His beauty is worthy of a queen. So, looking at the flower he opened, Francis Masson decided. The Scottish nerd lived in the 18th century, traveled to Africa in search of new plants.
In the south of the continent, Francis discovered Strelitzia. The botanist compared her beauty with the appearance of the Duchess of Macklenburg-Strelitz. She was the wife of George the 3rd, was famous for grace and harmony of appearance, loved magnificent and bright clothes.
Strelitzia flower also bright and spectacular. The colorful plant was brought to England. Since Strelitzia grew up in the palace gardens and stood in the vases of the royal bedchamber. Attention flower is awarded in the 21st century.
Description and features of Strelitzia
In the natural environment Strelitzia - genus of plants. It contains only perennial herbs. However, the scale of some of them makes us call plants trees. So, Sterlitsia "Nicholas" grows up to 10 meters in height. The flower opened first and called the royal people stretches 2.5-3 meters.
Tree similarity Strelitzia plant has, also, due to the presence of the trunk. It is false, formed by dense petioles of densely planted leaves. Outliving their age, they dry and fall away. Scars remain.
Mosaic of them and cut greenery makes views of Strelitzia like palm trees. Especially plants resemble banana trees. By the way, they are also false palm trees, in fact, are herbs.
The family to which the heroine of the article belongs is called Strelitsev. In addition to Strelitzia itself, it has 4 more genera. All exotic for Russian latitudes. Strelitzia Leaves not always dissected. There are also with a solid edge.
Combines the leaves of different Strelitzia texture. The greens are dense, reminiscent of the skin. Most Strelitzia have the same color as the leaves. They are emerald tones. The stem is a little yellowish, due to which it stands out on the plate.
The heroine of the article throws buds on long and powerful peduncles. The composition resembles a crane head or a fever of a bird. Petals are wrapped like rooks and form a peculiar crest. It has orange, red or yellow tones. Hence the analogy with the Phoenix, and not some peacock.
In the botanical plan, the orange part of Strelitzia's flower is sepals. True petals are violet-blue. They are collected in a sort of beak. So it turns out the bird's head. In the photo Strelitzia often also surrounded by birds.
They pollinate the plant. Birds from the Niktarnetsiv family fly for nectar. Sweetness accumulates in the grooves of the scaphoid sepals. Spreading them by the breast, birds provoke the release of pollen. She settles on feathers and paws, spreading to other flowers.
As a result of pollination Strelitzia Paradise forms fruits. Distribute seeds from them also help birds. Connect to stocks and monkeys. They, like birds, Strelitzia fruits like the taste.
Seeds are surrounded by orange pulp in the form of such worms. Animals eat them, pass them through the esophagus, which softens the peel of the grains, preparing them for germination.
After, Strelitzia seeds come out with animal feces. It serves as a fertilizer for germination. So Strelitzia Seed appears in vivo. Now, we learn how reproduction occurs when potted.
In the conditions of greenhouses and apartments, the heroine of the article reduces its size to 1.5 meters. Species larger in pots are not grown. But any plants can go for cutting.
Bouquet with Strelitzia It is customary to give strong and successful. “Bird of paradise” is inscribed in the list of the language of flowers and means courage, victory. Such a symbol does not hurt to have a home.
Planting and breeding Strelitzia
In Russia, Strelitzia in a pot, as a rule, is the result of the division of the parent bush. Seed propagation is problematic due to small supply. It is justified. The seeds of the paradise flower retain their germination for only 4 months.
After six months, a maximum of 2 seeds will rise up to 2. The sellers are afraid of not selling the goods for several months and doubt the initial freshness of the seeds from overseas.
If you manage to bring planting material yourself from the trip, you can propagate the heroine of the article and seeds. Store, as we understand, is not worth it. Soak immediately in warm water, and plant in a day.
Seeds need to be deepened in a slightly moistened substrate of 2 shares of leafy soil, 1 part of peat and the same amount of coarse sand. The soil is shed with boiling water. This disinfects the soil. After planting a seed in it, the soil is slightly compacted.
For 1 cup with the earth leaves one grain. It creates greenhouse conditions, covering with a film. Wait for seedlings for at least 2 months. Sometimes Strelitzia at home germinates six months. Success requires bright, but diffused light and a temperature of about 24 degrees.
The film from the landing containers is removed only with the advent of the first petals. Polyethylene is not removed immediately, but gradually. Start with a 20-minute airing per day. There is a condition for watering.
Under the film, the seeds are sprayed once a week. After removing the "greenhouse", the sprouts are irrigated with boiled water at a temperature of about 30 degrees. Watering is done as the soil dries.
Growing Strelitzia by dividing the bush, usually produced in the offseason. For successful survival, a temperature of 12-15 degrees is needed. It is convenient to separate the shoots during transplant Strelitzia.
She has a powerful but fragile root system. Damage in the separation of “daughters” and “sons” can lead to decay and damage to the underground part of the plant. It can become infected through planned sections. Therefore, half an hour before planting, they are dried, sprinkled with charcoal.
Bushes rooted after dividing by 1.5 weeks are limited in watering. After, enter normal mode. Strelitzia, by the way, often forms lateral shoots. Their reproduction is the least traumatic for the parent bush.
