About animals

Basic rules for caring for an abyssinian cat


Caring for the smooth and short hair of an Abyssinian cat is quite simple. It is enough to comb the abyssinians once a week. For this procedure, a brush made of natural bristles, without sharp elements, so as not to injure delicate skin, is perfect. During intense molting, a special rubber glove or brush with rubber bristles will become a good helper.

Bathing and claws.

Bathing is not required for Abyssinians. But some Abyssinians like to splash around in their warm water with their toys, do not deprive them of such pleasure. In the summer, bathing should occur more often to wash off dust and excess sebum from the surface.

The procedure is carried out in a sink or basin. For swimming, you must use a special shampoo designed specifically for cats. Try to gently hold the animal by the paws. Before bathing, it is best to trim the cat's claws. The procedure is carried out 1 time in 2 weeks with special scissors for claws.

Try to choose when Abyssinian cats are at rest. Grasp the animal’s foot in your hands and gently press the pad to access the claws. Carefully cut off the curved transparent tip of the claw without touching the living tissue. If during this procedure you accidentally touch the skin and blood appears on the claw, then it is necessary to treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide or other disinfectant.

But it should be borne in mind that clipping a claw will not save the abyssine from the natural instinct of sharpening claws. To avoid problems with damage to furniture, it is advisable to purchase a special scratching post.

Toilet for Abyssinians.

Abyssinian cats quickly learn to use a cat litter with a natural filler. They are clean enough and demanding to maintain order in their "restroom". Of the fillers, wood sawdust and granules are considered the most convenient and economical.

Keeping your cat's toilet clean and daily cleaning ensures that it is free from odors and is clean.

Eating Abyssinian cats.

It is necessary to observe the alternation of dry and natural food. Dry food must be of high quality and balanced. From natural
components in the food of the Abyssinian must necessarily contain fermented milk products and meat (boiled beef and chicken). It is recommended to feed the pet with sour-milk products (cottage cheese, sour cream, kefir) only in the morning. Boiled sea fish should be given only once a week.

Be sure to add chicken eggs, fruits and vegetables to the food of the Abyssinian cat. There should always be a bowl of water in the public domain.

It is strictly forbidden to feed the following products:

  • river fish
  • pork
  • milk
  • raw meat
  • sweet
  • spices
  • fried foods.

When choosing bowls, preference should be given to not deep options made of ceramics or steel: they are easy to wash and do not scratch, unlike plastic ones. It is better to choose the size of the dishes medium, diameter not less than 10 cm, so that it is convenient for the pet to eat. Water bowls should be of a similar pattern, with a heavy bottom. This will not allow the cat to take a walk and overturn its food accessories.

Grooming (hair care)

Caring for the hair of an Abyssinian cat requires minimal effort. It is enough periodically (but not more often than once a week) to comb the cat with a metal comb with frequent teeth.

Many Abyssinian cats love being bathed, so this should not be a problem for you. Before bathing, it is advisable to cut the claws of the cat. Instead of washing the cat in the shower, you should do it in the pool or basin, holding it by the paws and sometimes changing the water. It is necessary to use a special shampoo (without conditioner), and then thoroughly rinse the foam, rinsing the cat in clean water at least three times. Bathing also helps to quickly get rid of old hair during molting in a cat.

Claw cutting

All cats love to sharpen their claws. To avoid torn furniture in the house, it is advisable to purchase a special scratching post in the pet store. Every two weeks, it is necessary to cut the cat's claws with special scissors. This should be done when the cat is calm. Grasp the cat’s paw and gently press on the soft pad so that the cat releases its claws. Cut the claws one at a time, being careful not to touch living tissue. If you accidentally injure a cat and blood appears on your claws, be sure to treat this place with cotton wool moistened with hydrogen peroxide or another disinfectant.

Abyssinian cat is very easy to train to use the toilet. They are very clean and demanding in their toilet. According to experience, the most convenient and easy to use are wooden fillers in the form of granules. Cleaning your cat’s toilet daily ensures that your home is clean and odorless.

Ear and eye care

Check your cat’s ears periodically and if you notice dark clusters there, remove them with a tampon (ear sticks) and, if necessary, grease them with liquid paraffin.

