The name of the genus comes from the word maxilla (lat.) - jaw, since the base of the lips of the plant resembles a sting of an insect. The genus has about 110 species of epiphytes from tropical America. Most often flattened, oval-elliptical bulbs in many of them are located on the rhizome at intervals. The leaves are elongated. Usually a short (shorter than leaves) single-flower peduncle appears at the base of the bulb. The flowers are medium sized, fragrant, of various colors. Plants require moderate conditions and shading from direct sunlight.
The name of the genus reflects the structural features of the flower (petals fused with the base of the column). Contains about 20 terrestrial or epiphytic orchids originating from tropical America - Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, Bolivia.
These are fairly large plants with oval bulbs and several leaves 30. 50 cm long. Several large fragrant flowers are on the peduncle.
The genus is named for the beauty mentioned in ancient Greek mythology. It has about 35 species. Their homeland is tropical America. Basically these are epiphytic plants with large single flowers on a short or elongated peduncle growing from the base of the bulb. The petals, most often different from the sepals in color, are directed along the column and form an arch above the lip. In nature, they grow under various conditions, sometimes at significant heights. Prefer fresh air. Many adapt well to room conditions.
Plants with a pronounced periodicity of development, photophilous. They need shading only in the hot summer months. Maximum light is required during the period of growth growth. The most photophilic lycasts.
Successful cultivation requires moderate conditions during the period of growth, maturation and flowering and cool conditions during the dormant period.
The group includes a number of genera of interest from the point of view of room culture, for example lycasts, maxillaria and zygopetalums. The most decorative lycasts, among which Skinner's lycast (Lycaste skinneri) stand out.