Even in our time, some people are very upset by ringworm in cats. After all, only a couple of decades ago, cats with this diagnosis were ruthlessly euthanized. And cats were treated at home as much as possible, just not to go to a veterinary clinic. But today a visit to the veterinarian is the best that the owner can do for the speedy recovery of the pet.
Weeping lichen is actually not a lichen. That is, it does not provoke any fungal organisms, it is not transmitted to humans.
The cause of the disease may be:
- immunity problems
- fleas, ticks, helminths attacking a cat,
- allergic to food, wool care products,
- a malfunction in the hormonal system,
- severe nervous shock.
Wet eczema begins with the appearance of red spots on the cat's body, noticeably hotter than healthy skin. The spots are covered with bubbles with mucous fluid. When they burst, eczema becomes noticeable even on long hair. The affected area hurts so much that the cat does not allow to touch the sore. For treatment, sulfuric, salicylic, tar ointments, a vitamin complex are prescribed.
Pink lichen (another name is Zhiber's lichen) is especially often mistaken for ringworm.
The main external difference is that pink lichen is a separate, not merging with each other, pink spots, which over time become covered with a dry crust. They are clearly defined, have a round or oval shape.
The ringworm does not have a clear outline, and the affected areas merge with each other.
For humans, pink lichen is not contagious. The cause of lichen is low immunity in a cat. The administration of immunostimulating drugs is prescribed. It is also necessary to use ointments that will restore damaged skin.
Infectious fungus Pityrosporum is the cause of the appearance of multi-colored (pityriasis) lichen. This fungus is present on the skin in both animals and humans. Upon the occurrence of favorable circumstances (decreased immunity), he wakes up. Multi-colored lichen has a fungal origin, it is contagious to humans. A person with poor health can get sick quickly, in people with strong immunity, the disease may not manifest itself for years.
Typical symptoms for lichen:
- the appearance on the body of lesions of an oval elongated shape, spots can be both single and merge,
- the color ranges from pinkish yellow to brown,
- severe inflammation, as well as baldness of areas with lichens.
The treatment is long. The drug Imaverol is usually prescribed, with a solution of which the affected areas are treated with a solution.
Ringworm (ringworm, dermatophytosis) is a fungal disease. Known as microsporia and trichophytosis, since parasitic pathogens belong to the genus Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum and the genus Trichophyton. Microorganisms that get on the skin take root in its upper layers, feed on the epithelium.
Spores of fungi may not manifest themselves for months, the impetus for their development will be:
- Decreased immunity. Cats have innate immunity against microsporia, sometimes they can be carriers, but they themselves do not get sick. But if the cat receives malnutrition, is infected with parasites or is ill, then the likelihood of developing cat's lichen is high.
- Cat breed Artificially bred breeds do not have immunity to lichen (for example, Scottish, Persian cats).
- Warm and humid climate. This may be due to both relocation and a prematurely damp room.
- The age of the cat matters - kittens are more susceptible to disease than adult cats due to an undeveloped immune system.
The disease is contagious for both other animals and humans. Children are especially vulnerable. Dermatophyte fungi multiply by spores that remain viable for two years. You can get infected not only from a sick animal, but also from household items if there are disputes on them.
Signs of infection, diagnosis
In order to become infected with cat deprivation, it is not necessary to contact an infected animal. Disease-causing fungi spread through microscopic spores through the air and can settle anywhere. Even a domestic cat is at risk of getting sick. For example, the owner may sit on a bench where an infected animal previously lay. When he returns home, it is enough for the cat to rub against his legs to catch the infection.
Of course, such cases do not occur often, and living in constant tension is not worth it. It is only necessary not to ignore the first alarming signs - combing, baldness, more abundant than usual molting.
The incubation period from the day of infection to the onset of the first symptoms is from one week to three months. Much depends on the immunity of the animal.
Ringworm occurs in two forms:
- Microsporia. The skin of the nose, ears, head, paws is affected, less often - other parts of the body. If the lichen is located on the legs, then the claws are deformed. The wool breaks off at the skin level, individual hairs are easily pulled out or fall out. This contributes to the spread of the disease - fungal spores attached to the base of the hair immediately spread through the air.
- Trichophytosis is much less common. With this form, only the head and neck of the cat undergo baldness.
The signs of ringworm in cats are the same for both forms of the disease:
- Small bald patches appear. They are almost invisible, it may seem that a small piece of wool was lost when the cat caught on to something or quarreled with other cats. At this stage, the cat behaves calmly, he has a normal appetite.
- Bald patches increase. They do not have a clear outline, individual spots, sprawling over the skin, are combined into one large spot of an indefinite shape. This spot also continues to spread, affecting larger areas. Baldness is noticeable, whitish scales appear on the areas affected by lichen, they look like an ashen-white coating.
- The animal is covered with extensive spots, the hair next to the spots is broken off and looks “beveled”. Bald patches may have a grayish, yellowish or reddish color. The cat becomes restless, suffers from itching.
In more advanced cases, the cat's well-being worsens. Appetite disappears, depressed mood, anxiety appear.