The eyes of cats should be cleaned regularly. If the cat has a large number of secretions near the eyes and this happens constantly, then you need to contact the veterinarian, because in a healthy cat, the presence of such secretions is minimal.

Teeth cleaning

Do not be surprised - cats, like people, need to brush their teeth to avoid the appearance of stones, caries and other problems that can lead to more serious problems and tooth loss. Of course, this will not work out every day, but this must be done at least once every two weeks as a preventative measure.

A cat needs to be accustomed to this procedure from childhood, starting from 3-4 months. It is recommended to use a soft children's toothbrush and tooth powder or special toothpaste for animals that does not need to be washed off. Place the cat with its back to you, with one finger open its mouth, and with the other, make movements from the gums to the edges of the teeth to remove plaque.

Caring for Abyssinian cats is not complicated and usually does not cause problems for the owners of these cats. One of the main things that you should remember is to take vaccinations and deworm in time (remove worms). When walking, do not leave the cat unattended, this can lead to irreparable consequences.

If you follow these simple rules, your cat will live a long and happy life and will give you all his love, caressing your heart with his “Meow”.

Characteristics of the breed

The sizes of adults are:

How much does an Abyssinian kitten cost:

  1. Show class: from $ 700.
  2. Bridging class: from $ 500.
  3. Pet class: from $ 200.
  4. Without documents: up to $ 150.

How many live: 12-15 years.

What you need to buy to care for an Abyssinian cat?

Since the Abyssinian breed is short-haired, to care for a cat you will need to purchase:
- a brush with natural bristles (the simplest from 150 rubles),
- shampoo for shorthair cat breeds (without conditioner from 60 rubles),
- eye care lotion and ear cleaner
- claw cutter (from 150 rubles).
- a toothbrush and toothpaste for animals (all together from 120 rubles).

Caring for exhibition animals will naturally cost more. A trip to the zoo can “fly a pretty penny” - from 1,500 rubles per visit.

Abyssinian cat Abylife`s Rum Tum Tugger from the cattery "Sunrise"

Do I need to attend pet shops, and how much does it cost?

For cats not participating in exhibitions, a visit to the pet salon is not necessary, unless, of course, you yourself are too lazy to care for the cat. But in this case, why then did you even buy a kitten? For exhibition animals, especially before the exhibition, a visit to the pet salon is advisable. The cost of preparing a cat for the exhibition varies and depends on the "neglect" of the pet. If there are tangles (although shorthair cats are rare, then the price of services increases). A full range of services, including washing, combing, cutting nails, cleaning eyes, ears and teeth will cost at least 1,500 rubles, but usually higher.

Does an Abyssinian need to brush his teeth?

It is necessary, since Abyssinian cats are predisposed to gingivitis (gum disease). A kitten is taught to brush their teeth after changing milk teeth to permanent ones. To do this, use a special toothpaste (gel) and brush, repeating brushing once every 2 weeks. Once a week it is necessary to examine the cat’s mouth: whether there are swollen or swollen gums, redness, wounds.

How to care for the claws of an Abyssinian cat?

If the cat has a claw point and she actively uses it, then care for her claws will be minimal. Once every 10-14 days, excessively overgrown claws are trimmed with a special clipper (secateurs). Conventional scissors are not suitable for this procedure. Before clipping, carefully examine the paws, pads, between the fingers. Look for swelling, wet places, or various inflammations. If everything is in order, then you can start the procedure. Only sharp transparent tips of the claws are cut off, trying not to touch the living tissue and blood vessels. There is a rule: better less than more. Due to incorrectly trimmed claws, cats begin to limp, and an excessively cut claw can bleed for a long time. You can stop blood at home by sprinkling food gelatin on the wound. Chlorhexidine or Vetericyn is used as a disinfectant.

How to care for the teeth of an Abyssinian cat?

Animals, like humans, suffer from diseases of the teeth and gums. And since the Abyssinian breed is predisposed to such diseases, brushing is an essential part of caring for this cat. To this procedure, the kitten is taught immediately after the change of teeth.

