SQUINKING PITCH OR LER-HENPHELDIA SINFUL (DESCHAMPSIA FLEXUOSA (L.) TRIN. (LER-CHENFELDIA FLEXUOSA (L.) SCHUR)
Winding pike, or Ler-henfeldia winding (Deschampsia flexuosa (L.) Trin. (Ler-chenfeldia flexuosa (L.) Schur)
Soddy perennial with closely spaced, intra-vaginal shoots. On loose substrates and among mosses, sometimes forms elongated rhizome shoots. The stems are thin, 30-70 cm high. The leaves are narrow, bristle-shaped, 1-1.5 mm in diameter, their tongue 2-3 mm long. The whisk is friable, slightly spikelet, with thin twisting branches. Spikelets are oblong-ovate, two-colored, with a thickened spine. Spikelet scales are uneven, brownish, webbed, with one vein. The lower floral scales on the top are serrated, on the back with a cranked spine, one and a half times the scale. Grain 2-3 mm long, sticking with flowering scales (see Fig. 3-8). It blooms in June-July.
It grows in the taiga zone of the USSR (in its southern regions the species is rare), in the mountain forests of the Carpathians, the Caucasus, outside the USSR - in Western Europe, East Asia and North America. Its habitat is pine, sparse, or old spruce and small-leaved forests on podzolic and sod-podzolic acid soils.
Flowers open from 17 to 21 hours at a temperature of 15-25 ° C and a relative humidity of 60-85%. A separate peduncle is revealed for 1-2 days, and the panicle as a whole blooms for 3-4 days. The plant winters with green leaves. It tolerates forest fires, after which it grows magnificently at the site of dead mosses. Good food for reindeer, grouse, partridges.
Lerhenfeldiya winding, Pike winding, Meadow curvy
Family Cereals (Poaceae)
Europe, Caucasus, Asia Minor, Japan, China, North America
dry lit places in sparse and disturbed pine, spruce and small-leaved forests
dividing in early spring or fall
- avoids calcareous soils, falls on them,
- due to spread by stolons can become a weed in the garden
pruned in late winter - early spring (the plant starts to grow early)
loose spreading panicles, after flowering, compressed, brownish, less often whitish, with thin, smooth, twisting axes and few spikelets, spikelets 2-flowered, bright, shiny, with prominent spines
the leaves are bright green, folded along, bristle-shaped, bare and smooth outside, densely covered with papillae on the inside (upper) side, wintering
numerous, erect or rising, almost leafless, articulated at the base and lying on the ground, monocarpic (after flowering they die off, leaving the base)
fine grain 2 mm long and 0.6 mm wide
in the first 3-5 years - a dense sod plant, later - a loose sod plant
has short creeping rhizomes
f. aurea (syn. Tatra Gold) - with yellowish-green foliage, rarely blooms in our area with bronze spikelets