There are many types of thoroughbred cats, each of which has its own characteristics in appearance and behavior. The nature of the Siberian cat is noticeably different from the rest of the cat family. This breed is found at international exhibitions. It was formed almost naturally, but got a special appearance due to difficult climatic conditions. A description of the Siberian cat breed and character is presented in the article.
Before you get acquainted with the nature of the Siberian cat, you should learn about the history of the breed. These animals were first mentioned in the 16th century. But then they were called Bukhara cats. In the Volga region, this name is also used now. The remaining information appeared in the XVIII century. From this time it became known that these are representatives of large, fluffy, expensive cats that were brought to Russia along the Silk Road.
Information from where this animal came from in Siberia was not preserved. People with pets came to master the taiga from different parts of the world. According to one version, the birthplace of the cat is Bukhara. But the brought cats assimilated, were crossed with a forest and steppe cat, so the new offspring acquired a chic fur coat. Because of its wild ancestor, the animal has excellent stamina and strength.
Therefore, the nature and habits of Siberian cats are noticeably different from other species. This native breed is the pride of Russian felinologists. The independent nature of Siberian cats and their long hair are naturally occurring. Wild animals with a developed hunting instinct were always appreciated and brought to different countries for catching mice.
Breeders needed only to slightly improve the natural gene pool by crossbreeding with Oriental breeds and obtain a certificate. The breed was first introduced by the cat Roman in 1987. The story of the appearance of the breed is similar to the legends about Maine Coons and Norwegian forest cats. Now these pets are kept at home. With proper care, animals can become loyal friends.
Before you get such an animal, you should familiarize yourself with the description of the Siberian cat breed and character. He looks spectacular because of his muscular physique, powerful bone and fluffy coat. Animals are beautiful, large and kind.
Some are afraid of a possible allergy to Siberian cats and the difficulty of caring for animals because of their long hair.
A related breed of Siberian Shorthair came from the Siberian islands, which is easier to care for. Before getting an animal, it is necessary to conduct tests to identify a likely allergy and learn about the description and nature of Siberian cats.
Pros and cons
Siberian cats are large, they differ in intelligence and sociability. But the representatives of the breed have a complex character and temperament of the hunter. A luxurious fur coat needs frequent care. The advantages of the breed include:
- Mind, sociability and learning.
Of the shortcomings emit careful care for the coat. Still these animals are too active, independent, love to show character. Therefore, it is important to first assess the advantages and disadvantages, and then decide whether such an animal is suitable for a particular family.
You should familiarize yourself not only with the nature of the Siberian cat, but also with the breed standards. Features include the fact that this is a large, muscular animal with a powerful torso. His body is heavy, his neck is short, his lamps are compact. Between the legs are long tufts of wool.
The head of the cats is small, the cheekbones are low, the forehead is slightly extended forward. The nose of the animal is smooth, wide. The eyes are oval, slightly slanted. The ears are medium in size, slightly tilted forward. Cats have a wide and fluffy tail, which is evenly omitted.
These cats have a magnificent fur coat. Since they live in Siberia, they have found characteristic features. Long hair is the pride of the breed. Thanks to the thick undercoat, the animals are fluffy, able to withstand severe frosts. The cat captivates with its natural beauty and grace.
To get an animal, you should learn not only about the character of the Siberian cat. The colors of the breed are different. Breeders brought turtle color, tabby, smoky. Each color has its own characteristics.
Animals are monophonic - black, white, red. There are three-color colors, smoky, black tractor, gold and beige. Rare species are cats without spots and patterns. Black Siberian cats have a uniform color throughout the body, including on the nose. Kittens appear with a fur coat of brown or gray color, which turns black after molting. In the sun, wool can burn out and find a red tone.
Siberian blue cat can have any shade, but without splashes. The color of the nose and paw pads is gray-blue. The white color is similar to an Angora cat. Her eyes are copper, blue or orange.
Black and white cat is of two types - harlequin and bath. Gray can have a chinchilla and smoky color. The color of the animal is striped and marble. Whatever the shade of the coat, proper care and quality maintenance of pets is necessary.
