The black cat of the Bombay breed has an external resemblance to a panther. Her calling card is a tarry black glossy coat and smart large honey-colored eyes. Bombay is a pet for a large family, because it loves when they pay attention to it. A cat is not only good in appearance - it is a devoted friend with a friendly, playful character that will not let you get bored.
The story of a cat bomb
This is a relatively young breed, born on the border of two American states - Kentucky and Indiana, in the 60s of the last century. A breeder from the town of Louisville dreamed of creating a cat breed with the appearance of an Indian leopard. Her name was Nikki Horner. She began to cross black American shorthair cats with yellow eyes with the titled representative of the Burmese breed of sable color.
Breeding work began in 1953, but the first kittens with the desired traits appeared a few years later. The woman presented the result of her work at one of the felinological exhibitions, but then her cats were criticized, calling them a raw variety of the American short-haired breed. Nikki Horner continued to walk towards her goal.
In 1970, the new breed received the title of champion, and in 1976 it was added to the registry of the American organization CFA. TICA recognized the Bombay cat 3 years later, and the International Cat Federation has still not included the new line in the list of breeds.
Attention! A Bombay cat can be mixed with an American Shorthair black color and with representatives of a Burmese sable breed.
Exterior Standard Requirements
It is quite difficult to distinguish an ordinary black cat from a bomb, without having studied the description of the breed. Typical signs inherent in these animals:
- elongated body of medium size with well-developed muscles,
- the width of the shoulder girdle and hips is approximately the same,
- the back line is straight,
- a rounded head with any wide and neat little nose,
- eyes are round, wide open with raised external corners, the iris is yellow or amber,
- medium-sized ears with a wide base and slightly rounded tips,
- the chin is strong, the jaws are tick-shaped with the correct bite,
- the forehead smoothly passes into the bridge of the nose, a small stop is noted,
- legs are strong, but at the same time slender, paws are small, on the front - 5 toes, on the back - 4,
- the claws are transparent and the pads are black
- tail of medium length, not very thin, mobile, without kinks, its tip pointed,
- the coat is black, dense, but soft, shiny, and fits tightly to the body.
Domestic Cougar - Bomb Cat
The Bombay cat has only one color - black. The nose color and pads on the legs are of the same color. The presence on the hair of hairs of a different shade is unacceptable.
Individuals having the following disadvantages are not allowed to participate in exhibitions:
- hump or hollow on the nose,
- tail breaks
- atypical number of fingers
- a different color of the nose, lips, pads or the presence in the hair of a hair of a color other than black.
The character and habits of the Bombay cat
The breed took the best qualities from its ancestors. Shorthair Americans conveyed restraint to the bomb. The pet will never show aggression. Even in the most unpleasant situations, he will prefer to retire rather than attack. The Bombay cat inherited the ability to show tenderness and devotion from Burmese relatives.
These animals rarely give voice, they communicate in body language. Tactile contact with family members is important to them. Bombay loves to lie on his master’s lap and purr gently, squinting his eyes. Occasionally you can hear his pleasant "meow." A desire to talk arises when a pet is surrounded by attention and love, is full and satisfied.
The pet does not tolerate loneliness, is homesick and sad. When the owner is not at home, he will not turn the house upside down, but will calmly wait for the loved one to return. A four-legged friend is involved in all household chores - whether it is cleaning or cooking, be sure - the cat is always there. For this, some call bombay sticking.
Murlyka is not averse to frolic. Most of the day, the pet is ready to play, run, jump and explore the territory. Bombies especially like to climb up, so you should buy a high feline complex for your pet.
Bombay cat loves affection
A cat of this breed is ideal for a family. She loves everyone equally, without singling out one. It gets along well with dogs, but there may be problems with representatives of the feline family - the bomb does not tolerate competitors. But in the house where he lives, you can keep birds and rodents - the hunting instinct in this breed is very poorly developed.
Health and Life Expectancy
Bombay cats live, on average, 15–16 years. Some individuals survive to 18 years. Experts warn that from Burmese ancestors mini-cougars inherited a heart disease - hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It can occur suddenly at any age. If the animal sleeps more than before, it has shortness of breath, it is worth showing it to the veterinarian to rule out congenital pathology.
Bombs are also prone to obesity, so they can not be overfed. Representatives of this breed often have respirators, accompanied by nasal congestion and tearing. The owner must protect the pet from drafts and hypothermia.
Gum disease is also not uncommon. Gingvitis develops due to vitamin deficiency or tartar. It is necessary to properly care for the cat's mouth and periodically bring it to the veterinarian for a routine dental examination.
