As a rule, Bengal cats are able to boast of good health and do not cause serious problems to the owners, especially if the animal was purchased in a proven cattery.
With proper feeding and care, they can live an average of 12-15 years (and in some cases even longer).
But still this is a hybrid breed, bred artificially, which is why bengals are subject to a number of genetic abnormalities and hereditary pathologies:
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - a deviation in which the walls of the ventricle become denser. It is accompanied by a deterioration in blood circulation, and in some cases - the formation of blood clots.
- Neuropathy - manifests itself in the form of weakness and can be completely eradicated.
- Flat chest syndrome - characterized by congenital deformity with ribs bent inward, which can even lead to death.
- Hip Dysplasia - This is a congenital inferiority of the joint, which is due to improper development. In severe stages, it manifests itself in the form of lameness.
- Progressive retinal atrophy - a degenerative disease that ultimately leads to blindness.
In order to avoid genetic problems, when buying a Bengal cat, you should be as responsible as possible about the choice of a breeder, and also check the pedigree and medical certificates of the kitten's parents.
Well, in order to reduce the risk of diseases of a non-hereditary nature, it is necessary to strictly observe the vaccination schedule, as well as to avoid contact of the pet with stray or sick animals.
Among other things, Bengal cats have a sensitive stomach and intestines, which is why they can not tolerate a change in diet and can suffer from indigestion and various intestinal problems based on inflammatory processes.
In addition, with age, many unsterilized animals are inherent in hormonal problems, and even cancer.
If bengals are purchased not for the purpose of obtaining offspring, then it is best to sterilize or even castrate pets, since this: firstly, saves “home leopards” from hormonal diseases, and secondly, saves the house from “fragrant” marks.
Representatives of this breed reach puberty early, which is why, as a rule, females should be sterilized / castrated at the age of 8-9 months, and males - 6-7 months.
History of breed origin
The Bengal cat breed has wild roots. These pets happened due to the crossing of the Asian leopard cat with the usual pet fluff. This made it possible to obtain a beautiful cat resembling a wild animal, but at the same time with a friendly domestic character.
The idea of breeding originated in the early 60s of the last century. Actively engaged in this issue biologist Gene Sagden. Once in the natural habitat of wild Far Eastern cats that were dying from active poaching, she took one of them to her home. Later, the cat was called Malaysia.
When the pet reached puberty, she was crossed with an ordinary domestic cat. The result was a completely healthy offspring that combined the features of a wild cat and a pet.
Breeding began in the 70s of the twentieth century and lasted for more than 10 years. Bengal kittens received the status of an experimental breed in 1983, when they were recognized by a large felinological association. After observing the breed and breeding the standard, Bengal cats received full recognition. This happened in 1991. Since then, the breed was recognized in turn by American, Canadian cat organizations, as well as the United Felinological Organization. Now Bengal kittens can take an active part in various exhibitions and competitions.
External features of Bengal cats
In fact, such a cat cannot be confused with other breeds of pets. However, in order to understand how purebred Bengals are in front of you, it is important to know the features of their appearance.
|Breed name||Bengal cat, bengal|
|Country of origin||USA|
|Life span||13-16 years old|
|Average weight||6-7 kg (in adulthood)|
|Average height||25-30 cm|
|The cost of kittens||600-800 dollars|
Type of wool
According to the description of the breed, bengal belongs to short-haired cats. In addition, their hair is pleasant to the touch and soft. The fluffy undercoat is also soft.
There are several color options for a Bengal cat. Marble bengals, spotty, black and silver tabby, colorpoint, sepia, mink are distinguished.
The main feature of the hair of Bengal cats is the presence of contrast shades.
The most popular colors are spotted or marble.
Pretty fat of medium length. The dumb is rounded at the tip.
The breed of Bengal cats is characterized by small ears, which have a rounded shape. In this case, closer to the tips of the ears become sharper.
It has a more round and slightly elongated shape and is characterized by an average size.