What are the habits and character of the Siberian cat? He is a leader by nature, therefore, does not recognize other animals in the house. The pet will be faithful and allocates one person in the family as a master. According to the owners, the character of the Siberian cat is good-natured, loyal and tactful. He is curious, prefers to attract attention and require communication. By their nature, black Siberian cats are hunters. Therefore, when living in an apartment they should have toys and various entertainments.
Judging by the available photos and character, the Siberian cat loves to play. For this, paper, balls and other rustling objects can be used. The features of the character of the Siberian cat breed include their love of water. They can sit in the bathroom and throw or catch toys.
The nature of the Siberian blue cat includes their lively mind and quick memorization of their nickname. If you also have a dog, then this will not frighten the Siberian. But the rest of the cats will be rivals. These animals like to watch people, especially being at their best. According to reviews, the nature of Siberian cats is responsive. They become attached to the person, become faithful friends. Cats feel the attitude of people.
Above are all the features of the character of the Siberian cat. Tips for maintenance and care should also be known if you want to have this pet. The animal copes well with grooming on its own. Additional combing of long-haired pets will be required within 10 days during molting. Then enough once or twice a week.
We need metal scallops with frequent and rare denticles, a furminator for high-quality combing. When cats molt, a slicker is used. Care consists of daily walks, carried out even in the cold season. It is easy to train a Siberian from a toilet on the street and at home.
So that the coat is not dull, you should limit walking in the sun. If the cat is contaminated, it must be washed, because it is not afraid of water. Smooth representatives are rare. They have long fur, double undercoat, so special shampoo is used.
It is necessary to clean your ears and watch your teeth, avoiding the formation of tartar. It is not necessary to cut the nails; you need to purchase a large claw-tip and show it to your pet. In good conditions, cats live up to 20 years. You should arrange for the animal a place for games and a house for relaxation. This content provides comfort to the pet.
Bathing cats that do not leave the house is necessary no more than once a year. An animal that is taken for a walk should be bathed once a quarter. Cotton swabs are placed in the ears to prevent water from entering. A non-slip rug or towel is placed at the bottom of the container. For washing, apply conditioner shampoos, which are used for long-haired cats. After bathing, the wool is dried with a towel or hair dryer.
The eyes of the pet should be wiped with cotton swabs or a clean cloth with the formation of secretions. Ears are examined regularly. If you need to clean sulfur and dirt, you need cotton swabs moistened with a special lotion. To clean the teeth, mouth from plaque, use toothpastes. Periodically, prophylactic treats are required. Clipping of the claws is almost not required, so a standard claw-point is needed. Thanks to quality hygiene, the animal will always be satisfied.
The pet prefers a variety of foods, so it will not be difficult to feed him. It is important that the diet contains the right proteins and vitamins. It is especially important to control the feeding of kittens up to 3 months. Food should be of high quality and served 6 times a day.
Feed must be purchased from trusted manufacturers, such as Royal Canin. The diet should include dry feed and canned food, natural food. The cat should eat lean meats - beef, chicken, rabbit, turkey. Also required fish, seafood, eggs, kefir, cottage cheese.
It is necessary to feed the animal in sufficient quantities. It is important that it does not overeat and does not eat fatty, sweet, spicy foods. Different vegetables are suitable - zucchini, carrots, potatoes. They can be served separately or added to meat, porridge. There must be a container with drinking water.
Animals have good health and excellent stamina, but are prone to obesity. Sometimes it happens that once a pet refuses food from the table, they overfeed it or give it very greasy food. This can not be done to maintain the health of the pet.
The change of teeth in a cat occurs in 3-4 months. During this period, gum irritation occurs and stomatitis may appear. When walking, the cat is able to pick up parasites, so you need to regularly process it. With the help of prevention and vaccination, many problems can be avoided.
Usually up to nine cubs are born. The reproductive period lasts up to 18 years. At birth, the kitten weighs about 100 g. In two months it is 2-3 kg, and in 5-6 months - 4-6 kg.