In order to prevent infection by infectious diseases, the cat is vaccinated. The first vaccination is done in a nursery at the age of 12 weeks. Further vaccination is carried out annually. Twice a year, the pet is treated for helminths, fleas and ticks.
Caring for short-haired cats of the bomb breed is simple. It includes maintaining the beauty of the fur coat, cleaning the ears, toilet eyes and clipping claws.
Bomb kitten is played
Hair care does not take much time. During molting, the cat needs to be combed out daily, and the rest of the time it is enough to walk the body with a rubber brush 2 times a week. Frequent bathing makes no sense.
Wash your favorite 4-5 times a year or before going to the exhibition. To give the coat a glossy sheen, use a special conditioner. Only a terry towel is suitable for drying. Cats are afraid of a hair dryer, and a hot stream of air can dry out delicate skin.
Attention! During water procedures, there should not be a draft, otherwise the pet will catch a cold.
Since Bombay beauties often have watery eyes, you need to take care of them - wipe them with a sponge dipped in warm boiled water or a special tool. A separate cotton pad is used for each eye. If the cat has reddened eyelids or purulent discharge appears, you should take it to the vet clinic.
Pet eyes need to be cleaned of secretions
Ears are examined once a week and, if necessary, cleaned the external auditory meatus. In this case, you can not use cotton buds. A sponge or cotton swab will do. It is moistened with a special ear care product. The claws are trimmed 2 times per month with a nail clipper.
Bombay cats have a good appetite. They will never refuse to eat once again, but you can’t follow their lead. Pets are fed 2-3 times a day. Preferred industrial dry or wet feed premium or super-premium.
Those who want to make their own diet for their beloved purr should remember - 80% of the menu consists of meat products, 20% - cereals, vegetables, eggs, dairy products. Fish can be given steamed or boiled no more than 2 times a week. From meat, preference is given to:
It is forbidden to feed a Bombay cat with pork, salty foods, sweets, bread, beans, whole milk.
Bombay is an active cat, she needs more free space. An ideal place for her would be a private house with a plot where you can have plenty of fun. If the property is fenced with a high fence, you can let the cat out into the street without supervision. Otherwise, you need to display it on the harness.
Representatives of this breed can do without walking if you equip a cat complex for their homes. In a cramped, crowded apartment, the animal will be uncomfortable.
Cat puberty occurs at 7–8 months. However, you should not rush to the first mating. To get a healthy litter, it is better to wait until the pet turns 1 year old. A date is arranged on the territory of the cat. If another estrus has not started 4 weeks after mating, the cat is most likely pregnant.
Attention! Representatives of this breed have low sexual activity, and litters are usually few. These are the main difficulties of breeding Bombay cats.
Cattery Bombay cats and the cost of a kitten
It is better to buy kittens of breed of bombs in a nursery, but not with hands. Professional breeders will provide pet documents, parenting information and vaccination certificates. By purchasing a cat through message boards, you can run into scammers.
There are few cattery Bombay cats, they are located in cities:
- Novosibirsk - Black Label,
- St. Petersburg "Mission",
- Moscow - Murmurcat,
- Minsk - Jera,
- Kiev - “Home Shelter”.
The price of a kitten of the breed of bombs depends on the class and pedigree of the animal. Cats and cats of the show class are the most expensive, their cost reaches 80-100 thousand rubles. For 25–35 thousand you can buy a pet class pet. Such an animal usually has some deviations from the standard, therefore it is not allowed to participate in championships and exhibitions.
Kittens of the brid class will cost, on average, 37-60 thousand rubles. Their appearance is fully consistent with the approved standard, but they do not have outstanding qualities. Such cats are used for breeding and can bring offspring of a show class.
Pros and cons of the breed
Bomb breed cats are valued for their beauty, friendly, playful character and ability to show affection. They are not characterized by aggression, these animals are smart and amenable to training. They are easy to care for.
Of the shortcomings, only a tendency to certain diseases can be distinguished. However, most breeds artificially bred have health problems. When buying a kitten, it is important to make sure that his parents were healthy.
Those who have already brought a pet of the Bombay breed are very pleased with their choice. On the Internet, positive reviews about these cats prevail. Their owners emphasize the main qualities of animals - unpretentiousness, ease of care, playfulness, quick wit. Absolutely everyone speaks of bombs as affectionate and gentle creatures that easily find a common language with children.
