Features of airedale terrier training
Any dog, regardless of breed, must be raised. Just as a person who spits his feet and others sparingly under his feet doesn’t give us pleasure, a dog jumping with dirty paws at the owners and strangers, stealing pieces from the table, biting passersby, rushing at them with a loud bark, will not bring pleasure to others. n. Raising a dog is not at all limited to the execution of several commands. Its main goal is to raise a dog comfortable and trouble-free in communication, otherwise the owner will not have peace, and the dog will have a long life
When raising an airedale, it is necessary to take into account some pedigree features of its character. Inexperienced owners sometimes have a lot of problems with their pet during training. The most frequent complaint of unlucky owners to Airedale is obstinacy. In fact, if he rested, he could be killed, but you won’t make him work. While with one dog the situation will be corrected by a tough effect, with another - caress or dainty, this stubborn man can endure beatings or gobble up all that is tasty to the last bite, and - not from the spot.
Why? The secret is very simple: he is bored. And if this is so, if from a very tender age he was not taught to find pleasure in work, then to train him is sheer torture. This is one of the most characteristic features of the breed. And if some other service dogs can be “broken off” after some time, forced to fulfill the necessary requirements by force, then with Herdel it is very difficult. Even forcing him to obey, you will never be 100% sure of him. And for sure - at the most inopportune moment, he can throw out such that your hands just drop.
An independent, cunning and very clever airedale perfectly mastered the "technique of insubordination." Where another dog would have surrendered a long time ago, just tired of fighting, the airedale will definitely “invent” something. Sometimes it seems that he is simply “too smart” to be disciplined. The most important and unpleasant thing for the owners is that these qualities are manifested not only on the training site, but also at home, on a walk, in a word - everywhere. Erdel sooner and faster than anyone learns the principle of "fools likes work" and never tires of proving to everyone around that he is certainly not a fool.
How to deal with this? The secret is simple. Given the innate independence of Airedale, you should start to practice it as soon as possible, in fact from the moment the puppy got into your house. Your main task is to make the dog love classes, to find pleasure in them, and not perceive it as punishment. Erdel is inherently very passionate. Direct this excitement in the right direction - and you will not have any problems !. For this “anarchist”, with proper upbringing, is able to demonstrate such obedience that the owner of a dog of any other breed will envy you.
Some surprises in training are very characteristic for airedale. Let's say you fight with him for a long time, learning a particular technique. There is no result. And suddenly, at one fine moment, the dog will do everything at once, and ideally, without a hitch, and will then perform flawlessly all his life. Airedale generally has a wonderful memory. He remembers the learned time for life. Of course, he also needs repetition, but, as a rule, to a much lesser extent than others. It is very important not to get involved with it, not to force one to do well-known and learned things twenty times. Otherwise, he will lose interest in the work, and to force him by force is practically impossible. But, if necessary, he is able to demonstrate amazing endurance and tirelessness in work.
I would especially like to draw attention to the fact that contact with Airedale suffers greatly if your dog spends most of his time (or even all) on a leash. In this situation, the curiosity of the dog is not satisfied, and the energy does not have enough output, and no matter how you try to “tie” the dog to yourself with delicacy and affection, leaving the house, you will immediately fade for him to the background, and the world inaccessible to him begins to occupy all his thoughts.
Try to walk the dog more without a leash, from time to time calling it with the “To me” command and sometimes fastening the leash, and then letting go of the dog and treating it to a treat. Otherwise, the puppy may gain an unwanted connection: the more you drive him on a leash, the more he tries to run away to frolic in freedom, the less he wants to return to your leash. You, having lost patience and tired of catching your dog and her disobedience, lose all desire to let her go next time. You try to drive the puppy on a leash, and when you finally let it go, joyful and stunned by the freedom that was suddenly given to him, the little Erdelenok seeks to run away. Instead of a walk, a struggle is obtained - he breaks and pulls to the side and, if he succeeds, runs away, and you try to hold him back, get nervous and promise yourself that now you will never let the dog go again. All this can be easily avoided if, from a very young age, walking with the baby in places free of a large number of people and dogs, carrying him along with him with play and affection.
Erdel's absolutely remarkable obedience can be seen among owners who rely on the mind and devotion of their dog and from an early age develop them in every way, rather than associate them with a leash. On long walks, the airedale will not go as if glued next to you and look into your eyes. But actively mastering the world around him, he will carefully and quickly respond to your comments, warnings and appeals.
The dog must be able to walk on a leash, this is necessary in order to reach the place of walking, to go to the training ground or to visit, when training in walking in the exhibition ring. But wherever possible, give Erdell independence, this will only strengthen your understanding.
Very often they ask, from what moment can an erdel be considered matured? Usually, an airedale grows up at the age of about two years, and this happens somehow instantly and completely unexpectedly (another feature of the breed). A change can happen literally in a matter of days and everyone will notice it: the owner, and the people around him, and other dogs. If any of your dog’s relatives offended him, now he can be punished immediately for everything - instantly and completely unexpectedly.
Airedale, as a rule, belong to the world around them "without a stone in their bosoms", among them aggressive and distrustful individuals are rarely found. Despite this, many of them are successfully trained at training sites and at private trainers at the course of the protective guard service (ZKS), where they are trained to protect the owner, his household, his belongings, car, and home.
The most difficult thing is to raise a dog before the onset of "adulthood." Then it will be much easier. Your airedale will bring you much joy. His affection will be the reward for all the troubles and anxieties. You will have a faithful friend and protector, who in your hands realizes all his amazing breed potential.
In fact, in a broad sense, the upbringing of a dog consists in, firstly, instilling in it the concepts of “impossible” and “possible”, and secondly, ensuring that she knows and remembers what she should not do, even in moments when the owner does not see her.
Remember, a puppy is a person, not a toy, educate him, not drill. In no case should a puppy be beaten, it means beating: a coward and a sneak can result. Start with the puppy in the apartment, as you learn the skills, transfer classes to the street. Puppy teams should be introduced to the process of playing without using force. Start your lessons from the moment the puppy appears in your house, because from two months of age to a year, the dog is in the stage of greatest susceptibility. But at the age of 8-10 weeks, the little puppy gets tired very easily, he lacks attention. Therefore, do not be zealous. At first, just try to accustom your puppy to yourself, become a leader for him. Gently but persistently explain to him that your word is law and his work is obedience. When communicating with a puppy, you need to feel the border and the measure of perseverance and exactingness that you can’t cross, otherwise he may have a nervous breakdown and will have to give up systematic training for a while, and maybe even start from scratch, even if some technique was assimilated.