By the year the pet can gain 5-7 kg. Adults weigh up to 12 kg. The size and weight of kittens is greater than the cubs of an ordinary cat. Weight is determined by nutrition. Each cub is individual and develops at its own pace.
Siberian cats have stable and well-developed muscles - they can survive even in harsh conditions. They are very active. Outdoor games rarely bring consequences, as animals are neat and dexterous. Therefore, in most cases, valuables are not broken. Because of the wild nature and Siberian roots, free movement and space are needed, therefore, in addition to home games, the cat needs to be walked 1-2 times a week.
Pets love to look at the water and dabble in it, like to learn something new and do it easily. The owners can train their mind, set new tasks. A reward system should be used. Siberian cat breed - excellent guards who respond to rustling and perfectly protect their territory.
Life expectancy depends on various factors. This is affected by heredity. Since the ancestor of the Siberians was the Bukhara breed, animals will have strong immunity. Pets are also hardy and resistant to diseases. On average, a cat lives 15-17 years, but sometimes there are centenarians - more than 20 years.
It is necessary to consult a veterinarian in a timely manner, and not to self-medicate. It is still important to monitor his behavior. If the active animal suddenly does not want to play or eat, then you should contact a veterinary clinic.
Pointing and mating
Siberian cats have a stable psyche, they are leisurely. Therefore, it is difficult to identify the exact period of pregnancy. Signs of this condition include drowsiness, toxicosis. During pregnancy, the cat's nipples enlarge for about a month, and then the abdomen is rounded.
You can not count the kittens inside the womb, feeling the stomach. This can injure the cubs. It is advisable to perform an ultrasound. Before giving birth, for several days the cat is looking for a maternity ward. She fusses, looking for something warm.
It is advisable to put a box with a blanket. Childbirth occurs on 64-72 days of pregnancy. Breeders can accurately tell the kittens birth date. If you want to buy a healthy cat, it is advisable to contact specialists. Siberian cats are wonderful parents and usually do not require the help of people.
Before you get a kitten, you must purchase the necessary things. For a baby, the presence of:
- clean bowls
- toys for kittens.
You need to ask what the kitten ate in the nursery. In one week, you need to gradually add new food to the menu. You should also buy a tray similar to the one in the old house. Before vaccination, the kitten does not need to be let out.
A well-known mestizo is considered to be the Neva Masquerade - a Siberian with a Siamese coloring. This is a beautiful beast with thick fur. These cats are loved for their original appearance and serious nature.
There is also a cross between a Siberian and a lop-eared breed. Pets are original in that the type has hanging ears and facial features of a Scottish cat, and the hair came from the Siberian one.
There are Persian mestizos. Due to the fact that Siberian cats are similar to Persians with a thick collar and panties, these breeds are not related. Often, unscrupulous breeders interbreed a popular Persian breed with a Siberian one to obtain mass offspring similar to Siberians.
- These animals grow up for a long time. Full maturation occurs only at the age of five.
- Wool protects them not only from the cold, but also from rain, which is considered a feature of animals
- The breed occurred in 6-10 years, which is very fast unlike other breeds.
- Siberians are not afraid of the noise of the street, barking dogs. They are fearless.
Choosing a kitten
Kittens can break away from their mother by three months. By this period, they show all the features and you can choose an animal. At the same time, you can give your pet a suitable nickname.
The Siberian kitten is distinguished from the rest of the breeds by their large appearance, powerful paws, and a huge fluffy tail, narrowed to the tip. Other features include the presence of a lush collar and panties. Kittens come into maturity by the age of five, they mature for a long time.
In the nursery, you can choose a suitable kitten by color. The price is 10-30 thousand rubles. The cost depends on the impeccability of the pedigree. It is important to pick a nickname. Girls should be called so that the nickname reflects the resemblance to forest cats - Monif, Saner, Xena or Russian - Murka, Thekla, Stesha. There may still be nicknames not related to the breed - Josephine, Yasmina, Leila.
The cat can be called Imperial, Ivan, Eugene, Yasha. When choosing a kitten, it is important to consider the cleanliness of the mother. On the fur coat there may be spots that are eliminated after molting, and the color will be uniform.
