The origin of naked breeds of dogs is shrouded in myths and legends. Numerous hairless breeds are believed to have originated in Africa. They lived in Mexico, China, Turkey, Peru, Ethiopia, Argentina, the Caribbean and the Philippines. Hairless dogs are the oldest known breeds on Earth, preserved to this day unchanged.
Being a totem animal, a naked dog was an object of worship and was considered the most powerful embodiment of selfless love for a person. According to one legend, the dog found a lost baby in the forest and, trying to warm it, shook off all its fluffy hair on it. When the parents found the child rescued by the dog, they were so happy that they took it with them. Having learned about this, the god of good decided to forever tie the dog to people and made her naked. At the same time, in naked dogs, one of the puppies was always born down, so that at the right time again come to the aid of a person and share his hair with him.
In the tribes of the ancient Toltecs, a naked dog personified love. They considered the love of this dog a manifestation of selfless love itself. When the owner was dying, the dog was buried with him. According to legend, the dog’s spirit followed its owner, and when he appeared before the court and had to account for his actions, the dog testified in his favor.
Later, the Aztecs defeated the Toltecs and destroyed the spiritual image of the dog. Animals began to be eaten as sacred food at festivals.
There is further evidence of the existence of this breed in the 15th century - a small naked dog with an excellent crest, socks and a tassel on the tail is clearly visible in the artist Gerald David's drawing.
There is evidence that naked dogs accompanied the Indians during migration from Asia to Alaska through the Bering Strait. They are mentioned in all pre-Colombian stories, prints and legends. Most believe that single specimens crossed the Atlantic 2500 years before Columbus. Reliably no one knows when the first dog was brought to China. Undoubtedly, it was bred during the Han Dynasty. In the XIV century, Chinese merchants took them to other countries. So the Chinese came to Europe.
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The history of the Chinese crested dog dates back to ancient times. There are two versions regarding which breed appeared earlier: the naked Mexican or the naked Chinese crested dog.
According to the first version, Mexican is almost certainly a direct descendant of a Chinese crested dog. This conclusion is based on the fact that the most ancient skulls found in Mexico date back to 1500 BC, which is 2000 years later than skulls of similar construction to tai-tai dogs (the Chinese name for the naked Chinese dog).
The second version says that: the ancient inhabitants of Mexico, the Toltecs, kept blue chihuahuas in temples for cult purposes. When they were subdued by the Aztecs, inside the temples began to contain the Mexican dog, who came with the Aztecs. It is possible that a cross between a Mexican dog and a chihuahua gave us the now famous Chinese crested dog.
Initially, the genus of hairless dogs was called because, due to the lack of hair, they could live and breed only in hot climates. There are quite a lot of breeds of hairless dogs in the world: Mexican, African, Indian Rambur hound - and all of them have wool marks on their heads, paws and tail. However, this coat is short and resembles a brush. The uniqueness of a Chinese crested dog lies in the fact that it has a gene of long hair behind it, so a crest adorns its head, and there is a beautiful plume on its tail.
Cases of the birth of hairless individuals are widely known in the history of dog breeding. For the most part, such dogs were destroyed, considering unviable, or they were rejected by people who perceived the absence of hair as ugliness. The unique nakedness of Chinese crested is the result of a long preservation of the ancient property, which is now being improved by breeders of the breed. The nakedness of the breed is a genetic mutation that is successfully fixed by crossing, repeating in most generations with the same set of related features. In past centuries, lovers of naked dogs in Africa, China, Spain and Mexico have been fascinated by their unique appearance.
Chinese crested dogs came to Great Britain in the late 1800s. In 1896, Mr. V.K. Taunton, a collector of rare breeds of dogs, showed in the Crystal Palace. But at that time in the UK no one was interested in breeding this breed. The report of an almost completely naked dog with skin completely accessible to the sun and rain, which appeared in Europe at exhibitions and in the society of purebred dog fans, produced the effect of an exploding bomb in the early 60s.
The first naked dogs, which struck with their originality, were related to Chinese graves and were called English, because they exhibited a flirty tuft of soft wool on the crown.
In 1976, the American Club of Chinese Crested Dogs was founded.
In almost all litters of hairless dogs, one or two puppies coated with hair are born, which are called and then later, when mating with a hairless individual, they produce offspring of hairless dogs. The appearance is due to the fact that the hairless gene is dominant and its presence is expressed in the phenotype of the dog.