Only a veterinarian will be able to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment in a particular case. A number of laboratory tests are being carried out, to confirm or refute the diagnosis:
- Wood's UV lamp. The area affected by skin disease is illuminated by the rays of the lamp. In the light of this device, the fungi begin to glow green. Usually this test is enough, despite the fact that the error of the method is 40%, because the doctor also focuses on the clinical picture, his experience. If the owners have already used certain medications or iodine, zelenka for treatment, the doctor should be aware of this, since they suppress the glow. Other microorganisms can also glow. If the doctor is confused, then other tests are prescribed.
- Scraping the skin, wool. The biomaterial is examined under a microscope and gives a high accuracy result.
- Sowing. Scales collected by scraping from the affected area are placed in a nutrient medium for dermatophytes. The nutrient medium provokes the growth of only the desired type of fungus. This test is the most accurate and gives maximum information. But it is used only when absolutely necessary, since it is necessary to expect a result within 1.5-3 weeks.
Microsporia is difficult to treat, especially in advanced cases. It is important to consult a doctor at the slightest suspicion of an illness.
Treatment is carried out at home. Lichen is very contagious, so you need to take a number of measures, in order to prevent epidemics in your home:
- If there are other animals in the house (cats, dogs, rabbits), make sure that they are healthy.
- The sick cat is isolated from people and animals in a separate warm room. For a cat, this is stress that will only aggravate the disease. Therefore, you need to visit her more often. People who have recently suffered, for example, colds, should better refrain from visits, as their immunity is weakened.
- Fungal spores remain on the furniture for a long time, so spring cleaning is required. The furniture should be treated with a solution of equal parts of water and vinegar, other surfaces, the floor covering should be treated with a weak solution of bleach. Disinfect a cat bowl, toys, accessories, etc. It is advisable to boil bedding, clothes.
- For visits to the animal, you need to specially change clothes and change shoes, so as not to bring the fungus into a cleaned house. It is necessary to treat a cat in rubber gloves.
- Longhair cat needs to be trimmed. After that, scissors should be decontaminated with a special tool.
- After visiting a sick pet, your hands should be washed with soap and sanitized accidentally.
You cannot bathe a cat with ringworm so that fungal spores do not spread throughout her body. An exception is washing with medical shampoo, which will only benefit.
Treatment is prescribed depending on the neglect of the disease, concomitant infections, age and general health of the cat.
In each case, the treatment is individual, even if the animals live in the same apartment, so only a doctor should prescribe it.
Complex treatment - ointments, tablets, shampoos. The use of more than one remedy prevents the disease from becoming chronic and accelerates recovery. Ringworm is cured by the following means:
- Vaccination. It is used at the initial stage of the disease. If there are other animals, then perhaps the doctor will prescribe injections for them as a preventive measure. Usually prescribed drugs are Polivak-TM, Dermicocide, Wakderm F, Trimivak, Microderm. Injections are done twice, a break between them is 10-14 days.
- Ointments, sprays. Ointments give a quick and lasting effect even in extensive areas of lichen. They are applied directly to sore spots. Most often, ointments such as Yam Ointment, Miconazole, Sanoderm, Sulfur Ointment, Thiabendazole, Epacid-F are prescribed. Sprays are used as an additional tool, but not the main one. The most effective spray (as well as solution) is Fungin. It is sprayed on lichen or made from a lotion solution on inflamed areas.
- Tablets. Used in advanced cases when the effects of ointments are no longer enough. Itraconazole, Orungamine, Terbinafine, Griseofulvin are usually prescribed.
- Antifungal shampoos. They do not have a pronounced therapeutic effect, but alleviate the condition of the cat, relieving itching, soothing irritated skin, and beneficially affecting the coat. It is better to purchase them at a veterinary pharmacy, and not at a pet store. It is undesirable to use shampoos for kittens. The doctor may prescribe a shampoo Doctor, Nizoral, Veterinary Formula, Sebozol.
How long it takes to be treated depends on the state of the cat. If the disease is in the initial stage, then you can get rid of it in 3-3.5 weeks. In advanced cases, the treatment is long - from one and a half months to six months.
It is important to remember that the disappearance of visible symptoms does not mean recovery. The cat is scraped from previously affected areas and examined. After two negative results, the animal can be called completely healthy.
The use of folk remedies
Sometimes, for various reasons, it is difficult to visit a veterinarian. It happens that in a rural pharmacy there are no necessary medicines. Or you need to go to another settlement for help, but there is no way to leave your home. In such cases, it is better to use traditional medicine methods than to leave the animal just sick. But it is important to capture the very beginning of the disease.
The greatest effect is exerted by such treatment methods:
- Sulfur baths. They give a very good effect. A teaspoon of the product is needed in a small bowl of water. Do not let the cat lick water or dry hair.
- Grind one tablet of aspirin and add 30 ml of alcohol. The resulting gruel should be coated with bald patches until the gruel dries.
- Wood ash (any). Mix one to one with pork fat or butter. Grate the cat with ointment and do not let it lick the medicine. You can make dressings.
