed.
Proper care of the Doberman also involves combing and cutting the nails. An important procedure is the examination of the teeth and oral cavity. If tartar occurs, for example, consult a veterinarian.
The ears of the pet need attention, are inspected once a week. Clean with cotton pads dipped in a special lotion or water.
Doberman puppies require no less care. First of all, find out the details of the passage of deworming, vaccination.
The option has a lot of advantages. For example, such food is considered as balanced as possible. There is no need to offer the dog additional supplements or vitamins. The owner will save a lot of time, you do not need to constantly cook food for your pet.
The disadvantage breeders primarily call the unappetizing type of dry food. However, modern manufacturers are trying to find a solution, sometimes they succeed significantly. On the other hand, the price of feed plays a significant role (if we are talking about premium-class producers). Dry and semi-dry foods are suitable for Dobermans. A serving of food depends on the age and weight of the dog.
Now, most breeders and ordinary dog owners prefer to feed dogs with prepared foods, the choice of which is great. The owner decides on his own how to feed the Doberman puppy - with natural products or preferring professional food. You should not even consider cheap options for economy-class feeds, such feeds, despite advertising, are completely unsuitable for constant nutrition of the dog. Of the high-quality, affordable feeds, Brit puppy food is recommended, which includes everything you need to grow a healthy animal.
Often, even experienced breeders on a natural nutritional scheme fail to balance the dog’s diet as much as possible. As a result, the dog does not receive individual trace elements and vitamins, which will soon lead to health problems.
On the other hand, to cook porridge or soup for an adult dog, you have to spend more than one hour. In the end, you will remain confident in the naturalness and freshness of the ingredients used.
Doberman is unpretentious in food. Especially the dog likes meat, but limiting the diet to meat will be a gross mistake. Other wonderful products are also good for Doberman.
- Groats (millet, buckwheat, oatmeal).
- Dairy products (cottage cheese, yogurt, kefir).
- Boiled boneless sea fish.
- Vegetables (cabbage and carrots, beets, zucchini, cucumbers and tomatoes) served to the dog's table in the form of a salad seasoned with sour cream or vegetable oil.
Raising a healthy and obedient dog is not difficult, the main thing is to properly feed. And from the first days of the stay of a small Dobermanchik at home. If you take the puppy from an elite breeder, the seller accompanies the purchase with a diet sheet or instructions on feeding the puppy in the near future.
Unfortunately, it is not possible to unequivocally answer how to feed Doberman puppies. From three months, experienced breeders begin to feed the animal with dry, soaked boiling water, food. In order to develop a child’s own immunity and understand what is better absorbed, you can’t feed according to the template.
- If the product doesn’t go, do not force it.
- If the dog does not eat portions, do not leave it on the floor, it is possible that they overdid it with the amount of food.
The diet seems balanced, including proteins and carbohydrates, vegetable easily digestible fats. Salting should be done carefully: do not overfill the food, do not feed salted and smoked products, at the risk of “planting” the puppy's stomach. When offering meat, remember that even a raw piece is scalded with boiling water to prevent the ingestion of worms in the body. The liver is given in small quantities, the offal weakens.
Fruits and vegetables are included in the diet in a fresh form (for example, a stalk of carrots or cabbage instead of pits), in the form of mashed potatoes and additives in cereals. Add greens if Doberman doesn’t eat grass while walking. Refuse foods: pasta, flour, sweets. Legumes and potatoes for dogs are best avoided; starch is poorly digested.
Water in the bowl is constantly present, it is recommended to change twice a day. The dog does not need other liquids! Milk ceases to be absorbed by the stomach at the age of 2 months, then it becomes unnecessary feeding.
Close attention is required to timely socialization and proper education of the Doberman puppy. Doberman is a large and strong dog in which working qualities were cultivated from generation to generation. In order for a dog to live comfortably, it will be necessary from the first days to prevent serious mistakes and miscalculations in the relationship with the dog that are difficult to correct even with the help of professional dog handlers.
The breed belongs to the number of overly smart and at the same time talented animals. According to dog handlers, dogs learn the simplest commands faster than anything else through the game. The puppy is having fun and learning at the same time. It is recommended to start training from the first day the puppy appears in the apartment.