Thus, Siberian cats are special animals. They get used to home conditions, both to a private house and to an apartment. The main thing is that a suitable environment is created for them and quality care is carried out.
Claw and ear care.
The cat will take care of the "beauty of the claws" herself, but the owners need to purchase a special fingernail so that the pet does not sharpen its nails on upholstered furniture. Ear cleaning is akin to combing, and should be instilled since childhood. An adult animal is poorly accustomed to hygienic procedures, therefore, it is necessary to start such education almost after the birth of a Siberian kitten, and the frequency of water procedures should be at least 1 time every six months. Ear wax and dirt can be easily removed with a cotton swab soaked in liquid paraffin. Preventive examinations at the veterinarian with a frequency of once every six months will not be superfluous. If you have any questions about caring for a Siberian kitten or adult animals, contact the specialists of the Tale of Siberia cattery
Siberian cat food.
Siberian cats do not need any delicacies, because they are not too picky in food, although they won’t eat anything horrible either. The owners need to make sure that the diet is complete, because these animals are quite active and require a full set of nutrients that can support their livelihoods. Of course, it is appropriate to give your pets all kinds of ready-made feed, but only high-quality ones. In general, the “Siberians” are predators. Consequently, they adore meat and fish. To maintain activity, it is strongly recommended to enrich their diet with meat products of natural origin:
Chopped beef and lamb.
But the fish should be boiled and boneless.
Siberian cats character
Siberian cats are very similar in behavior to dogs, they get used to only one owner, isolating him, try to follow him all the time. But this does not mean that they neglect others. They relate to the rest of the family evenly and calmly, allow themselves to be loved, children are very patient, absolutely not aggressive and not vindictive. Of course, every child can “go too far” and even the most peaceful creature will be required to apply a protective reaction.
They can make friends with other animals, but sometimes confrontation can also arise, especially in relations with dogs.
These cats are not at all afraid of strangers, but they are very wary of them. Siberians are proud, independent and silent.
They quickly remember and respond to their name, playful, cheerful.
Care and Feeding
When buying a kitten, you need to ask the owner what they fed the baby after birth and at first the diet should be familiar, then gradually expand it.
- The cat needs its own dishes for food and water. Bowls should not be from the category of "human dishes", buy them at a pet store.
- Of the materials, plastic or stainless steel is preferable.
- You need to wash them separately from the dishes of the family.
- A kitten should always be given food in the same place.
- The frequency of feeding the kitten 6 times a day for the first 3 months, then up to 5 times. As the baby grows, there is no need for frequent feedings. It is quite enough for an adult animal to eat twice a day.
The assortment of meat foods is wide: all types of meat and poultry, with the exception of turkey and sea fish. Very useful and cottage cheese. You can give cereals with the addition of egg yolk or purchase ready-made milk formula in specialized pet stores recommended by veterinarians for artificial feeding of kittens.
You can’t feed a cat with economy class food! This can lead to serious illness!
At the moment, a variety of cat trays is presented: without a grid and with it. Trays in the form of pallets or closed houses. The tray should be put under the bedside table or in your bathroom, and the cat should always have access to it. If the kitten is already accustomed to a particular tray, then you need to use the same.
The litter box should be washed regularly and thoroughly. Hot soapy water and chlorine-based disinfectants are best suited for this.
Potent chemicals such as resorcinol and its derivatives, creosote, carbolic compounds pose a threat to cats and cannot be used to clean trays.
After using detergents, the tray must be thoroughly rinsed and dried.
Although the coat is long and thick enough, it is not difficult to take care of it because it is almost not confused.
Twice a week, you need to comb the cat with a massage brush and a comb. Shedding of Siberians in spring and autumn, in these seasons it is necessary to pay special attention to combing. Be careful, not every cat will take it calmly.
For combing you need:
- wide flat brush
- a brush with bristle hairs, preferably on a metal base,
- a metal comb with two different types of teeth: rarer and more frequent,
- a comb having spinning teeth made of metal.
