|For an apartment:||fits|
|Fits:||for inexperienced owners|
|FCI (IFF):||Group 3, Section 1|
|Lives:||12 - 15 years old|
|Height:||Males up to 39.5 cm, bitches slightly lower|
|Weight:||Male: 7- 8.2 kg Bitches: 6.8-7.7 kg|
Fox Terrier - Smooth - small, smaller than the average breed of dogs, bred for hunting foxes. For a long time, smooth-haired fox terriers have been very popular among hunters, as these are not only excellent hunters, but also good watchmen.
Due to its small size, excellent scent and amazing courage, he becomes a dangerous enemy of raccoons, foxes and badgers. Keeping such a dog in the apartment is not difficult, a wonderful friend who is especially attached to children. Fox is the most suitable pet for home maintenance.
Fox Terrier - smooth-temperamental, energetic, cheerful and very attached to the owner of the breed.
- Breed Name: Fox terrier
- Country of origin: Great Britain
- Breeding time: XIX century
- Weight: 6-8 kg
- Height (height at the withers): 35-40 cm
- Life span: 13 - 15 years old
Smooth-haired fox-terriers belong to the average breeds of dogs bred for hunting small game, in particular, foxes. Initially, the very name of these dogs came from their destination - “Fox” is translated from English as “fox”. That is, the fox terrier is a fox terrier. Also, an adult fox terrier is able to fight such serious animals as a badger, raccoon dog, large rodents.
The fox terrier has an excellent sense of smell and hearing, which is why they are used not only as hunters, but also as guards. Due to their modest size, the foxes are not able to be bodyguards, but they may well be responsible for the safety of property and territory. At the very least, a sensitive fox terrier will warn about the intruder's invasion with a barking bark.
Fox Terrier: a small but desperate and bold dog
A person should not be deceived by the small size and friendly expression of the muzzle of the fox terrier. In fact, they are fearless, fast and hardy dogs. Foxes have a stable psyche, independent, energetic and uncompromising character, while they are extremely attached to a person. But, the breed is not suitable for couch potatoes and those who prefer to spend free time on the couch.
Smooth Fox Terrier - a dog that is not able to feel happy without regular physical exertion, training, long walks. If the animal is not taken out for hunting, this should be compensated for differently: by running, swimming, studying various canine disciplines. Below we will talk about this in more detail.
Fox Terriers - Not Couch Dogs!
Smooth Fox: Breed History
Fox terriers are a fairly “adult” breed by the standards of modern cynology - the first mention of the predecessors of these miniature hunters dates back to the 55th year of ancient years, even before our era. The small, but formidable dogs hunting for burrow, were discovered and taken with them by the conquering warriors of the Roman Empire, who landed on British island lands. Wild dogs amazed the warriors with their unique ability - chasing and mining prey in the burrows, the ancestors of the Foxes could remain underground for an amazing amount of time.
As a separate breed, foxes have existed since the beginning of the eighteenth century - in ancient and expensive books devoted to hunting, representatives of this ancient breed are depicted, as well as a description of the nature and talents of foxes. The English painting by Sourri Gilpen, dated 1790, on which a smooth-haired white-red fox terrier nicknamed Pitch is also preserved, has also been preserved.
Fox Terrier Painting
Note that despite the outward similarity of modern smooth-haired and wire-haired foxes, as well as their belonging to the same breed, the ancestors of these dogs were different. To form the standard for a smooth-haired fox-terrier, wild hunting dogs from the British Isles were knitted with beagles, greyhounds and even bull terriers, the ancestors of foxes with hard hair became English terriers, and then the smooth-haired fox-terriers themselves. Thus, the latter became the progenitors of “hard” foxes.
Smooth-haired Fox Terriers first appeared in Russia in the mid-18th century, when Prince Golitsin became interested in charming English dogs with a strong hunting instinct. By 1860, the breed had spread quite widely, and was recognized by Italian, Dutch and French dog handlers. Twenty years later, the breed was known in Norway, Australia, the USA and Germany.
Smooth Fox Terrier Puppies
The English club of breeders recognized the breed in 1875, a year later the official standard of the fox terriers was established in the pedigree club book of the country. Later, the breed called "Fox Terrier" was recognized in America, and in 1993 the dogs were recognized by the International Federation of Cynology.
It is interesting! The most famous smooth-haired foxeter is considered a dog named Igloo, owned by Admiral Richard Byrd. The dog accompanied the owner on an expedition to the Antarctic, on ice shelves, and is still considered the only animal in such an extreme situation.
The history of fox terriers goes back centuries
Fox Terrier - Smooth: description and standard
For a long time, smooth-haired foxes were selected exclusively for practical purposes - burrow, underground hunting. Therefore, the first representatives of the breed were powerful, distinguished by a rough physique, had a large head with large jaws, a short neck. In the 1900s, the breed “split” into two types: Foxes, wire-haired and smooth-haired. The latter were considered more classical, and many hunters preferred them, believing them to be the "elite of the breed."
Later, the standard also changed. Large, slow dogs began to be rejected, choosing more elegant puppies for breeding. Such fox terriers have come down to our days: graceful, elegant, but not “sonorous”.
Modern Smooth Fox Terrier
An adult male fox terrier grows at the withers to 35-39 centimeters, the body weight of an adult dog reaches eight kilograms. Bitches are slightly smaller - lower, and their weight is about seven kilograms. In general, gender differences are negligible.