Down dogs are not rejected and participate in exhibitions along with hairless individuals. Genetics and cynologists believe that mating naked dogs strengthens the breed. Nakedness is accompanied by the absence of almost all premolars inherent in this breed. The allele * of hairlessness in a homozygous state leads to intrauterine death of its carriers (Hr) **. All living hairless dogs are heterozygous *** (Hrhr) and, when crossed, give homozygous individuals (hrhr) - in each litter. Of course, hairless alleles have pleiotropic ****, multiple gene action. This action is also manifested in the formation of a specific pedigree phenotype. In particular, the teeth of hairless dogs are very different from the teeth of dogs of other breeds. The hairless gene is always accompanied by a lack of teeth. Dental anomalies of hairless dogs, in particular edentulousness, are not a disqualifying sign. In the breed, quite often there are dogs with reduced fangs, which differ little from the incisors and are directed forward, they look like tusks and are a feature of only the hairless individual. A normal dentition, a complete set of incisors and other teeth. Now they participate in exhibitions in the same ring with naked individuals, and after all, it was previously believed that they represent a regressive direction of the breed or even crossbreed. Many breeders have attempted to stop their breeding by culling or, worse, destroyed. But gradually the role was appreciated, because with careful and prudent use of this type, one can significantly reduce the number of homozygous naked individuals (lethal gene) that are destined to die.
For centuries, the purpose of naked dogs was not hunting or protecting the home, they were cult, dogs in whose supernatural qualities, of course, the ancient Incas and Aztecs believed. This is evidenced not only by numerous legendary stories about their supernatural bioenergetic and healing abilities, but also by the data of modern medicine.
A naked dog can please its allergic owner without causing an attack of illness. It does not provoke an asthma attack or eczema. Due to the increased external body temperature, it will alleviate the suffering of a patient with radiculitis:
The recognized champion of empathy is telepathy at the level of emotions, among the well-known breeds is naked crested.
Although this breed is rare in its homeland in the PRC, in Western countries it has many admirers.
In England, the first standard of the Chinese crested dog was developed, and the country is rightfully considered the main breeding center for breed breeding. Modern dogs are not much different from their distant ancestors. The standard only made it possible to describe in detail the article of the dog and allows breeders to conduct breeding more competently. In 1990, the American Club of Chinese Crested Dogs was proposed a new breed standard, but unfortunately it did not have such a detailed description as in the British standard. A detailed description of the dental system is not included, the absence of teeth in a hairless individual is still allowed, and the movements of the animal are not focused, which is an annoying omission.
They say that even today in China you can meet hairless dogs. Only there they are called tai-tai.
The first dogs appeared in Russia recently. In 1990, they appeared in Moscow and immediately won universal love. After all, it is simply impossible to not love such a joyful moving dog. They get along well with all members of the family, not annoying and not noisy. And what a feeling of warmth and tenderness of their silky skin!
On September 20, 1996, within the framework of the RKF, the National Club of Hairless Dogs was organized, the purpose of which is to popularize and improve this rare exotic group of dogs. The club collects information about the condition of the breed in Russia and the countries of near and far abroad.
In many breeds where there are two types (g / w, d / w chihuahua, g / w, d / w toy terrier): long-haired and short-haired, there are two standards for each type. Their breeding is also carried out separately, along different lines, thereby defining them as separate breeds. These breeds are also exhibited separately. Chinese Crested is a unique breed in the world. It is created from two hereditarily inseparable varieties, and is a link in one genetic chain, having lost or deleted it, the small genetic information of the breed will be lost. Two types of Chinese crested so well-established and of the same type that it makes no sense to put them in different rings.
Origin of breed
An ancient legend tells how a small fluffy dog found a freezing baby in a forest. A caring baby shook off all the fluffy hair on him to warm the child, and then called for help from the spirits of the forest. The gods were surprised and moved by such concern. They allowed parents to pick up the baby and let go of the dog who had lost their hair after people. They say that the Chinese crested appeared.
The heroine of fables
There are other amazing parables about this breed. The Chinese believe that a naked dog with a wavy fur on the neck and muzzle accompanied the Buddha himself during his long journeys. He roamed the world in the dress of a simple monk. When the enlightened one got tired, the little dog turned into a giant lion and carried the traveler on its back.
Another story is about unhappy love. Lovely girl Lu fell in love with poor guy Tsu-Li. Their feelings were strong, but the girl’s father promised to marry her daughter to the rich old man Ho-Chan. Desperate lovers went for help to the great sorcerer. He promised to change the fate of young people, but they had to pay a heavy price for this service.
The sorcerer turned the bald wrinkled Ho-Chan into a charming little dog, but this spell passed on to all future children of Tsu-Li and Lu. Their descendants in the shoes of dogs continued their lives in Buddhist monasteries, laying the foundation for the breed of Chinese crested.
