Tula hot belong to the old breeds of Russian Turmans, this breed appeared a very long time ago. Hot birds are really amazing in beauty due to their plumage color (red-brown with a golden green hue).
Another beauty of this breed is added by a wide white ribbon in the tail, and the same ribbons on the wings, when flying it looks very bewitching.
The ribbons on the wings form all the tips of the feathers, the ribbons on the tail are slightly wider than on the wings, and not as bright as on the tail. When creating the breed of gray Moscow Turman, the main role was played by the breed of hot. The breeders are bred mainly as chased Turmans, they fly well and do somersaulting, somersaulting, there are among them katunas.
They are not demanding of themselves, breed well and feed, pigeons are not large 35-37 cm, the body is elongated, chugged, the head is not large dry, the eyelids are white, the beak is short white. unique templates and modules for dle
Smolensky rook is an old, now extinct Russian breed, this is not a secret for specialists.
In his article “Oryol Thurman” written in 1927, Mr. Nesterov G. writes: “This breed has several names, first of all, Oryol thurman, he is also Smolensk thurman, he is Kursk thurman. He happens to be the most noble black. In addition, there are coffee, fawn, white, silver colors. This thurman is found both without crest, and with crest. " Further, Mr. Nesterov G. continues that in 1918 in Kharkov he bought a black rook dove, very thick-nosed, with beautiful eyelids, frog eyes, which were remarkably small in size. I paid a hundred gold rubles for it, which currently amounts to about a quarter of a million Russian rubles.
You often hear that a rook is a large, powerful pigeon, however, if you select small ones, this breed simply grinds, but does not turn into another breed. Hunters know that large pigeons periodically “throw” not very large, or even small young ones, that is, it is a matter of selection.
There are a lot of documentary evidence that this breed is the most revered in Tula. So, in his article about the article “Pigeon Hunt” published by Mr. Elagin G. in the journal “Nature and Hunting” for 1879, the Tula hunter under the initials IB writes: “The main beauty of the turman, after plumage, is big eyes. I saw and had myself rooks and black-pinto with eyes in a silver patch surrounded by wide and white eyelids, my face was cut, and my nose was so small that the pigeons could not feed their young. "
Mentioned rooks in Tula N. Vasiliev in his book "Pigeon-keeping" and Davydov in his articles on Moscow gray turmans.
There are rooks in Tula to this day. Rooks have been driven to Tula for centuries. This is the question of the so-called "young breed of the Tula beetle." Where did he (bug) come from in Tula? Who bred this breed? Tula hunters of their black Turmans never called bugs. Talk to reputable amateurs, they are still alive: Kazakov Yu., Kindeev S., Rumyantsev, Chernov S. Tulaki called them only rooks.
In my opinion, no Tula beetles as a separate breed exist. This name appeared around the 70s of the twentieth century. In general, according to Moscow rumors, this is a Moscow invention. The black Turmans that survived in Tula are certainly descendants of the rooks in the form in which they reached us. This breed, both before us and at the present time, is extremely small. Good typical pigeons to acquire, to put it mildly, are difficult.
Connoisseur of the Tula bird, Kaluga pigeon breeder Kabachkov V.N. in his article “Domestic Pigeon Breeding at the Beginning of the 21st Century” writes: “Smolensk is the birthplace of the Smolensk rooks, a breed of pigeons that currently does not exist. The last three individuals in 1981 demonstrated Serlin N.M. at the exhibition in Sokolniki. The entire recent history of the existence of colored crested turmans is associated with one city - Tula. ”
The famous Tula hunter Stanislav Kindeev says: “Following one of the commandments, which states that for serious water hunting it is necessary to have a large number of good birds, my nephew and I traveled to different hunters to find at least something, albeit only with a hint of what we need. Let's go to Evgeny Rumyantsev (Tatar). By this time, I had formed in Stanislav Chernov a special attitude to the rook, as a bird of pure Tula. Toward the close of our visit, Stanislav Chernov asked Eugene (Tatara) to offer something of a rook. Tatars, with his characteristic self-confidence, said that he does not advise us to even get involved with this bird, since we will not find anything worthwhile for work. ”
A few years later, Rumyantsev E. visited the Chernov farm and he showed him not one little thing ("late"), but a whole cage of rooks. Even such a narcissistic person like the Tatars admitted that he did not see rooks of such quality.
Stanislav Kindeev, together with his nephew Stanislav Chernov, undertook to restore the former glory of black Turmans (Rooks) and, collecting the remaining material throughout Russia, created a new variety of black Turman. This variety was created by Tula hunters, on Tula land, from Tula pigeons. This variety with full responsibility can be called the Tula Rook, as the successor of our ancient breed.
How many hunters can boast that they have created a new variety of Russian turman? Experience, intuition, culture of Kindeev S., factory talent, indestructible patience of Chernov S., and, most importantly, fart - these are the conditions for creating a new variety. On the wreckage, ruins, small fragments of an ancient family, in capable hands, a new very good, typical variety was born that rests on our Russian classic black rooks. That is why I am not ashamed to call these beautiful pigeons the Tula Rooks.
This epoch-making event went unnoticed for the Tula hunters, who did not give this assessment. This is regrettable.