Strelitzia home unpretentious. It can grow in twilight, dispense with spraying and endure interruptions in watering. Speaking of the latter. In order for the heroine of the article to bloom, you need to forget about moistening the soil for at least 2 winter months. A period of dry rest will help prepare for the ovary buds. Also, for their formation, you need coolness in the region of 13-15 degrees.
Effectively increasing the green mass in the twilight, Sterlitzia refuses to bloom. That is, to admire the buds, nevertheless, you will have to find a bright spot for the bush. We need bright, but scattered rays. Direct burn the leaves of a tropical guest.
A large pot can interfere with the flowering of Sterlitzia. It has already been said that the heroine of the article has powerful roots. Having space, they begin to grow. The flower does not have the strength to form buds. Therefore, it is customary to keep Sterlice in cramped conditions, replanting only once every 3-4 years. This, by the way, is the age at which the heroine of the article is ready for the first flowering.
Conclusion: - to “blow off dust particles” from the heroine of the article, you only need to want to grow a flowering bush. Strelitzia Care aimed at decorative greens at times easier. If you strain, you can admire the buds several times a year.
Strelitzia's flowering resources are almost endless. If the plant will gain strength only one release of buds per year, this will happen in the second half of spring.
Interestingly, there is no need to give dressings to a flower. Fertilizers stimulate the growth of deciduous mass. As with the expenditure of resources for the development of roots, Strelitzia does not leave energy for flowering.
Types and varieties of Strelitzia
Most famous Strelitzia Royal. However, in home floriculture it is rare. The reason is the difficulties of reproduction. In herbs, the species does not have a stem, even a false one, and lateral processes are rarely formed, suitable for separation from the mother bush.
In nature, the "Royal" Strelitzia blooms twice a year. The sepals of flowers are orange, and the petals are bright blue. The size of the buds is about 17 centimeters.
"Royal" reminds "Reed" Strelitzia. Buy its easier. A plant from East Africa is used to a harsh, desert climate. Varieties of the species tolerate drought and cold, down to sub-zero temperatures.
From the “Royal” “Reed” Strelitzia is distinguished only by the needle-shaped leaf shape. The flowers in the plants are identical, and the height is the same. Growing in nature to 3 meters, in captivity “Reed” bushes do not exceed one and a half.
Strelitzia Price lies not only in its decorativeness, but also in its usefulness. Plant extract is used in cosmetics. You can do homework. The moisturizing effect of flower juices is proved, their effectiveness against aging.
In addition, Strelitzia is a rare herb that can produce bilirubin. In humans, it is the result of the destruction of blood gem, is the main cause of dark circles under the eyes and an unhealthy complexion.
Plants capable of synthesizing bilirubin are also capable of controlling its breakdown. Strelitzia juice accelerates the decay and excretion of the substance, giving the skin radiance.
In mass-produced cosmetics, extracts of wild Strelitzia species are used. They were not cultivated due to tallness. Unconquered are Augusta, Nikolai, and Gornaya.
Their bushes are sweeping under 10 meters. However, Augustus has decorative varieties. They were systematically bred for the sake of white flowers, with which wild representatives of the species differ. Non-standard and color of foliage. She at Strelitzia “Augustus” is light green, as if transparent.
Strelitzia "Nikolai" is a relative of the "Royal". The plant is named in honor of the last Russian emperor. In the buds of the varieties of the species, white and blue colors are connected. The leaves are standardly dark, reach 2 meters in length. The height of the "trees" is 10-12 meters.
"Mountain" bushes grow up to 10 meters and are distinguished by especially large buds. However, to enhance the synthesis of collagen in the skin, it is necessary to develop their skinned film of plant leaves. Aqueous extract activates the production of type 3 protein.
Its fibrous structure is springy, as if pushing the skin out. The lack of collagen leads to the failure of the integument, the formation of wrinkles. Protein production slows with age. This is where external sources help, for example, Strelitzia extract.
Diseases and pests of Strelitzia
Only 2 insects burrow on Strelitzia. This is a scab and a kidney tick. The latter climbs the unexplored growth points. Their juices do not go to the disclosure of young leaves and flowers, but to the "table" ticks. As a result, the new Strelitzia elements dry out before they appear. The plant ceases to develop, give buds, seeds.
Scale is like aphids. The insect sucks the moisture of the plant. The pest has a flattened form. It resembles a shield, hence the name of the species. Strelitzia affected by scabies is covered with a sticky substance. These are insect secretions.
The grease is sweet, attracts ants in nature. At home, of course, they will not run away. However, it is unlikely to catch ticks with shields in the conditions of an apartment.
Strelitzia is also almost not affected by the diseases associated with care. An unpretentious plant worthy of blowing everything except waterlogging. Excess moisture leads to decay of the already fleshy root system. Therefore, in a pot with grass, drainage and an opening for the waste of excess water are mandatory.
If Strelitzia’s disease is considered a lack of flowering, it is important not to rearrange the bush during the formation of the buds. The change of dislocation, and along with the conditions, make the plant “scared” of the future. Blooming buds is postponed until better times. Perhaps even withering of flowers ready for opening.
The remaining conditions for Strelitzia bloom were indicated in the chapter “Care”. However, they forgot one nuance. So that the plant is strong and healthy, they will not interfere with ventilation.