Adherents of Buddhism and other religions, in turn, believed that naked dogs were mysteriously connected with the afterlife. It was believed that such pets after the death of the owner went with him to the kingdom of death and became his lawyers in a great court.
Made in China?
Many want to believe that if a naked dog is not a relative of the gods, then at least it belongs to an ancient breed. Alas, the past of our heroine is foggy. No one is sure that the Chinese crested was a favorite of the ancient tangerines and lived in the imperial mansions.
However, the historians Ming Tao and Chao Tai managed to find ancient manuscripts that mention "small hairless dogs with delicate skin, a crest of cranes, a lion's tail and monkey paws." They say that it was these naked pets that were bred by Buddhist monks.
There are more outlandish versions of their origin. Some researchers believe that hairless dogs were brought to China ... Latin American Indians about 2500 years before Columbus. It just happened during the reign of the Han Dynasty. In this case, the Chinese crested really basked in the imperial lands of the Yangtze Valley. The African theory of breed origin is also popular. The dogs of this hot continent are thought to have lost their hair due to a genetic mutation. In constant sunshine it was easier for them without wool. Then the mutated dogs were taken out by sailors who arrived in China.
But the most obvious version looks most likely. Mutations leading to hairlessness are manifested not only in human four-legged friends. This transformation affects cats, guinea pigs, and rats. Probably, populations of hairless dogs at different times appeared on all continents. Moreover, independently of each other. But seafarers who arrived in China paid special attention to them.
Since the 18th century, British, Portuguese and French travelers often met hairless tiny dogs in different parts of Asia and Africa. Descriptions of these exotic creatures are found in captain's diaries and travel notes. But crested beauties came to Europe only at the end of the 19th century. The breed was first shown at the Westminster Kennel Club show in 1885 in New York. In an unusual way, animal painters became interested. They began to depict naked dogs on their canvases.
In 1986, Mr. V.K. Taunton, who collected rare breeds, showed off a cute dog named Chinese Emperor in the Crystal Palace. Alas, the British public was not impressed by the cute crests or velvet skin of the dog. The animal was considered a biological curiosity.
On the road to excellence
However, at English dog shows there were also those who were interested in an outlandish miracle from China. Taunton, together with the famous dog breeder Ida Garrett, began to develop a hairless breed. Latin American hairless dogs, as well as the Maltese lapdog, Tibetan terrier and even the Afghan hound, actively participated in the selection. It was these shaggy breeds that gave the "Chinese" a silky mane, woolen socks and pretty tassels on the tail.
However, before the advent of the standard was still far away. The ancestors of the Chinese crest shown at exhibitions in the early 20th century looked modest. They had neither the usual crests of us, nor the mane. The modern appearance of the breed began to take shape only in the 70s of the last century.
A large role in this was played by American and English breeders. Among them are actress Gipsy Rose Lee and Englishwoman Ruth Harris. In fact, the "Chinese" dog was created by English experts. In 1969, a breed fans club appeared, and four years later it was officially recognized.
Types and Standards
The exterior of a Chinese crested dog suggests describing it as a small dog, quite elegant and having a thin or medium skeleton. it is a small, graceful dog with a medium or thin skeleton. The cranial part of the crested head is slightly elongated and flat, and the muzzle narrows to the nose. The explicit transition from the forehead to the muzzle is almost imperceptible.
There are three varieties of Chinese crested:
- Powderpuff breeders affectionately call such animals puffs - they have very soft and long hair that covers the whole body.
- “Koniks” or “ponies” on the body have short hairs, while the neck, head and legs are covered with thick hair.
- But naked dogs do not have a coat (with rare exceptions, few hairs can be on the shoulder blades and on the hind limbs). By the way, the last variety of Chinese crested is preferred by many allergy sufferers due to the lack of coat and undercoat and such dogs.
In addition to the presence or absence of wool, Chinese crested differ in other ways. This may include the body structure (type of deer with a light skeleton and the middle type of a more massive physique). The color of the skin of the dog can be pink, blue, black or have a marble and spotty color. It is amazing that under the influence of sunlight they can also sunbathe. Therefore, to avoid overdrying their delicate skin, you need to use a moisturizer.
Chinese Crested Dog is a gentle companion, incredibly loyal to his family. This breed, as a rule, gets along very well with dogs and other domestic animals and is friendly towards strangers.
Owners of this breed say that these dogs love to cuddle and long for human communication. Dogs of this breed are not suitable for very busy people who do not have enough time for their pets. They need constant contact with a person and very poorly tolerate loneliness.