You will also need: a special dusting powder for wool, an aerosol conditioner for restoring wool after shedding, a sure means that prevents the formation of tangles, shampoos of various spectrum of action - moisturizing, healing, restoring (if required). All of the above care items can be purchased at the pet shops of your city.
In order to comb the hair, it is necessary to sprinkle it, work with a scraper, and only then gently draw a metal comb with rare teeth several times along the hair in the direction of growth of the remaining hair. To comb the hair, you can use a special glove.
The owner needs to learn how to hold the pet when combing. The best option is to hold it by the withers in one place with your own hand. If necessary, grab the animal by the folds of the neck, without pain.
Before washing, comb the animal well.
In a small basin, lay a towel or rubber mat. This prevents the pet from slipping while swimming.
The water temperature is about 38-39 degrees Celsius, the level is about 8-10 cm.
The animal is placed in a basin, it is not necessary to immediately pour water on it, first the wool is impregnated with water, using a sponge and without touching the head area. If this is the first wash the cat will be very nervous, do not make sudden movements, do not turn on the water or shower too much. Close the bathroom door to prevent the animal from escaping.
The washing itself is done with shampoo, which is different for each cat (the choice is individual and depends on the breed and color). To wash off the shampoo, warm water and a mug or bucket are used (shower heads can scare a cat).
After bathing, the pet should be wrapped in a warm, dry cloth (towel) and wiped. Using a hair dryer, it is better not to dry the animal, because the noise of the device can frighten it, which will lead to a nervous shock to the cat and it can injure and scratch the owner. It is better during the procedure to calm the animal, stroking and talking to him. The procedure should be done by the owner, whom the cat most trusts.
A cat can be dried after bathing only in a warm place, drafts should be excluded, otherwise it will catch a cold. Keep track of this. A cat needs to be washed as it gets dirty, it depends on whether it walks on the street, frequent washing is contraindicated. If the pet is only at home, water procedures can be carried out 2-3 times a year.
A Siberian cat will be a great friend to your family, however, its coat requires some care, you should be prepared for this pet.
- It looks like a big fluffy lump that you want to pick up and hug.
- It is distinguished by its flexibility and jumping ability - this is a rarity for cats of such large sizes.
- Balance - the pet will not become aggressive without reason and will not be imposed once again.
- The character is formed depending on the habits of the owner and personal predispositions purses. Siberians can be calm bumps and cocky hooligans.
- Independence - cats can take care of themselves. There are cases when the lost animal lived outside the house for a long time. Moreover, his physical condition did not worsen.
- A strong parental instinct - like other indigenous breeds, it is well preserved.
- Not only mom, but often dad also take part in raising offspring.
- Good health - these animals have a long history of natural selection, which contributed to the formation of a healthy phenotype. They rarely get sick, owners need to contact a veterinarian only for vaccinations or after injuries that often happen.
- Endurance of the breed - cats can literally sleep in the snow and withstand various extreme conditions and loads.
Disadvantages of the breed
- Excessive excitability, which may occur in some individuals (with competent breeding, this is extremely rare),
- Shedding strongly (especially during preparation for winter - when the coat is thickened, and in the summer - when the pet sheds excess to protect it from heat).
- These are dominant animals, their behavior needs to be controlled.
The nature and features of behavior
Unlike many other breeds, Siberians are attached to the owner, and not to the house. If you want to have a friend, pay attention to this cute creation of impressive dimensions. This is one of the largest breeds of domestic cats. More and more people want a Siberian cat breed close in spirit to a Russian person. Her character is full of self-esteem and grandeur, but she can’t play with playfulness either.
Kids are always ready for games. But adult Siberians will play when they come in, no matter how much you wave a toy in front of him. Trying to provoke an adult purr, not disposed to fun, is not an easy task.
In general, they have a fairly balanced character. If we compare it with the human, then, by temperament, the Siberians are similar to sanguines. These lumps of wool do not wear around the apartment like orientals choleric, but they do not lie motionless like phlegamite Persians. They have everything in harmony: there is time for games and for relaxation.