In the warm season Strelitzia likes to be on the balcony, loggia, in the garden. In winter, the heroine of the article is not afraid of open windows nearby. In general, having a royal name, Strelitzia is not picky in a peasant way.
Enjoy the beauty without a list of unnecessary requirements and claims. Especially by the way Strelitzia looks in interiors with ethnic, African motifs. You can, for example, put a flower pot on a wooden table next to a Papuan figurine.
Royal Strelitzia or bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae) is one of the species of the Strelitzia genus, a beautiful plant with which the entire genus is associated, because it is cultivated at home, although it is extremely rare due to the difficulty in breeding and the high cost of adult plants. In nature, it grows to 3.5 meters, but rarely in an apartment, but reaches 1.8 meters (an average of up to a meter). But this is also a lot, therefore, adults in an apartment are usually grown in a pot on the floor - the window sill is clearly small for them.
This species is the ancestor of the entire genus, discovered at the end of the 18th century and named after the crowned wife of George III, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Strelitzia leaves are evergreen, in shape resemble banana leaves, with an elongated ellipsoid shape. The length of the sheet itself, without stem is 15-40 cm, and the width is 10-30cm. The stalk can reach a length of 50-70 cm.
Flowering is very long and can go up to six months. The beginning of flowering occurs in the winter, lasts in the spring and ends in the summer. The peduncle is quite long, grafted, erect, strong. The flowers on it have yellow, purple, blue and orange colors. Each "queen" can have up to six peduncles. Petals look like a crest of a fairytale bird, hence the second "folk" name - a bird of paradise. At each peduncle, about seven flowers bloom. If you properly care for Strelitzia at home, it can bloom several times a year.
Strelitzia "bird of paradise" breeds mainly through growing from seeds, as well as by children and dividing the bush. The second option is an extremely rare method, due to the fact that it gives children very little and only after 3-5 years of growth. By cutting, it does not propagate at all due to objective reasons - the absence of a trunk and branches. Getting seeds at home is also extremely difficult. Therefore, there are two ways: buy seeds or, if there is an adult plant, divide the bush, but only after flowering.
It can be grown indoors in the Moscow Region, the Urals and Siberia.
This species got its name in honor of the Grand Duke, the son of Nicholas I - Nikolai Nikolaevich, at the initiative of the managing director of the Imperial Botanical Garden, who brought seeds brought to him in the northern capital.
The homeland of this species is located in the Republic of South Africa in the province of Cape, in the very south of the African continent. Today, its distribution range extends from South Africa to Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
In nature, Strelitzia Nicholas is able to grow up to 10-12 meters in height (an average of 5-6 meters) and up to 3-4 meters wide in a spreading crown. Local tribes call it, because of the similarity of appearance, - "wild banana Natalya", although Nikolai’s Strelitzia genetically has nothing to do with either cultivated or wild banana. The plant has a tree-like pseudo-trunk, really resembling a palm tree due to the special scarring that appears after the leaves and fan-shaped apex fall off.
Large inflorescences have a common shape with all strelitzias. Reddish-blue wrapper boats have white sepals with dark blue petals. The whole composition of the flower resembles the head of a bird with a tuft of white. Wrap boats can be up to 50 cm long. The peak of flowering occurs in spring and early summer, although it takes place year-round. On the peduncle, many inflorescences are always formed. In the natural environment it is pollinated by a bird nectaria. Seeds are decorated with orange "terry".
The leaves are huge (up to 2 meters) dark green with shine, located on elongated stalk-like stems, creating a spreading crown.In strong winds they often burst, which creates even more the illusion of the movement of wings during the flight of a fabulous bird.
Strelitzia nicolai is drought-resistant, but does not tolerate severe frosts, so it is almost impossible to meet this plant in natural conditions, which are characterized by sharp jumps in temperature.
A feature of this species (in contrast to counterparts) can be considered that its unripe seeds can be eaten, and locals make strong ropes from dried stems for personal needs.
Strelitzia juncea - similar to the royal one, but with the main difference in the form of leaves that look like “needles” in it, growing like a fan rosette and resembling reed in shape. This similarity gave the name of the variety - reed.
The difference between the leaves of the two species did not affect the similarity of colors; they are almost identical in reginae and juncea. The same peduncles and flowers for a long time did not allow reed Strelitzia to develop into a separate species, leaving it at the level of a royal Strelitzia hybrid. But in 1975, a scientist from South Africa R.A. Gyor proved the genetic difference between s. juncea and s.reginae. Thanks to the research of the South African botanist, reed strelitzia acquired the status of an independent species.
Strelitzia juncea is drought-resistant and can withstand small frosts. It grows slowly and flowers, as a rule, appear on it only four years later, but on the other hand, it blooms throughout its life, which is not so small.
Propagated mainly by seeds. Unlike other species, propagating it by dividing the bush will not work. But you can cut in the center of the bush part of the plant along with a piece of root and plant. At the same time, neither the donor bush nor the recipient will suffer from this
Strelitzia alba is a large (up to 10 meters) plant with a tree-like palm-like trunk. Leaves with a color from green to grayish, reach a length of one and a half to two meters, and in width grow up to half a meter. Bracts have a color from purple to black, and the sepals themselves are white.