In addition, a Chinese crested dog establishes a very close relationship with one or two people in the family and often this relationship is vital for this dog. Even when her beloved people leave the house, she continues to wait and look for them. In this regard, a dog of this breed is very difficult to adapt and change the owner in adulthood, which should be known to people who want to get this breed.
A Chinese crested dog without socialization and meeting new places, animals and people can become shy and timid. Although Chinese crested ones usually do not cause problems with excessive barking, this can be a problem if the Chinese crested ones get nervous or bored.
Excessive chewing can also be a problem with this breed if the dog is constantly left alone for a long time. However, a lot of attention and the presence of chewing toys will help eliminate this problem.
Chinese Crested Dog is an ideal dog for those who want to train their dog to perform various tricks and commands. This dog can be taught to walk on its hind legs, jump over obstacles, climb stairs and much more. They really want to please their owners, so they will try to do everything that they can and please their master.
As for decorative dogs, Chinese crested dogs are in good health. Their life expectancy is 12-14 years, and often they live several years longer. In addition, they are less likely to suffer from genetic diseases than other toy breeds. But, paying for it is a much more complicated care.
Chinese crested dogs, and especially the hairless version, are extremely sensitive to cold. They have no protection from the weather, and the owner himself needs to create such protection. When the temperature drops, you need clothes and shoes, and walks themselves should be short. In addition, naked people need constant skin care. A few minutes in direct sunlight, and they may get burned. Even their skin dries up, you need to lubricate it with moisturizers in a day. Please note that some are allergic to lanolin; use any products containing it carefully.
Hairless dogs still have problems with their teeth, they are pointed, the fangs may not differ from the incisors, be bent forward, absent and fall out. Most, one way or another, have problems with their teeth and lose part at a young age. Such problems are characteristic only for hairless dogs, when like the Chinese puff lives quite calmly. This is due to the fact that the gene responsible for the absence of hair is also responsible for the structure of the teeth.
Both variations are extremely gaining weight. They are prone to overeating, and quickly grow fat, and a sedentary lifestyle only exacerbates the problem. This problem is especially acute in the winter, when the dog spends most of the day in the house. Owners need to monitor the feeding and prevent gluttony in the dog.
Chinese crested dogs suffer from a unique disease - multisystem atrophy. In addition to them, only Kerry Blue Terriers suffer from it. This disease is characterized by progressive degeneration of movements. Symptoms begin to appear at 10-14 weeks of life, gradually the dogs move worse and eventually fall.
Difficulties in caring for a dog
This breed can not be chosen for those who are rarely at home, do not have free time for constant communication with a pet. Chinese crested dog reverently attached to someone who lives in the house.
But the main difficulties in caring for the dog, as well as for representatives of other breeds, are the most traditional diseases that can be encountered.
- A Chinese crested dog may show an allergy.
- Perthes disease is possible.
- Sometimes there are problems with teeth, which can even fall out at a young age of the animal.
- Another weak point is a dislocation of the patella.
You can not self-medicate, the best and effective help is the help of a professional, experienced and reputable veterinarian.
Choosing a Chinese Crested Dog Puppy
Choosing a puppy is a difficult and responsible process for which you need to carefully prepare. Be sure to visit several exhibitions, get acquainted with breeders, look through catalogs. It is useful to enlist the support of an experienced expert, whom you can take with you to help you choose a puppy. It is best to stay at a proven nursery with a good reputation and comfortable conditions.
Before going to the kennel, you must firmly decide who you want - a boy or a girl (fortunately, when it comes to choosing a puppy, everything is entirely in your hands).
Who to choose - "conic", "naked" or "puff"? If you do not want to spend a lot of time grooming, a hairless dog is an ideal choice. Powderpuff will require some attention to his hair.
When buying a Chinese crested dog, you need to know that the color of her skin can change with age. In a “dark-skinned” puppy at a more mature age, the skin color may change to bluish or bronze. The color of the coat in all three varieties can also change, but usually by the age of three months one can determine by the roots of the hair what the final color will be.
In general, a Chinese crested dog is an extremely unpredictable person. Even an experienced dog breeder is extremely difficult to predict what the final size, skin color and hairline of the animal will be. In any case, to make at least some predictions, study the pedigree and get acquainted with the puppy's parents.
Most representatives of the Chinese crested breed have a perfect psyche, without any signs of aggression. But pay attention to the nature of the puppy is still worth it. Experts recommend choosing an energetic, sociable dog who can feel confident enough in the ring. Also, if you plan to participate in exhibitions, it makes sense to acquire a large puppy. Convincing size also adds confidence and relaxedness to the dog.
