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Czech Foosek: history, breed standard, maintenance and care (photo)


Czech Foosek (Czech Wire-haired Pointing Dog) - A large, rather tall dog with long legs, a deep chest, a powerful neck, well-developed thigh muscles and pronounced angles of the hind limbs. The tail is docked.

Ears are set above the line of the eyes, eyes are dark, with an attentive expression, small eyebrows, a mustache and a beard on the muzzle. Height at the withers 61-66 cm, weight 27-34 kg. The coat is coarse and stiff - bristly, the undercoat is shorter, softer and thicker. The color is brown or brown with white, there may be marks and specks.

The birthplace of this breed is Slovakia, which is now part of the CSFR. It has been very popular in Bohemia since the mid-19th century. before the first world war. The breed carries the blood of short-haired and short-haired German cops. In particular, the blood of short-haired cops was added in the 1930s. The blood rushing of the German cops took place even after the breed had already formed.

The breed is recognized by FCI.

Only after a hard working day on the hunt, the Czech foucek allows himself to relax in the corner of the master's room by the fireplace. This dog should feel that it is not in vain eating its bread. Fawkesu needs great physical exertion, and the owner should not spare time for this.

Source: E. de Pisco, J. B. Johnson. "Small Atlas of Dog Breeds"

Historical reference

The history of the breed goes back to antiquity and is not rich in facts. It is known that at a time when kings ruled the Czech Republic and the Romans conquered the world, people knew about strong, water dogs with a marble color. The four-legged were famous for their return on the hunt and were considered a valuable gift.

Centuries passed, and water dogs spread throughout the world. The group included Czech Fooseki, Drathaara, other wire-haired and busty cops, a little later pointers became famous all over the world. It is interesting that the first standard of the Czech Wire-haired Pointing Dog is dated 1882. Official recognition did not save the breed from almost complete extinction in the postwar years.

It is interesting! The Czech Foosek has several names - Slovak Wire-haired Pointing Dog, Czech Wire-haired Pointing Dog, Czech Barbel, Bohemian Wire-haired Pointer Griffon, Bohemian Horse Griffon.

In the destruction of the breed, breeders played an important role. Puppies were expensive and only males were sold from litters to prevent the price from falling. The bitches were left in the kennel or simply killed, but were not sold under any pretext. The concentration of all manufacturers in narrow circles, of course, increased the price, but worsened the quality and reduced the number of dogs.

In the twenties of the XX century, the Czechs founded the first pedigree club, the purpose of which was the revival of the Czech Wire-haired Pointing Dog. The work began with the selection of dogs that looked most like Czech faucets. Naturally, pedigree producers were a luxury, but the dog handlers had no choice.

The selection was carried out on the basis of the exterior and the availability of working qualities. The second characteristic was tested by working tests in real conditions. At this stage, the main incest occurred with other breeds, which caused the appearance of the gundog. To restore the characteristic pedigree characteristics, breeders had to spend more than 5 years. After strengthening five of the same breed lines, the breed was recognized by the International Kennel Federation (FCI).

Griffon from Bohemia

Many breeds of hunting dogs, mainly hounds and cops, have a rough and hard coat. This coat protects the dog on a hunt among thorny thickets and in bad weather. In French, the term “griffon” has been used in relation to dog breeds since the 17th century, but such dogs appeared much earlier. The dogs of the Middle Ages, which were used to search for game and raise it to the wing and were called “cops,” among their ancestors have marriages (smooth-haired cops and hounds) and barbets (bearded hunting dogs). Many of Europe’s wire-haired cops received the status of independent breeds: these are German Drathaar and Stichaelhaar (wire-haired and needle-haired cops), Cortals griffon, Hungarian wire-haired, Slovak Coarse-haired cop, French Griffon Bule, Italian wire-haired and light-haired.