Fox has a beautiful elongated muzzle, rounded curious eyes set deep enough, small triangular ears folded "envelope". The ears of the fox terrier are quite heavy, dense, well covered with hair, and go down to the cheeks due to their own weight. If this does not happen, the ears are glued to the puppies, forming the correct shape of the head.
Correct ear position
The thoroughbred fox terrier has a moderately narrow, flat forehead, tapering to the line of the eyes, the transition from the muzzle to the forehead is weakly expressed. The mirror of the nose should be black regardless of the color of the dog. Several colors are allowed: completely snow-white animals, as well as with red, black or black-red marks on white, while white coat always prevails.
Such colors were not chosen by chance: it was extremely important for hunters that the dog’s coat contrasted with the shades of the game coat, so as not to accidentally catch the dog with a shot. In addition, the white dog, even dirty in the ground, was still visible, even at dusk. For this reason, dark, and even more so black fox terriers did not participate in breeding, and now do not exist.
Classic Fox Colors
As befits normal hunting dogs, smooth-haired fox terriers have short, straight and thick hair, which is shortened to the stomach and groin, and somewhat lengthened on the back and hips. A dense fur coat allows the dog not to freeze in water, and to feel free in the narrowest burrows.
The whole structure of the dog’s body also meets these needs. Fox has a dry, muscular and embossed neck, a deep, but narrow and curved chest, and a flat back. The tail is high and beautifully planted; it should not be lowered down to the hind limbs, nor should it be twisted by a steering wheel or a ring on the back. Previously, Fox tails were halved halfway to protect the dog from biting wild animals. In this case, the tail is upright, like a stick. The limbs of the dog are strong, compact, allow the animal to dig the ground with force, as well as to pursue even the fastest prey.
Standard Smooth Fox Terrier
Fox Terrier: psyche, personality traits
Smooth-haired fox-terrier is not among the calm and phlegmatic breeds. These dogs have an extremely excitable nervous system, they are always ready to exchange a cozy lounger for a walk or a hunting trip. This is one of the most active and energetic breeds, in addition, the strongest hunting instincts are manifested even in those dogs who have never seen game.
Nevertheless, the psyche of the fox terrier is stable, they are trained well and fulfill the requirements of a person, but only in the situation when they recognize him as a leader. For the fox terrier, hierarchy is very important - that is, from an early age, the puppy must understand that a person is a leader and "main in a pack." It is necessary to educate foxes strictly, but sensitively and affectionately.
It’s important for a fox terrier to understand his position in the pack.
The smooth-haired fox terrier has an extraordinary intellect, a developed ingenuity, and is able to make decisions independently, without regard to the owner. In the nature of Fox attentiveness, agility, fearlessness, indefatigable curiosity. This dog should always be in the center of events, and not the slightest detail will escape from it. But, the qualities necessary for a hunting dog are not always desirable for a pet.
It is difficult to imagine a dog worse than an ill-mannered fox. If you do not pay proper attention to training, training and raising the fox terrier, you can get an animal that will run away, always fight with other dogs, spoil furniture and household items, bark loudly or howl from boredom.
Foxes are real bullies by nature
Table 1. Positive and negative traits of character and behavior of fox terriers
Fox Terriers are constantly digging the ground.
The owner of the fox terrier must be ready for another pedigree feature - an almost uncontrolled desire to dig. This is common to many burrows, such as dachshunds, jack russell, yagd terrier and other things, including foxes. If the owner does not give the animal enough to rummage in the ground on walks, the dog will start digging the floor in the house, mercilessly spoiling carpets, laminate or linoleum.
However, a well-mannered fox terrier is the pride of the owner, he is a noble, fearless and very gentle friend who is wonderful not only for the owner-leader, but also for all other family members. Fox terriers perfectly find a common language with children, but do not leave them alone with very little ones - a stormy temperament can play a cruel joke with Fox, and it can overturn or accidentally cripple a small child.
Foxes are great companions for outdoor games
Separately, it is worth talking about the relationship of the fox terriers with other pets. As for other dogs, if Fox has not grown with them since puppyhood, then the problem may be the constant dominance of the hunter. Fox terriers have an impulsive, cocky temper, they are absolutely not afraid of dogs that are larger than them, and at any moment do not mind finding out who is stronger.
Introducing pets right
If we talk about other pets - cats, domestic rabbits and other animals, then fox terriers can take them for their prey. These dogs have a very developed instinct for persecution, so they are able to attack street cats, do not miss a pigeon pack, and are able to catch a field mouse or other animal. Therefore, you need to walk Foxes either on a leash, or on an equipped enclosed area, or in nature, away from other animals. You can only let the dog off the leash when it is perfectly trained and responds to the “To Me” command in any circumstances.
For pets to be friends, they must grow together from childhood
It must be understood that in pursuit or in search of game of the fox terrier instinct is launched, so the dog is completely forgotten without hearing the owner's hail or other signals. Such shoots are fraught not only with the fact that the animal disappears from sight: the dog can get lost, be damaged by a car or be stolen.
How to train a fox terrier: features
As you know, hunting breeds are the most temperamental, wayward and proud, therefore, special attention should be paid to the education and training of the fox terrier. First, do not confuse these two concepts. Parenting is training the dog in "household" fundamentals, so that the owner and his family are comfortable in contact with the dog and share living space with it.