Your main tool for influencing your dog should be your voice. Literally from the first days of her stay, she will quickly understand that the reproachful tone or “spacing” is connected precisely with her wrong actions.
Remember one of the invariable training rules: say the required command no more than three times. And for the first time - give a command in an even, calm voice (after all, the dog’s hearing is immeasurably sharper than that of the person and, being next to the owner, your dog hears your every breath perfectly). If after the first command is given the dog does not fulfill it, you should repeat the command in threatening intonation (but not with a cry) and if the dog does not obey again, then give the command for the third time in a strict tone and be sure to achieve what you want. Let you have to use cunning or force to do this. After a team executed with such difficulty, a short but surely pleasant break for the dog and indispensable encouragement to treat should follow.
Follow the pattern: one exercise - a break for the game. At the initial stage, 5-minute classes are enough. End them with positive emotions, praise the puppy. Therefore, do not learn new or complex teams at the end of the lesson - let him do what you can praise him for. Repeat the completed commands daily and seek immediate execution. Make sure that the dog has learned them, then proceed to the next.
Do not be lazy to once again praise the puppy in case of successful completion of the team. Having given the command “Good” in gentle intonation, stroke the dog and give her a treat. Do not skimp on the weasel and openly show the puppy your joy with its correct behavior. This is also a great encouragement for the dog, and no less significant than food reinforcement. Upon hearing approval, the young airedale will try even harder. Do not forget to encourage a treat: first for each completed meal, then less often, but you should always have a treat with you when training. Give it in small pieces so that the puppy only tastes it, but does not eat up. In no case should you force the dog to work after feeding - you must give it a rest and digest food. Also remember: at the time of training, the dog should be healthy, walking and not very hungry.
And another important point that will help you understand the psychology of the dog. Once the ancestors of today's domestic dogs lived in packs, where an indestructible hierarchy was strictly observed. You, as a puppy teacher, perform, in his understanding, the role of the leader of the pack. But the leader of the pack is not only love, but also exactingness. Persistently, keeping calm, seek the execution of commands, provided that your requirements are reasonable and take into account the age of the puppy. If you had to punish a dog, do not let her run away after punishment - from her point of view, such a skirmish ended in her favor, in a pinch - in a draw. Make her wait for your permission. But do not forget that in training an airedale, in no case should you abuse the punishment. The dog should respect you, not be afraid. Do not follow the dog’s lead - thus, you show that you are ready to obey, put yourself in a lower rank. All other members of your family, including the youngest child, also stand above the dog in this “ranking card”. This is very important: a growing puppy should not feel stronger than any of the household members; it does not have the right to bite or disobey any of them.
Remember also that the world of a dog is a world of smells. She just needs to sniff. Sometimes you can see how the owner punishes the dog for carefully sniffing the “dog mark” left in the snow or for sniffing the oncoming dog. In such cases, the owner with undisguised squeamishness on his face exhorts the dog with an exclamation like "Shame on you!" But the dog, sniffing the bush, where shortly before that his four-legged brother was noted, received information about who, when, with whom, in what condition and with what intentions was here. This is a part of the dog’s life, its inner world. And we should treat this at least with understanding.
Much of a dog’s behavior depends on age. For example, at the age of about three to six months, the puppies begin the so-called period of passive-defensive reaction. At this time, they may be afraid of unfamiliar objects, strangers, etc. Do not despair - this will pass as soon as the puppy crosses a certain age limit. Try to carefully introduce the dog to an object that frightens him, let him smell it and avoid situations that could reinforce the manifestation of passive-defensive reactions. It is undesirable, for example, for a puppy to be bitten by an adult dog at this age or hit by a “cheerful” neighbor.
Erdel is a complex and multifaceted creature. He knows how to love, hate, experience the pangs of jealousy, yearn and rejoice. The most important thing is to understand his inner world, originality and individuality, not to treat him as a mindless automaton. Never forget about his feelings! You are the leader for a four-legged friend. The better you will fulfill this difficult duty, the stronger the contact between you will be, the more pleasant minutes you will spend with your pet.
The main commands that any dog desires to know, regardless of breed and age, are “To Me”, “Fu”, (termination of undesirable actions), “Place”, “Sit”, Lie “, Near”, “Aport” , "Show your teeth." It’s nice if the dog can overcome obstacles.
However, the owner’s first task is to teach the puppy a nickname. It is the nickname that you pronounce whenever you want to attract the attention of a dog, so the nickname should be easy to pronounce and at the same time original so that the young, yet untrained dog is not confused when he heard his nickname on the street from other dog breeders.
Choosing a nickname for a pet usually causes a lot of controversy and even resentment in the family, but do not rush to the final decision. In the first days of life in your home, your baby will be completely satisfied with the call “Kut-kut”, especially when it is accompanied by the appearance of a bowl with food. Talk to the breeder - he knows better what nicknames are common in the breed and will help to avoid unnecessary repetition. In addition, in most clubs, puppies of each litter are usually named for one specific letter, so you can be offered a choice of a number of clicks. And if you do not like any of them? Do not worry, write down any of the proposed ones, and at home call the puppy as decided at the family council, but the dog must learn this nickname firmly.
In the first months of life, avoid calling the dog with different nicknames and variants of her nickname: she already quickly learns the difference in the owner’s intentions, which lies behind the call “My lovely” and “Vile animal”. Well, of course, do not call the dog a human name - this can offend your friends.
To name a puppy to everyone in the family should be the same. From the day the nickname is chosen, at every opportunity, draw the puppy's attention to yourself, calling him by the nickname and be sure to caress. Before feeding, be sure to call your baby a nickname.When he comes up, repeat the nickname two to three times and give him food. In one or two days, the puppy will learn its first lesson, especially if the nickname is pronounced with one intonation and without additional words that make it difficult to remember.
To me team- the most important. Its development requires the owner of the puppy utmost attention, perseverance and gentle treatment of the pet. It must be remembered that the command “To Me” cannot be given in threatening intonation, it is impossible to punish a puppy who approached you on the command for any wrongdoing, this team must be connected with all the most pleasant: communication with your beloved master, affection, delicacy, short, but fun game. This command is of paramount importance in the dog’s life, as it is the main one connecting it with the owner. The better it is learned, the more reliable and faster it will be completed, the more successfully the rest of the training will go. On walks, no matter how far your puppy runs away, wherever he goes, whatever the danger poses to him, the “To Me” team should make him immediately approach you. So where do you start?