Legends add up to their severity. It is said that the character of the pussies resembles the wildlife of the North, and the people living there. However, this is the exception rather than the rule. Severity and inaccessibility may occur in individual cats. These are rather the individual characteristics of a particular individual, and not the traits inherent in the breed.
Attitude to family members
Representatives of the breed tend to communicate with a person, but because of their nature, they do not require it. Siberians choose one person as their owner. Others may show icy calm or even neglect. But the Siberians are devoted to the owner wholeheartedly. They are ready to carry out his commands and follow him on the heels, waiting for him to decide to play with them.
Attitude towards strangers
In an unfamiliar environment, they behave uncertainly and restlessly, trying to hide in a secluded place. This applies to both kittens that have changed their place of residence, and adult animals. So that the pet is not afraid, once in a new environment, it needs to be ironed and be near. Strange people make them wary. But if the owners have been engaged in the socialization of the baby since childhood, there should be no problems.
Relation to other animals
To other pets living in the house, Siberians are friendly. Well accept new family members. Cats and dogs do not annoy them if they are not too active in showing interest in them. Small animals are harder. Parrots, hamsters, guinea pigs and other pets, which are much smaller in size, are perceived by purring hunters as prey. It is necessary at the very beginning to explain to the cat what is allowed to him and what cannot be done under any pretext. And this rule must be unshakable. If it is “impossible”, then it is never possible, if “possible” - then it is always possible.
Care and maintenance
The decoration of the most fashionable felinological exhibitions today is a Siberian cat. The description of the breed has much in common with cats, traditionally living next to humans many centuries ago. This is understandable, because the breed made its way to the podium of fame from ordinary yards. This led to her endurance and unpretentiousness.
If she once again happened to get on the street, she could survive without human help. But the pet is completely up to the owner. It is devoid of many opportunities that were available to his ancestors. Therefore, if you want to have a healthy pet, pay due attention to its care.
How to comb out a pet?
You need to accustom a Siberian cat to a comb from childhood. Otherwise, when he grows up, you will no longer be able to do it. If the warlocks could not be avoided, they are carefully disassembled with fingers and combed out. In difficult situations, lumps are cut with scissors. No need to pull them out by force.
To care for the hair you will need several combs:
- flat wide brush
- fine-tooth comb
- 2 ridges (with sparse and dense teeth).
Combs should not be made of synthetic bristles. They electrify wool. Static electricity negatively affects the coat, causing brittle hair. In your arsenal you need to have soft suede or a flap of terry cloth. It is convenient for them to remove the fallen fibers after combing. Cats love this procedure and quickly get used to it.
Why can not neglect combing?
Hair combing is not only the desire to make a cat more beautiful, but also concern for his health. The breed is distinguished by long hair, licking which cats swallow hairs. Wools accumulate in the stomach, thereby causing discomfort in the animal, and sometimes painful conditions. In nature, cats solve this problem by eating grass. Provide your home purr with green blades of grass so that the wool they lick does not cause them any inconvenience.
How to bathe?
If the coat is not very dirty, you can do with dry cleaning (apply dry powder, which is then combed out). But sometimes swimming is inevitable. The animal needs to be accustomed to water procedures since childhood. Siberian cats do not like water. And wool from water does not get any better. As detergents use only special shampoos that do not dry the coat. If necessary, the animal should not be washed. Unless, you are preparing it for the exhibition.
Bathing comfortably in the basin. A cloth or rug is placed at its bottom so that the paws do not slip. Water is heated to 38.5–40 ° C. This is a normal cat body temperature. Water level - up to 8 cm. Wash wool with a sponge, then apply shampoo and wash it off with warm water. They wash their hair very carefully. No need to pour water on it. It is better to wipe with a sponge. Water should not get into your ears. They can be closed with cotton swabs.
If the pet is often outside, he grinds his claws. In this case, the claws do not need to be trimmed. A claw needs to be trimmed as needed with a clipper. This should be done carefully so as not to touch the living tissue. Cut no more than a third of the claw. If you are afraid to carry out the procedure yourself, contact a veterinary clinic. There they will show you how to do it.