To brush your teeth, use a soft children's toothbrush or a special cat brush. Pet shops sell special toothpastes and powders for animals with a wide variety of smells and tastes. Such pastes do not need to be washed off with water. They brush their teeth with vertical, “sweeping” movements from the gums to the edge of the teeth.

Additionally, you can give Abyssinian cats goodies for brushing your teeth, which help keep your teeth and gums healthy.

Abyssinian cat from the cattery "Sunrise"

How to care for the ears of an Abyssinian cat?

During a daily examination of the cat, do not forget about her ears. They must be inspected and cleaned if dirt or sulfur has accumulated in them. Cleaning your ears too often is not recommended, but only as needed. To do this, use a cotton pad soaked in a special lotion or liquid paraffin. Some foreign breeders offer instead of lotions and oils to clean their ears with a solution of apple cider vinegar and water in a 1: 1 ratio.

How and how to wash an Abyssinian cat?

Usually cats are washed before the show or when they get very dirty. It is recommended to bathe cats during molting to speed up its process. Frequent bathing with soap or shampoo is not good for cats.

Since Abyssinian cats are very fond of swimming, it is necessary to ensure that the water is not too chlorinated, since bleach strongly dries the skin of animals.

Cats are washed with warm water in a basin or bath, using a special shampoo for shorthair cats without conditioner. A rubber rug is placed at the bottom so that the paws of the Abyssinian do not slip. The auditory passages of the animal are covered with large pieces of cotton wool so that water does not get into them. After soaping the shampoo, the foam is thoroughly washed off by rinsing the cat at least three times in clean water.

Is it difficult to prepare an Abyssinian cat for an exhibition?

If the cat participates in the exhibition, then two or three days before it, the animal must be washed with a special (professional) shampoo, and then comb out the dried hair. Do not forget to cut your claws, brush your teeth and ears. If this is the first time you are traveling with a cat to the exhibition, you can give sedative drops “Cat Bayun” (drops of cumulative effect, so they begin to give them to the cat 3-7 days before the exhibition).

Character, features of behavior

Abyssinian cats have a balanced character, these are real intellectuals. Do not scratch, with proper education will not sharpen claws on furniture and carpets. Active, almost always in motion. They infect you with positive, but they are very delicate.

They like to play, they are happy to chase ping-pong balls, bottle caps. Other toys can take pets: mice, teasers, spring pendants. It is highly recommended for a cat to arrange a play area with multi-level structures, which include horizontal platforms installed at different heights. Another feature of behavior: Abyssinians love to swim, play with water.

Relation to the owner, children, strangers

Abyssinian cats are great with all members of the family and find an approach to everyone. Like dogs, they choose one owner to which they become very attached. They require attention to their person, can not stand loneliness. They are friendly, sociable, tend to participate in all household activities, but try not to cause irritation. Very affectionate, they like to be stroked, but you can’t squeeze these cats. May show tenderness: hug the owner with the paws of the neck. Very sensitive to human mood.

They are rather timid with strangers; they can be shy in public. In relation to young children, the behavior of the Abyssinians can be called delicate. If the child pulls the cat by the tail, it will never use its claws, but simply step aside. The Abyssinian will gladly take part in games with children of primary and senior school age, if they do not treat her too familiarly.

Health, disease addiction

Abyssinians differ in fairly good health, however, there are problems of hereditary diseases:

  1. Progressive retinal atrophy. Manifested by progressive degeneration of photoreceptors. The disease is incurable and results in loss of vision.
  2. Renal amyloidosis. The reason is the accumulation of amyloid protein in the kidneys and other organs of the body. The disease leads to kidney failure.
  3. Deficiency of pyruvate kinase (an enzyme found in red blood cells) that causes anemia.

As a rule, these pathologies are manifested in elderly animals.

Often there is hyperesthesia syndrome, which is neurological in nature. Pathology is expressed in the fact that the cat intensively cares for itself. The consequence is the loss of hair. Other diseases specific to the breed:

  • dislocation of the patella
  • hip dysplasia,
  • gingivitis (gum disease).