In the morning, when the puppy has just woken up, he has done his business and the time has come for feeding, holding a bowl of food in his hand, draw attention to the puppy by calling it a nickname. As soon as the puppy reacts, gently call him, for example: "Tina, come to me." Try to interest him in food, and when he comes up, repeat affectionately “To me,” then praise and give food.
In the future, with each feeding, work out the “To Me” command. First serve it at the same time with the nickname, and then say only "To me." However, conducting such classes only during feeding is not enough. In between meals, when the dog is not keen on any activity, and even better, when he is watching you, you must, affectionately calling the puppy nicknamed, cheerfully give the command. To attract attention, you can clap your hands, and then use the right gesture - a straight hand raised to shoulder level, and then lowered to the hip (without clapping). If the puppy does not fit or fits sluggishly, repeat the command a little louder and show him a piece of goodies. When this does not help, take two or three steps to the side, run back, sit down. The puppy will notice your movement and run towards you. Be sure to achieve an energetic approach, and reinforce the performance with a delicacy, affection, the word "Good." The “To me” team should by no means become a team marking the end of a walk, otherwise you can get a negative reaction to it. On a walk, repeatedly call the dog and, after treating and treating it with a tasty piece, let it go. Returning, take the dog on a leash in advance. On the way home, it’s good to practice driving alongside the owner, and the dog will calm down after running around.
Regularly practicing with your puppy, you teach him not only to fulfill the command, but also to accept praise for its correct execution.
Every time you go for a walk, be sure to take a treat with you: pieces of cheese, cookies, meat, dry food. It is not so important what you will give him, it is important that his obedience will be rewarded, he will receive a piece not just like that, but for the work. Such classes should be carried out daily until the dog has mastered the team. In the future, the “To Me” team is served as needed, but its implementation must necessarily be supported by praise and sometimes dainty.
However, this command should not be associated with the puppy only with getting treats. In the life of a dog, there may well be times when the food instinct fades into the background. The “To Me” team demands unconditional submission to the leader-master. Therefore, you should be resourceful so that a young inquisitive airedale rushing headlong towards you, as the most interesting and important creature in the world. To do this, diversify your impact on the dog after it comes on command - always praise, but also offer a variety of activities: a short stormy game, hide and seek, new items, etc. The main thing is to keep the puppy interested in you.
Now on sale are remotely controlled collars with an electric discharge and an audible signal. With the help of such a collar, literally in two walks, you can easily teach your airedale to unquestioningly execute the “To me” command. Using this collar you can also quickly work out the “Fu” team. It is only important to observe the condition - first the team and only then the impact. True, this method has one significant drawback - the high cost of the collar.
It is strictly forbidden after giving the command “To me” to punish the dog or immediately take it on a leash after a short walk in order to take it home. If the dog fools around, runs away and doesn’t want to come to you, but after some time it nevertheless approached the command “To me”, you cannot punish it, no matter how angry you are. Otherwise, in such a situation, the dog will not approach you at all, since the punishment is connected with the “To Me” team.
Never grab a puppy running up to you by the collar. By this action you limit the puppy’s freedom, he associates with the end of the walk and subsequently your airedale will come to you on command, but will not be given into your hands. Always stroke the approached puppy and let it go again. Your cunning airedale should never know on which account the “To Me” team ends, it flies to you for attention and love.
"Fu." The growing puppy, like the adult dog, must immediately and without fail execute the prohibiting command “Fu”. By the age of four months your puppy will make a large number of undesirable actions for you. Either he will rush after the cat or fly around and scare the little child, then he will grab some garbage on the street, then he will climb to the table and take away the left over provisions. You never know what a lively, energetic Erdelenok can do in a day! In order for leprosy and pranks not to become a habit, they must be stopped immediately, and the prohibiting team “Fu” serves for this. A good working out of this command will allow you to stop unwanted actions instantly, almost automatically.
The Fu command is given in a sharp and strict voice and is accompanied by a slap, if the puppy is on a leash - a tangible jerk of the leash. At the time of the offense, a strict "Fu", backed up by physical action, will always produce the desired effect. The puppy quickly perceives this command as a punishment for the misconduct and, having heard it, immediately stops the leprosy. When developing this skill, one must proceed from the following mandatory rules.
- The command “Fu” should be given only in two cases - if the puppy grabs something illegal or rushes at someone. In all other cases, use other commands.
- You can not give a command if the puppy has not yet shown or committed such an offense, which is not perceived by him as an unauthorized action. The dog must immediately understand what action "Fu" refers to.
- If the puppy has not completed the command, it is necessary to achieve its fulfillment by repeating “Fu” in a more formidable tone and accompanying the team with a more tangible physical impact.
- You can not abuse the team. This can cause the puppy to become afraid of its owner or, even worse, get used to the constant shout.
- You should not let the puppy forget the “Fu” command, even if he behaves roughly. From time to time, provoke him to commit an unlawful misconduct and with a sharp “Fu” pull him in a timely manner. For example, you can “forget” delicious food in the wrong place and, after hiding, observe the puppy’s action. As soon as he tries to grab the feed, the strict "Fu" and the slap will remind the naughty man that this is forbidden.
The “Fu” command should not be “empty sound” for the dog - it should always (if the dog does not stop the action) be accompanied by physical punishment. Moreover, the more persistent Airedale is trying to grab something from the ground, the sharper and more temperamental the command should be pronounced and the stronger the physical impact. The puppy must be punished precisely at the time of the misconduct, and not before or after. It is very good if the owner is a “sharp shooter” and is able to get into the dog, for example, with a folded strict collar or leash, etc. Then the dog will learn that the watchful eye of the owner does not sleep and “Fu” will be perceived without question.
If your airedale is on a leash and, in spite of your direct presence, picks up something or rushes at someone, immediately say the command “Fu” and tangibly pull the leash. If this is not enough, shake the dog, but be sure to achieve termination.
The inevitability of punishment for misconduct should be associated precisely with the issuance of the command "Fu", and not with any other actions, words, objects.
When working out a team, it is strictly forbidden:
1. Punish the dog for the perfect act after a time when she already forgot about the perfect misconduct.
2. Punish a dog who approached you at the “To me” command, but picked up something on the street (see the execution of the “To me” command).