Strelitzia Augustus (another name for "Alba") has a powerful rhizome, which in principle is characteristic of all gingerbread. It tolerates a lack of watering, but is quite stress-resistant in relation to temperature differences. It can be grown at home, if a lot of space is allocated for it, both for the ground part and for the root.
About Strelitzia Reginae
Strelitzia Korolevskaya (in Latin Strelitzia reginae), "Bird of Paradise", "Royal Bird", Strelitzia smallifolia - a plant of the species Strelitzia, Strelitzia family, herbaceous perennial.
The British discovered this flower in the middle of the 18th century on the lands of South Africa, but Strelitzia is now cultivated on the coast of Chile, in Mexico City and Bangladesh. Its botanical name "Bird of Paradise" was given in honor of the wife of the English king George the Third, Charlotte Mecklenburg-Strelitskaya.
A plant of rhizome type, it grows on average up to one and a half meters, but can reach two meters. The leaves are oval, powerful, bald, dark green, 30-60 cm long and 15-25 cm wide, evergreen, arranged in two rows and form a crown.
Inflorescences are located above the leaves. Of these, densified, beak-like shells, cobs appear. The latter are directed perpendicular to the stem, which provides the Bird of Paradise with such an exotic and sharp look. This arrangement of inflorescences makes them a convenient place for planting Nectarians, amazingly beautiful birds, by the way, which pollinate the flower. The inflorescence opens and pollen sticks to the legs of the bird, and then spreads through the hot forests.
The flower itself consists of three orange or purplish-blue sepals with white petals. Two blue or white petals form an arrow.
Strelitzia caudate is a massive plant with a tree-like trunk (the name of the trunk is conditional, the plant is still grassy) and huge leaves. Able to grow in natural conditions up to eight meters in height. The leaves are beautiful with a smooth surface and distinct central and lateral veins.
The desert banana (as this species is also called) has huge, somewhat unique flowers with large wrappers (up to 45 cm) and three sepals, white in color and with different sizes of petals bonded to each other.
Mountain Strelitzia - a rare species, endemic, in the natural environment grows in South Africa and is not found outside the African continent.
Difference from other species
The main difference between Strelitzia Royal and other representatives of a kind is some compactness and its suitability for home growing. Her leaves are not as large as Strelitzia Nicholas, she is smaller than Gornaya, she is neater and more elegant than Reed and much brighter than Strelitzia White.
Such a simple but undeniably useful set of qualities provided Strelitzia with a small-leaved popularity among amateur gardeners and people cultivating this species for cutting inflorescences.
Next you will see a photo of an amazing plant.
How to grow Strelitzia at home, where to start, and how does it breed? Indoor breeding of the “crane” (as it is also called the South African tribes in whose territory it grows) occurs by seed or by dividing the bush. All other methods, including side shoots, as noted earlier, are not very suitable for her. The only species that is not bred by bush crushing is strelitzia juncea, but there is also a possible option in which part of the root is taken from an adult plant for further propagation.
Amazingly beautiful flower was first discovered by the British, who visited South Africa at the end of the 18th century. The plant so impressed their imagination that they gave it a name in honor of the wife of King Charlotte, virgin Sterlitz as a girl.
Strelitzia in nature grows along the banks of rivers on fertile sandy soil
In the wild, this two-meter long perennial bush grows along the banks of drying streams and small rivers, among tall grasses and shrubs that shade it from the scorching sun. The soil in those places is fertile, but at the same time loose, sandy. Without its paradise flowers, the plant is unremarkable.
The leaves are oblong-elliptic up to 45 cm long and up to 20 cm wide, held on a long petiole. The color of the leaves is dark green, the surface is leathery, veins are visible on the underside.
Strelitzia without its beautiful and unusual colors looks decorative, but not bright
The most amazing part of the plant is the unusual shape of the flowers. They appear only in adult plants and last up to several weeks. The inflorescence bud resembles a long straight beak located horizontally. The upper part of the "beak" gradually opens and flowers begin to appear from the side of the petiole. In one such 15 - centimeter bud there are 10 - 5 flowers of bright colors with an abundance of nectar. An adult plant can alternately produce up to 7 peduncles, so flowering lasts up to six months, and when cut, the flowers will stand in a vase for up to a month.
Strelitzia flower resembles the head of a paradise bird with a crest
Strelitzia became an adornment of greenhouses, but easy enough to maintain and for indoor maintenance. The large size and long period of growth to abundant flowering make it truly exotic.
Designers are very fond of adding Strelitzia to bouquets and interior compositions.
In nature, there are 5 types of strelitzia, which differ in size: from two to 10-meter height with leaves from 40 to 80 centimeters.
- Royal Strelitzia, the local African people nicknamed the crane. It reaches a height of two meters, 2 times a year in spring and autumn produces peduncles with orange and blue flowers. It is difficult to propagate, with rare lateral processes only from adult plants.
- Strelitzia is a reed, a hardy plant that can withstand extreme heat and drought, as well as lower temperatures, down to zero. The flowers resemble the royal strelitzia in color, but differ in the shape of the leaves - they are needle-shaped. Distributed in eastern South Africa.
- Strelitzia mountain - tree up to 10 meters. Large leaves and white flowers. In indoor floriculture is not grown.