- Carbolic soap. High risk of poisoning. If the cat is very negative about washing, breaks out, then it is better not to use this tool. The animal can swallow soapy water or escape before its coat can be thoroughly rinsed.
- Iodine. They can outline the borders of a bald area to prevent the infection from spreading. The therapeutic result often does not live up to expectations, and the risk of chemical burns is great. It is better to use iodine very sparingly.
It is good to use herbal medicine as a prevention and to strengthen immunity.
You need to take half a teaspoon of grass, mix and brew boiling water (500 ml). Insist 20-30 minutes. and strain. Water the cat 3-4 times a day before feeding. Such mixtures of herbs are suitable:
- succession, violet, oregano, nettle,
- licorice root, valerian root, chamomile, horsetail, thyme.
You need to be prepared for the fact that treatment with folk remedies is very long, tires both the cat and the owner. Although recovery is possible in the initial stage, such treatment will at best delay the development of the disease, and at worst, exacerbate it. It is advisable to use folk remedies as a temporary help, and at the first opportunity to pay a visit to the veterinary clinic.
So that the cat’s skin problems do not bother the cat, you need to provide it with a varied diet rich in nutrients, periodically conduct a vitamin course for it to increase immunity and resistance to stress. It is necessary to protect the pet from contacts with potentially infectious animals and not allow it to run through abandoned sheds, attics.
It is good to vaccinate annually. Veterinarians warn that vaccination does not give immunity against feline lichen, but increases the body's resistance to the disease. Faced with the causative agent of the disease, the cat will either not get sick at all, or the disease will proceed in a very mild form.
Ringworm - the disease is very unpleasant, but does not cause serious damage to health. Soon after recovery, the cat's fur coat will grow back and shine with a healthy shine, and the cat itself will delight the owner with a good mood and energy.
What is lichen
We deprive cats in general called skin diseases, in which small itchy nodules of a rash are formed, coat and nails suffer. The nature of the formation of the ailment can be different: a virus, infection, allergy, or simply a decrease in immunity. Other animals are also affected: dogs, rabbits, guinea pigs, ferrets.
Infection occurs both through direct contact, and through household items. Cats, whose owners let out for a walk on the street, are usually infected by deprivation from homeless animals or from rodents. There are times when the cat is a carrier of infection, while it itself does not get sick.
Taking cats and cats off is quite easy to cure, especially if it is detected on time. Usually, recovery occurs within 3 weeks, but if the deep layers of the skin are affected, then it can take up to six months to recover. The incubation period is from several days to 3-4 months.At this time, the cat is already infected, but there are no signs of deprivation.
The most common cause of lichen in cats is infection with a fungal infection of species such as Trichophyton Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum. Getting on the animal’s hair, microbes begin to multiply, since a warm and humid environment creates favorable conditions for this. If a cat has strong immunity, then its body will cope with the infection on its own and suppress it, preventing any visible manifestations.
But if the animal is weakened, sick or has just recovered after some kind of ailment, then it is very likely that deprivation will spread throughout the skin. In addition, kittens and young cats, which have not yet fully formed immunity, are at risk. Some artificially bred breeds, for example, Persian and Scottish, do not have inherent protection against lichen, therefore they are also at risk.
Risk factors for developing lichen in domestic cats and cats:
- free walking on the street,
- immunosuppressant treatment,
- nutrition errors, malnutrition,
- parasite infection
- malignant neoplasms.
Varieties of lichen
Under the general name "lichen" hides various diseases with similar manifestations.
Ringworm has a fungal nature, is contagious to humans and is especially dangerous for children. It is also called "trichophytosis", "microsporia", "cat lichen". Spores of the fungus are very stable in the external environment. For example, in flakes of exfoliated skin, they remain viable for 6-10 years. In the soil, spores die in 2-3 months, and homes can be active from 2 months to a year and a half. They settle on surfaces, feeling especially good on textiles. Interestingly, ringworm can be transmitted not only from cat to person, but also vice versa.
Pityriasis, or versicolorIs also a dangerous fungal disease, which affects humans. It is also called "sun fungus" and "beach lichen" due to the fact that it reaches the greatest distribution in the summer. The causative agent is the yeast-like fungus Pityrosporum. About 90% of people in the world are its carriers, and it is also present on the skin of almost any animal. Under certain conditions, the fungus becomes pathogenic, causing the development of lichen in cats and cats. A provoking factor is a violation of the sebaceous glands, the result of which is excessive oily skin. Particularly high probability of getting sick in hot humid weather.
Pink, or shingles, has an allergic nature, manifests itself with a decrease in immunity. It is considered non-contagious and non-hazardous to humans, however, scientists do not have a single opinion on this subject. There is reason to believe that pink lichen may be caused by some kind of virus, which has not been clearly studied at the moment. The disease is inherited, after treatment it sometimes returns with renewed vigor, therefore it is better to limit the contacts of a sick cat with people, especially children and the elderly.