Dreaming of a faithful four-legged friend with a bright appearance and a perky character - choose a cat of the Bombay breed.
Despite its name, the Bombay cat did not appear in India at all, but in the USA. In the 50s of the last century, the American breeder Nicky Horner visited India and was fascinated by tar-black cougars, and, returning to America, set out to breed a new breed of cats that would resemble these graceful predators. For crossbreeding, she chose black American shorthair cats and sable Burmese. The experiment lasted several years, and finally, in the fourth generation, small “panthers” were born - with dense coal-black shiny hair and amber expressive eyes. The new breed was registered in 1958 and received the name "Bombay cat".
Although at first the felinological community was skeptical of domestic “cougars”, cats were admired by other breeders who continued to breed them. In 1976, the bombs took part in the Cat Championship and won a prize there. Now Bombay cats are very popular all over the world. But it is worth noting that this is a small breed, and therefore the price of kittens, especially an exhibition show class, can reach 50 thousand rubles and higher. In Russia, the Bombay cat is considered one of the rarest breeds, so nurseries can be counted on the fingers.
The body of a Bombay cat is medium in size, slightly elongated, with well-developed muscles and powerful broad breasts. The limbs are elongated, slender, with five fingers on the forelegs and four on the hind legs. The length of the tail is proportional to the body, the tail itself is strong and straight. A curled or excessively long tail is considered a disadvantage, and such cats cannot participate in exhibitions.
The bombers have a round head, a wide muzzle, and a slightly flattened nose. Widely set erect ears rounded at the ends and slightly inclined forward. Huge expressive eyes, as a rule, are of bright amber color, although golden and honey hues can be found. It is worth noting that kittens are born with blue eyes, which after four months change color.
The hallmark of a Bombay cat is its coat: silky, thick and close-fitting to the body, with a bright “lacquer” sheen. The undercoat is practically absent, so these cats are great for allergy sufferers. The color is always black, other shades are not allowed, although at birth, kittens may have small bright spots on the fur, but over time they disappear.
Similarity with wild ancestors is inherent in Bombay cats for a reason. This feature was the main goal of the creator of this breed, a cat lover named Nikki Horner.
Work on the breed began in the 1950s of the 20th century. To breed miniature panthers, Nikki Horner crossed the Burmese and black American Shorthair cats. The first results were unsuccessful, but the breeder did not give up and eight years later presented her works to the felinological society.
There, the first bombers were severely criticized, calling them a crude species of American Shorthair.
Finally, in 1965, Nikki achieved what she considered the ideal of the new breed. Then she again demonstrated the new Bombay cats. In 1970, the breed was entered into the register, and already in 1976 the representative of this breed received a prize at the international cat show, after which it was first recognized as the official cat organization - CFA.
At the moment, the Bombay cat is recognized by all the leading feline organizations:
- WCF - 3 - Shorthair - BOM standard.
- TICA - Shorthair - BOM standard.
- CFA - Shorthair - BOM standard.
Bombay Cat Standard
A person unfamiliar with bombs can take a simple black cat for him, but not every cat will fit the description of the breed.
- Body: medium size, slightly elongated. The shoulders and pelvis are the same width, the back is even. Well-developed muscles allow the bomb to look like a lean cat. A Bombay cat can weigh more than it looks, since most of its weight is muscle.
- Wool: short, “satin”, smoothed to the body. Has a small overflow. Color exclusively black without marks and drawing.
- Head: medium, round, with pronounced features. The forehead is wide, the nose is small and neat. There is a pronounced “nose bridge” between the eyes.
- Eyes: rounded, slightly pointed in the corners. Eye color only yellow or amber.
- Ears: regular triangular, rounded at the tips. Slightly inclined forward, widely set.
- Limbs: slender, strong, paws medium, with five fingers on the front paws and four fingers on the hind legs. The color of the claws and skin is different: the claws of the bomb are transparent, but the skin is black.
Important! One of the most common causes of rejection of kittens is malocclusion due to deformation of the skull.
The ancestor of the bombers, the American Shorthair cat, gave them quite good health, however, the blood of a Burmese cat amended.
Problems may occur such as:
- Cranial deformity,
- Developmental abnormalities,
- Trouble breathing and eyes
- Profuse lacrimation,
- Hypertrophy of the heart muscle,
- Tendency to obesity and related problems.
- If the owner provides the pet with good conditions, then the life span of a bombing cat will be
Bombay cat character friendliness and playfulness. These cats get along with pets, do not attack birds and rodents.