- Strelitzia Nicholas - was named in honor of the Russian Emperor Nicholas. It looks like a royal strelitzia, but reaches a height of 12 meters. Leaves 80 cm wide and up to 200 cm long, white and blue flowers.
- Strelitzia Augustus also called white Strelitzia. It features light green leaves and white flowers. It grows with a bush up to 1 meter in height, blooms from January to March, propagated by seeds and division of the bush. Often grown in greenhouses.
The rhizome of this genus is significant in size and very "fleshy", which confirms the generic affiliation to the order of ginger. The rate of growth and development of Strelitzia is not very high, therefore, after the division of the rhizome, the transplanted plant will acquire its former shape and the possibility of flowering only after a couple of years.
Division of mature bushes can be carried out at the end of winter, after a period of dormancy, or after flowering. This operation is carried out with great care, since there are chances to destroy the plant. The root system, although it looks powerful, but in fact it turns out to be very fragile and easily vulnerable. In addition, the task of division is very complicated by a high degree of entanglement of the roots. We must try to divide the plant in such a way that there would be at least two growth points (meristems) on the roots of each part.
The cut points after division are dried for 30 minutes, then sprinkled with charcoal powder and only after that they are planted in a container. Within two weeks after the operation, the divided bushes are not watered, and the soil for the transplanted parts of Strelitzia, in which the resettlement takes place, remains the same - what it was.
Photo Gallery: Strelitzia varieties
In open ground, Strelitzia can be seen not only in Africa, it is successfully grown on the Mediterranean coast, in Argentina, even in the USA - in Los Angeles. In Russia and other countries with frosty winters, Strelitzia grows only in greenhouses or in apartments.
Strelitzia grows outdoors in warm winters
The plant is large, but in the room rarely grows above 1.5 meters. Decorative all year round.
Strelitzia can be grown in a closed large florarium. But it will be necessary to pick up plants that need dry, cool contents in the winter. In this case, the pot with the plant can simply be put there.
To grow Strelitzia in the florarium, you will need a lot of space, for example, a shower
Such a plant as Strelitzia is still best grown from seeds, directly at home, corresponding to those in which it will continue to grow.
Before soaking the seeds, it is recommended to remove the orange “fur” and make a scarification (violate the integrity of the outer shell of the seed) using a file, sandpaper, a knife or simply gently hammering the seed with a hammer.
After that, soak the seeds in water for two days. In order to increase the likelihood of seedlings, you can replace ordinary water with an aqueous solution of etrel (at the rate of 1 ml of etrel per 150 ml of water).
After 48 hours, the seeds are transplanted into a container with a substrate of garden soil and sand, in a proportion of 1: 1, in a horizontal position to a depth of 7-9 mm. Cover with polyethylene or glass, followed by daily airing (to prevent mold formation). The temperature at which germination occurs is 25-27 ° C during the day and 13-19 ° C at night.
The emergence of seedlings occurs after 1-2 months from the moment of sowing. After the appearance of the third leaf, the sprouts are transplanted into permanent containers having adequate drainage. Sprouts need to be protected from direct sunlight, but do not hide them in the shade.
Sometimes sprouts do not appear, even after three months. This can occur due to damage to the seed during scarification or due to the age of the seeds. In general, seeds older than six months are better not to buy. Germination of such seeds is extremely low.
Table: containment conditions
|Parameter||Autumn winter||Spring Summer|
|Lighting||Bright light, direct sunlight, growing in partial shade|
|Humidity||Normal indoor, dust wipe|
|Temperature||14-15 degrees, but with additional lighting it grows at room temperature||Suitable room temperature, preferably outdoor|
|Watering||When kept cool, lean||Abundant|
Landing and transplanting
Strelitzia has large fragile rod roots, so you need to be careful when planting and transplanting. Adult plants are transplanted every 2-3 years, as needed.
Strelitzia prefers heavy loamy nutrient soil. For cooking, take sheet, turfy earth, compost, humus and some sand. 1 part of sand is added to 2 parts of the earth and 2 parts of compost and humus.
Due to the nature of the root system, it is advisable to take a tall pot. Unlike other plants, Strelitzia blooms faster in a spacious flowerpot or tub.
Strelitzia will grow poorly in such a small pot
Since the roots of the plant are fragile, it is better to use transshipment instead of transplantation, especially for young plants. If Strelitzia is large, adult, and it has lateral processes, then combine the transplant with reproduction - dividing the bush.
- Choose a suitable pot, larger than the previous one.
- At the bottom we lay a layer of drainage from expanded clay, up to 4-5 cm thick. Then we pour a handful of fresh soil.
- Turn the pot over and pull out the strelitzia, holding it between your fingers and holding the soil with your palm.
- We place the plant in a new pot, sprinkle with earth on the side. Water lightly.
About transplant after purchase
Strelitzia, sold in stores, is often grown from seeds in warm countries, and brought in a transport pot and soil, so transplant such a plant immediately. In this case, the "bird of paradise" is not pulled out of the pot, but cut the pot with scissors. Use caution if plant roots emerge from drainage holes. If the spine nevertheless breaks off, then sprinkle the wound with crushed activated carbon and let it dry. Further actions, as when transplanting a plant.