You need to bring up fox from the first days of the appearance of the house
First of all, you need to determine the boundaries that the dog can not cross. The animal should have its own place for sleeping (or the dog will be allowed to doze off in an armchair or on the couch), for eating (it is unacceptable for the animal to take food to a secluded corner). The puppy needs to be provided with toys, explaining that biting shoes or other objects is unacceptable. An important aspect is toilet training.
A puppy who already has all the vaccinations needs to be taken to the street many times, taking a treat with him. Each time the baby will do his work outside the apartment or at home, he must be vigorously praised and treated. A savvy fox terrier will quickly understand what is required of him.
You also need to make it clear to your pet that you can’t make loud noises, for example, meeting guests, jumping on people. At first, this is easy to do - the puppy should receive sufficient physical and mental stress for his age. The dog, who walked well, explored the surroundings, ran after the ball or bicycle, worked for obedience, and then ate at home, would sleep soundly and calmly.
Fox terriers, in principle, belong to those breeds, problems with which can begin only if the dog is lounging. For this reason, from the age of three to four months with a fox terrier, you need to attend classes in general obedience.
The best option would be to attend group classes with a dog trainer. Since the fox terrier does not belong to guard or service dogs, the best option would be to take a course of UGS (guided city dog) or OKD (basic dog training).Usually, the instructor selects a group of five to ten dogs of about the same age who study the basics of training together.
Active walks should alternate with training
Group attendance is extremely helpful. They learn not only the dog, but also the owner, this is especially important for those who have a dog for the first time. In addition, group lessons form the puppy's understanding of how to behave with other animals, teach him how to behave, and reduce the excitement that often surrounds the fox terrier when he sees another dog.
The result of the training should be complete obedience to the animal. The dog must master the basic commands: walking next to the owner (on a sagging leash, not pulling), the ability to approach on command, the “Sit - lie - stand” complex, delivering the item (aporting). With each lesson, the program will become more complicated, its saturation, pace will change, so neither the owner nor the dog will become bored. You can attend such courses all the time, as mental stress contributes to pleasant dog fatigue no less than physical.
Fox terriers are easy to learn even for complex teams
An important point! The owner must understand that you need to visit the training site only in a positive mood. All problems, as well as dissatisfaction with the dog should be postponed until another time.
The dog will work only when it is praised and encouraged, when the owner with all his appearance shows that he is extremely happy with the success of the pet. If the fox terrier is rude, yelling at him or physically punishing him, the animal will suffer even from the upcoming training, will cease to trust the person! Despite the fact that Foxes are hardworking and sociable, they are categorically intolerant of rudeness or pain. The dog will resist three times if he feels violence.
Therefore, working with fox terriers (and any other dogs) is necessary only with positive reinforcement. A competent instructor will definitely tell you how to properly encourage a dog. Each pet needs its own approach - puppies are usually started to be trained, motivating and rewarding dainties, later food can be replaced with a toy, affection and praise by voice.
Dog training disciplines
Smooth-haired fox terriers, due to their energy and desire to interact with a person, can participate in some canine disciplines, such as agility, coursing, dog-frisbee, freestyle. These activities will bring a lot of pleasure to the dog and its owner, as well as allow to develop the pet's talents, load its body and brain.
Table 2. Sports for the Fox Terrier
|Kind of sport||Description|
|Agility||A sport based on a dog passing an obstacle course. For a while, the pet must overcome the following shells: barriers of various types and complexity, soft and hard tunnels, swings, slides, booms. The essence of the competition is that the animal can not be forced - the dog enters the site without a collar and leash, and the owner can cheer the dog up only with his voice.|
|Coursing||Running for a mechanical hare on a special track. Classes are held outside the city, in large cities in covered halls with a special coating. The animal is dressed in a muzzle and released in front of him is "game", which the dog must pursue. An ideal sport for hunting breeds, allowing you to splash out energy and satisfy your instincts.|
|Dog frisbee||Chasing and catching a special rubber disc - Frisbee. The owner must make a series of different throws, the dog’s task is to catch the plate while it is in the air. A dog-frisbee develops a dog from the physical side, as it is a complex of running and jumping exercises, and also allows the animal to think logically, to guess the trajectory of a flying object.|
|Freestyle||Dancing with a dog. Spectacular discipline in which tricks and team execution to music are combined. The owner must select a specific music and put a number under it. Freestyle allows you to strengthen the relationship between the pet and the owner, a positive effect on trust and respect in the couple. In addition, the dog teaches a lot of complex tricks and non-trivial actions in a playful way.|
Fox Terrier passes the “swing” shell in agility
If the dog will attend the hunt, the owner must enroll in special courses where the animal will be trained to approach the hole by a noiseless signal, find and submit objects, execute the “Search” command, and also behave calmly in the shoulder bag. They also work with a fox terrier in an artificial hole, teaching the animal to navigate underground in the dark, pull out prey from the hole and bring it to the owner.
It is important to understand that until the dog has learned the basic commands, it is impossible to proceed to special training, and even more so to take the dog for hunting. An inexperienced pet may get lost or frighten away the game with a loud bark, in the worst case - suffer in a fight with a wild beast.
Training ground for hunting burrowing dogs
How to care for a smooth-haired fox-terrier?
Keeping a smooth-haired fox-terrier is not particularly difficult. The dog’s short coat does not require specific care: it is enough to comb out the dog once a week with a massage brush with short teeth or a rubber massage glove. The fox terriers fade twice a year, and during these periods dogs should be bathed properly with zoo shampoo and often scratched so that the coat does not fly around the house.