Bombies become attached to the owner, however, they love the rest of the family. In the absence of the owner, the cat will easily find something to do.
Bombays love to chat from time to time.. Many breeders notice that the pet sits in front of them and starts a conversation. This happens infrequently, so you can not call Bombay cats talkers.
So, the nature of the bombing is different:
- Affection with a note of feline independence.
Video about the Bombay cat breed:
The only thing that can be called a disadvantage of this breed is their excessive activity. If the owner has left home for a long time, the pet will be happy to find something for himself to his liking, for example, catch-up with a sun bunny throughout the apartment.
Therefore, the owner will have to help the bomb throw out its energy in harmless ways. To do this, just play outdoor games with them several times a day or install a cat complex.
Before buying a kitten, you must definitely figure out how to care for the bomb.
The Bombay cat is smooth-haired, so grooming will not cause difficulties. It is enough to comb the pet a couple of times a week.
Important! Some owners use a piece of suede after combing. Suede removes dead pieces of the epidermis and gives the coat a nice sheen.
It is often not necessary to bathe a bomb. To these cats one or two water procedures per year are enough. After washing, you can use a special cat conditioner to shine the coat. In other cases, the cat should be washed only after severe contamination or before the show.
Important! Drying cats with a hairdryer is the last thing to do. This can frighten the pet, become a serious stress for him. Therefore, it is better to use a simple warm towel for drying.
Bombay cats do not require a special diet. The same food as other breeds is suitable for them.
Important! Many owners note that the kitten bombay is much more voracious than adult counterparts.
Thus, the owner himself needs to measure the right portions for the kitten by consulting with a veterinarian or breeder.
For the cat to function properly need protein, plant fiber and vitamins.
Squirrel cat gets from:
- Lean meat.
- Boiled fish.
- Kefir, other fermented milk products.
Plant fibers are found in:
Wool health is supported by:
If you don’t have enough time and knowledge for preparing natural nutrition, then it’s better to choose a quality dry food for your pet, you can see our rating here.
Other body care
The shape of the skull can cause lacrimation, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes. Cats with such inflammations are more susceptible to various infections.
To avoid this, it is necessary to regularly examine the cat's eyes and nose, to remove accumulations of secretions with a cotton swab or disk.
Important! If the cat's eyes and nose become dirty too often, you should definitely contact your veterinarian!
Bombay cats are very active. They need free space, so a country house for such a cat would be an ideal place. The owner only needs fence the site, preferably not wooden, so that the cat could not climb.
In a city with this breed will be more difficult. They will need a game complex, otherwise the pet can smash the house in search of entertainment. If the apartment is too small or tightly packed, the bomb will be uncomfortable. In this case, you can resort to walking.
For walking the cat will need a harness and a leash. It is advisable to go where there are no dogs, since the cat may not understand the possible danger and will run to play.
Pictures of a bombing cat
Photos of these charcoal black beauties with amber eyes prompted many to become owners of the Bombay cat.
|General information||Affectionate and playful, loves the owners and gets along with animals and children||Getting along well with dogs|
|Character||Affectionate and playful, loves the owners and gets along with animals and children||Wool color can only be black.|
|Appearance||Compact smooth-haired kitty with developed muscles||Wool color can only be black.|
How to choose a Bombay cat kitten
The choice of a kitten must be approached with responsibility. In early childhood, Bombay kittens are very similar to ordinary black cats, so it’s easy to be deceived when buying with your hands. To avoid this, look for a kitten in nurseries.
Important! Small kittens on the hair may have white spots. This is normal, however, by half a year the kitten should become completely black.
It is better to take a kitten at the age of 5-6 months. At this time, he is completely ready to move, and the owner can track how the baby grows up.
The cost of a kitten varies depending on the title of parents and cattery. The price of a kitten with hands can range from 2 to 60 thousand rubles, in the cattery such cats will cost $ 400-1500.
It is difficult to find Bombay cats, but there are several nurseries dealing with this breed:
- The name of the cat was given not by a city in India, but by the creator of the breed, striving for the similarity of cats with Indian panthers.
- Bombies are allowed to knit with Burmese and American Shorthair, however, only a black-haired kitten will still be considered a bomb.
Thus, the Bombay cat is a small panther with the character of a restless child. Such a cat can become an ideal companion for any family.
- The Bombay cat is a fairly young and rare breed for Russia, which means that the price of purebred kittens is high.
- Due to discrepancies in the standards, “American” and “British” Bombay cats are conditionally isolated; the latter were obtained without the participation of the American Shorthair.