Graceful body, which at the same time has strong muscles. The body of the animal is slightly elongated.
Very large (compared to the size of the head), have an oval shape and can be presented in different shades.
Bengal cats character
Based on the fact that cats of Bengal breed have wild roots, their character is not so simple. The animal harmoniously combines the hunting instinct of the predator with their gentle friendly behavior of the pet. The pet begins to manifest hunting instincts from a very early age. Therefore, bengals are so fond of outdoor games where you need to chase prey and track it.
But, if you have domestic rodents or birds living at home, it is better not to have a Bengal kitten. Over time, the cat can take them for prey and injure.
If you properly establish contact with the animal, the cat will grow incredibly gentle and sociable. Pet education needs to be given a lot of time. For a long time alone, bengals include their wild nature. So often hold the kitten in your hands, play with it, and you will get an affectionate domestic animal.
This breed gets along well with young children. Active games with kids allow them to release their energy and get the necessary amount of contact with a person.
Maintenance and care
Kittens of this breed are particularly clean. Therefore, special care for them is not required. The main thing is to trim the claws of the pet if necessary and comb out its hair 1-2 times a month (for these purposes it is better to choose natural bristles).
Fluffy friends also do not need frequent bathing. However, representatives of this breed simply adore water. Therefore, do not be surprised if, when you see how a bathtub is typed, a cat will climb into it.
So that animals can splash out their energy, it is advisable to buy him a lot of toys and a special complex, according to which the cat could climb to a height.
If you want to keep the furniture, buy a claw-brush as well.
The main principle of care for Bengal is a regular visit to the veterinarian, as well as timely vaccination. Cleanliness of animals is manifested in everything. Therefore, regularly check that there is no unpleasant odor in the tray. To do this, it is better to focus on wood fillers or products with natural aromas, such as lavender.
Consider that animals actively instill a filler. Therefore, it is advisable to buy a tray with high sides.
By the way, this cat breed is considered one of the smartest. Therefore, if you wish, you can train your pet. True, it is advisable to start from an early age. For a certain treat, a cat can bring you toys or even give you a paw.
What and how to feed Bengal cats?
Many people think that because of the wild roots of the pet, it is advisable to feed it with raw, natural meat. However, this is not quite true. Raw meat products can harm the gastrointestinal tract. It is better to feed the cat with high-quality premium or super premium food.
If you decide to make a diet of natural food, consult your veterinarian first. The specialist will help you choose the menu, as well as prescribe an additional vitamin and mineral complex so that the pet receives all the necessary trace elements.
Health and Disease
Most representatives of the Bengal breed are not predisposed to various diseases. However, in order for the pet to remain in good health for as long as possible, it is important to carefully look after it and regularly visit the veterinarian.
Keep in mind that with age, a cat may develop intestinal, urogenital, or cardiomyopathy. To avoid ailments, it is important to provide a four-legged friend with a balanced diet and regular physical activity.
In order to avoid diseases of the genitourinary system, it is recommended to castrate or sterilize Bengal. This applies to those who do not plan to breed kittens for sale.
Photo of bengal cats
Bengal cats look very original and make them fall in love at first sight. They do not have as many coat colors as some other breeds. However, there is plenty to choose from. Just look at these photos of the Bengal cat breed:
White Bengal cat:
Black Bengal Tabby Cat:
How much do bengal kittens cost?
The price of a Bengal cat depends on several factors:
- thoroughbred breed,
- coat color
- gender of the pet
- the age of the kitten.
Previously, a Bengal breed was quite rare. And from that it was very expensive. However, today the cost of pets has fallen slightly. You can buy a purebred Bengal cat for about $ 600-800.
Here, everything will depend primarily on your personal preferences. If you do not plan to further breed purebred kittens, you can not pay attention to the pedigree of the animal. In addition, there is a special category that is prohibited for breeding due to minor discrepancies with the breed standard. These kittens are usually much cheaper than the standard fluffy fur.