Washing the dog is often also not required. It is enough to bathe your pet every three to four months, or after severe pollution or swimming in natural reservoirs. Choosing a shampoo for a fox terrier is very simple - a moisturizer intended for everyday use will be quite enough. Before the shows, the dog can be washed with professional shampoo for white dogs.
Fox Terriers love water and enjoy swimming.
Fox also needs standard grooming, just like any pet dog. Once a couple of weeks, the animal is trimmed with claws using a claw cutter (if the claws grind while walking, then you do not need to shorten them further). Three times a week the dog brushes his teeth using dog toothpaste. For this procedure, you can purchase a special soft-type toothbrush, or you can use a bandage wound around your finger. You need to teach your puppy to brush your teeth from a very young age in order to exclude resistance in the future.
The owner of the fox terrier should regularly inspect the auricles and eyes of the pet in order to notice pollution or other problems in time. The rest of the list of care procedures and mandatory content points looks like this:
- Annual vaccination (general vaccination against infections and viruses, as well as rabies).
- Quarterly antiparasitic prophylaxis (tablets for helminths).
- In the period from spring to autumn - treatment from ticks, fleas and other insects.
Hunting foxes are washed after each trip
If we talk about preparing for the appearance of a puppy in the house, there will be no particular expenses. The animal should have two bowls - for food and water, a strong collar, a leash for training (you can add it with a tape measure with a long cord for walking). Also, the puppy will need several toys (it’s better to buy different ones: balls, hauling-ropes, Frisbee disc, adapted to nibble). If the dog is not planned to be put on a sofa or chair, you need to buy or make a soft, spacious couch for her.
It is important that the dog receives enough physical exertion, and at times when the pet is at home - communication with people. It is cruel to isolate the dog from family members, it is also unacceptable to keep a smooth-haired fox terrier on the street, it does not matter in the aviary or on the chain. These are social dogs that will suffer without contact with a person, which will adversely affect both the nature of Fox and its health.
Fox Terrier is always looking for a company of man.
As for the health of the fox terrier, from the moment a puppy appears in the house, you need to find a good veterinary clinic where you can turn for advice and treatment. It’s great if the dog has his own veterinarian who will be aware of the whole history of life and illnesses.
How to feed a smooth-haired fox-terrier?
The most significant part of the life of any living creature, which has a huge effect on health and vital functions, is feeding. A balanced diet is extremely important for the dog, so the owner should approach this aspect with a special thrill. First of all, you need to decide how the Fox Terrier will eat - dry prepared industrial food, or natural products.
If the owner decides that the pet will eat dry food, you need to purchase a diet for dogs of medium breeds with high activity. You need to choose feeds of the “super-premium” or “holistic” class, such as “Grandorf”, “Wolf Blood”, “Nau”, “Go”, “Akana” and the like. Given that fox terriers are prone to allergic reactions, you need to immediately purchase food from the hypoallergenic line to avoid unpleasant health surprises.
If natural feeding is chosen, then two-thirds of the dog’s diet will be fresh raw meat, sea fish, and offal. Such food is most characteristic of the stomach of a predator, and especially of a hunting dog. Every day, the fox terrier should receive fiber (vegetables and fruits: carrots, apples, zucchini, pumpkin), berries, fresh herbs, a small amount of cereals (rice, buckwheat).
Be sure to include lactic acid products in the diet: kefir, low-fat natural yogurt, yogurt. Natural feeding implies that several times a week the animal will receive raw eggs, chicken or quail, vegetable oils (raw fruits and vegetables are better absorbed with them).
Single serving example for a natural diet
If the animal eats natural products, the consultation of the veterinarian on the subject of vitamins or other elements that will need to be added to the diet will not interfere. The fact is that in ready-made industrial feeds all the substances necessary for the dog are already present, and in the right dosage, depending on the breed. With natural feeding, it’s more difficult, and in order to have a balanced diet, we recommend annually taking a biochemical blood test with your dog, which will reveal deficiencies or surpluses of all important elements and substances.
Note that there are products that can not be given to the Fox Terrier in any form. In the "black list" fall:
- Semi-finished products, smoked meats, fatty and salty foods, fried or deep-fried.
- Bones, no matter boiled or raw (hollow, tubular, are especially dangerous).
- Hunted game meat (may be infected with intestinal parasites).
- River fish.
- Sweets, flour, pastry.
- Grapes, nuts, plums and peaches, citrus fruits.
- Spices, spices and any products in the preparation of which they are used.
In a special article we will analyze in detail what it is impossible to feed the dog, which products are strictly prohibited for representatives of any breeds, and can harm them.
Foods that seem tasty to humans are harmful to dogs.
Shorthair Fox Health and Disease
Smooth-haired fox terriers are relatively healthy breeds with high life expectancy. If the owner is responsible for feeding his pet, gives all vaccinations in a timely manner and regularly visits the veterinarian when necessary, the fox terrier is able to live ten to twelve years comfortably. However, these dogs have a number of pedigree diseases to which they have an inborn tendency. These diseases include:
- Diseases of the eyes (glaucoma, cataracts, the appearance of extra cilia that interfere with vision).
- Bowel lesions.
- Dysplasia femoral joints.
- Allergic reactionsskin rashes.
- Joint and muscle problems.
Joint and muscle diseases often develop due to trauma
We should also talk about the breeding of breeding animals. Despite the fact that bitches of a smooth-haired fox terrier do not endure pregnancy and give birth on their own (usually three or four puppies in the litter), it is forbidden to breed a dog under the age of one and a half years. Too young and fragile a bitch will bear labor difficult, which can be accompanied by a halt of development, various pathologies, in extreme cases - the death of offspring and the mother herself.