Weeping lichen, or eczema, - This is a non-infectious type of lichen that appears in cats as an allergic reaction to some kind of irritant. This can be an external effect, for example, household chemicals, detergents, or internal factors, such as hormonal failure, stress. For humans, this type of lichen is not dangerous.
There are a number of common symptoms for all kinds of lichen in cats and cats:
- hair loss
- peeling and inflammation of the skin,
- pigmentation change,
- severe itching.
Symptoms of ringworm
With ringworm, the cat loses some areas of the coat. But the disease begins with a barely noticeable small rash under the coat. Signs that should alert the owner are increased anxiety of the animal and frequent scratching. The development of ringworm in cats and cats is characterized by the following:
- round scaly spots appear on the skin, crusts form,
- the hair in the places where the rash appears is thinning, the hairs become brittle,
- smooth reddened skin is visible under the falling scales
- the spots expand, take an oval shape,
- the spread of serous-purulent crusts leads to the formation of scabs,
- on the areas of the skin under them there is completely no hair, after recovery it will not recover,
- if the cat is not treated, then the spots grow, forming extensive foci of baldness.
The spots are painful, itchy, cats often gnaw and scratch them. There is also such a form of ringworm in which all the described symptoms are either absent or not clearly expressed. This clinical picture is called atypical. Only individual hairs of hair are affected. Lichen is invisible, respectively, a person does not take any measures until then, when the disease is already running.
Symptoms of ringworm vary depending on the specific pathogen. In some cases, only the cat’s head and face are affected, in others, the spots spread to the whole body.
Symptoms of multicolored (pityriasis) depriving
At first, multi-colored lichen looks like a small pale oval spot on the skin of a cat or cat. But after a few days, the number of spots increases, they grow together, forming foci of irregular shape. If the fungus enters the claw, then it deforms.
Interestingly, itching is practically absent in this form of lichen. And when cold, the spots can themselves disappear. The affected surface can be either smooth or scaly. The rest of the pityriasis versicolor is practically no different from its other species.
Symptoms of pink (tinea) versicolor
Pink lichen can manifest itself as many small spots like an allergic rash, and can be expressed as large pinkish spots up to 2 cm in diameter. Most often, lesions appear on the abdomen, on the inside of the thighs, in the groin of the animal. Itching may be minor, and sometimes absent altogether.
In the center, the spots peel off, and the skin is smooth at the edges. In severe cases and in the absence of therapy, sepsis may occur if pathogenic microorganisms get into the lesion and take root. Sometimes pink cat lichen in cats is accompanied by fever, joint pain, swollen lymph nodes, and general malaise.
Symptoms of weeping lichen (weeping eczema)
Soaking lichen in cats and cats also begins with red spots. The skin in these places is hotter than around, and also very painful. The rash is a bubble filled with fluid. When these vesicles rupture, their contents are released, which causes infection of the skin, the formation of ulcers and crusts. Sometimes weeping lichen is accompanied by a febrile state. For people, this type of disease is not dangerous.
What to do if cats and cats are suspected of lichen
The first thing to do if you suspect a lichen in a domestic cat or cat is to isolate the sick animal. No need to lock it in a cage or any other tight enclosed space. A separate room or a loggia is suitable if it is warm.
Next, you need to urgently contact your veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis. Its purpose is to obtain data on the cause and causative agent of lichen. Based on the study, the doctor will be able to choose the right therapy.
Important: it is strictly forbidden to bathe a pet if you notice signs of deprivation. Together with water, spores of lichen will spread to the whole body, so you will increase the area of damage many times.
During the entire period of diagnosis and treatment of lichen in cats, the following recommendations should be observed:
- use separate dishes for a sick pet,
- if there are other animals in the house, then they need to be isolated, and it’s better to be temporarily removed from the premises to prevent an epidemic,
- disinfect cleaning more often, paying special attention to the places where your cat likes to be,
- wash all bedding and rugs in a disinfectant solution,
- treat upholstered furniture with a solution of water and vinegar.
The following products are used for disinfection:
- quartz lamp - it is necessary to turn it on in an infected room for 20-25 minutes,
- hot water with the addition of whiteness or any other chlorine-containing bleach for washing clothes and towels,
- hot steam for processing upholstered furniture,
- water with the addition of bleach, alcohol, iodine, vinegar, soap-soda mixture or 3-4% chlorhexidine for cleaning surfaces.
Remember that you need to wash not only the floor, but also, if possible, walls, doors, tables, baseboards, paying special attention to corners, crevices and other hard-to-reach spots.
Diagnosis of lichen in cats and cats begins with a visual examination by a veterinarian. The doctor interviews the owner and examines the medical record, if available, to get an idea of the general condition of the animal, the presence of risk factors and predispositions to the disease.
After a clinical examination, one or more examination methods are used.
- Wood Fluorescent Lamp. Under the influence of rays, the affected areas are highlighted in green. But this method of determining lichen in cats is only partially effective and does not have 100% certainty. Some types of fungus do not emit light, and vice versa, harmless spores can give a false positive signal.