If you have long dreamed of a reliable furry friend who combines affectionate behavior and wildlife, be sure to look at the breed of Bengal cats. I assure you that such pussies will not leave you indifferent. Would you like to have a bengal? Or maybe a beautiful leopard cat already lives in your house? I will be waiting for your answers and stories.
Pros and cons
- sociability, contact and almost dog devotion,
- love for other animals and children,
- ease of care - many bengals love to swim, unlike other breeds.
- high cost - even the cheapest pet-class kitten costs a decent amount,
- Bengal cats are also not the cheapest breed in content - you need premium food and lots of toys,
- hyperactivity of Bengal cats can be a problem in the absence of activities suitable for her in the house.
Bengal cat is a popular and expensive breed. These are beautiful, graceful animals that externally stand out among other cats in a rare color.
Description of the breed Bengal cat says that these animals love games, walks, move a lot. They have a sharp mind and can even be trained, so representatives of this breed can be seen among the participants of feline agility. Bengal cats will suit equally active and experienced cat owners.
Bengal distinguishes its master from other people, quickly and easily gets used to the family. He is not aggressive, unpretentious and loves children.
A nice characteristic of a Bengal cat: representatives of this breed are clean and, unlike other cats, like to splash in the water.
Bengals are regular participants and stars of exhibitions, favorites of experts and breeders. They regularly enter the tops of various ratings of the best and most beautiful cats.
The owner of a Bengal cat becomes the owner of a domestic leopard, possessing the grace and beauty of large feline predators, but at the same time completely safe for living together.
The final plus is the high life expectancy of a Bengal cat: this large pet can live in good health for 15 years.
Bengal cat origin story
In its present form, the breed owes to the American felinologist Gene Mill. Almost alone, for many years she was engaged in the selection and improvement of Bengal cats.
It all began in 1961, when Jin, while in Bangkok, saw the sale of wild Bengal cats. Wild bengals themselves were hunted and destroyed for the sake of a beautiful skin. Gene bought one kitten, named it Malaysia, and brought it to the United States. Although the wild cat grew up at home, she was incredulous, non-contact, preferred loneliness, but she did not show any aggression to people.
At the call of nature, a grown-up cat accepted the courtship of a black domestic cat Jin. As a result of this union, a female kitten was born with the color of a wild Bengal cat, nicknamed Kin-Kin. Two kittens were born to Kin-Kin from inbreeding with his father, one of whom died tragically, and the second did not inherit the color. Hybrid breeding experiments were interrupted by the death of Kin-Kin from pneumonia. Malaysia was sent to the zoo.
Breeding of the new breed resumed after only 15 years. Gene learned about scientific experiments in the laboratory of the University of California, which resulted in the offspring of domestic and wild leopard cats. The head of the experiment, Willard Centerwall, gave Gene Mill 9 females of the first hybrid generation. These cats became the founders of a new breed of domestic Bengal cats.
Until 1982, Jean knitted cats with cats of breeds Burma and Mau. In 1982, at the zoo in India, Jin acquired a wild golden kitten and brought it to the United States. A kitten named Delhi was registered with the Cat Lovers Association as an experimental Mau. In mating, Delhi stably transmitted to the offspring the radiance of wool, which was fixed in a breed called glitter, and in 1983 Jin registered the first kitten of the new breed in TICA. But most cats of the first generations suffered from infertility, so Jin used to breed wild bengals.
A large number of Mau and Ocicat breeders reacted negatively to Mill's breeding activity due to unwillingness to compete and incest with wild cats. As a result of such opposition, bengals have not been recognized by the Association of Cat Lovers in the USA for a long time, although since 1985 they have triumphantly presented at exhibitions, winning the hearts of visitors and experts.
Over the next 20 years, Gene Mill continued her bridging activities, bringing in the blood of several more wild bengals and creating several breeding lines for the breed.