About animals

German Dwarf Spitz Zwergspitz, Toy German Spitz


Homeland and time of occurrence:
Germany, the Middle Ages

Country of largest population:

Global popularity:
index 545,000

Height Weight:
22 cm, about 3.5 kg

Average prices for puppies:
Pet class and tribal marriage - 0 - 500 €
Brides class - 500 - 900 €
Show class - 900 - 1300 €

Traits of the breed (on a 5-point scale):

Activity in the house4
Outdoor activity4
Obedience in training5
Obedience to a stranger4.7
Family dominance2
Dog domination2.5
Protection of the territory from people4
Protection of the territory from animals4
Sociability in the family5
Sociability with strangers4.2
Sociability with dogs3.3
Family focus1
Alien Concentration2
Dog focus2.3
Aggressiveness in the family1
Aggressiveness to strangers4
Dog aggressiveness3
Aggressiveness to animals3
Petting requirement5
Excessive barking3
Disruptions in behavior1.8
Tolerance for children under 4 years old3.8
Tolerance for children over 4 years old4

The German dwarf spitz is a tiny chunky dog, a real miniature spitz. The physique is harmonious, the body is short. The head is proportional to the size of the dog, the ears are set high, erect, triangular in shape. The tail is typical of Spitz-like dogs richly dressed with hair and thrown back. Under a long and straight shiny harsh awn, soft and thick undercoat. Height at withers 22 cm, weight 3.5 kg.

Breed History:
Spitz is a descendant of Stone Age peat dogs. From the 18th century serious breeding work was carried out in Germany. In 1899, a club was created that developed standards for Spitz of various sizes.

Games, entertainment, recreation:
Walking and exercise required

Attractive features:
Spitz has an independent character. The dog is attached to the owner. To strangers is incredulous. Each stranger reports a loud bark. The dog is bold, energetic, agile and alert. Easy to train.

Genetic diseases:
Spitz is prone to allergies.

Features of the content:
Wool should be combed regularly. Bathing is recommended as it gets dirty. Ears need to be cleaned. Claws periodically shear. The eyes are wiped with a special lotion.

Breed Standards:
German Spitz - compact dog
Head - proportional to the size of the dog, wedge-shaped, with a pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle
Bite - scissor-shaped, straightforward for miniature Spitz
The ears - small, triangle-shaped, erect, set high and relatively close to each other
Eyes - medium size, oval, not set too wide
Back - short, straight, wide, strong
Limbs - strong, muscular
Tail - medium length, high set, thrown over the back and fits snugly to it. The tail end is spun

History of breed origin

Miniature Spitz - the smallest of all representatives of the breed of Spitz. Their ancestors lived back in the Middle Ages in Germany and were called German Spitz or Oranges (an obsolete name from the region of Pomerania).

Miniature Spitz - the smallest of all representatives of the breed of Spitz

What is the difference between miniature spitz and pomeranian? Nothing, these are two different names for the same breed.

Interesting information - the word “Miniature” means gnomes, small human-like creatures, hence the name “miniature spitz”.

In 1870, in England, Queen Victoria brought with her from Venice small Spitz, which she liked. She had two favorites - Marco and Turi. The second was so attached to his mistress that he accompanied her on her last journey on her deathbed.

In the British Empire, work began on the creation of dwarf spitz, known throughout the world as miniature spitz. They tried to give refinement, beauty and attractiveness by reducing the size. English breeders succeeded! Dwarf spitz dogs are popular everywhere, their exterior attracts attention and leaves no one indifferent.

But to this day, disputes are ongoing - are there only one German small Spitz and one mini Spitz or pomeranian? A more preferred option is varieties of the same breed.


The tsvergas look like German spitz, with the exception of the structure of the head. The muzzle is slightly flat, a convex forehead and small ears not visible due to the coat. The wool is still a little different - the zwergs have longer soft wool with undercoat, unlike its “German” counterpart.

Typical puppy

The tail is straight, but there are exceptions with slight twists.

In height up to 20 cm.