Dogs are unleashed after one year of age; before breeding, both dogs need to be tested and receive a veterinarian's opinion. Of course, only pedigree dogs go to the breeding, with pedigrees and victories at exhibitions, bearing value for the pedigree gene pool. The fact that a dog must be given birth for health is a myth.
Smooth Fox Terrier puppies are born with different spots.
How much does a smooth-haired fox terrier puppy cost?
Intending to get a Fox puppy, a person must understand that you need to make a purchase only from the breeders, in the nursery dealing with this breed. You do not have to succumb to ads on social networks or on popular sites if sellers cannot confirm the pedigree of the proposed puppies, as well as show the future owner all the documents, as well as the parents.
When buying a fox terrier, you also need to decide what class a puppy should be. If the dog will be called to please the person as a companion or go hunting with him, then you need to consider puppies from a working couple (hunting dogs that have passed special tests) or a pet class. This means that puppies were born from dogs with a pedigree and exhibition ratings, but have some external defects. The cost of such a fox terrier varies from ten to fifteen thousand rubles, and this means that the dog will not be able to take part in exhibitions.
Fox Terriers - Winners of the Exhibition
Brid puppies are dogs that meet the stated standard, but are unlikely to become ring stars and champions. As a rule, females are able to bear and give birth to healthy offspring. Breed-female is usually knitted with show males, transmitting their magnificent external data to puppies. Brid-class puppies can reach twenty thousand rubles in price, and fox terriers of the “show” class, the most promising for exhibitions, have a cost of up to thirty thousand rubles and more, depending on the blood.
You must understand that the above prices are approximate. So, for a puppy, a couple of working parents may well demand the same money as for a show puppy. But, whatever the dog, the main thing is its character. Because the true fox terrier, in spite of external flaws, will always remain an active, courageous and extremely loyal dog, ready to go after the owner wherever.
Smooth Fox will be happy to accompany the owner on any trip
Smooth-haired fox-terrier is a specific breed, hunting, temperamental, requiring a special approach, careful education and a lot of attention from the owner. The best option is to get this dog to a person who regularly attends hunting events in order to fully reveal all the talents of the fox terrier, to evaluate its tough and gambling character.
However, the breed is often bred by those who love outdoor activities, often go outdoors, and want to see next to them even a small, but temperamental, energetic and active dog, not a decorative dog, but a real companion, a faithful and fearless friend, defender and guard .
Fox Terrier - Smooth
Fox terriers are hunting dogs intended primarily for the corral of foxes. However, some pet lovers start these dogs as pets, which is possible due to their small size.If you want to buy a dog, it will be useful to know that there are two types of breed: smooth-haired fox-terrier and wire-haired. Each species has its own characteristics, despite the great similarity.
The first written sources mentioning the Fox Terriers date back to 1617. However, deliberate breeding for breeding began to be engaged only after a century. At this time, breeders planned to breed hunting dogs intended for burrowing. For this they received the nickname earthly.
The resulting breed primarily specialized in foxes, but could still hunt badgers and raccoon dogs. In the 18th century, the breed reached its peak of popularity in the homeland, in England. Thanks to this, the breeders decided to continue breeding experiments, resulting in the appearance of wire-haired fox terriers.
By standard, a mixture of smooth-haired and wire-haired fox terriers attracting breeders should not appear. Their mating can lead to unviable offspring.
The thoroughbred smooth-haired fox-terrier is distinguished by grace, harmonious physique and a strong skeleton. A male can be distinguished from a female by facial expression, but they do not always differ in size. The breed standard does not regulate the size of the animal, however, the growth rarely exceeds 41 cm. For a working dog, the desired indicator is 38 cm. The weight is clearly established: for females this indicator is 6.8-7.5 kg, for males - 7.3-8, 2 kg
The breed description is as follows:
- The forehead is flat, tapering in the eye area. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is not pronounced, the muzzle in shape resembles a rectangle and tapers slightly towards the end. The jaw is strong, developed. The teeth are large, only a scissor bite is allowed.
- The nose is black, eyes are round, deep set. The color of the iris is brown, preferably dark colors. Ears hang to the cheekbones.
- The body is rectangular, not elongated. The neck is medium, in the shoulder area there is an extension. The chest is deep, not wide. The back is short, muscular, the lower back is slightly pronounced.
- The limbs are straight, the rear extends beyond the body and are stronger than the front. Earlier, the tail of the fox terriers was stopped, but today, tails in their natural form are increasingly found in dogs.
The coat of dogs is dense and smooth to the touch, the length is the same everywhere, but on the muzzle and extremities it is somewhat shorter. The color is usually tricolor - white is the leading color; brown, black or black spots are arbitrarily placed on it. Bright red spots or brown spots are considered undesirable.
Care and maintenance
The animal is quite compact, so it is possible to keep in the apartment. But the dog needs to be occupied with active loads, since its hunting component will require constant movement. The optimal conditions for her will be living in a private house with a large territory where you can play and run without the participation of the owners.
During the walk, the animal must be on a leash, otherwise in the pursuit of some street animal it may be lost.