In this case, you can recommend a completely different action. If your airedale immediately comes to you on command, even if holding something in your teeth, do not try to hack the one who came up, but try to make a mutually beneficial "exchange". You praise the puppy that approached you and change its “value” to your handful of goodies. It is important that this exchange is beneficial in the eyes of your dog and that it will no doubt exchange its trophy with you. Then in the future, your little airedale will bring you all that is more or less interesting in exchange for your praise and goodies.
Another team needed for education is “Place”. It means that the dog, whatever it does, must go to its bedding. Knowing this command comes in handy when the dog begs at the table, pestering guests, interfering with cleaning, etc.
However, even having understood the command, the dog will unquestioningly execute it only if she gets used to her bedding and loves it.
A place they arrange for the puppy immediately, upon arrival at the house. As soon as the dog sleeps somewhere, take him in his arms, say: “Tina! Place ”and take it to the litter. Having put it, stroke it once, praise: “Okay, place!” - and immediately leave. After a few days, the puppy will understand that only on the bedding he is not disturbed during sleep, and he will be arranged to sleep only there.
If the puppy stubbornly refuses to sleep on the bedding, constantly runs away from it, then it is uncomfortable for him there: it is too light, stuffy or, conversely, blowing, any smells irritate. In this case, you must either eliminate the cause of discomfort, or choose another place.
Since the litter is not just a “bed”, but, so to speak, the den of a puppy, subsequently an adult dog, the puppy is taught to be in place and during periods of wakefulness. During the game, show him the toy and throw it on the litter, commanding: “Place”. Let him “catch up” and “bite” her there. If the puppy scatters toys around the room, regularly return them to the bedding.
When the puppy recognizes its litter and begins to spend some time there even without forcing the owner, teach him to independently go there on command. Hail, show a piece of goodies, say: “Place” and quickly go there yourself.
Grip the treat in a fist in front of the running puppy, with the other hand lay it on the bedding and only then praise and award it. After a few days, the puppy will get used to the fact that a treat is given when it does not just come, but lies in its place.
Then the exercise can be complicated. Give the “Place” command and show with your hand in the direction of the litter (do not show the treat, otherwise it will not leave you). If the puppy does not go to the litter, but looks at you, go with him to the place, showing with a gesture that the treat is there. Leading the puppy to the place or going there immediately after him, lay, praise and present the award.
After a while, when the puppy, in principle, understands what they want from him, proceed to develop endurance, increasing the gap between the moment the command is executed and the treat is given. Ideally, the dog should go to the place at your first request, go to bed and stay there indefinitely, falling asleep or, if circumstances require, carefully watching what is happening in the room.
You can send the dog to the place as a punishment. But never punish a dog in its rightful place - because for us, our house is a fortress, and so is for a dog.
"Sit".Teaching the team is best done during a walk, after the puppy has thoroughly walked, or at home after sleep, but before eating. Choose a place to practice where there are as few extraneous distractions as possible. This requirement, however, applies to training other teams. Before going to classes, you need to cook a treat: pieces of meat, cheese, crackers. Put the treat in your right pocket so that you can easily get it on the go with your right hand.
Stand facing the dog, take a piece of the treat in your right hand, and gently hold the puppy with your left so that he cannot escape. Then let your pupil smell the delicacy and begin to lift it above the puppy’s nose up and back so that he could not grab it and at the same time would reach for the delicacy with his head up. As soon as you feel that the puppy is about to sit down, give the command "Sit", and slightly raise a treat - this will complete the beginning of the landing. Give your baby a treat and praise him. After three or four exercises, the puppy will connect the team, planting and dainty among themselves and will willingly sit down on command. In the future, raising a treat over the dog’s head is not required. Hearing the command and seeing the delicacy, the airedale will sit down quickly, and in a few days one command “Sit” will be enough. Do not repeat the exercise too often: this may annoy the puppy, he will get tired and unwanted breakdowns will begin.
When your airedale has mastered the exercise, it must be accustomed to a short shutter speed in a sitting position, that is, a certain pause must be sustained between the performance of the landing and the subsequent actions of the dog. At the first attempt of the dog to rise, the “Sit” command is given in a louder and more rigorous voice. Gradually pauses can be increased. Having mastered this technique, try to move away from the puppy for two or three steps and then go around it. At the same time, stop the puppy’s attempts to break away from the “Sit” command. Having fixed the skill, proceed to the "Lie" command.
"Lie down."The execution of the team is based on the same principle as the execution of the Sit command. To lay a puppy, first plant him and take a short pause. Then, interest the baby with a treat that should be in your right hand. When the puppy reaches for a treat, hold it slightly with his left hand at the withers, and lower his right hand down, with a gesture inviting him to bend his face to the ground. At the beginning of this gesture, say the command “Lie” and, as soon as the dog lies down, give him a piece of goodies. When practicing this technique, the gesture inviting the dog to lie down after the treat should be combined with the puppy’s movement and, as soon as he starts to lie down, finish it more energetically, slightly push the withers, as if bringing the puppy to the supine position.
The command "Lie" is served regardless of the puppy's original position. Otherwise, if, for example, the command “Lie” is given only when the puppy is in a sitting position, he will develop an unwanted connection, and he will not go to other positions.
"Beside". Before you start training your airedale with the “Near” team, stock up on a good portion of goodies, walk the puppy properly and, choosing a convenient place, fasten the leash to the collar. Holding it in your left hand about 20 cm above the collar, caress the puppy so that he does not tear forward or to the side. Having seized the moment when the puppy is in a calm state, energetically give the command “Near” and at the same time start moving in a straight line in an even, unhurried step. If the puppy moves in the right rhythm without leaving or keeping up with your left leg, after two or three steps praise him and give him a treat. So that the dog does not run ahead and pull while moving, the treat should be in the left pocket. It is necessary to encourage her during a stop when she has taken the correct position - sitting at her left foot. When the puppy starts to accelerate its step and pulls forward, slow down, keeping the puppy on a leash and at the same time give the command “Near”. With a puppy that is difficult to learn, you can try the following method. Use the stairs in a multi-storey building, but be sure to unfamiliar to the puppy. After a good walk on the street, bring him to the stairs and put him between the wall and your knee. Then slowly climb up, holding the dog with a leash. The puppy, limited on both sides, will be forced to move up the stairs and will not be able to tear to the sides. Having a ladder will create some uncertainty about the puppy’s movement, and he won’t pull you up or lag behind. Take the descent at a slightly slower pace. Be sure to make stops while driving every 20-25 meters or through one flight of stairs. After a week or two, classes on the stairs can be alternated with classes in the yard, and then completely go into the yard. During training, do not forget to reassure, praise the puppy and give him a treat.