- Examination under a microscope of scraping from the skin or affected hairs. This is a more accurate method than a Wood lamp, and the result will also be known immediately. The minus of the examination is that it is not always possible to see the pathogenic organism, therefore a negative result does not mean the absence of lichen in a cat.
- Isolation of the pathogen in a nutrient medium is the most accurate way to determine lichen. Samples of the skin of the animal are placed in a special composition favorable for the multiplication of infection. Observation is carried out for some time, then the grown microflora is studied under a microscope. The disadvantage of this method is the long lead time - it will take up to 3 weeks to get the result.
Additionally, a cat with suspected lichen is taken for a blood test, the presence of parasites and chronic diseases is checked.
Treatment for lichen in a cat depends on its species. In some cases, ointments can be dispensed with; in others, complex therapy with pills and injections is required. In the initial stages, the disease is much easier to defeat. The choice of how to treat lichen depends on the following factors:
- the severity of the disease,
- state of immunity and cat breed,
- the size of the affected areas.
Wound healing occurs within about 1-2 weeks. In the absence of purulent processes, a complete renewal of the coat will end in 4-5 weeks. Otherwise, age spots or scars may remain. The disappearance of symptoms does not guarantee cure for lichen. Reliably this can be confirmed by laboratory tests.
Ringworm in a neglected form can cause serious complications in cats and cats, therefore, after confirming the diagnosis, complex therapy is immediately prescribed, which includes the following means:
- antifungal ointments, shampoos and creams,
Before local treatment, the edges of the affected areas are shaved. On sheared places, the contact of the drug with the skin is better, so the effectiveness of the effect is increased. The following drugs are commonly used:
- shampoos with antifungal action, for example, Veterinary Formula ANTISEPTIC & ANTIFUNGAL, Doctor, Nizoral, Sebozol. Funds are applied to areas affected by lichen, foam and aged for several minutes, after which they are thoroughly washed off. The cost of shampoos is approximately 200-500 rubles per bottle,
- topical preparations: Epatsid-F, Fungin, ointment Yam, Sanoderm, Clotrimazole, Miconazole. “Epacid-F” lubricates the skin after removing the crusts, “Fungin” is used once a day, the rest means from 2 to 5 times a day. It is very important not to let the cat lick the preparations after application, therefore it is advisable to put a special collar on her neck. The cost of funds varies from 30 to 400 rubles.
Since ringworm in cats often becomes protracted, local treatment should not be limited. The doctor is likely to prescribe medications in the form of tablets or injections. From tablets, "Griseofulvin", "Itraconazole", "Terbinafine" or their analogues can be prescribed. These drugs are intended for humans, but have been successfully used to treat animals. To cats, they are added to food in powdered form. If this is a capsule, then powder should be poured from it into the feed. The cost of medicines starts from 200 rubles and depends on the brand and manufacturer.
Important: tablets can only be used as directed by the veterinarian. All the medicines used are for people, so only a doctor can calculate the exact dosage for a cat.
The optimal and most effective way to treat ringworm in cats and cats is to use vaccines. They can be used for prevention, but if the animal has already become infected, injections are given for treatment, just in a different dosage. Such drugs as Vakderm-F, Polivak TM, Mikroderm are used. They are inexpensive, 150-200 rubles. But vaccines have a number of contraindications: they can not be made to sick and very weakened animals, at elevated temperature and fever, in the presence of infectious diseases. Some drugs are contraindicated in the second half of pregnancy.
A special antifungal agent for animals is Dermicocide. It is injected into the thigh muscle 2-3 times with a break of 5 days. It is used when vaccines cannot be used. At the same time, it is contraindicated in kittens and pregnant cats, as well as in the presence of pathologies of the liver and kidneys. It costs "Dermicocide" about 400 rubles.
Treatment of multicolored lichen
The principles of treating versicolor in cats are about the same as in the previous species. Antifungal therapy is carried out, hygiene is observed, immunity is strengthened. Both topical preparations are used, as well as taken orally in the form of tablets or injections.
Most often, enilconazole-based products are prescribed, for example, Imaverol. An emulsion is prepared on its basis: one part of the drug is diluted in 50 parts of distilled water. The solution treats the affected area every three days. With the widespread spread of lichen, you can completely immerse the cat in the treatment mixture. The total number of treatments should not exceed four.
In severe cases, Lyme Sulfur is used. It is a highly concentrated solution of hydrogen sulfide lime. A mixture is also prepared from it: 1 ml of the drug is diluted in 33 ml of water. Processing is carried out no more than once a week as directed by a doctor.
Due to the high toxicity of the substance, the following precautions must be observed:
- when processing, use a mask and protective gloves,
- do not let the medicine get into the eyes and mucous membranes of the cat,
- the room in which the treatment is carried out must be well ventilated
- use a special collar to prevent the cat from licking the drug.
Treatment for pink lichen
The mild form of pink lichen in cats and cats can pass without special treatment. Sometimes it’s enough to apply measures to improve the overall health of the animal’s body: nutrition, restriction of street visits, the exclusion of water procedures and exposure to sunlight.