Caring for a dog does not cause much difficulty for the owners. It is important to pay attention to the following points:
- The ears. They must be inspected and cleaned of sulfur and dirt once every two weeks. But if the dog is working and takes part in the hunt, this should be done every time after the pet returns home. In addition, you need to remove hair from the ear canal. This will help reduce the possibility of inflammation.
- Teeth. Diseases of the oral cavity are common among fox terriers. In particular, the appearance of tartar is characteristic of them. To prevent this, teeth must be brushed several times a week with a special paste. Also, for prevention, the animal is given solid food.
- Claws. They need to be trimmed 2-3 times a month as they grow. You should also inspect the paws. Remove excess wool in pads so that it does not interfere with running.
It is important to pay special attention to the paws of the dog in the winter. Roads are often sprinkled with special mixtures that cause irritation on the skin of dogs. Therefore, the pads need to be cleaned after each walk and watch for cracks on them.
The pet's hair needs to be combed out once a week with a massage brush. During seasonal molting, which takes place twice a year, this must be done more often. The animal needs more frequent bathing than other dogs. The procedure is carried out every 4-8 weeks, but in winter, the frequency of bathing is reduced. The coat dries for a long time, so bathing is recommended after walking.
Smooth-haired representatives of the breed freeze in winter, their coat is poorly adapted to protect against cold. If the temperature drops below -20 °, the owners need to provide the pet with winter clothes. With rapidly growing wool, dog grooming can be done about 4 times a year. To determine that it is time to cut the animal, you can hold a small piece of hair between the fingers at the withers. If there is a lot of hair left on the hand, this is a signal that it is time for the fox terrier to trim.
With natural feeding for a dog, it is important to get enough protein, fiber, and trace minerals important for the body. However, even with a balanced diet, it is sometimes recommended to give your pet vitamin complexes. The diet should include:
- porridge (buckwheat, oatmeal, rice),
- vegetables (pumpkin, carrots),
- dairy products (cottage cheese, kefir),
- meat (chicken, turkey, beef).
When choosing dry food, it is important to pay attention to product quality. It is advisable for Fox Terriers to purchase super premium or holistic class food. They are suitable for active dogs whose weight is not more than 10 kg.
Do not forget to change the water daily in the pet's bowl. Fresh water should always be present with any type of feeding.
An adult animal should be fed twice a day, preferably at the same time in the morning and evening.
Fox terriers have a wayward character, so training with them can be quite difficult. The owner needs to be consistent and patient in order to achieve the desired result from the pet.
Puppy training should begin from the first days of stay in the family. At first, classes should not exceed 20 minutes, since it can be difficult for a baby to concentrate on something for a long time. They should be carried out 2-3 times a day, gradually fixing the results.
At first, the teams will have to be repeated several times, but this will help the pet to remember them for a long time and easily repeat in the future. The animal joyfully accepts rewards in the form of treats or a master's affection, but rudeness can cause protest from the side of the pet and reluctance to continue to engage.
Disease and Life Expectancy
Fox terriers often have hereditary diseases characteristic of the breed. Among them:
- hormonal problems
- allergies (usually food)
- skin diseases
With proper care, animals can live up to 16 years, which is considered to be a respectable age by dog standards.
Pros and cons of the breed
|It has good watchdog qualities.||No pronounced security|
|Getting along well with children||Seasonal molt present|
|It does not require special care||No pets allowed|
|Possible maintenance in the apartment||Requires heavy physical exertion|
|Adapted for Agility||Hard to train|
Where could I buy
Among the nurseries that breed smooth-haired fox-terriers, one can distinguish:
- Nikon Fox (Moscow),
- Solar Fox (Volgograd),
- That's it (Sevastopol).
Puppies without documents bought with them can cost 5,000 rubles. The price of pedigree dogs suitable for breeding averages 25,000 rubles.
Smooth Fox Terrier is not a pet for everyone. It requires a lot of attention, patience in training and constant contact with people. But if you decide to purchase it, you can get an active, energetic, selflessly devoted dog, ready to protect the owners from any dangers.
Description of the breed of Fox Terrier - Smooth with photo
It is characterized by a strong physique, with its relatively small size. Representatives of this breed are distinguished by speed, strength and endurance.
Addition of the body is proportional, with strong repulsion of the hind legs, they strongly carry them forward along the entire body.
- The weight of a dog can reach 7 kg -8.2 kg, but bitches weigh from 6.8 kg to 7.7 kg.
- Growth at the withers of an adult male reaches 39.5 cm, bitches are slightly lower in stature.
- The limbs of dogs have a well-developed skeleton.
- The hind legs are muscular, strong and straight.
- When examining the front legs - they should be straight, while close and parallel set relative to each other.
- The paws should form a continuation of the straight line of the shoulders.
- The hips are long.
- The chest of the breed is deep, while the ribs are moderately convex and elastic.
- The back is short, strong and straight.
- The coat of a smooth-haired fox terrier is straight, dense, stiff, smooth and adjacent to the body.
- Color requires special attention - fox terriers are either pure white or white with brown or black spots. The presence of other marks is not acceptable.
- The bite of this breed is scissor-shaped, the teeth are strong and strong.
The breed of a smooth-haired fox terrier is excellent in health, however, diseases such as diabetes, cataract, epilepsy or deafness can occur.
Fox Terrier Smooth
Fox terriers are very attached to their family and are often demanding of themselves, especially if they do not receive the necessary physical activity.
If the dog is not given sufficient attention and load, this can cause constant barking and destructive behavior. Therefore, if you know in advance that you can’t give your pet enough attention and care, then it’s better not to get fox.