Strelitzia roots are large, fleshy and very fragile
As a rule, a properly planted plant holds its shape well, leaves grow up and the bush does not fall apart, maintaining compactness and not needing support.
Despite the unusual flowering, Strelitzia does not require additional conditions.
Choosing a place in the room
If the "bird of paradise" is not grown in greenhouses, but in an apartment, then it is better to provide the flower with a bright, bright place, with the obligatory direct sunlight. But it can be located a meter from the window. In summer, the plant is better to make on the balcony, the street. It is advisable even in the room to create differences in day and night temperatures.
Watering and feeding
Watering should be plentiful and regular only in the spring-summer season, slightly drying the top layer of the soil, but it is important to prevent stagnation of water in the pot. In winter, when kept cool, strelitzia is rarely watered. It is important to observe the irrigation regime for young plants so that the root system develops faster.
Top dressing is carried out 2 times a month with fertilizers for decorative flowering plants. It is better to use liquid top dressing, combining them with watering. In winter, Strelitzia is not fertilized.
Flowering bird of paradise
A plant grown from seeds blooms for 5–6 years, and propagated by root processes for the third year. Abundant flowering occurs in adult 5-6 year old plants, and only with good lighting. If in winter Strelitzia has enough daylight, then flower stalks will be produced regularly, year-round.
It is very important to let a powerful root system develop. So, a 1.5-meter plant should be planted in a pot with a diameter of more than 25 cm.
Blooming Strelitzia feels good in a deep pot
When the peduncles appear, they do not rearrange it and do not move it. To stimulate adult Strelitzia to bloom, provide it with a cool dry content for 2-3 months, this contributes to the laying of flower buds. This period coincides with the beginning of autumn and a reduction in the length of daylight hours. In February, the temperature is raised from 15 degrees to 22 and watered more often, and after 2 weeks the plant is fed.
Peduncles appear gradually, buds also open: bright crests flare up one after another over a green bush. In nature, strelitzia is pollinated by butterfly nectarians, and in birds that fly up to feast on nectar, the plant “shoots” pollen, sharply revealing anthers.
Strelitzia flower attracts pollinators with brightly colored petals and sweet nectar
In the room, strelitzia is pollinated if several plants bloomed at the same time. Then pollen is transferred from one flower to another. Knotted seeds have low germination, only 1 out of 10 seeds will give a root.
Strelitzia seeds are quite large, located in a box that cracks after ripening
If the seeds are not tied, then the peduncle is removed immediately when the petals dry.
Exotic flowering is also valued for medinilla. You can find out how to provide her with decent care at home from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/medinilla-kak-obespechit-ej-dostojnyj-uxod-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html
Typically, the rest period occurs both in the wild and in apartments. Strelitzia, which grew on a balcony or on the street in summer, needs a warm room, since already at a temperature of 10 degrees a delicate plant is damaged, and at zero degrees it dies.
Winter cool content is useful for laying flower buds for the next flowering, therefore it is better to contain Strelitzia at 15–18 degrees Celsius with limited watering and without top dressing. If it is not possible to lower the temperature to the required, then provide Strelitzia for a long day, using the backlight in the evening with phytolamps, LED or fluorescent.
Indoor species do not have a trunk, leaves grow from the ground, root offspring are rarely formed and only in adult plants, so there is no need for any actions to form a bush. You can cut off dry, old, yellow leaves.
Table: Care Errors
|Does not bloom|
|Drops buds||Pot movement||During the extension of the peduncles, it is not recommended to move the plant|
|Black or brown spots on the leaves, rotting of the stem||Watering with cold water, overflowing plants||Strelitzia is sensitive to stagnation of moisture in the soil. If rot stems are found, then the plant is dug up, the roots are inspected and the affected areas are cut out, sprinkled with crushed activated carbon. Then planted in fresh soil, rarely carried out watering.|
Diseases and pests of Strelitzia - table
|Shield||Small tubercles of brown-golden color, settling on the petioles of leaves and peduncles. The juice is sucked, so the leaf is bent, the plant withers.||The shield is covered with strong scales, so spraying does not help much. It is necessary to remove pests manually, prying them with a needle, and wash the plant with soap and water, protecting the earth from this solution.||As a prevention of sucking pests, long-acting sticks, for example, Spark, Agricola, are inserted into the pot.|
Growing Strelitzia from Seeds
- Buy seeds at the store and prepare the pot and soil.
Strelitzia seeds can be bought at the flower shop
All Strelitzia seeds have an orange fluff
Each seed is planted in a separate pot
Pots are placed in a bag so that there is increased humidity and heat
Sprouts that have appeared gradually accustom to the dry air of the apartment
She began to “transship”, and there she discovered rotten roots as well - in general, there was no “surgical intervention”, and since I had to gut the roots anyway, I planted them in different pots. And in the store there are such fellows - apparently the roots climbed through the drainage holes - and they just cut them off. As a result, the holes are clogged with roots, so she is poor thing and began to rot.