A good result is the execution of the “Near” command for a treat. To do this, hold a piece of goodies in your left fist and lower your hand so that the treat is at the level of the nose of your airedale. Give a command and start moving. Keep the leash in your right hand, the treat in your left fist and left pocket. A puppy busy picking tidbits will walk next to you. Do not forget to praise it, periodically give a treat and get the next bite. In order for the puppy to sit at your left foot at the time of your stop, take a piece of goodies in your left hand, give the “Near” command while moving and stop after one and a half or two steps, while raising the treat held in your left hand above the puppy’s head so that with the expectation that the puppy will sit down and, as soon as he sits down, immediately praise him, saying “Okay, close” and give the treat.
Stretch your hand in a fist towards the dog, and give the command "voice!". This should be done mainly when the dog would bark without a command, for example, before walking, eating, permission to run, etc. Fix the connection between the barking and the team with the help of goodies and praise.
"Show your teeth" - the team needed at the exhibition, when examining the teeth. Sit the dog at the left foot, give the command and at the same time spread the dog’s lips with the thumbs, previously arranged as follows: the right palm is from below and the left palm is from above the dog’s face, but in no case touch the nose. After a short period of time release the puppy, encourage him to stroke and treat.
Obstacles.When a puppy reaches three months of age, he can be accustomed to jumping over small obstacles. Let it be only a new entertainment, inculcation of the habit of not being afraid of obstacles encountered on the way, and not training to overcome the barrier on command. Your pet will be happy to overcome the first low barriers, chasing your favorite toy. Put a light rail in the path of the running puppy. It is very convenient to use the barrier when the puppy runs along the wall and a thin lath resting at one end against the wall at a small height from the floor blocks the baby’s path. Instead of a rail, you can build a low barrier from plywood so that the puppy does not run under the obstacle. The length of the fence should be at least 1.5 m, so that the puppy catching up with a toy thrown along the wall does not have time to run around the obstacle, but was forced to jump over it in a rush. A rake laid on two blockheads will become a real barrier for a puppy. The number of jumps during the game is no more than four. In the future, the game will be replaced by real training. More serious exercises to overcome obstacles should begin with five to six months of age. Jumping over obstacles perfectly develops the muscles of the hind limbs, and square dogs are especially recommended. Exercises with a rail will help you teach your puppy to jump in the “swallow” way, that is, without touching the obstacles with his paws. You can jump over the picket fence. At the first attempts, until the puppy is comfortable with it, it is possible to put a rail on the rod.
In the first lessons, the owner, standing next to the obstacle, brings a treat over him and at the same time gives the command “Barrier”. As soon as the puppy jumps over the delicacy over the barrier, he must be praised and given a treat. Having caught the moment when the puppy is about to jump, you must help him decide on this with a gesture over the barrier, as if inviting him to make a jump. Usually a jump through a 30-centimeter picket fence for a puppy already familiar with this game exercise is not difficult, and in two or three days the airedale will willingly take the barrier by the first command and gesture. Every day you should not do more than two or three jumps. If the puppy becomes stubborn, it is necessary to achieve the jump by any means, and then stop the lesson and switch to a fun game. To cheer up the baby, jump with him once or twice, if the barrier is low. The height of the obstacle must be strictly aligned with the puppy's capabilities, bringing it to 50 cm. Jumping through the picket fence can be alternated with jumping over the bar, making sure that the dog does not dive under it and does not run around. On training sites, airedale, as a rule, do not have difficulties with overcoming solid obstacles.
It’s nice to train your dog to jump long. For this, it is convenient to use trenches of various widths. Exercises should begin with a narrow section and gradually force the dog to jump over the wider part. Over time, you can use two fences, the distance between which increase as you learn.
At the same time, teach the puppy to walk on the boom, as well as to lie, sit and stand on it. Instead of a boom, you can use the bench. Putting the puppy on a boom, give the command "Forward". Hold the collar with your right hand, and under the belly with your left, until the puppy starts walking on the boom on its own. With age, increase the height and length of the boom.
Watch carefully for safety precautions. Do not let the puppy fall from obstacles; if this happens, the puppy will categorically refuse to even approach such a “sick” object.
"Apport"Briefly talk about training a dog to set up. This is the name given to the owner of various abandoned items. This is one of the most difficult teams in the general training course. As apportionable items, it is best to use toys in which the puppy is most interested. Wave a toy in front of the puppy, provoke it and, throwing it not far from you, give the “apport!” Command. As soon as the puppy runs and grabs the toy, give the command “to me” and run a little away from the baby. In most cases, the puppy, noticing that you are leaving and having heard the familiar command “come to me!”, Will run up to you, not having time to release the toys from the teeth. In this case, immediately say the command “give!”, Show the treat, take the toy with your hand (if the puppy does not give it, do not stretch it, but carefully open the mouth and take out the toy) and encourage the puppy with an exclamation of “good!” And a treat. If the puppy throws a fitting item, take a step towards it and grab the toy before he throws it. Do not make this command immediately binding. First, it should be a non-binding game: it is important to develop a puppy's interest in the subject so that it grabs its teeth. If you are unable to interest the puppy in the apport, tie it to a long string and slowly pull it along the ground. The hunting instinct will force the dog to rush after the creeping object and grab it with its teeth. Pull the puppy by the rope and, giving the command "give!", Carefully remove the apport from the mouth, give a treat and hide the toy behind his back. After such a game, the puppy will be interested in the apport and will begin to take the item you threw. The game is a game, but make sure that the game doesn’t turn out to be a catch-up game for a dog that flies off with an appetizing object in its teeth and perceives the “apport!” Command as an invitation to this game. If the dog does not want to come to you after raising the object, runs away with him and nibbles him - tie the apport on a long rope. After you have thrown the item and the dog grabbed it, give the command “to me!”, Pulling the airedale towards you by the rope. Then praise him as if nothing had happened and give me a treat.
From the book of E. V. Senashenko “Airedale”
This funny dog with curly hair has a special intellect and energy. However, when raising a pet, you should be extremely careful. After all, an improperly trained dog will have a need for domination or become aggressive.
