|Latin name:||Haematopus ostralegus|
|Family:||Magpie Waders (Haematopodidae)|
|Body length, cm:||40–45|
|Body weight, g:||380–700|
|Features:||plumage coloring, shape and coloring of the beak, method of forage extraction, voice|
|Number, thousand pairs:||219–261,5|
|Guard Status:||BERNA 3, BONN 2|
|Habitats:||A species living along sea and ocean coasts|
|Additionally:||Russian description of the species|
A compact-build bird with a long and massive beak and strong paws proportional to the body. The plumage of a contrasting black and white color, the beak and paws are pink-orange, clearly visible even at a distance, in flight on the wing you can distinguish a bright white stripe, the iris is red. There is no sexual dimorphism.
Spread. Migratory and partially settled species, 3 subspecies of which are unevenly distributed over the territory of Eurasia. In Europe, distributed mainly on the northern coasts and large rivers, absent in most of the central and southern regions. Winters along the coast of the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean. In Italy, it nests exclusively on the northern coast of the Adriatic Sea; the local population is more than 100 pairs.
Habitat. It nests on sandy, pebble spits or on rocky coasts, along rivers, lakes, and on arable land. In Holland, magpie sandpiper can be seen on the polders.
Biology. Arranges a nest in small natural recesses in the ground, draping them with pebbles and shells. In April-June, it lays 2–5 brown-red or grayish eggs with blackish-brown spots. Willingly combines with gulls and terns. Almost only the female takes part in incubation; it lasts 24–35 days. Young become flying at about a month old. The diet consists of insects, worms, small fish, crustaceans and various mollusks.
Interesting fact. With its powerful beak, a magpie can easily catch prey buried in the ground and open shells of mollusks.
Security. Small local southern populations in the reproductive period are threatened by excessive tourist activity.
Common Magpie (Haematopus ostralegus)
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