Yorkshire Terrier - a companion dog from God. Its size, funny appearance, long silky hair, small ears and lively look immediately attract the attention of others. But above all, this is a very smart dog.
The Yorkshire Terrier has everything: temperament, fortitude, a lot of tenderness. He is always cheerful and ready to follow his master, adapting to any situation. With children, the Yorkshire Terrier is a great companion for games, the elderly have a calm friend, he is a tireless companion for lovers of long walks. He is a charming family member whom everyone adores. Even the Yorkshire Terrier gets along easily with other pets.
Documents and scientific work on the origin of the Yorkshire Terrier breed are very rare. Perhaps this explains many legends and theories about the emergence of this amazing breed. One thing is clear to his ancestors were the ancient hunting terriers - the Pied Piper.
Information about ancient primitive terriers is in the writings of the Latin-speaking writer Appier (II century BC), where the author describes a small terrier-like dog "Agasse", which is of island origin. More reliable are the manuscripts of Pliny the Elder (23-77), a Roman naturalist who described small dogs fearlessly chasing their prey underground, and which the Romans found in many when landing on the British Isles. Most researchers are inclined to believe that the terrier with its small size, solid character, powerful jaws and beautiful teeth is typically a British invention. And sailors played a big role in the distribution of rocks around the world.
So in France, during the time of King Dagober (630), a law was passed according to which the most severe punishment awaited the man who killed the hunter dog underground. Apparently, the word terrier was first used by the Norman poet Gage de la Bigne in 1359. Later, in 1570, a book about dogs was published in Latin by the doctor-physician of the English Queen Elizabeth I Tudor, Dr. J. Cayus, a naturalist and professor at the University of Cambridge. In particular, he describes small dogs, covered with long silky hair, falling on the sides of the body and reaching the floor. He derives the origin of these dogs from terriers with whom the locals hunted badgers and foxes.
In the future, traces of the ancestors of the Yorkshire Terrier breed are also traced in the cynological literature of those distant times. So King James I Stewart in 1605 gave us a magnificent description of earthen dogs, or rather the dogs of his native Scotland, in which we are talking about terriers that are very reminiscent of the modern Yorkshire terrier. In 1773, Dr. Johnson, in travel notes, described an otter hunt with small long-haired terriers, very kind and attached to humans, but unusually angry with the beast. In 1837, Thomas Bell, in his book History of British Four-Legged, characterizes a variety of terriers, noting the size of the dogs, body proportions, elegance, color features and the presence of certain groups of unusually beautiful, silk, long hair.
The modern Yorkshire Terrier is a relatively young breed bred in the UK in the second half of the 19th century. This little dog did not need royal patronage, she literally paved her way for herself and took her rightful place in the hit parade of the most popular dogs in the world.
Amazingly, this aristocratic breed originated in the bowels of the urban industrial landscape and at first was used mainly for catching rats and in the mines of miners, which, however, is disputed by some authors. In one, all are unanimous - in the Yorkshire Terrier, the blood of small terriers of various breeds flows. In addition to extinct paisley and Clydesdale, extant by now, they have Sky-terriers, Dandy-Dimont-Terriers, Manchester Terriers and others in common. Some researchers find similarities in the general appearance of Yorkshire Terriers and Maltese, which was described by Aristotle in the 4th century BC. .e., but no one knows when and how this happened. Imagine a real terrier with a tiny little body in a magnificent shining evening dress. "In all likelihood, those who discovered the secret of obtaining such dogs kept it secret. After all, this was the way to direct enrichment. Unique dwarf specimens cost sometimes whole fortunes, and during the reign of Queen Victoria (XIX century) it was simply indecent to appear in the world without charming crumbs in her arms.
You should not think that people who created animal breeds and plant varieties were illiterate, because illiteracy implies ignorance in any area. The fact is that a person has not yet thought of using uniform pedigree books in cynology and in his activity was guided by narrowly practical interests. These people were children of their time, but what wealth the breeders of the past centuries left to all of us. The first clubs that united dog lovers appeared in the 18th century, but even then they didn’t keep any pedigree books, and at the top of their priorities were mainly hunting qualities. Therefore, there is not the slightest reason to discuss the exact origin of the Yorkshire Terrier, although the cynological literature and the epistolary heritage of those times give an idea of some specific producers who took part in the formation of the breed. But the real story of the Yorkshire Terrier begins in 1873 - the year of the organization of the English Kennel Club and the studbook of Great Britain. And only from this moment can we seriously speak about the study and development of the Yorkshire Terrier as an independent breed, in no way diminishing the dignity of dogs displayed in the group of miniature terriers in Birmingham in 1860 and then called scotch terriers and broken highreterriers.