The Airedale is the largest terrier in the world. For this quality he is also called the “king of terriers”. Like many dog breeds, the airedale was bred for hunting purposes. This time - on otters and river rats. As a result of this, the dog is not at all afraid of water and likes to have fun in the pond. A representative of this breed appeared in the county of Yorkshire. Through his mind and extreme dexterity, the Airedale is great for participating in a variety of exhibitions and competitions.
In the manner of the Siberian husky Balto, representatives of this breed have their own heroes. During the two World Wars, Airedale terriers were repeatedly used on the battlefields. Most often they delivered messages. Indeed, for its growth, this dog is very fast, and incredible dexterity made it possible to wade through heavy rugged terrain or under enemy fire. The Airedale terrier, Jack, who saved the whole battalion during the First World War, was especially distinguished. However, the dog could not survive, but his feat was not forgotten. Jack was posthumously awarded the Queen Victoria's Cross “For Valor”.
Like most terriers, the ancestor of the airedale was the black and tan terrier (Manchester Terrier). Official breeding began in the first half of the eighteenth century. This pet became famous as an excellent hunter for small forest and river animals (foxes, martens, otters, badgers, etc.). Also, thanks to its unusual strength, airedale were often used as working dogs.
It is possible that the Airedale terrier owes its excellent swimming abilities to the otterhound, another of its ancestors.
A certain Bryar brought these dogs to America, and he was considered the founder of the breed (a very controversial statement). However, he greatly contributed to the recognition of dogs on the American continent. The Airedale Terrier received the status of the official breed in the USA in 1888. It should be noted that many presidents of the American Kennel Club were especially fond of this breed of dog.
Although this dog began its journey as an assistant to hunters, now the Airedale is an excellent representative of sports and diverse dogs. In the rating of the American Club of Dog Breeding, this breed of dogs currently ranks 54th.
Before you start an airedale, you should carefully consider whether you have enough energy to raise this breed of dog. Airedale terriers are great for guard service, as they very carefully guard the territory that I consider my own. Strength, dexterity and absolute trust in the owner's family only improves the result of this dog.
Airedale terriers are particularly sociable. They simply adore the attention from their family, but even if the owner is busy with something, the airedale will be happy just to be around.
This breed of dog must always spend its energy on a variety of things. Whether it is hunting down a game or a simple game with children. The Airedale is a great running companion. He also loves to dig the earth, to chase other animals (even if this is just a game). The dog's barking is very loud, and she certainly loves to use it. And if you live in an apartment, you should prepare for the inexhaustible complaints of the neighbors.
The Airedale is quite wayward, so you should not expect him to obey commands. This breed of dogs is distinguished by high intelligence, which means that it will surprise you more than once with its curious decisions. If you expect complete obedience from a dog, this breed of dog is not for you.
Airedale are very vindictive dogs. Therefore, you should not apply aggression or a rude tone to them. This only increases the dog’s distrust of the person. Airedale should be accustomed to communicating with other animals, especially cats. The reason for everything is the hunting instinct, which makes the dog show aggression towards smaller pets. This aspect greatly complicates the process of training and learning. If you want to raise a smart and complaisant dog, from which there will be no trouble, you should pay special attention to the socialization of the animal.
Despite the aggressive appearance, the Airedale loves to have fun and play. He just loves to drag sweets from the host table. The time spent with the family can be considered the happiest for them.
Parenting and training
The Airedale is just the perfect object for training. He is not only active and playful, but also has a remarkable mind. Of course, this does not mean that making efforts in training is not required. Airedale terriers tend to dominate, so every minute they will question your authority. Persistence should be given to these dogs. You need to give commands with a confident voice, because at one point the dog can notice a trembling voice and ignore you. Airedale will only obey the person he respects. You must become an authority.
Training should be accompanied by praise and refreshments. Airedale cannot stand aggression against themselves, so you should think twice before raising your voice on the dog.
Airedale needs a regular haircut. Otherwise, caring for their hair can cause you great trouble. However, the dog should be sheared no more than once a year.
You need to comb the airedale only once a week. It is practically not necessary to bathe this breed of dog. Their skin produces a special blend that makes the coat shiny and waterproof. Bathing will only ruin everything. It is also necessary to cut nails once a week. it is still important to regularly clean the ears of the pet to prevent ear infections.
Airedale nutrition should be given special attention. It should be balanced and include all the basic, necessary elements and vitamins. Most often, the basis of nutrition is lean meat (chicken, rabbit, veal, beef). Sometimes it can be given raw, but in small portions. Airedale also enjoys a variety of fruits and vegetables, fish (remove bones first), cereals (oatmeal, buckwheat, rice), as well as dairy products and eggs.
If you don’t have time to create a balanced diet, use special dry food.
With natural nutrition, veterinarians advise adding vitamin complexes to food. This will only enhance the health of your pet.
The diet is especially important for the dog. The puppy eats 4-5 times a day. Gradually, the number of meals should be reduced. An adult dog eats no more than twice a day.
Mostly Airedale dogs are healthy dogs. But also, like other pets, these animals are more vulnerable to certain diseases. Their main list is as follows:
- hip dysplasia,
- dilated cardiomyopathy,
- wet eczema
- Von Willebrand disease,
- twist of the century
- chronic superficial keratitis,
- corneal dystrophy,
- progressive retinal atrophy.
Airedale Terrier History
The Airedale breed comes from the Eyre River Valley, which flows through Yorkshire County (UK). In the 19th century, locals often went hunting for otters and rats.
The otterhounds - waterfowl hounds - helped them in this. However, the working qualities of this breed did not meet all the needs of people. Because they were crossed with a black and tan terrier.
The resulting dogs showed incredible endurance, but they were distinguished by poorly adjusted aggression. To correct this trait, a new breed was crossed with shepherd dogs.
The result was an airedale - a dog that combines the best qualities of ancestors, namely intelligence, learning ability, beauty and the ability to hunt both on land and in water.
In 1880, Airedale Terrier dogs were first sent overseas: a dog named Bruce was the best in its class and took first place at the New York show. In 1886, Airedale officially registered the National Club of Dog Lovers.
The breed appeared in Russia when the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905 was going on. The Russian embassy formally asked British colleagues to send these unique dogs to help field doctors and signalmen. Since then, the Airedale has earned universal love in the CIS countries.
It is interesting! Airedale became so called only after the official recognition of the breed. Prior to that, they were called the "Big Bedlington."