Therapy is primarily aimed at combating symptoms, namely the relief of itching.Antihistamines may be prescribed, and in more serious situations, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They should be used exclusively for the purpose of the veterinarian, since uncontrolled intake and excess dosage can lead to a decrease in immunity, which will cause the opposite effect and the development of lichen.
You can use local products, including various oils, such as sea buckthorn or apricot. They reduce itching, moisturize the skin, reduce peeling. The most important thing in the treatment of pink lichen is compliance with a set of measures to increase the immunity of a cat and the exclusion of negative factors.
In the treatment of weeping lichen in cats, it is important to accurately diagnose, because among its causes there may be hormonal disorders or infection with parasites. To local therapy, it is necessary to add treatment for the identified cause of lichen. With this type of disease, treating a pet yourself is unacceptable.
For topical use, drying agents are used:
- Salicylic ointment is an antiseptic with an astringent effect. Twice a day, ointment is applied around the affected areas. Removal of inflammation and skin restoration occurs within 10-14 days.
- Sulfur ointment effectively fights inflammation, has an antimicrobial and antifungal effect, and copes with such a parasite as a skin mite. Processing is carried out twice a day for 1-3 weeks. So that the cat does not lick the ointment, you can make gauze applications and fix them with a band-aid.
- Ichthyol ointment is an effective, but unpleasant odor. Improves regeneration, relieves inflammation, has an antimicrobial effect. It is also applied twice a day.
- Tar ointment is a natural remedy that helps restore the skin. Full recovery usually occurs within 7-10 days.
Alternative methods of treatment
In some cases, for example, during the pregnancy of a cat, it is impossible to treat depriving with aggressive drugs so as not to harm future kittens. In such situations, medicinal plants, alcohol, iodine and various oils are used. It is possible to conduct treatment with alternative recipes only in the initial stages of the disease.
In herbal medicine, lichen is used in oregano, valerian, tricolor violet, burdock, chamomile, plantain, yarrow and many other plants. Recipes involve the manufacture of decoctions for oral administration or solutions for topical application.
There are several useful recipes for treating lichen in cats.
- In equal parts, mix the leaves of nettle, string, oregano and violet. 2 tablespoons of the mixture pour 200 ml of boiling water, let stand for 20 minutes, then strain. Give the cat this drink in the form of heat 3-4 times a day before meals.
- In equal proportions, mix chamomile flowers, field horsetail grass, valerian root, creeping thyme grass and licorice root. 1 tablespoon of collection pour 200 ml of boiling water and boil in a water bath for 25-30 minutes, then strain. Give the cat a decoction similar to the previous recipe until complete recovery.
- In 30 ml of alcohol, dilute the crushed tablet of aspirin. Treat the affected areas with the resulting solution once every 5-7 days.
- For local use, iodine is well suited. It can be applied in pure form, or can be pre-mixed with valerian and vegetable oil.
- Tea tree essential oil has antifungal properties and helps to improve the general condition of skin in cats with lichen. It is used in diluted form: 3-4 drops must be diluted in a tablespoon of olive oil.
The best way to prevent depriving a cat is vaccination. It is also supported by the fact that many varieties of the fungus are resistant to antimicrobials, and it is not always possible to choose the right remedy from the veterinarian. Timely vaccinations can protect the pet from the disease for a long time.
For the prevention of lichen, the Polivak TM or Wakderm-F vaccines are used. The drug is administered twice with an interval of 10-14 days. Immunity appears 20-30 days after repeated administration and lasts about a year.
In addition to vaccinations, there are a number of usual preventive recommendations for preventing deprivation of infection:
- minimizing cat contact with suspicious animals,
- mandatory treatment of wounds, scratches and any other damage to the skin of the animal with an antiseptic,
- regular veterinary examinations,
- hygiene, indoor cleaning, washing of cat accessories,
- timely prophylaxis against parasites,
- a complete diet.
How is ringworm transmitted?
Lichen fungi spread by spores visible only under a microscope. The transfer is carried out by air, settling on various surfaces and clothes. Cats can become infected without even having contact with the carrier of the spores, just lying on the grass, where another sick animal was resting or running before, or rubbing themselves on the owner’s clothes.
The incubation period lasts after infection. up to 3 months, therefore, the symptoms of depriving a domestic cat do not appear immediately. In the initial stage of clinical symptoms, there may not be any symptoms at all, and the animal may look clinically healthy. The intensity of symptoms depends on the level of infection and the state of the animal's immune system.
- people with poor immune function,
- small children of preschool age.
In humans and animals with a strong immune system, the disease does not occur. However, fungi on the skin can live for years in a depressed state - a healthy, strong body will inhibit the development of lichen.
Symptoms in a cat
The classic features are:
- small bald patches with evenly rounded edges, manifested by itching,
- in places of bald patches, scaly crusts may form,
- bald patches are yellowish, reddish or grayish in color,
- in places of bald patches, the hair looks like broken hairs that continue to break off, increasing the “bare” surface,
- most often the first to be affected is the muzzle, the crown of the head, ears, tail and limbs closer to the fingers,
- change in the general appearance of the coat (lumps, greasy), its loss,
- with damage to the claws - their deformation.