1. Yorkshire Terriers were originally Pied Piper.
These little dogs trace their pedigree from several breeds of terriersincluding gluedesdal terriers, paisley terriers and waterside terrier (coastal terrier).
Scotland miners, weavers and businessmen used little killers to rid of rodents.
Because of their small size, they could penetrate small spaces and hunt rats. Yorkshire terriers were also used in the hunt to drive prey from their lair.
4. Initially, they were scotch terriers.
Before they appeared in England they were called scotch terriers. Change their name suggested the journalist Angus Sutherland (Angus Sutherland). He believed that, despite their Scottish origin, the breed improved and became better precisely in Yorkshire, England. People agreed, and in 1870 the name was changed.
5. In the success of the breed, one dog especially needs to be thanked - Huddersfield Ben.
Many believe that the father of the breed is an early Yorkshire terrier named Huddersfield benborn in 1965. The dog was a champion in catching rats and strong rival at various dog shows. He won over 70 awards.
Despite the fact that the dog was quite heavy (about 5 kg), its descendants were not very large, their weight was about 2.3 kg. Ben lived only 6 years, but left behind an impressive offspring: most of the Yorks who speak at the shows today are Ben's distant relatives.
6. The first general practitioner dog was the Yorkshire Terrier.
When, during World War II, an American soldier, Bill Wynne, found in the trench of the Yorkshire Terrier, he named him Smoky and took him with him. Together they visited New Guinea, and soon Smokey began to help the soldier in his work.
Thanks to her loyalty to the master and obedience, as well as her small size, Smokey could wade through narrow pipes and communication wires under the Japanese airfield.
Without her help, soldiers would have to dig trenches and is under constant shelling by enemy forces.
Smokey also worked in hospitals as general practitioner dogs for wounded soldiers. After the war, she began to play some roles in Hollywoodas well as appearing on various television shows.
When Smokey passed away, a monument was erected in memory of her in Cleveland, Ohio.
7. Yorkshire Terrier was used to breed a new breed - Yorkshire Terrier Biver.
In 1984, a small Yorkshire Terrier named Schneeflocken von Friedheck was born. Its features were spots of blue, white and golden colors. Werner and Gertrude Bivera (Werner Biewer, Gertrud Biewer), who were involved in dog breeding, decided to use this feature to breed a new breed of dog.
They managed to create a new breed of dog, which was named Beaver yorkshire terrier.
8. They make funny sounds (reverse sneezing).
The sounds that the Yorkshire Terrier makes are called reverse sneezing. Instead of "pushing" the air out of the nose, as people do while sneezing, the dogs begin a series of sharp convulsive breaths, which is accompanied by a kind of grunt.
And although some dog owners are afraid of such a reaction, reverse sneezing is not dangerous and passes after a few minutes. This is usually due to irritants such as pollen, dust, cleaning products and perfumes.
12. A bold dog.
On average, the Yorkshire Terrier weighs about 3 kg, but they themselves do not know about it, and therefore they are not afraid of larger animals.
Once a small dog of this breed rescued an elderly woman from a larger dog from the Akita breed. Opponent was 8 times heavier, but lost, and after the battle the Yorkshire Terrier got 9 stitches.
In August 2015, the owner of the Yorkshire Terrier took to the street early in the morning, even before the dawn of the Sun. At this time, he was digging in his trash can bearwho, having seen a man, attacked him. While the man struggled with 100 kg beasthis dog ran up and bit the bear on the heel. Thus, she distracted the beast and the man (and then the dog) were able to escape.
14. Very hairy dogs or a haircut of the Yorkshire Terrier.
The hair of these dogs, as well as the hair of people, is constantly growing, which means that the owners should regularly cut their pets.
Despite the fact that dogs of this breed have long hair at shows, in ordinary life, owners try to cut their dogs short so that they are comfortable runningand they did not stumble.