Interesting facts about Erdela
Several interesting facts are associated with this breed:
- The Airedale Terrier is the largest living terrier. Therefore, he is often called the "king of terriers."
- Dogs of this breed served on the fronts of not only the Russo-Japanese, but also the First World War. Many soldiers of those times owed their lives to these brave orderlies, who dragged the wounded from the battlefield and managed to deliver medicines in the most difficult situations. The working qualities of the breed were also evaluated by the signalmen: the Airedale terriers served as postmen, and also laid kilometers of cable where people could not get through. There is a known case when a seriously injured Airedale terrier named Jack brought a report to his master and after that fell dead at his feet. Those data saved the whole battalion, and the dog received the Victoria Cross posthumously.
- The frontal exploits of the Airedale terrier made him so popular that this breed settled for a long time in the White House. Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge - they all kept Airedale terriers. And Lady Boy, the Harding dog, even had her own chair for official meetings. In addition, Ferdinand Porsche, the founder of the eponymous automobile concern, was a fan of the Airedale Terriers.
- For a Soviet man, the most popular representative of the Airedale breed was a dog named Chingiz. It was he who played Ressie in the film "The Adventures of Electronics."
Airedale Terrier breed description
This is a strong, harmoniously built and elegant dog. A visiting card and a characteristic feature of Airedale are “eyebrows”, “mustaches” with a “beard”, and combed hair on their paws.
Airedale Terrier breed standard corresponds to the following description:
- Height (at the withers): 59–61 centimeters for boys and 56–58 centimeters for girls.
- Weight: 23–29 kilograms for boys, 18–20 kilograms for girls.
- The body is rectangular, slightly elongated. The belly is tight. The chest is sinewy and muscular. Airedales differ in powerful bones, but they do not look heavy. Strength and mobility are the main characteristics of the breed.
- The neck is wide and somewhat elongated.
- The back is straight, without sagging. The loin is muscular.
- The skull is flat, has an elongated shape, tapers to the orbits. The forehead is almost invisible.
- Muzzle without cheeks, cheekbones, folds and wrinkles. The jaws are strong. Scissor bite.
- The ears are small, in the form of a triangle, are adjacent to the head, set low, hanging half.
- The eyes are medium, with lush eyelashes, dark brown or completely black, have a brown frame along the eyelids.
- The nose is big, black.
- Paws are straight, strong, slightly elongated.
- The tail is thick, but mobile, rises up. Previously, it was stopped, but now it is customary to maintain the natural appearance of the dog.
Color and type of coat
The color of the airedale is called black: the back of the dog is black, with a gradual transition to the sides and sometimes to the top of the hips of the hind legs, the rest of the body is covered with a tan or sand coat. Intrusion of white hair on the chest is acceptable.
Airedale puppies are born completely black. If over time red tan marks do not appear on the dog’s chest, this is a disqualifying sign.
Airedale have a soft undercoat. The main hair is hard, like a wire, has water repellent properties.
Important! With proper care, the airedale hair does not have an unpleasant dog smell.
What is the name of the mini airedale?
Sometimes on the Internet you can find photos of a small dog that looks exactly like an airedale. Inexperienced dog lovers take him for a dwarf variety of breed.
However, in reality this is not a mini-version of the airedale, but a separate species, and the breed is called the Welsh Terrier (the second name is the Welsh Terrier).
Welsh is less than airedale. Their height is about 38 centimeters, and their weight is 10 kilograms. Otherwise, for an inexperienced eye, they are very similar, since they have common ancestors in the pedigree.
However, the main difference between the Welsh Terriers and Airedale terriers lies not even in size, but in character. Little Welsh are more stubborn and cocky, which makes them harder to train. In addition, the size of the dogs dictates differences in their purpose.
Welsh terriers are good hunters and companions, while Airedale terriers are universal dogs.
This is a very lively, energetic and positive breed. Its representatives love to communicate and be in the spotlight, because the airedale is suitable for people with an active lifestyle. However, behind the gaiety and curiosity of this dog lies a high intellect.
Airedale will not be intrusive when the owner is out of sorts. If a person is saddened, he will just sit next to him; if he is alert, he will bring a ball for the game.
Airedale - affectionate and loyal dogs. But sometimes this property becomes jealousy. For example, this may be noticeable if the owner communicates with other pets.
However, airedale are not aggressive to animals. They are confident enough and will never start a fight first. But if another dog provokes them, Airedale will answer the same. In addition, he can consider that there is a threat to his beloved master, and therefore he will stand to the end.
In this regard, you should not allow him to contact aggressive animals. But if the other dog is adequate and socialized, Airedale will not refuse to chat with him and play.
The attitude of an airedale to strangers depends on the situation. In general, he is always positive about others. But if a specific person arouses hostility in the owner, the airedale will definitely feel this and will not let the stranger close.
In addition, this breed has a territorial instinct. If someone arrives, the airedale will immediately notify its owner. Next, the pet will look at the reaction of the owner. If everything is fine, he will let guests through without problems, but if not, an outsider will never enter the house.
Airedale tricks are peculiar. This should be considered in building relationships with the pet.
Airedale Terrier puppies: how to choose and how much
Buying a baby is better in a proven nursery. The responsible breeder will talk about the breeding pair, allow you to look at it and provide the results of tests for genetic diseases.
The latter is especially important, because as a result of illiterate breeding, the following hereditary diseases are common among Airedale:
- hip dysplasia,
- degenerative myelopathy.
When choosing a pet, it is important to first decide what purpose the Airedale Terrier puppy starts, since this breed is quite multidirectional. It can be a guard, hunter, service dog or just a friend. Therefore, it is better to ask the breeder about the individual characteristics of each baby.
Usually certain character traits and inclinations are already visible at the age of 1.5-2 months. It will also not be superfluous to observe the puppy you like: how he behaves, if he is left alone, and what is his behavior in the litter.
A healthy airedale will be agile, curious and not fearful.
In addition, it is worth paying attention to the appearance of the animal. Airedale puppies are born completely black, but by the age of one and a half months their color changes to black and tan. Over time, they even acquire a characteristic shabrack.
In addition, the baby should have clean mucous membranes, strong straight legs and a flat head.
Important! In addition to the pedigree, a veterinary passport with marks on the first stage of vaccination will be attached to the puppy.
Airedale puppies cost from 30 to 70 thousand Russian rubles. The price is determined not only by proximity to Moscow, but also by the class of the baby. Pets will cost less. But if you want to raise a champion, you have to pay a considerable amount.