This breed can be safely called universal - they will play with pleasure both with very little kids and young children, and with teenagers.
It is worth noting that the smooth-haired fox-terrier is very jealous, so if other pets are present in the family, he may be jealous and angry. The dog will want to be in the spotlight, to feel care and love from all family members. Like most other terriers, these are big fans of constant movement. Butterflies, cats, and even small rodents, will easily become the object of pursuit of a terrier.
It is important to know that a smooth-haired fox-terrier can get into a fight for no apparent reason, even with large dogs, so you need to constantly monitor the dog, including training and training.
The suspicious and sensitive nature of the smooth-haired fox terrier makes him an excellent watchdog. Since the character of these dogs is extremely energetic, people with a sedentary lifestyle are not recommended to start this breed.
Puppies of a smooth-haired fox terrier are very active and love constant games, but at the same time they are very obedient and flexible. Having matured, the dog absolutely does not lose activity, he will carry out the learned commands with the same enthusiasm, meet you from work wagging his beautiful tail.
It is not recommended for a long time to leave a fox one, it is better to hand over the dog to the kennel for the departure period, as it will begin to yearn and be very sad. This breed does not tolerate loneliness and needs constant attention to itself.
- Fox Terrier is not a breed for introverts and couch potatoes. These dogs love to play and frolic, simultaneously in contact with a person. Therefore, the best host for fox is an adherent of an active lifestyle or a professional hunter.
- All fox terriers do not tolerate loneliness, so an animal left without control for a long time can arrange a local apocalypse in the apartment.
- Fox Terrier - a dog with dominant manners. This means that, growing up, the puppy will repeatedly try to switch roles with the owner.
- At the beginning of the 20th century, breeders preferred smooth-haired fox terriers as more skilled hunters. In addition, while working in the hole, the tight-fitting coat of the dogs almost did not get dirty, so they practically did not need care.
- Fox terriers masterly deal with almost any burrowing beast, even if he surpasses them in size. But especially they showed themselves in the hunt for foxes - hence the root "fox" in the name of the breed (from the English fox - fox).
- Recklessly surrendering to hunting instincts, pets are often lost during walks, so on the street it is better not to let the dog off the leash.
- Representatives of the wire-haired variety need regular trimming, while the smooth-haired individuals are easily content with weekly combing.
- Fox terriers like to bark, and it can be very difficult to calm them down. For owners who bring a puppy to a city apartment without soundproofing, this feature of the breed can become an additional reason for conflicts with neighbors.
Fox terrier - A hunter, researcher, athlete and gamer with a mischievous, but strong character. Despite the ability to equally distribute his own love between all households, the pet, nevertheless, needs one owner who will direct and restrain his stormy energy. In response, the fox terrier will try to comply with the owner’s requirements in a timely manner, unless, of course, they go against his hunting predilections.
History of the Fox Terrier breed
Fox Terriers are natives of the British Isles, originally specialized in catching small burrowing animals and exterminating rodents. In this case, the first mention of these nimble, sonorous dogs, making their way to prey in any gap, belong to the ancient Roman conquerors and date back to 55 BC. In the XIV century, the British were seriously carried away by the normal hunting, to which they began to attract fox terriers. According to historians, at first the British peers hunted precisely with the smooth-haired representatives of this breed, who were born during the crossing of an Old English black and tan terrier with a greyhound, beagle and bull terrier.
Wire-haired foxes were brought out much later (tentatively at the end of the 19th century), having tied individuals with coarse, wire wool to welsh terriers. However, despite significant differences in the genotype, both wire-haired and smooth-haired fox-terriers continued to be considered the closest relatives. Moreover, for several decades, representatives of both varieties were interbred in the hope of obtaining high-quality offspring.
Fox terriers began to take shape as an independent breed by the end of the 18th century, after the English Esquires were densely hooked on the fox hunt. Further - more: since 1859 animals began to storm dog shows, where, by the way, they did not immediately find their niche. Fox terriers reached Russia by the middle of the 19th century, and ten years later the breed was already heard by French, Italian and Dutch breeders. In 1875, the fearless “conquerors of the holes” had their own standard of appearance, which provided them with a place in the KC (English Club of Dog Breeding), and later on recognition of the other cynological associations.
Fox Terrier Appearance
Moderation in everything is the main principle that guided the tribal specialists in shaping the appearance of the modern fox terrier. Bony, but not coarse, stocky, but not squat, these mobile robes are a real example of stateness and hunting elegance. With a relatively small growth (up to 39 cm), foxes, however, do not give the impression of decorative sofa pets.Moreover, the mere glance of the dog already indicates that you have a strong personality, to the heart and mind of which you will need a special key, and, possibly, a whole set of miscellaneous master keys.
The upper part of the skull of the fox terrier is flat, the length of the head and muzzle is approximately the same. Stop is very slight, smooth type.
Fox terriers have very strong jaws with a full, scissor bite.
Black lobe, medium size.
The eyes of the fox terrier are small, rounded, with no noticeable bulge. The iris is painted in a dark shade.
All fox terriers have small, triangular-shaped ears, the tips of which are down, towards the cheekbones.
The neck of the fox terrier is dry, but with enough developed muscles, gradually thickening towards the body.
The back and lower back of the dog are short, even and muscular. The chest is deep, with convex false ribs.
The front legs are straight, with long shoulders and elbows looking back. Hind limbs with massive, elongated hips and sheer metatarsals. The fox terrier paws are compact, rounded in shape with elastic pads.
