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Red fescue

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Rhizome and loose-leaf grassroots perennial cereal of winter type of development.

Stems 30-100 cm tall, erect, glabrous, smooth. The leaves are narrow, flat or folded lengthwise, 3 mm wide, rough on the edges and top.

Vegetative shoots with closed vaginas and narrow folded bristle leaves. The tongue is very short - up to 0.2 mm. An inflorescence is a panicle up to 10 cm long, before and after flowering, compressed, during flowering more or less spreading. Spikelets are greenish or with a pinkish-violet tint, 6-12 mm long. Seeds oblong-lanceolate, up to 5-7 mm long, light green in color, average weight of 1000 seeds 1.1 g. Environmentally sustainable plant.

Red fescue grows in many natural meadows with all types of soils and under fairly different humidity conditions. Red fescue grows relatively slowly in the year of sowing. It has beautiful, very thin and narrow leaves and a large density of shoots. It grows well under different conditions, but is especially noted for its resistance to drought and rather poor soils. Very frost and drought resistant. It can carry some water on the surface of the lawn in winter. Resistant to trampling. It shades better than most other herbs. It can be used in all types of lawns.

There are three types of red fescue:
- Red Fescue (Festuca rubra rubra)
- Red hairy fescue (Festuca rubra trichophylla)
- Red hard fescue (Festuca rubra commutata)

Red Fescue (Festuca rubra rubra)

Red fescue red is the strongest and most adaptable grass of all three types. By forming strong underground shoots, it can quickly cover the resulting empty spaces on the lawn. It tolerates extreme summer temperatures better than other types of red fescue. Fescue red red takes root faster than trichofull and commutator. It can be used individually or together with other types of fescue to guarantee a healthy lawn.

Red hairy fescue (Festuca rubra trichophylla)

Trichofulla red fescue has short underground shoots, which provides repair of lawns, but slower than in the case of red red fescue. The high density of the shoots allows this type of grass to tolerate low mowing. The high tolerance of salinity makes it suitable for sowing on roadsides and in parks, where roads and paths are sprinkled with salt in winter. The drought tolerance and tolerance of shading in red trichofulla fescue is higher than in other types of fescue.


Hard red fescue (Festuca rubra commutata)

Red fescue commutata does not have underground shoots (loose grass), but has the most dense regrowth of terrestrial shoots from all three types of fescue. When using switches in mixtures, it is necessary to add one of the other types of fescue with rhizomes (or Meadow grass meadow) to ensure the repair of gaps in the lawn. In cold regions, the switch is an important component because of its high winter resistance compared to other fescue. Since there are a lot of shoots, the switch is an integral component of mixtures suitable for low mowing.

Primary gender: Fescue
Homeland
  • Canada
  • USA
  • Europe
  • Asia
The soil
  • Garden land
The size
  • from 40 to 70 cm
Flowering time
  • May to July
Possible colors
    Illumination
    • Medium // Acceptable direct rays for several hours, eastern, western orientation
    Watering
    • Few // Drought tolerant
    Difficulty of leaving
    • Little // Does not need special requirements for growth and flowering
    Air humidity
    • Little // Undemanding to moisture in water
    Fertilizer frequency
    • Not enough // Enough nutrition. substances from own soil or rare fertilizer
    Content temperature
    • moderately warm content (+18 - + 25 ° C)

    Red fescue has thin rhizomes - long or short. Forms dense turfs. The stems are smooth or slightly roughened, erect or rising.

    Leaves narrowed and elongated are painted in various shades of green: from pale to saturated. Basal leaf blades differ from stem blades. The former are folded along, the latter are flat with distinctly visible veins.

    The view blooms in May – June. Spreading panicles during this period later compress. Spikelets carry 4-10 flowers. They are purple, lilac, bluish.

    Red fescue fastens the soil well, grows on any soil, including saline. It retains a rich color of foliage even in drought. It is quickly restored after mechanical damage, after mowing it grows intensively and evenly. An unpretentious plant hibernates without shelter at an air temperature of -34 ° C.

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