Probably every cat owner knows what “shorn” lichen looks like if it is not atypical or superficial. With an atypical form, depriving hairless foci appears singly with rare hairs in the middle. Outwardly, such foci will resemble frequent scratches or abrasions that are not completely bald, which will complicate the diagnosis. With the superficial form of trichophytosis (microsporia), the hairs of the hair may not break off or break off in rare cases, which excludes the possibility of noticing the disease in long-haired cats.
Given the fact that the size of the bald patches is very variable (from small barely noticeable spots to huge affected areas), the owners should be wary of any hairless areas on the pet. If any incomprehensible bald patches appear, a visit to the veterinarian is required!
The development of the disease is observed only in immunocompromised animals. Most often, healthy cats have one or two bald spots and that's it. With the slightest weakening of immunity, lichen can affect significant areas of the pet's body with the manifestation of:
- total oppression
- anxiety from extensive itchy patches,
- loss of appetite
- bloody combs with the addition of a secondary microbial infection.
If a cat’s lichen is found, how can one not get infected?
Disinfection measures are mandatory (see in detail if depriving a domestic cat of how it will not infect a person):
- Vacuum (vacuum cleaner) and wet cleaning of the premises are carried out with the addition of disinfectants, cat grooming items are treated (see all disinfectants for processing).
- Treatment of a sick animal is carried out with gloves.
- It is advisable to boil clothes that were in contact with a sick beast.
Features of the diagnosis of trichophytosis (microsporia)
Typically, the diagnosis can be made according to the classical clinical picture. However, given the similarity of ringworm to flea dermatitis, allergies, and various forms of feline alopecia (hair loss), the final diagnosis is made only after a series of additional examination methods and only by a veterinarian.
Usually, 3 main tests are carried out for an accurate diagnosis:
- Wood's UV exposure.
- Microscopy of cat hair.
- Sowing scraping from the skin on a nutrient-rich environment for fungi.
Using the Wood lamp, you can identify the very initial signs of depriving. The lamp produces ultraviolet rays, under which the spores and results of the activity of many microspores begin to be highlighted with a light greenish light. This test is considered the most famous and most often used, but you need to know that:
- not all fungi give a glow, but only in 60% of cases,
- the luminescence may be caused by some drugs applied by the owners to the affected area as a treatment,
- iodine and zelenka applied to the affected areas mask the glow, even when it should potentially be.
If the doctor is confused by the inconsistency of the presence or absence of a glow with the clinical manifestation of the disease, auxiliary diagnostic methods are used to clarify the diagnosis.
In order to carry out microscopy of cat hair as informative as possible, it is necessary to have a special minilab, a microscope with the necessary increase and sufficient experience with a veterinarian. Skin scraping and several hairs are examined with a microscope, where an abundance of the smallest fungal spores can be seen.
Crops on nutrient laboratory media is considered the most informative and most error-free way to diagnose fungal infections. However, they are rarely used because of the long waiting for results (on average, about 2.5-3 weeks). Scraping from the affected area is placed on a special nutrient medium, which provokes the accelerated growth of dermatophyte fungi. In addition to the general diagnosis, this method can accurately determine the specific pathogen. The most popular media are ascites agar and Saburo medium supplemented with keratin hydrolyzate.
If at least one domestic cat has been diagnosed with trichophytosis (microsporia), then absolutely all pets in the house are subject to examination, even when at first glance they look absolutely healthy. Very often, the disease does not manifest itself clinically, but trichophytosis spores are found on the coat and skin, which are spread everywhere. Spore-bearing animals are subject to compulsory treatment on a par with patients.
Actions of the owner upon detection of lichen in a pet
The first and most reasonable thing that the owner of a mustachioed pet can do is immediately seek help from a veterinarian. Ringworm is a highly contagious fungal disease with a wide and rapid spread and possible infection of a person, so the treatment of the animal, if the diagnosis is confirmed, must be started immediately.
The main actions of the owner of a sick cat:
- if possible, isolate the infected animal from humans and other animals. If there is no opportunity to isolate - to minimize contacts with a sick beast and not let on the beds / chairs / sofas,
- check all pets that have potential contact with an infected cat, apply preventive measures in relation to all living creatures in the house,
- affected areas of the skin are processed only with gloves,
- you cannot quit the treatment process without finishing it to the end,
- it is forbidden to bathe animals before recovery in order to exclude the spread of spores throughout the body (with medical shampoos - an exception),
- review the method of keeping a sick animal and feeding in order to improve conditions for increasing immunity.
Treatment by folk methods
You can try to help the pet with folk methods. However, it must be remembered that it is not always possible to cure ringworm with folk remedies, and the remedies themselves can carry a greater danger to the cat than many synthetic pharmaceutical preparations. Most often they use alternative treatment for ringworm in kittens, but you need to be careful with the selection of components and it is always better to consult a veterinarian.
- Baths with sulphurous lime. 1 tsp lime is bred in a small basin of water and the animal is dipped into this water, thoroughly washing the affected areas. They take it out, wrap it in a cloth, get it wet and dry, preventing the animal from licking itself. Not suitable for small kittens. Side effects may include vomiting, allergies, irritation.