The tail of the dog is traditionally docked at 1/3. An exception is the countries of Europe where this procedure is prohibited by law. The cropped tail of the fox terrier must be carried strictly vertically, without falling to the side and twisting.
Wire-haired fox-terriers can boast of a magnificent “fur coat” of coarse, wire-like hair from 2 to 4 cm long. In the smooth-haired variety, the hair is shorter and thicker, and the hairs are tight to the body.
The classic type of fox terrier color is white with black, black and reddish-brown markings throughout the body.
Hunting with a fox terrier
It is possible and necessary to hunt with a fox terrier, although recently representatives of this breed have been considered more as companions and athletes. Introducing puppies to normal hunting is allowed from the age of 3 months. The first classes are held in the so-called training hole - a direct, shallow tunnel dug in the ground with an ordinary shovel and covered with wooden flooring. If you don’t want to arrange training catacombs on your own, you can go with your pet to some hunting club where similar facilities are already available.
Poison the fox terrier to the beast begin in 8-12 months. The object for training should be small and not exceed the dog in size and strength, therefore, small foxes and rats are considered the best options. But the etching on a badger is best left for a snack when the dog gains experience and courage. One of the most common mistakes is working out the hunting skills of the fox terrier on cats. Not only is the method itself flipper, it also forms in Foxes an incorrect grip across the body, which in a real hunt will result in additional injuries for the dog.
Important: the first engravings are carried out not in a hole, but on the surface of the earth, since in the presence of the owner the fox terrier behaves bolder. During training in an underground tunnel, the first time the fox terrier may be lost and not take the beast - this is normal. In such cases, the dog is simply allowed to bark a little for potential prey, after which it is removed from the hole.
Maintenance and care
In terms of housing claims, fox terriers are almost problem-free pets, as they take root well both in a private house and in an apartment. The only thing is that city dwellers will have to walk more often and more intensively so that they don’t have any strength left to play in their own housing. If the dog lives in a country cottage with a personal plot, then he is already by definition happy, as he has more freedom of movement than his apartment relative. True, and escape by jumping over a low fence, such a fox terrier is always easier. Accordingly, if you bring your ward to the cottage, take care of the high fences in advance that will cool his ardor.
Smooth-fox fox-terriers are not as elegant in appearance as their coarse-haired relatives, but less demanding in terms of care. Smooth-haired foxes are combed once a week with an ordinary brush, and they are washed even less often, since their hair has a dirt-repellent property and almost does not get dirty. It will take longer to tinker with wire-haired individuals: such fox terriers are trimmed 3-4 times a year. Dogs from this procedure, of course, are not happy, so start pinching your pet already in 1.5-2 months, so that he gets used to it as soon as possible. The hair of the wire-haired fox terriers is arranged in such a way that, falling out, it does not spill, but clings to the remaining hairs. Accordingly, if the dog is not regularly trimmed, it itself removes the dead hairs, combing them with its paws and gnawing its teeth, at the same time injuring its own skin.
The eyes of the fox terrier do not need increased attention, but the paws of the representatives of this breed are very delicate, therefore they need frequent washing (ideally after each walk) and systematic replenishment with a moisturizer. In addition, do not get too carried away by cleaning the ears of the fox terrier. Remove only noticeable dirt, specks and lumps of sulfur every two weeks.
Fox terriers deal with food in the most merciless manner, as a result of which they often overeat and grow fat. To prevent this from happening, do not feed your pet treats and get rid of the habit of putting an additive in his bowl. The easiest way is to determine the dosage of food if the basis of the diet of the fox terrier is “drying” (super-premium class or holistic). Calculating the calorie content of one portion is harder with a “natural”, but also quite possible.
Allowed foods in the diet of Fox Terriers:
- beef and lamb,
- offal beef (only in boiled form),
- cottage cheese,
- sea fish (fillet),
- vegetables and fruits,
- cereals (buckwheat, rice, oatmeal).
Once a week it’s useful to starve the Fox Terriers a little to cleanse the intestines, so on fasting days the dog is given only rye crackers, raw carrots and water. Vegetables are present on the fox terrier’s menu, usually stewed (carrots are the exception), but fruits are given to animals only raw.
The puppy's menu is significantly different from the diet of an adult dog. They begin to feed the babies while they are not yet taken from the bitch. In particular, in the first weeks of life, puppies are fed with diluted milk powder with the addition of a small amount of sugar, which is subsequently replaced by semolina. By the end of the first month of life, small fox terriers should get acquainted with the taste of meat, which they are served in a scraped-up form, as well as taste the chicken yolk. Well, 5-week-old puppies can be treated with raw vegetables. As for 3-month-old babies, they should be more often spoiled with brain bones and cartilage, since during this period there is an active formation of a puppy skeleton.
Health and Fox Terrier Disease
Fox terriers are not particularly painful, but have a genetic predisposition to certain ailments. This means that, on the one hand, animals can get sick quite seriously, and on the other, there are quite healthy individuals among them who visit the veterinarian’s office just for vaccination and ear cleaning.
Typical Fox Terrier Diseases:
- Perthes disease (a violation of the blood supply to the femoral joint, leading to necrosis of its head),
- dysthyiasis (eye disease),
- progressive deafness
- myasthenia gravis
Among other things, fox terriers are prone to food allergies and infectious diseases, so you should be extremely careful when introducing new products to the dog’s diet, and do not neglect routine vaccinations.