For several years in a row she tried to grow royal Strelitzia from seeds. Attempt No. 4 failed. Sowed a "bird of paradise" in July, after soaking the seeds for 5 days (or so). In general, I did everything as it was written on the package. Shoots were expected earlier than in 1-2 months, as to speed up the germination, she made a scarification. As a result, 3 months passed after planting, and no seedlings were expected. Once again, she was upset; they completely forgot about the pot of seeds. He was discovered in mid-October, in a corner under the sink. A small 0.5 cm was visible on the surface of the earth. A pale green spike! Joy knew no bounds. My Strelitzia sprouted my royal as much as 3.5 (.) Months. Of the three seeds, only 1 sprouted. Now the baby has grown stronger and drinks filtered water in moderation.
In spring, she acquired several Strelitzia Royal Seedera brands. Royal Strelitzia propagates only by seeds, it is impossible to grow it from cuttings and it does not give layering or they do not take root. I planted each seed in a separate cup, I took special soil from the store. Well spilled the earth with settled water, immersed seeds about a centimeter somewhere, covered it with glass. She planted on May 15, after which she prepared to wait a long time, because according to some information of the seedlings, the seed may be in 4-6 months. Two sprouts emerged in a month and then a third. I transplanted them in larger containers and they began to slowly develop. Then one more pecked out. I hope at least one plant survives to adulthood.
I also grow my Strelitzia from a seed. She is now 3.5 years old. Height 55 cm, diameter of the pot 15 cm. No need to give free rein to the roots, otherwise it will really have to be transplanted into the tub very soon, and this will not accelerate growth and flowering. If you notice, she has all the carrot roots at the bottom of the pot, mostly located in rings (or do you still have one?), And there are much less in the upper part, and these are mostly thin roots. Let her roots “carrots” master the “upper” space! So feel free to plant in “tight” pots, but try not to damage the thick roots, they are fragile enough! In my opinion, the plant is almost seamless. It has never been affected by pests, spraying is not required, the tips of the leaves do not dry. One “but” should be watered carefully ... I transplanted mine into fresh ground at the end of August (it included peat, be it out of place!), After a month of the most accurate watering in the pan, I saw every creeping creature :(. I had to re-transplant into normal soil with made it on time - some of the roots have already begun to rot.
About four years ago I bought Strelitzia seeds: two sachets, they contained four seeds. And I did not process it with anything - I just put the seeds into the ground and that’s it. Three of them ascended quickly, and the fourth remained to sit in the ground. Now my Strelitzia is already big enough ... two years ago I bought a friend also two bags (four seeds), they came from her ... she needs light, regular watering and top dressing.
Strelitzia reginae is a fairly popular ornamental plant. Therefore, there are many people interested in the issues of growing and caring for Strelitzia at home. Though "Bird of paradise" is not a whimsical plant, compliance with the rules of maintenance will help extend the life and appearance of the plant. Here are some guidelines in this regard.
During warm periods, watering must be plentiful and carried out every three days.
Earth should not be completely dry. In the cold season, starting around December, watering should be gradually cut back. The main thing is not to do this abruptly, since these actions can cause stress to the plant, which will lead to illness and death.
At peak winter time, watering should be done twice a month. Excessive moisture can lead to decay of the root system, which will cause the death of the plant.
In the winter, an acceptable temperature is 12-14 degrees. In the summer, it can correspond to room temperature. During periods of rest, the plant requires specific care.
Humidity should be kept at around 60%. To do this, practice spraying with a spray gun. You can also wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.
The plant needs diffused bright sunlight or partial shade lighting. If possible, you can put the plant on the balcony, avoiding direct sunlight. Also, an adult plant will feel quite comfortable under or near the windowsill.
Nitrogen fertilizers are recommended for Strelitzia. In the spring-summer period, feeding can be carried out once every 11-13 days. In addition, it is recommended to alternate mineral and organic fertilizers. The soil should contain a clay-turf base with impurities of leaf and peat soil and sand.
In the initial stages of development, the Bird of Paradise is very active. Therefore, the transplant should be carried out annually in the spring. When the plant grows up, transplantation should be done every 2-3 years.
Moreover, when transplanting, you must be extremely careful with the roots, they are at Strelitzia Royal gentle and require delicacy.
Additional breeding methods
In addition, the reproduction of the plant is carried out when it is transplanted by separating the shoots. But this method is unsafe. The gardener can damage the delicate root system of the plant than cause irreparable damage to Strelitzia.
- Upon reaching the plant 6-7 years of age, after its flowering period, the plant is freed from the pot and divided.
- They divide it in such a way that at least one escape is on each part.
- The selected shoot is planted in a pot about 20 centimeters in diameter. The size of the pot may vary depending on the size of the seedling.
- The soil in the pot should be suitable for Strelitzia and well moistened, the composition is described above.
- The first two weeks of watering is not required. Further it is carried out according to the rules of care for the "Bird of Paradise".
It is extremely necessary to be careful with the root system. Physical damage adversely affects the condition of the plant.
How to care for Strelitzia
In order for Strelitzia to bloom profusely and not get sick, some care for the plant is required, especially if the cultivation takes place at home.
The “African beauty” is unpretentious in leaving, but in order for it to bloom it needs a lot of space and light. If the plant is still small, it can be placed on the windowsill of the window facing east or west, while providing protection from direct sunlight. When the plant “outgrows” the window sill - lower it to the floor, replanting it in the floor pot.