The gallery presents various options for miniature spitz photos:

  • black brown
Cute black brown spitz
  • Gray,
Gray spitz on a walk
  • white color
White Spitz family
  • Orange,
Insightful eyes of a Pomeranian
  • cream,
Cream Spitz
  • chocolate.
Chocolate Miniature Spitz

Life span

Dogs live 12-16 years old.

The character of the Spitz is soft, playful, cheerful and kind. These fun people always delight others, carelessly run and jump around. They are strongly attached to their master (an example of Queen Victoria), do not know life without him and become reliable friends to everyone around their master.

They are good-natured with children, can play and spend time with them.

Leave this cute little ball of kindness alone with your child - nothing bad will happenI.

Zwerg needs constant training of the mind and body. Dog handlers are advised to play more with him and give various commands to keep in good shape.

Despite its small size, the dog needs daily exercise


Firstly, they bark for no reason. This barking cannot be stopped. If you start to show aggression, then it will increase in duration.

Secondly, they are completely unaware of their size. German miniature dogs attack other dogs, even if the latter are much larger in size. Just don't let her get close to other big dogs and control the Spitz. Remember, this should not annoy, but rather flatter, because the little defender is ready for anything for the owner.

Care and hygiene

Oranges have a very beautiful, soft coat. To avoid various spools and tangles, comb the pile with a special comb. In Spitz, molting occurs once a year in males, two in bitches. Shedding gradually, almost imperceptibly, so timely notice and comb out the pet every day.

Beautiful and soft coat

Do not wash the zerg often. Brush your ears and trim your nails once a month. Adjust his haircut if necessary.

Nutrition and Diet

The health of the Spitz primarily depends on its diet. Feed your dog both natural products and dry food.

List of natural products that benefit the Zwerg:

  • meat without fat - beef, fillet and breast of birds, beef or avian heart and liver,
  • boiled eggs - two per day, no more
  • cereals - everything except pearl barley and millet are poorly absorbed in the body,
  • fruits and vegetables - except potatoes and legumes,
  • fish - do not give raw fish, worms start,
  • dairy products - do not give raw milk, it is not absorbed in the body.

To maintain a healthy dog, you should follow a diet.

List of prohibited products:

  • flour products
  • seasonings, spices, sweets,
  • potatoes,
  • fat meat,
  • bean
  • bones,
  • any food with preservatives,
  • any fatty food.

To facilitate the task of feeding your pet, use premium dry food and super-premium class. In these feeds there is everything necessary for a long and useful life of the pet - the active elements and vitamins needed by the dog.

If you want to combine food and products, then you can not do this in one meal. In the morning, give dry food, for lunch meat or fish, in the evening something light, for example, just cottage cheese.

Mixing food and products in one meal is not recommended.

Dog handlers recommend the following diet - feed your puppy 6 times a day for up to two months, and cut down on meals with growing up. And so on until two meals a day, when the puppy reaches eight months old.

Serve food at certain times so that the pet is used to the feeding schedule.

Diseases, breed defects

Tsvergs are not without diseases. To find and eradicate the disease in the pet’s body in time, inspect it more often.

List of the most common diseases:

  1. Hypoglycemia. In puppies with low body weight, cramps occur. This is due to a fast metabolism and a reduced glucose level. To avoid disease progression, just feed your puppy more often.
  2. Bad breath - there are several reasons. Tartar or stomach dysfunction. If promptly contact a specialist.
  3. Eye diseases. Tearing, cataracts, inversion of the eyelids and atrophy of the retina.
  4. Patella. At its core - dislocation of the kneecap.
  5. Alopecia X or “black skin” disease. Most of this problem does not interfere, but if the tsverg has it, consult a specialist.
  6. Cough and problems with the trachea. Coughing occurs during overexcitation or even during normal play. Pay close attention to a wheezing cough - this is a sure sign of tracheal collapse. If found, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Regularly inspect your pet to prevent illness.

Tsvergs are not without breed diseases:

  1. Cryptorchidism. The testis or even two did not immediately descend into the scrotum.
  2. Epilepsy. Hereditary disease. Manifested by seizures.
  3. TPA (hip dysplasia). A common problem for all thoroughbred dogs.
  4. Hernia. Due to the structure, it may occur on the navel or groin.

