Upright, slightly roughened stems are covered with rather dense gray-green and bluish leaves. On average, each bush has from twenty to thirty such shoots. The flowering period lasts throughout the summer.
The flowers of the terrestrial reed have a rather nondescript appearance - a dense panicle with short branches. Each flower consists of a pestle and two scales, from the base of which thin hairs extend.
The fruits of the reed are considered oblong brown grains, which fall together with the scales. As soon as the bush completely fades, all the stalks die, and the rest continue to grow and give buds to resume growth. The growth duration of one bush is not more than four to five years.
Good seedlings can be obtained by growing seedlings. To do this, in early spring, seeds are immersed in a nutrient substrate. The sprouted plants do not need to be dived, just transplant them with the substrate into the prepared pits.
Many gardeners love it for its unpretentiousness and excellent decorative properties. Veinik looks good both as a single bush, and in composition with other flowers and herbs. A particularly beautiful combination is obtained with asters and echinacea. Very often it is grown for dry compositions and making winter bouquets.
It is important to remember that when growing varietal plants, you should not expect fruit to ovate from them. Therefore, such bushes can be propagated only by division.
Features and difficulties of leaving
The older the bush becomes, the more it crumbles. To rejuvenate the plant, it is enough to simply divide the bush into several parts, which are planted in fresh soil.
Do not be afraid of stopping bush growth in the summer. Veinik is a cold-season plant with an active growth phase in spring and autumn. To make room for new leaf blades, it is advisable to trim the bush in the first half of April.
The only danger of reed is rust. Sulfur-containing drugs, as well as one percent Bordeaux liquid, will help to overcome it. With more serious lesions, the use of fungicides is allowed. The plant is not afraid of other diseases and pests.
Harvesting and collecting land reed
For harvesting, rhizomes and young shoots are used. In this section, we will describe in detail how to prepare both.
The stems are first carefully cut and laid in a thin layer on a wide spacious surface. For drying young shoots of terrestrial vein, it is best to choose a well-ventilated place, for example, under a canopy or in the attic. During this, be sure to turn them over and stir them up so that mold infection does not occur. A well-dried reedweed is folded into fabric bags and stored for more than two years.
Harvesting the rhizomes of the terrestrial vein is a more time-consuming process. Before the drying process, they are thoroughly cleaned from the ground and washed under running water. Drying is carried out at a constant temperature (45-50 degrees). Most often, special automated drying ovens are used, but if one is not available, then an ordinary oven can be used for these purposes. Dried roots, as well as shoots, are stored in tissue bags. Only their shelf life does not exceed two years, because after this time all the useful properties of reed grass are lost.
Veinica infusions are used as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic and expectorant. To prepare it, you need to take a tablespoon of carefully crushed dried plants, pour it with a glass of boiling water and insist for at least an hour. The finished infusion is filtered and stored in a refrigerator.
Before using this plant, be sure to consult your attending physician to determine the feasibility of treatment and to eliminate unwanted side effects.
At the same time, the reed tree holds the snow cover for too long, which leads to excessive wetting of nearby herbs and flowers. Due to its structure, reed grass is a great place to live for small rodents and other pests. And finally, the main disadvantage of this plant is its high fire hazard.
Ground reed, or low (Calamagrostisepigeios)
Perennial herb, species of the genus Veinik (Calamagrostis) of the Cereals family, or Bluegrass (Poaceae).
Other names: biliuk, coronet, spider, long-knee, white-grass, Zharovets, warrior, reed steppe, kunyak, cutter, panicle, forest broom, blacken, wheatgrass, pine, deer, fire-fighter, re-chalet, bastard, chapul, chapapu, chapolot, chapalitsa steppe, chapolos.
Eurasian long-rhizome species, found as an imported plant in many temperate countries. Widely distributed throughout Russia, being the most widespread species of reed grass.
Cereal up to 1.5 m high. A long (up to 20 cm) pinkish panicle after dissolution is wide, tapers as it ripens and acquires a yellow-straw color.
Rough gray-green leaves up to 10 cm wide are quite interesting, especially at a young age.
And although it has a long, cord-shaped rhizome, it is quite possible to use it in the garden as a screen, an accent, reliably restricting the root system.
It grows better in a sunny or semi-shady place. It tolerates heat.
It can grow on various types of soils, including peat and clay, boggy soils, but it develops better on well-drained, fertile soils with moderate humidity.
Propagated by seeds and vegetatively. It gives a few self-seeding.
Decorative high. From Veinik create beautiful decorative curtains at the edges, near shrubs, lawns, ponds, buildings. In small groups, it can be planted in mixborders and containers. Used for dry bouquets.
Veinik low is not included in the State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation and is not used in official medicine of Russia. However, the plant is used in official medicine of Ukraine as an antiviral herbal medicine.
Landing: sowing seeds in open ground.
The optimum temperature of seed germination is 17-30C.
Germination time at 5-7C is 39 days, at 7-15C - 24 days, and at 17-30C - 8 days