Recently, some owners decide on the operation of "soft legs", removing the claws of their pet. So you can protect the furniture from damage, and hands from scratches. But claws are important for cats. They use them for protection. In some countries, such operations are prohibited.
Inspection of the ears is carried out daily. As they become dirty, they are cleaned with cotton swabs or pieces of gauze soaked in a lotion to clean the ears. No need to try to penetrate deep into the abalone. It is enough to process only the visible part of the sink.If the secret in the ears accumulates very quickly, or redness is visible, an unpleasant smell is felt - contact your veterinarian.
What to feed
This breed does not suffer from a lack of appetite. But if you feed the Siberian only what she wants, you can harm the animal. As a rule, the owners choose either ready-made balanced feed, or cook for the fluff themselves. In any case, the cat should have free water and fresh grass.
Diet of adult cats
The basis of the menu are proteins of animal origin. For Siberians up to 3 years, they should occupy at least 60–70% of the diet. Complement them with cereals and vegetables. After a period of active growth, the amount of protein is reduced to 40–50%. Be sure to give vitamins and mineral supplements. Of the amino acids, Siberians need taurine. It is not synthesized by the body and must come from outside.
|What can I give?||What should not be given?|
|Low-fat meat can be given all kinds (except for pork). It is cut into pieces and poured with boiling water.||Raw fish. It contains thiaminase, an enzyme that destroys vitamin B1 and causes diarrhea and stunted growth.|
|Boiled marine fish: tuna, flounder, cod. But do not do this often. Fish in large quantities contributes to dandruff.||Canned fish, salted and smoked fish, various chips and snacks. They include spices, salt, preservatives, dyes.|
|Raw and boiled vegetables. Usually mashed potatoes are made from them. Legumes are given a little - they are poorly digested.||Chocolate, sweets, fresh pastries, pasta in large quantities. Dried bread without additives can sometimes pamper the animal.|
|Sour-milk products: kefir, cottage cheese, yogurt, yogurt. They are mixed with raw yolk and chopped wheat grains.||Fresh cow's milk - adult cats do not tolerate lactose well.|
|Offal: heart, scars, liver, kidneys (not more than 1 time per week)||Smoked meats, sausages, pastes and other food from the hosts table.|
Moving to a new home for a baby is stressful. During this period, you can not change his diet. He should eat the usual food, at least for the first days. Then you can gradually change the menu. It should not be monotonous, otherwise the animal will grow picky for food.
When choosing natural feeding, babies are given:
- low-fat mutton
- boneless chicken and rabbit meat,
- offal (liver, heart)
- cottage cheese, kefir and natural yogurt,
- boiled vegetables
The basis of the diet is meat products (up to 70%). However, it is impossible for a Siberian kitten to eat only meat. For normal development, babies need cereals and vegetables. And do not forget about vitamin and mineral supplements for kittens.
When choosing finished feeds, pay attention to the manufacturer and the composition on the package. In good feeds, all components should be painted: not just “meat” - but its type, not “cereals” - but specific types of grain. High-quality feeds contain the whole complex of substances necessary for the development of a kitten. The owner only has to follow the manufacturer's recommendations.
Raising Siberian cats
Difficulties in raising this breed arise only in those who are not consistent in the formation of habits in the animal. Usually, Siberians easily get used to the scratching post, quickly accustom to the tray. However, sometimes you have to prove to the cat who is the boss in the house. An animal cannot be afraid. They feel it, and begin to trick.
If the breeder claims that the kitten is accustomed to the tray, the new owners will have one problem less. This is an important part in education. If your baby does not have these skills, you will have to be patient. The kitten must be closely monitored. As a rule, they do their business right after eating. Take the baby to the toilet. Praise him if he does everything right.
For classes, Siberians need a scratching post. Not all mustachioes immediately get used to it. Sometimes you have to make an effort. It is important to choose the right place to install your inventory. The pet must love being there.
After two weeks after the housewarming, the kitten begins to be accustomed to combing, shedding, to the procedure of washing paws and bathing, blow-drying, clipping. The sooner this is started, the easier it will be to achieve results. But in the early days, the kitten is stressed, you do not need to scare him with hairbrushes and nippers.