One of such old breeds of wire-haired cops was distributed in Bohemia, modern Czech Republic. It is assumed that the ancestors of Fawcek were known in the Czech Republic as far back as the Middle Ages during the reign of the German emperor, King of Bohemia Charles IV. In the archives of Karlstein Castle in 1348, one letter mentions hunting dogs called “Bohemian dogs”. Perhaps these were just the distant ancestors of modern fowsecs.

Modern history

In 1882, the standard was published for the wire-haired gundog, the ancestor of the modern Fooseca, which was then called “sudlik”. The breed was very popular among Czech hunters. World wars caused enormous damage to the breeds of hunting dogs.

To restore the modern population of Czech fowseks, drathaaras, shtikhelhaaras, as well as Italian spinons and English pointers were used.

Between the two world wars, in 1924, Czech hunters and dog handlers Frantisek Houska, the founder of the Club of Hunting and Dogs of Southern Bohemia in the town of Pisek, and Josef Potužnik, organized the Czech Foed Pointing Dog Breeding Society. They were passionate propagandists of the breed and by 1931 published the first unofficial standard. When breeding the breed, hunters sought to preserve all the valuable qualities acquired precisely in the conditions of Czech hunting. Shtikhelhaarov used to restore the Fawkes until 1958. Veterinarian Joseph Kun (1902-1978) continued to work with the breed as the chief specialist in breeding, which he held from 1961 to 1973. Thanks to him, the breed became known outside the Czech Republic. Eight main lines were laid, the Czech Foosek was recognized by FCI in 1958, in 1963 its standard was approved. At present, in the Czech Republic, Foosek takes the second place among hunting breeds in terms of numbers after the German Kurzhaar. Several hundreds of Fawesc puppies are registered there each year. Czech Foosek is well known in several countries of Eastern Europe, as well as in the Netherlands and Belgium. Since 1989, Fooseki appeared in France.

Universal hunter

Czech hunters appreciate their fawsek for its versatility: it swims well and willingly feeds game from the water. With it you can hunt for the beast. The character of the Czech fowling deserves attention: this cop, passionate on the hunt, does not require complicated training and training, behaves excellently in a home environment. Foosek treats children with affection, preserving Olympic calmness. He is attached to family members, and especially to the owner, with whom he goes hunting, joyfully accepts guests at home. Fawseka cannot be called a watchman, unlike Drathaar, who takes this role too seriously. Also, Fawkesk peacefully refers to extraneous dogs. On the hunt, the Foosek constantly monitors the actions of the owner, he obeys without a word, does not require painstaking coaching and training, it is easy to manage.

The main quality of the focus is versatility. This is the best dog for everyday hunting, as this gundog works on a bird and an animal, in a field, in a forest, in a thicket and in a swamp. Any landscape is accessible to Fouseku, it reports on the found game, and can work on a blood trail. Typically, the scope of his search is 20-40 m, in the field - up to 70 m. He usually goes at a gallop or trot, keeps his head at the back, occasionally lowering his nose to the ground to check the correctness of his actions. The stand is strong, the dog freezes, as if in front of a wall. Carried away by the pursuit, the dog does not forget that the hunter is following her, and, from time to time, turns to him. Although the fawseka cannot be ranked among the fastest cops, it is one of the most hardy dogs: after a six-hour hunt, she returns home without any signs of fatigue.

Perhaps, for someone, the breed may be the only inconvenience - its tirelessness, it is always in motion, and efforts will have to be made to teach this dog to remain motionless for some time. The Czech Foosek is distinguished by excellent health and retains full strength and energy until the age of 12.

Character and training

The Czech Wire-haired Pointing Dog is a true friend and hard worker. In relation to man, the nature of dogs is complaisant and friendly. On the hunt, these four-legged are fierce and tireless. Since the Czech Foosek is universal, it loves from early childhood bring aport, look for and track down the game, swim and dive.

Note! The Czech Foosek is an emotional dog, dependent on praise and attitude from the owner.