- The nature of exotic pets is flexible and friendly, so they will easily fit into the lives of families with children.
- Compared to other purebred cats, care is undemanding.
- Bombay cats are prone to overeating, so owners should control the amount of servings and the frequency of feeding.
- Pets prefer free coziness to free walking, although they easily get used to short walks in the neck.
- Very thermophilic, poorly tolerate temperature extremes and drafts.
- Bombay cats can be called animals with good health, their average life expectancy is 13-15 years.
Bombay cat unusual in that it looks like a wild black panther, only several times smaller in size. And even more similarity to this dangerous predator is given to the cat by copper eyes (or, as they say in the homeland of the black Indian leopard, the color of a penny) and a graceful tread. True, the word "Bombay" in the name of the breed indicates only that it looks like an Indian predator, since this breed is not connected with India. Despite the appearance of the predator, the cat’s temper is not at all wild. His favorite pastime is to purr, lying on his lap.
Bombay cat breed history
A large number of dates and facts cannot be found in the personal annals of Bombay cats. Perhaps, the main paradox is that they have nothing to do with either the densely populated Mumbai or the island in the Indian Ocean. The first representatives of the breed were born on the border of the American states of Kentucky and Indiana. Enthusiast Nikki Horner from Louisville set an ambitious goal - to create an “indoor” copy of a magnificent feline, which today is threatened with extinction - the Indian leopard. Yes, the teacher of Mowgli, whom we know from the Jungle Book, is actually a leopard whose hair has a black tint due to a genetic mutation.
However, the breeder was interested only in visual similarities, and not in the habits of a large predator, therefore, among the ancestors of the Bombers, unlike savannas, Canaans, safaris, Chausi and Bengals, there are no serval, bog lynx, forest cats and other "savages". To create an unusual appearance, Miss Horner decided to use a black American shorthair cat with golden eyes and a Burmese cat of champion sable color. Work on the hybrid began in 1953, and over the next few years the “mother” of the Bombay cats put a lot of effort into the process of selective selection and further crosses.
In the mid-60s, the first kittens appeared, whose exterior corresponded to the idea of the breeder. They immediately made a splash among cat lovers from the USA, but they could take part in official exhibitions only a decade later. In 1976, the breed was registered in the influential American The Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) and immediately became one of the winners of regional and national competitions. The International Cats Association (TICA) recognized Bombay cats in 1979. But the international organization for the breeding and breeding of new cat breeds Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) at the moment has not even entered them in the list of previously recognized.
Crossing is still allowed with a Burmese cat (Sablek color) and American Shorthair (black color).
The appearance of a bombing cat
Bombay cat is one of the short-haired. As for the size, it does not reach a bit of the impressive dimensions of a wild prototype. The growth of young individuals finally ceases by the age of two, although as early as 6–9 months they become sexually mature. Usually Bombay cats reach medium sizes, from 20 to 30 cm in height. The normal weight of an adult male is 5-5.5 kilograms, cats are slightly lighter - 3-4 kg.
In general, the type is similar to a Burmese cat, but the body is more elongated, legs and tail are longer.
The size is average, in shape as close to a circle as possible, without protrusions and corners.
The face of the Bombay cat is wide, pleasantly rounded, the stains are smooth. Strong and strong chin. The jaws are powerful. The bite is correct, tick-shaped - the teeth are even, do not go against each other, the incisors are directly closed.
Break is expressed quite clearly, but not sharply, does not go into a kink, so that the profile does not look "eagle" or snub-nosed. The tip of the nose is slightly rounded down.
The eyes of a Bombay cat are one of the unique features of the breed. They are widely spaced, have a rounded shape, large, generally excellent proportions, bright, shiny. According to the American standard, only shades from dark amber to gold are allowed, and the first is preferred - so the eyes are most like a copper penny, a one-cent coin. The British type includes green-eyed cats.
Medium in size, wide set, slightly forward. The tips are rounded.
Medium size. Elongated, proportional, with well-developed muscles. Well-developed broad chest, powerful shoulders and hips.
Medium length, slender, muscular. Paws are rounded, small.
The tail of a Bombay cat is medium-long, thin, strong. The tip tapers slightly.
Another visiting card of the bombers. Short, rather thin and very tight to the body due to the lack of undercoat. Pronounced shine and texture resembles natural silk.
That color is half the success of a bombing cat in the eyes of a professional jury. Solid charcoal black from the tips to the roots of the coat. Any stains or medallions are a serious flaw. Black should also be the nose, pads on the feet.