A Chinese crested puppy should be strong, well, with a straight back, scissor bite and expressive angles of limbs. The ears of the naked and downy variety of Chinese crested stand up differently and at different times, it depends on many factors - first of all, on the size of the ears and the amount of hair on them.
Chinese Crested Price
Chinese Crested - an expensive breed of dog, in addition, it requires competent care, attention. This must be considered when buying. For a puppy of a Chinese crested dog, the price depends on the species, because the dog can be completely covered with hair or have naked skin.
- Downy crested if there is a documented pedigree, good health and excellent education will cost from 12 to 25 thousand rubles.
- The naked species of the breed, more unique and valuable, will require from 25 to 50 thousand rubles.
Breeding this breed requires skill, patience and excellent knowledge, so the result is evaluated so expensive. What can affect the cost?
- The dog has color defects, differs in some characteristic signs of the breed.
- There are health defects that do not threaten the life of the animal, but reduce the value as a breed.
- The owner urgently needs to attach puppies or an adult dog.
- Girls of this breed, and not only this one, are usually cheaper.
Even if there is an opportunity to buy a Chinese crested dog inexpensively, it is worth remembering that this is the acquisition of a living creature, it will need to be taken care of constantly.
A naked dog, like no other, needs warmth and comfort, and therefore it is worth choosing walking clothes for it. This also applies to ponies. For winter walks, it is better to choose insulated jumpsuits based on synthetic winterizer. But for the summer period, a thin T-shirt will come in handy - after all, the dog’s skin needs protection from burns caused by sunlight, and bites of various insects. Since the assortment of things for small dogs is quite diverse, there is always a risk to buy a lot more cute and funny clothes than previously planned. By the way, on the Internet you can find many patterns on which to sew clothes for dogs on their own. But remember that the main selection criterion is not the owner’s personal aesthetic preferences, but good functionality and convenience for the animal.
Interesting facts about the breed
Naked dogs are associated with many legends and myths. It is believed that for the first time hairless pets appeared in Africa, and then were introduced to Mexico, China, Turkey and Argentina, or appeared there independently. Despite their unusual appearance, these breeds are the most ancient. It is also interesting that such dogs came to us almost in their original form, preserving the appearance of their ancestors.
Hairless dogs were considered sacred animals, personifying all the best qualities of fidelity and affection for a person. The legend of the appearance of these dogs says that once a boy got lost in the forest, and to warm him, the dog covered him with his hair. The parents of the child were so impressed by this event that they took the dog with them. Since then, in memory of that day, naked dogs accompany people and faithfully serve them. And sometimes among the naked puppies, one with long soft hair appears, so that in case of trouble again to come to the rescue.
There is evidence that the Toltecs not only revered the dog as a symbol of fidelity, but also considered it a guide to the afterlife. After the burial, the pet spoke at the afterlife, bowing the scales of justice in favor of the owner.
Many pre-Colombian stories also mention a small naked dog with a funny crest. She accompanies people on long journeys, as a result of which she travels to Asia.
Reviews from Chinese Crested Dog Owners
Angelina I bought my Angel myself, chose it for a long time, drove it from another city, but I do not regret it, because it is the best dog in the world! He is always by my side, not a step away. He is in good health, only allergic to chicken, so you have to give dry food with fish. He also loves to frolic and run, in the summer we go with him to the park, where he plays with a stick or ball. The breed is not at all difficult to educate, it understands everything from the first word.
Alexander. Children asked us to buy a puppy of a naked Chinese dog. At first I was against it, I didn’t like that the puppy was completely hairless, but when they came to pick up the puppy, it turned out that the dog was very pleasant to the touch, warm and soft. Her character is a little obstinate, but it bribed me that she chose me as her master. He always lies at my feet, brings me slippers and is so happy when I come home from work that the screech is all over the house. Of course, the wife has to bother with her: bathe, cut, feed, but I often buy toys for her.
Eugene. I bought a bred puppy of a Chinese crested dog, but not naked, but down. They are very soft to the touch, and the character is simply golden: affectionate, gentle and not at all skod. My Perry loves when we just sit on the couch, she doesn’t need to walk a lot, if the weather is bad, she perfectly entertains herself and her son with games. The only drawback is that you have to comb it with a fight, as the previous owners did not accustom to the comb, now it is furiously resisting when it sees preparations for the procedure. He behaves affectionately with his son, likes to play with him, gives his bone and toys, in general - this is a real friend!