- Soapy water (10-15 g of household soap is grated and diluted in a liter of water) is used to soak and painlessly remove flaky crusts, applying a cotton pad or swab to the affected area and preventing it from licking. There are no side effects.
- Any wood ash is mixed 1: 1 with butter or pork fat to a thick cream. Lubricate affected areas liberally. You can apply dressings to prevent licking.
- Wash in carbolic soap. A good remedy for depriving in the initial stages, however, the remedy is quite poisonous, there is a risk of poisoning in case of incomplete rinsing of the coat after bathing. Do not use kittens to wash.
- Lubrication of affected areas with propolis tincture or iodine. The result is not always positive and there is a high probability of getting a chemical burn and irritation due to the individual sensitivity of cats to iodine and alcohol
Only a specialist can answer the question of how to treat ringworm in cats in medication. The treatments for ringworm are never the same for different animals, even if they live in the same house.
When prescribing a course of treatment, the veterinarian proceeds from:
- the severity of the disease
- the size of the affected areas on the body,
- the state of immunity of a particular individual.
Treatment should only be comprehensive - treatment with one drug is not carried out. This treatment regimen allows you to completely cure the animal and not drive trichophytosis (microsporia) into a state of chronic course.
- Vaccines - only at the initial stages it is possible to use only vaccines for the treatment and prevention of dermatomycosis in cats.
- When large areas are involved, the animal is prescribed antifungal agents - ointments, tablets, shampoos.
- With a generalized form (very common), it is recommended to use:
- shampoos and pills or
- shampoos and ointments.
- with extensive lesions, various kinds of immunomodulators are surely prescribed, which increase the body's defenses.
- More than two different forms of antifungal drugs are not recommended, because active substances tend to accumulate with the manifestation of toxic properties.
- To exclude a general overdose, it is necessary to take into account the amount of the active substance of both drugs, taking into account the combination, and precisely observe the doses of the drugs.
- When applying ointments, the hair is necessarily cut off around the affected area, and the crusts are removed for closer contact of the drugs with the skin.
- With prolonged lichen and deep scratching, a secondary microbial infection in the form of purulent dermatitis may join the underlying disease. Then antibiotics with a wide spectrum of action are still prescribed.
- The full course of treatment is quite long and can take up to 1-1.5 months.
- Elimination of the symptoms of the disease does not indicate recovery.A healthy cat is considered after two negative results of studies of scraped samples from the surface of the skin affected before treatment. For control, scraping is also taken from a healthy area of the skin.
An injectable antifungal drug active in microsporia and trichophytosis.
- Dose: in the femoral muscle, kittens up to 0.5 ml, for cats - 1-1.5 ml. Multiplicity: 2-3 times with an interval of 5 days. Shake well before use!
- Side effects: there may be an individual reaction in the form of redness of the conjunctiva, lip mucosa and the appearance of a small rash on the body in the form of urticaria.
- Contraindications: pregnant and lactating cats, as well as small kittens who are not 4 weeks old. Pathology of the kidneys and liver.
- Price: 270-345 rubles / fl. 5 ml
Hello. A stray cat in the yard has ringworm. Our cat also walks in the yard, it’s impossible to keep at home. What preventive measures can be taken? Veterinarian far in the area. Is there any way to help this cat, everything is very running there? Thanks a lot.
Hello! Ringworm is diagnosed only after a test with a Wood lamp. This is due to the fact that in addition to microsporia, there is still a mass of fungal skin lesions that can be confused with a ringworm by a layman. If your cat is healthy, then it is enough to vaccinate him from this disease (preparations in the article) and bathe in Nizoral shampoo, very, very carefully washing off foam and dirty water from it. A course of vitamins to improve the condition of the skin can also be taken for prevention (AEvit, Trivitamin, etc.). As for the sick cat, of course, it is possible to cure, but get ready for big chores. Dermicocide injections every 7-10 days, locally any available anti-lichen drug (for example, Antilishain or any other from the article) up to 3-4 weeks, antifungal drugs up to 2 weeks are also shown inside. If you use locally not solutions, but ointments or creams, then once every few days you will have to bathe in Nizoral. It is important to understand that in the process of treatment a sick animal will lose absolutely all affected hairs and may look bald and terrible, but when cured, all hair will grow back, there is no doubt about it. After recovery, a course of vitamins for the skin is also needed. After contact with a sick animal, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and everything.
“If your cat is healthy, then it’s enough to vaccinate him against this disease”, that is, the type of vaccination, and he will not get sick?
Terbinafine quarters in the morning, quarters in the evening in sausage and so on for a month
Elena, good evening! give so long? the veterinarian prescribed us 1/4 times a day for a week and smear with the same ointment
Good afternoon, we have been treating the cat for two months, bathing in shampoo did not help, we went to another clinic and the doctor prescribed Fungin and advised me to clean the apartment from depriving with Tristel, does anyone have experience in processing the apartment?