Abyssinians can be kept in the conditions of urban apartments and country houses. Since the animal’s hair is short and the undercoat is light, it is necessary that the premises be warm (temperature not less than 23 ° C).

The nature of the Abyssinian cat is such that they love height, so the pet will like the house on a high leg, which serves as a claw-point. Since the representatives of the breed are very playful, it is recommended to buy or make special climbing walls. Do not allow the cat to sit on the radiators, it can burn its legs.

If you plan to go to the country, for a month you need to give your pet an injection of the vaccine against depriving Wakderm. You can let out walks only under supervision. Better buy a harness. Keep the cat out of the direct sunlight for too long.

Abyssinians are cleanliness, therefore demanding on the cleanliness of the toilet. Suitable wood filler in the form of granules, it absorbs moisture perfectly. It is recommended that you purchase a tray with a mesh fixed on top. The best option would be a closed toilet. This will prevent the spread of the filler, because the representatives of the breed like to recklessly bury their "affairs".

Hair care

Combing with a brush from natural bristles or a metal comb with frequent teeth - 1 time per week. During molting, comb the cat more often using a special rubber glove. To make the fur shine, you can iron it with a silk or suede fabric.

Exhibition animals are bathed before each event, the rest is enough to wash once every 1-2 months or only during molting.

How to wash the abyssine:

  1. Degrease the coat using special tools. To do this, apply a degreasing paste to dry wool, paying attention to the areas behind the ears, in the armpits, at the tail.
  2. After 4 minutes rinse the paste with warm water.
  3. Then it is necessary to neutralize the degreaser. Apply a special product to dampened wool, rub until foam is formed.
  4. After 5-7 minutes, rinse with warm water.
  5. Apply shampoo to shorthair for cats. You can use tinting agents. Rinse the shampoo thoroughly, rinsing the coat with clean water at least 3 times.
  6. If the pet is not participating in the exhibition, you can use air conditioning. Leave it on for 5 minutes, then rinse.

To make the hair of an exhibition animal look better, it is recommended to use special sprays instead of air conditioning. They are applied only to dry coat.

The abyssine can be dried without using a hair dryer, just wipe it with a towel. For shine, use a product called liquid silk. Put it on your hands (2-3 drops are enough.) And swipe the pet’s hair. If it’s not possible to bathe a cat, use degreasing wipes. Rub the hair for 5-7 minutes, after that you can use other means: shine, texture, etc.

The choice of a kitten, care, maintenance, education

A thoroughbred Abyssinian kitten can be bought at the nursery or from private breeders. In the first case, all the necessary documents will be provided, in the future there is the possibility of obtaining advice, but the cost of the animal will be higher. When buying a kitten, pay attention to:

  • behavior (the baby should be playful, sociable, affectionate),
  • hair (should be shiny, pleasant to the touch),
  • eyes, ears (no discharge),
  • tummy (should be soft).

According to the standard, thoroughbred animals in the color should not have:

  • bands on the tail, legs,
  • closed "necklace"
  • ghostly drawing
  • white medallion.

  • no eyelid trim
  • too light undercoat,
  • few ticking lanes.


Prepare the premises for the appearance of a new tenant. Remove small objects, medicines, household chemicals, and hide wires in inaccessible places. The Abyssinians are very curious and will long explore the territory. Close the gaps between the furniture and the walls. There should be nets on the windows.

Remove from the apartment plants harmful to the feline: azalea, wisteria, crocus, ivy. Some are fatal, for example, cyclamen, hydrangea. So that the kitten does not spoil indoor flowers, it is recommended to specially plant a plant called "catnip" or grass (seeds are sold in pet stores). You can place all the plants in the room, which will be closed from the pet. Alternatively, line the windowsill with foil. Cats do not like to walk on it.

Get for a kitten:

  • carrying (preferably rigid plastic with a lockable door),
  • house or bed for sleeping,
  • bowls (it is recommended to buy ceramic) - under water and under food,
  • tray, filler,
  • toys
  • scratching post
  • soft brush
  • a metal comb with frequent teeth,
  • shampoo and other hair care products,
  • clipper
  • toothbrush and toothpaste
  • special wet wipes.