The best option is a pet that regularly works on the profile. If there is no hunter in the family, the Czech fowsek should be considered as an athlete and companion. Before buying a puppy, evaluate your capabilities well, because you cannot spare neither time nor effort to walk, train and train with these dogs.

Important! The Czech Wire-haired Pointing Dog is conscientious and touchy. Raising a dog should be done by an experienced, patient owner who will not punish the pet on emotions.

Maintenance and care

The Czech Wire-haired Pointing Dog can live in an apartment or house with an adjacent plot. When living in an apartment, mandatory daily training and long walks. When living in a house with walks, the issue is resolved automatically, but (!) There is only a small yard for a dog. The Czech Foosek has to run a lot, so the pet must be taken out for walks outside the city.

Note! The best training for the Czech Wire-haired Pointing Dog is swimming.

In terms of grooming, dogs are not picky. Hard wool hardly gets dirty, so they bathe four-legged ones once a year. Combing during molting and as needed. Show dogs are trimmed 2 times a year. Mowing Czech wire-haired cops is not recommended.

Ears need special attention, because they are adjacent to the head, which creates a risk of otitis media. Czech foseci usually have no problems with eyes and teeth, provided that there are no congenital disorders.

In feeding, dogs are as picky as in grooming. The best option is a clear meal schedule, for adult dogs - two meals a day. For the Czech wire-haired gundog, a natural diet is preferable, although the owner-hunters respond positively to feeding with high-quality industrial feeds. Representatives of the breed need enhanced nutrition until 2 years of age, because they are actively growing and forming. Particular attention should be paid to vitamin supplements, which are necessarily introduced into the diet when choosing a natural type of food.

The average life span of the Czech Foosek ranges from 12-14 years. Since the breed is small in number, statistics on health problems are not given by official sources. Based on the experience of the owners, it can be concluded that the Czech Foosek is prone to:

  • Stretching muscles and tendons - dogs need a very serious, daily load, but they need to be increased gradually.
  • Congenital and acquired problems with the coat.
  • Skin parasites and worms - the risk of infection with rare parasites is very high, since the dog must walk in the fields.
  • Eye problems in old age.
  • Paw injuries - when the dog is working, it does not notice pain. Closely monitor the condition of the claws from early childhood and accustom the pet to care. Broken claws are a guaranteed infection of the wound, a long and complex treatment.

Important! Fousec puppies should receive timely vaccination and prophylaxis against parasites. Prior to receiving all vaccinations, the puppy quarantines and does not visit common walking areas.

The history of the breeding of the Czech Foosek breed

The first mention of a hunting dog belonging to the group of gundogs with a tough six, which is the progenitor of modern Czech fowling, dates back to the beginning of the 14th century. The distribution area of ​​this hunting guide was precisely in the territory of modern Czechia and Slovakia.
Already in 1882, the Czech fowl was recognized as the official breed of hunting dogs from the group of gundogs and the official standard for describing the breed of the Czech fowl was adopted.
This hunting guide was very good at helping with corrals, and therefore was a very valuable and desirable dog for many hunters of that time. But the greed of the breeders' profit for this gundog upset the balance and gradually the number began to decline.

The height at the withers for boys ranges from 63 to 65 cm, for girls from 56 to 60 cm. Body weight 28 kg. in boys and 25 kg. in girls.
The exterior of this cop is clear and beautiful. Sufficiently powerful limbs, a tightened abdomen, developed breasts, good muscles, strong and powerful jaws. On the face is a characteristic beard and mustache. The ears are closed, hanging, but small. Coat of medium length, stiff, thick with dense undercoat.
Color happens: marble brown with white spots, brown with black and white spots, marble with black and brown spots or gray-brown with black spots.

Breed character czech fawcek

This hunting dog has an unusually flexible and friendly character. With proper education, this is a faithful, obedient and affectionate pet with all household members. Ferocious and angry while hunting for game.