Family life

In the family, the miniature spitz will take root perfectly, this is a good fellow, attached to his master and loving him with all his small dog heart. Bringing the Spitz to his family, you get not only a cute decorative dog, but a whole faithful companion, serving faithfully for many years.

The dog quickly becomes attached to its owner and gets along well in the family

With affectionate children, does not bite and does not show aggression. Be careful with large pets in the house, he can take them for enemies and begin to defend the territory. Spitz - very smart small, do not bark at the guests, if you explain to them that they are strangers. When he understands this, he will start galloping galloping around the gathering of the people, attracting delightful glances to himself.

Parenting and training

Miniature oranges are very intelligent animals. Training and training will not take much time and effort. Follow a few basic rules, and the Spitz will become a model for imitation in terms of obedience:

  1. Do not raise your voice at the dog and do not beat it.
  2. Speak clearly, clearly, and persistently.
  3. Each time, praise the pet for the task.
  4. Do not skimp on rewards, the dog expects that for a correctly executed action she must be awarded a prize.
  5. Take a lot of time, care and affection (otherwise, the pet will become aggressive and begin to spoil the furniture to attract attention).
Miniature Spitz are very smart, their training will not take much time.

Spitz oranges are overwhelmed with vitality, and they also have a sharp mind. Try to develop the dog more often: at home, on a walk, in any free time - the pet will be happy about this.

Although the Spitz is a pet, and he is more comfortable at home with the owner than on the street, still walk twice a day to keep the pet in good shape.

Advantages and disadvantages

Like all dogs, Spitz are distinguished by both positive and negative sides. The advantages of a dog include:

  1. Zwerg - a smart dog, easily accepts training and education.
  2. Cheerful and good-natured - you will not get bored with them.
  3. Active, play with children without offending them.
  4. Good health with proper care.
  5. Compact size, does not take up much space in the house.
The dog needs a lot of attention

  1. Regular and painstaking care.
  2. It requires a lot of attention.
  3. Frequent barking.
  4. Uncontrolled aggression on other dogs while walking.

If you get yourself such a cute companion, you will forget about its minuses and find something of your own in this little lump of fluffy happiness.

How to buy a miniature spitz

What to look for when buying:

You can buy a puppy in specialized nurseries or from private breeders

  1. Buy only from private breeders or in a specialized nursery. If you take it from your hands or in an unofficial place, they can cheat by slipping a sick puppy, a crossed breed or even a thoroughbred dog.
  2. Rate the place where you get the puppy.
  3. Pay attention to the description of the pedigree, study it. If there are parents nearby, look at them, their behavior, appearance.
  4. See how many puppies are in the litter, if more than 3, then buy.
  5. Puppies are active, with normal hair.
  6. Ask for vaccine information and a passport.

The price of a puppy rises for various reasons. But the main factor is where to get the puppy. The nursery is more expensive than a private breeder, as the breed standard must be met. The following points play a role:

The main criterion for pricing is the puppy’s acquisition

  1. Exterior.
  2. The size. The smaller the puppy, the more expensive.
  3. Pedigree.
  4. The quality of the litter.
  5. Puppy class.
  6. Age. Puppies are more expensive than adults.
  7. Floor. A girl is more expensive.

The average price for such a puppy ranges from 35 to 45 thousand rubles. This is a standard pet class that does not stand out from the rest of the miniature spitz. There are other classes of dogs, but usually they cost three times as much as they participate in special exhibitions and competitions.

Owner reviews

Review of the owner of a miniature bearing. Dasha1927:

Zwergspitz requires a lot of attention from his master

It already depends on how the owner brings up the dog, and it does not matter what breed it will be.

How much care does it take?

It already depends on the type of coat ... I comb my dogs 3-4 times a week, and if the dog is accustomed to combing since childhood, then the whole process will take a few minutes! Washing, here, too, everything depends on you ... whether you want to attend exhibitions or not. If not, you can wash it once a month. And please, never, never shave your dog under the so-called “boo” ... it’s better to buy a short-haired dog right away!

It all depends on the upbringing ... educate the dog correctly and you will not have any problems! Remember that a dog is a responsibility, and just “playing and throwing” it doesn’t work out ... it's a living creature!