In the early days, keep the kitten in the same room where you want to place: a house or a bed, a toilet, bowls, toys. For sleep, you can give him a place higher. It is impossible that the windows, doors of the balcony were open. It is not recommended to leave fragile objects on the bedside tables. It’s better to put things in the closet. Always close the doors of the oven, washing machine, refrigerator.

Includes changing the filler in the tray. It must be changed as often as possible. It will be good if the breeder gives out a bag of used filler. This will help to quickly train a kitten to a new toilet.

Once a week, comb the baby with a soft brush. Ears, eyes should be cleaned as they get dirty using wet wipes. Food bowls must be kept clean and washed after each feeding (if the food is natural). If dry food is chosen for food, water and food plates should be washed every day.


Respect is important to Abyssinians. You can’t shout, beat, poke his nose with a nose, otherwise the animal will be shy and can even become aggressive. As an effect, use: a strict voice, a newspaper, a spray with water, clap your hands. Educational measures should be applied only if the pet is caught at the crime scene, otherwise he will not understand why he was punished. Immediately stop attempts:

  • climb on the stove, on the table,
  • bite,
  • to jump from above
  • climb the master.

You need to start education from 2-7 months. The best form of activity is the game. Take care of the kitten more often. It is not recommended to choose time for classes immediately after feeding, as well as early morning or late evening. Encourage proper behavior by affection, dainty. An important advantage of an Abyssinian cat is its good learning ability. It can be taught:

  1. Respond to the name.
  2. Behave calmly.
  3. Walk on the harness.
  4. Drive calmly with the owner in the car.
  5. Perform simple commands: “paw”, “sit”, “bring”, etc.

Loneliness and idleness adversely affect the development of the pet. It is recommended to play with him several times a day. In order for the kitten to sleep peacefully at night, 10-15 minute games are recommended before bedtime.

Toilet training

Abyssinian can be taught to go to the toilet. The process will take approximately 2-3 weeks.

  1. Place the tray next to the toilet. The door to the toilet should always be ajar.
  2. After 2-3 days, the pet will get used to relieve the need for a new room. An important point: from the first day of training, gradually reduce the amount of filler in the tray.
  3. Place magazines / newspapers under the tray. In 10 days the height of the structure should be at the level of the toilet. So the cat will get used to jumping into the tray. If the animal ignores its toilet, it is necessary to remove several newspapers, reducing the height, and then increase it again.
  4. Over the next 2-3 days, when the tray will be at the level of the toilet bowl, the pet will get used to the look of the toilet seat. It is important that the design is stable. If the cat falls, the venture may be doomed to failure. Do not flush when the pet is nearby.
  5. Place a tray on the toilet, secure with tape. Reduce the height of the stand little by little, but you don’t need to remove it completely.
  6. Make the tray less accessible to the animal. To do this, you can fix the tape ("cross to cross"). It is important that there is a space between the tray and the toilet where the cat should relieve itself when it realizes that it is impossible to get into its toilet. It is better to control the animal at this time.
  7. After a few days, remove the tray. Subsequently, the toilet lid must always be kept open.

Important! Only a grown up animal can be accustomed to the toilet, a small kitten can fall there and drown. It should be borne in mind that accustoming to the toilet increases the likelihood of injuries, especially in elderly pets. Difficulties will be experienced by cats with sore joints.

Try to feed the abyssine at the same time. You can choose any type of feeding: industrial feed or natural food.

Finished feed

When choosing ready-made rations, consider the following factors:

  • age,
  • physical state,
  • the need for special nutrition,
  • the presence of allergic reactions.

Before reaching the age of 1 year they give food for kittens. Then the pet is transferred to adult nutrition, for this purpose, portions of one are gradually reduced and the amount of the other diet is increased. As a treat, you can additionally give a paste (souffle), meat in jelly.

If the pet burps food, get a special feed. It is produced in the form of granules, which the cat must first crack. As a result, she chews food more carefully.

With this type of food, the pet should drink at least 120-150 ml of liquid per day. The water bowl should be quite heavy and wide so that the animal does not touch the mustache of its edges. It is recommended to change the water twice a day. Abyssinians do not really like to lap up water from a bowl, a cat can drink right from the tap. You can buy a special drinking fountain for her.