Airedale puppies: care and maintenance
Kids can be kept both on natural food and on dry food. In the first case, it is better to ask what the breeder gave the puppy, as a sharp transition to new products is not very useful for an unstressed stomach. When keeping a pet on finished feeds, it is better to steam the solid granules with either broth or boiling water.
Important! During the period of the teeth change (as a rule, this is about 4 months) it is better to give the baby soft and semi-solid food, and as “rattle” - special bones from the veins.
Four-month-old puppies need to be fed 6 times a day, six months old - 4 times a day, up to a year - 3 times a day. Serving volumes should be checked with your veterinarian to prevent obesity. The daily rate must be divided into equal shares.
To clean the ears and eyes of the puppy is only as necessary. The frequency of hair care depends on how quickly the pet “dresses” in the cap. Black hair can be combed out once a week, but as soon as it begins to change to red, you can carefully switch to plucking and more frequent combing.
Important! Dogs with hard coat are not recommended to be cut with scissors or under the clipper. The quality of the hair will suffer from this, and such an airedale will not be allowed to participate in the exhibition.
Young Airedale are quite mobile. Therefore, it is important to provide them with proper physical activity. Until the vaccination period is over, do not take the pet out. But you can take it out on your hands so that he gets new impressions and gets acquainted with the outside world, and organize active games at home.
When the puppy is fully vaccinated, it is worth starting with half-hour walks, gradually bringing their duration to a year old up to an hour in the afternoon and an hour in the evening.
Care and maintenance of an adult airedale
Caring for an airedale is not more difficult than for any other dog. However, the owner of such a pet should consider that you will have to spend time walking and caring for the dog’s hair.
Erdell can be given dry food or "natural". On what exactly to choose, is the personal business of each owner.
In a natural menu, the dog should have:
- lean meat every day
- boneless sea fish - once a week,
- vegetable salads (as a side dish for meat),
- cereals (buckwheat, rice),
- low-fat dairy products,
- eggs (no more than twice a week),
- apple, banana (as a reward).
Feeding an adult airedale is 2 times a day, dividing the daily dose in equal shares. For a dog weighing 30 kilograms, this is 200-250 grams in the morning and evening.
When feeding with dry feed, you must adhere to the instructions from the manufacturer, which is always printed on the back of the pack.
Walking and exercise
Airedale need long walks (at least an hour) 2 times a day. Being in an urban environment and lowering the dog from the leash, it is important to be sure that the pet is clearly following the commands. It is worth remembering that this is still a hunting breed, because the airedale can chase after any animal that is smaller than himself.
In addition, they, like most terriers, are very curious, they need new impressions of the world around them.
Airedale is a researcher by nature. Therefore, it is important that even something enthusiastic dog clearly returned at the command of the owner. This is the guarantee of his own safety.
Airedale do not fade, and their coat has a hypoallergenic property. Like other wire-haired dogs, they need to be combed thoroughly to help get rid of dead hair.
This should be done 3-4 times a week with a brush with rare teeth, and then with frequent. Also periodically you will need to drive your pet to the groomer on a pinch.
The latter is of two types:
Hygienic trimming is done 2 times a year. It is necessary to rid the dog of dead hair. For this, the pets are washed, dried, and then they begin to pull out the wool in bunches in the direction of growth. At the end of the procedure, the dog’s skin is treated with oil to prevent irritation.
As a result, the dog looks tidier. In addition, the pinch contributes to the growth of new hair. Any owner can master the technique, since there is no need for special knowledge on the airedale trimming scheme.
Another thing is the exhibition pinch. It is necessary to emphasize all the advantages of the dog and hide minor physical disabilities. Here, the airedale shearing scheme is much more complicated, since the procedure has several stages:
- 2–2.5 months before the show, the dog is completely pinched, bypassing the beard, mustache, chest and paws.
- 14 days before the exhibition, the hair is trimmed on the head, neck, shoulders and under the tail, transitions in places with different lengths of hair are also leveled.
- 2 days before the show, the beard, mustache, cheekbones and wool on the forehead are aligned so that the dog's head matches the shape of a rectangle. The hair on the feet is combed from bottom to top.
Important! Airedale hair can be cut only in two cases: when it is necessary to even out transitions from the body to the legs and when the mustache grows excessively. In the latter case, the hair tends to bend and fall into the jaws of the dog.
The rest is easy to take care of the Airedale. Eyes and ears should be cleaned only as needed. The dog, as a rule, grinds its claws on its own due to its high activity. The breed usually has no problems with teeth at all: even among centenarians, the upper and lower rows remain completely without signs of plaque or caries.
Special attention should be paid only to the beard - after each meal, the dog needs to be washed or wiped with a damp towel.
In an apartment or on the street?
A vigorous airedale is best suited to a private house with a vast plot where he can run into plenty. However, representatives of this breed feel great in the apartment, too, if they are provided with long walks.
When keeping out of town, you can build a kennel with a cage for your pet. The optimal dimensions of the booth: 750x1200x800 mm. However, it’s better not to keep your pet behind the fence.
Airedale is important to feel in the open. In addition, a well-bred dog of this breed, receiving the proper amount of attention, does not have the habit of spoiling household property, so you can not worry about the safety of flower beds.
Important! Airedale have the habit of burying sweets, bones, and other “values.” However, they choose a place for the "treasure" not in the garden, but in a secluded corner, away from home.
Airedale is a strong and hardy breed. These animals practically do not get sick and remain energetic and mobile until old age. Typically, the life expectancy of representatives of the breed is 10-15 years.
It is always worth remembering that vaccination, timely treatment against parasites and preventive examinations at the veterinarian contribute to maintaining the health of the pet.
Important! Airedale has a lowered pain threshold. A pet can get hurt and not even feel it. Therefore, it is important to periodically inspect the dog for wounds.
Representatives of this breed have a number of diseases:
- hip dysplasia,
- degenerative myelopathy,
- benign tumors.
Pros and cons of the breed
|High intelligence||Stubbornness, cunning|
|Suitable for families with small children.||May be jealous of the owner for other animals in the house|
|Cheerful, energetic dog||Not suitable for people with a passive lifestyle.|
|Hypoallergenic coat||A lot of time is spent on grooming|
Airedale is a versatile dog. She is smart, energetic and requires some attention. This breed is not suitable for passive and constantly busy owners. But with proper upbringing, such a pet will become a full member of the family and the most faithful friend.