An important stage in the training of the animal is socialization. The first steps in education depend on whether the Dobermanich was born in the house or taken from his mother at an early age. In the first case, the puppy grows up under the protection of a bitch, is confident in her actions and loves the house from the first days.
In the second, you will first have to teach the Doberman to family and home, then proceed to training. The breed characteristic says it is an active and easily adaptable dog. Certain skill and time for adaptation will still be required. Little Doberman is recommended to consistently accustom people and dogs around him to society, to train to behave calmly in a crowd, in transport.
Training a Doberman puppy should not allow cruelty. A "clogged" dog will never become a good friend and reliable guard. If you are going to start training your puppy, you should be responsible for choosing an instructor. Unfortunately, it’s sometimes possible to stumble upon “woe-trainers”, offering to prepare a “bodyguard dog” in a few lessons. At the same time, completely forgetting about the necessary obedience classes, without which it is simply dangerous to prepare a dog for protection, moreover, for people around him, and especially the owner.
As a rule, true Doberman puppies are very active and passionate, they begin to practice with babies from the first day they meet.
A poorly socialized animal becomes a source of trouble for the owner. Training is recommended based on the age characteristics of the animal. For example, if a dog changes teeth, do not abuse games with a grip.
The Doberman breed requires training. Where to go science? Breeders have a number of options:
- Do it yourself. The option is suitable if the breeder has extensive experience in parenting. Otherwise, it is only possible to harm the dog.
- To resort to the help of dog training club. The option is considered the most appropriate, especially for inexperienced pet owners.
The name command and the “place!” Command are studied among the first, the dog must understand the hierarchy of submission. When the puppy is brought into the house and laid in the crib, tell the baby “place, place”, making it clear that it is safe here. When the dog lies in the crib, repeat: “the place is good!”. The main point: do not have space in the draft and in the aisle. The dog will begin to hurt, feel unwell, and moping.
When feeding, call the dog solely by name. It is harmful to use a bunch of diminutive names, confusing the dog. It’s also easy to accustom the team “foo!”, But “to me!” Will need to be practiced. Up to 3 months of age, quite naturally, the baby forgets the call. With the help of toys, specifically distract attention, then work out the team patiently, encouraging a treat for obedience. Encouragement is recommended with a single word: "well done!", "Good!", But not a bunch of lamentations. The less verbal signs and enthusiasm you show in communicating with a dog, the better: the dog perfectly feels emotions.
In conclusion, we note that Doberman training is an ongoing complex process that does not require long breaks. If the dog is constantly trying to dominate, it is not recommended to become like an animal or make discounts. It is better to stop such a development of events in the bud.
The Doberman organism requires physical exertion, if the need for movement is not satisfied, the puppy (and adult dog) has nowhere to put energy. This often leads to the destruction of apartments, poor obedience on the street, when the puppy who has broken free stubbornly does not want to return to the owner.
The breed is characterized by great working capacity, cultivated for decades. If you do not plan to make a security guard out of a Doberman, you should definitely be like a dog at a training ground with a dog. A good instructor will never develop excessive aggressiveness in a dog. On the contrary, such classes will help make the Doberman obedient, give an outlet to energy, teach the owner how to control a dog.
Self-respecting small copy
Doberman is a relative of Pincher, a dog inferior in size to his noble brother. The miniature pinscher, or dwarf pinscher, is a small dog that looks like a Doberman. The miniature pincher is elegant and sleek. Active and extremely vigilant, which makes the dog a wonderful watchman. With small sizes, the pincher behaves with full awareness of its own significance, never showing servility or cowardice.
Funny eared dogs - lively, amenable to training, like a powerful relative. They are attached to households, endlessly playful and loving, they are reserved to strangers. Miniature pinschers are suitable for people of different ages, take up little space, weigh little. Such a dog can be picked up by a child and an elderly person. Nevertheless, the external fragility is just an appearance - the pinchers are marvelously hardy, the only weak point of babies is their sensitivity to cold due to their short coat.