Natural diet

The main component of the abyssinian natural diet is meat. It is not necessary to heat-treat the product, it is enough to pre-freeze it in a freezer (at least 10 days). You can feed:

For an adult, at least 120-150 g of meat is needed per day, for a kitten - 30 g. You can feed the bird daily, beef and other meat - from 3 times a week.

  1. Offal (liver, heart). Pre-boil, give 2-3 times a week.
  2. Boiled sea fish, up to 2 times a week.
  3. Boiled or raw yolk, 2 times a week. Mix with porridge or dairy products.
  4. Vegetables (carrots, zucchini, cauliflower), boiled, raw. It can be given daily, in crushed form, mixed with porridge, meat.
  5. Sour-milk drinks (kefir, natural yogurt) can be given daily, and cottage cheese - 3-4 times a week.
  6. Cereals (all types, except for hercules), daily. Once a week, take a break in 1-2 days. Cook porridge, mix with meat or fish in a ratio of 2: 1.
  7. Greens - sprouted grains (sprouts), up to 2 times a week. Grind, add to feed.
  8. Shrimp, squid. Sometimes include in the diet instead of fish.
  9. Fruits, berries (apples, melon, watermelon, banana, etc.). Give according to the situation (if the pet likes the product).

Bioadditives are required, which are used according to the instructions on the package. It is recommended to purchase a special paste, which includes vegetable oil. The tool prevents the formation of lumps of wool in the stomach. This is especially true during molting.

  • pork,
  • bean
  • potatoes,
  • chicken bones, fish,
  • milk (after 3 months),
  • spices, salt,
  • sugar, sweet, chocolate.

WCF breed standard

1. Ruddy (wild). Shades of wool from peach-apricot to brick-brown. Ticks are stripes of black, orange-brown shades.

2. Blue. The color is gray-blue, the ticking is darker, the stomach is light cream.

3. Sorrel (red). Shades of wool from orange to terracotta. Ticking has the color of cinnamon.

4. Fawn (faun). Beige shade of wool, ticking dark beige.

1. Black silver (black silver).

2. Blue silver (blue silver).

3. Sorrel silver (silver sorrel).

4. Fawn silver (fawn silver).

TorsoMedium in size, muscular, flexible.
HeadIt has a wedge shape, the outlines are soft. The profile is slightly curved. The neck is slim.
The earsLarge, widely spaced. Desirable "brush".
EyesLarge, slightly almond-shaped, widely spaced. Hue - from orange to green. You need a stroke in ticking color.
LimbsSlender, long. The paws are narrow, oval in shape.
WoolGlossy, short, thick, but thin. There is a light undercoat.
Ticking (ticked color)Double or triple, on each hair. Evenly distributed throughout the body (no picture). There is no ticking on the chest, abdomen, inner side of the limbs. These parts of the body are painted in the background color. The “back strap” (a line along the spine), the soles of the hind legs, and the tip of the tail have a more intense ticking.
Abyssinian cat colorsWithout silver:
There are silver varieties of these colors (with white undercoat):

Historical reference

The breed appeared on the territory of today's Ethiopia more than 9 thousand years ago. From there, these cats went to Egypt and became domesticated. Representatives of the breed were brought to Europe on one of the ships of the British military expedition (in the 19th century). For the first time at the exhibition, the abyssinian appeared in 1871, taking 3rd place. The breed was officially recognized in 1882, in 1889 a standard was drawn up. In 1931, the first monobreed show was held, where 20 individuals were represented.

In 1970, the Abyssinians became known throughout the world. To date, the appearance of animals has changed somewhat: appearance has become more elegant, the skeleton is lighter, the ears are larger. In America, the breed is on the list of the most popular. The owners include many celebrities: Nicole Richie, Chloe Sevigny, David Bowie, Nicolas Cage. In Russia, the first abyssine appeared only in the 90s. The beginning of popularization was promoted by the article of the Moscow breeder N. Tyrdanova “The captivating spell of the Abyssinians”, published in the journal “Friend” (2002). However, these cats are still considered quite rare in the Russian Federation.