Health, addiction to diseases
Siberians are aboriginal cats. They can be proud of their good health. But living next to a person left its mark. Siberians began to overeat. Recently, they often have obesity.
Like other animals, they can suffer from parasitic and infectious diseases. Some Siberian lines are also prone to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The cause of the disease is not completely clear. It is associated with structural features of the animal.
Is the Neva Masquerade a separate breed or a variety of Siberian?
Siberians have many interesting colors - brindle, harlequin, chinchilla. The Neva masquerade cat with the Siamese color looks most vivid among them. She retained all the features of the Siberian. This is not a separate breed, as you can hear, but a variation of color. According to the rules, it was necessary to call it a Siberian color point. But the desire to make the name more vivid led to the appearance of the Neva Masquerade. The name is associated with the place where she first attracted attention (St. Petersburg). It is more decorative, but the type of animal is natural.
There was a group of people who decided to raise the question of separating it from Siberian cats. The reason is the lack of native color. Say, there are no Siberians in nature with such a mask, and even with blue eyes. But most professional felinologists believe that there are no reasons for isolating the Neva Masquerade as a separate breed.
In December 2001, at the ICEF seminar, experts explained the origin of the color gene in Siberians, and thereby removed the issue from the agenda. He is not something special, much less artificially bred. It has nothing to do with Persian color point. The mating between the Persians and Siberians is simply prohibited.
However, there are unscrupulous breeders who want to give the breed an original look, produce mestizos with Persians of different colors. When buying such a kitten, you need to understand that the Persian type of head for a Siberian is a vice.
Siberian cat breed standard
SFF - 1990
WCF - 1992
|Acronym for breed||SIВ|
|Weight||Males: 6–10 kg, cats: 4–6 kg.|
|Appearance||Muscular and strong animals of large and medium sizes. Cats are smaller than cats. Richly painted.|
|Body||Dense, massive, medium length on strong limbs.|
|Head||In shape resembles a short wide trapezoid, proportional to the body. The upper part of the head is flat.|
|Muzzle and chin||The transition from the forehead to the back of the nose is smooth. Nose without stop and snub. Low cheekbones, full cheeks, strong jaws. The chin is wide, not protruding.|
|Neck||Short and strong|
|The ears||Medium, wide. Tilted forward slightly. Have brushes and brushes (preferably). Widely spaced. The outer line of the ear is vertical.|
|Eyes||Large and medium size, widely set, rounded. The color is yellow, green, the color point color is blue.|
|Paws||Paws are large, round. Bunches of wool between the fingers.|
|Tail||Wide and strong at the bottom. Reaches the shoulder blades. He is well-pubescent, stupidly ends|
|Wool||The integumentary hair is firm, shiny, water-repellent, the side hair is softer. The undercoat is double. There is a long decorating wool (mane, collar, frill, panties). After molting, there is nothing left of decorating wool.|
|Color||Everything, preferably all agouti and tabby. An animal with a color point color is called the Neva Masquerade.|
|Defects||Deviations from the standard are considered a defect.|
Siberian cats were not born in Siberia. In the 80s of the XX century in Moscow and Leningrad, cat lovers began an active movement to popularize their long-haired fluffies. With the beginning of perestroika, exhibition activity also intensified. The progenitors of modern Siberian cats began to exhibit in the rings. In 987, at the first Soviet exhibition in Moscow, all furry cats were recorded by Siberians. But they did not manage to pass the class of beginners. Later, luck smiled at the cat Roman. He became the model for the first standard.
The breeding work was initially carried out on the basis of the cat populations of Leningrad and Moscow. Then they added the blood of animals brought from different parts of the country. In 1990, the Siberian breed was first certified by the independent Soviet Felinological Federation (SFF).
Why then is the breed so named? Siberia is a brand of Russia. Therefore, such a name was born. Suggestions to name the cat of Moscow were thrown back, and it became Siberian, which gave rise to many legends and tales about the origin of the breed that can decorate your life.