Strelitzia loves heat very much, but in winter it is advisable to put the plant in a cool place where the temperature will not exceed + 15 ° C. She also gratefully responds to the influx of fresh air, so in hot weather it can and should be taken out to the balcony, while protecting it from the scorching sun (to prevent burns on the leaves) and strong gusts of wind.
Abundantly water it only in the warm season. The earth should be moist, the main thing is not to fill the flower and not allow the water to stagnate in the ground. In winter, watering is done once a month. Humidity in the room where the “Queen resides” should be slightly above average, and in hot weather the plant must also be sprayed additionally.
During flowering and active growth (spring, summer), strelitzia is fed with organic nitrogen fertilizers - twice a month during irrigation. After flowering, fertilizer should be stopped completely, at least 11-13 weeks. Several times a year, it is worth nourishing the soil with mineral complexes, especially for adult strelitzia.
Each year, young plants are transplanted into other containers, taking into account the development of the root system, which grows deeper. This is done to accelerate development. After the "paradise flower" reaches the age of 3 years, the annual transplant is stopped. Adults are transplanted every 4 years, because the root system is very fragile, it can break down, and the plant subsequently gets sick, then you have to wait a long time for flowering and this is in the best case. The plant perfectly develops in slightly acidic, closer to neutral soil. Before transplanting, it is better to mix nutrient soil in advance, which should consist of equal parts:
It is advisable to take a large and high capacity. A good layer of expanded clay is laid at the bottom (for drainage), then nutrient soil and the plant is carefully placed. If the flower has problems with the roots, then the bad roots are removed and only then transplanted into the container.
Pests can affect Strelitzia:
With a mealybug and a scale insect can be dealt with only by double processing of the flower "actar". After the first session, you need to wait a month, and then repeat the process. Ticks are removed with acaricides.
Strelitzia has good immunity to various diseases, but this does not mean that it does not require care and attention at all.
The flowering period of Strelitzia begins after reaching 4-5 years. Before that, it should be kept at 20-22 0 C. After the content should be adjusted. In the period from November to February, the plant goes into a dormant state.
The temperature should be 13-16 0 C, and watering is carried out 1-2 times a month. With the onset of spring, the content must be returned to its usual state. Compliance with this rule is important for maintaining the plant in good health.
Some problems in the growing process
Why does Strelitzia not bloom, when, it seems, everything that could be done at home was done? How to “make” it bloom? Usually, the first time it blooms for 4-5 years of its life, but it is not uncommon that the "queen" does not overgrow with flowers. Discarding diseases and pests, we list several possible causes:
- During the last transplant, the integrity of the root system was compromised. In this case, you need to wait a bit.
- Oversaturation with nitrogen fertilizers. In this case, the vegetative part develops abundantly, but flowering is delayed. To stop this, you need to reduce the amount of nitrogen-containing fertilizer to a minimum. In addition, apply drugs such as: "Bloom" or "Ovary".
- Lack of light. Everything is clear here, you need to move the flower closer "to the sun" but without prolonged exposure to direct rays, to avoid burns. The best is bright diffused light.
The plant feels great at air temperature in summer + 18-24 ° C, in winter + 12-16 ° C.Sometimes, in order for the Strelitzia to bloom, it is necessary to force the plant into rest mode - take it out in the fall or spring to a balcony or a loggia, and hold it there at an air temperature of + 12-15 ° C (for a month), while watering it to a minimum, like in winter. Just don't freeze the roots. With prolonged air temperatures below +10 ° C they begin to die. Also in May, you can arrange temperature stress: during the day - at home, at night - on the loggia.
“Why does Strelitzia twist leaves?” Is also a fairly common question and there are several answers to it:
- Your home "queen" is elementary hot. Comfortable conditions for growth and flowering 18 ° C. Up to +24 ° C, Strelitzia feels good, but with a further increase in temperature, it begins to “suffer”.
- Incorrect watering or stagnant water in the ground. Transplant the bush into a larger pot, check the roots (whether they rot), do not sting the expanded clay to the bottom and add coarse river sand and the finest mild pebbles to the soil. Stop feeding.
- Wipe the leaves from time to time with warm water.
In general, Strelitzia is not a capricious plant that will delight you for 10-15 years with its luxurious flowering. Her flowers are good for cutting and can stand in the water for up to a month. She is beautiful in bouquet compositions. Give your friends such a bouquet, and look into their eyes when they see, among other flowers, the "head" of a bird of paradise!
This phenomenon can be observed with a lack of lighting, rotting of the root or low temperature of the content. therefore, when choosing a place for a plant, one should take into account its lighting needs, and also do not forget about maintaining the desired air temperature.
Inspect the roots. If the matter is in them, take care of their treatment, but before that, carefully study the necessary information so as not to cause the flower even more harm.
If the roots are in order, then change the conditions of detention or consult with specialists who will help solve the problem and give the necessary recommendations and advice.
Strelitzia reginae was called the Bird of Paradise. Back in the 18th century, she declared herself in the circles of botanical and public. She got her place in the royal greenhouse. Became a symbol of Los Angeles. Earned national importance in the countries where it was cultivated.
And in our time, an amazing and exotic plant can become an adornment of your home with a little work, but a big desire. From it will blow freshness and beauty. A whole firework of flowers and faces will open before you after a while, if you give it your attention and care.
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